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Sunday, October 2, 2011

Baron Thomas Durward & D/o Mael Coluim, earl of Atholl

19989508. Baron Thomas Durward & 19989509. D/o Mael Coluim, earl of Atholl

~1175, Thomas Hostiarius born in Lundie, Scotland, s/o §§Malcolm Durward of Lundie.

~1193, Sir Thomas Durward of Glenisla, knight, hostarius, baron of Lundie, married a d/o §§Mael Coluim, earl of Atholl.

4/3/1199, Confirmation of one mark annually by Thomas to Coupar Angus Abbey.

1200-27, Thomas, doorward of the lord king, has granted and by this his charter established, the alms which his grandfather and his mother gave to the céli De of Monymusk, namely, 10 bolls of barley and 10 stones of cheese.

4/5/1201-2, Thomas Durward at the consecration of William, bishop of Glasgow, as he is transferred to St. Andrews.

1203, Thomas’ maternal grandfather died.

1203-13, Thomas of Lundie, doorward of the lord king of Scotland, has given, granted and quitclaimed, and established by this his charter, to Arbroath Abbey, all the wood of Trustach between the River Dee and the Burn of Canny.

1204-07, Charter of donation by Thomas son of Malcolm of Lundie, doorward of the lord king of Scotland, to Coupar Angus Abbey, of 1 mark annually from his land of ‘Balelmeryremath’. If he dies in the kingdom of Scotland, his body is to be taken to Coupar and buried in the cloister before the church door.

3/22/1205-07, King William to Arbroath Abbey; has granted donation which Thomas, the doorward, made of church of Kinnernie.

1/29/1208-28, Adam, bishop of Aberdeen, for church of Monymusk; at prompting of Thomas, doorward of king, has given church of Alford.

1/1211, King William sent the earl of Atholl, the earl of Mar, Malcom son of Morgrund and Thomas Durward [each representing families claiming Mar] with 4,000 men to suppress a rebellion in Ross and Moray. (S) Medieval Scotland, Barrow, 1998, P175.

5/20/1212-13, King William to Arbroath Abbey; has granted wood of Trustach (KCD), which Thomas of Lundie, his doorward, gave and quitclaimed to monks, and common pasture in abbey's land of Banchory as far as 'Loucherkar'.

2/25/1213, Thomas witnessed a charter of the kingof Scotland to Arbroath Abbey.

5/20/1212-3, King William to Arbroath Abbey; has granted wood of Trustach, which Thomas of Lundie, his doorward, gave and quitclaimed to monks, and common pasture in abbey's land of Banchory as far as 'Loucherkar'. Witnesses: Hugh de Sigillo, bishop of Dunkeld (d.1229-30); Philip de Mowbray; Philip de Valognes, chamberlain (d.1215); Richard, son of Hugh de Camera; William del Bois, chancellor (d.1232).

1214, Charter by Alexander II … Witnesses … and Thomas Hostiarius, sheriff of Inverness. (S) Celtic Scotland, V3, 1880, P352.

1214-27, Thomas, son of Malcolm of Lunden, made a grant to the church of Echt, near Scone.

12/4/1214, King William of Scotland died; his son Alexander II succeeding.

2/7/1215-33, Thomas of Lundie, doorward of the lord king, has given and by this his charter established, to Arbroath Abbey, 2s annually, in pure and perpetual alms. Witnesses: Duncan F., nepos of Thomas Durward; Ewen, brother of Thomas Durward; Innocent, clerk of Thomas Durward; William, canon of Scone; William, persona of Lundie.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

6/15/1220, King Alexander II makes known that he undertakes to marry Joan, eldest sister of Sir Henry, king of England, … and, if not, he swears that he will marry Isabel, younger sister of King Henry, … The earl of Buchan [William Comyn], Alan of Galloway, constable, and other barons of the king, that is, Philip de Mowbray, Walter Olifant, Duncan of Carrick, Henry de Balliol, Thomas Durward, John of Maxwell, David Marshal, Walter Comyn …

1222, Thomas granted Urquhart and Boleskine after the suppression of the rebellion of MacScolane of Moray. (S) Transactions, Gaelic Society of Inverness, Vs5-6, 1876, P159.

~1224, A dispute arose between the Earl of Mar and Thomas Durward touching the legitimacy of Earl Morgund and his son Duncan. Durward asserted that Morgund and his son were illegitimate, and on that ground he claimed the Earldom of Mar, in right of his mother. The dispute was settled by a compromise under which Thomas Durward obtained great domains in Mar.

1226, Thomas, sheriff of Inverness. (S) Robert the Bruce’s Rivals, Young, 1997, P38.

1/17/1228, A recognition of perambulation was made by precept of the lord king in his full court at Forfar by Henry de Balliol, chamberlain, and Henry of Stirling and Henry of Brechin, sons of Earl David, and Thomas Durward and John de la Haye sheriff of Fife, and Thomas Malherbe sheriff of Forfar, and Magnus son of the earl of Angus and many others …

Bef. 10/12/1233, Thomas died.

(S) People of Medieval Scotland.

Family notes:

·         The family's original name was 'of Lundie', from Lundie in Angus. They were hereditary ushers or “doorwards” of the king, hence the surname Durward. Alan’s landholdings included the lordship of Lundie, lands in Mar based at Lumphanan castle, lands in the Mearns and Aberdeenshire.

·         Thomas’ mother was a d/o Gille Crist, earl of Mar.

Child of Thomas and ?:

i. Ermangard Durware (19962425), born ~1195 in Scotland.

ii. Alan Durward (9994754), born ~1210 in Scotland.

 

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