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Tuesday, November 8, 2011

King Thibaut of Navarre, IV Count of Champagne & Queen Margaret of Bourbon

23638796. Thibaut IV, Count of Champagne & 23638797. Margaret of Bourbon, Queen of Navarre

5/20/1201, Thibaut born in France, s/o 47277592. Thibaut III & 47277593. Blanche of Navarre. [Born just 4 days before his father died.]

4/1206 at Provens, “I, Robert, count an lord of Dreux and Braine, … agreement between me and my dearest lady Blance, countess of Champagne, … house of Torcy … may not make it higher or encircle it until the countess’s son Thibaut reaches his majority. The countess has allowed me to build a fortress on my allodial land at Fere, …”

1209, Blanche obtained the king’s promise to accept son Thibaut’s homage at age 21. King Philip required Thibaut to be raised at the royal court, where he remained for 4 years.

6/1213, Erard of Brienne [nephew of Erard II, count of Brienne] challenged Thibaut’s right to succession.

7/1214, King Philip notifies Guillaume of Chartres, master of the Templars, … The king state that he and Prince Louis affirmed in the presence of Jean of Brienne, king of Jerusalem, that they will not hear any case brought against Thibaut by Count Henry II’s daughter until Thibaut reaches 21. (S) Littere Baronum, Evergates, 2003, P122.

1214, At the insistence of Blanche, King Philip accepted the homage of 14-year-old Thibaut; who promised to remain under his mother’s tutelage until age 21.

1216, Civil war broke out in Champagne following the decision of the royal court of peers to confirm the succession of Thibaut IV.

1217, Margaret born in France, eldest d/o §§Archambaud VIII Dampierre & Alix de Forez.

1/7/1219, Letter from Pope Honorius III: “Honorius, etc., to his beloved children, B[lanche] countess of Champagne, and her son count Thibaut.” (S) Epistolæ.

4/1219, “I, Simon of Clefmont, make known … because of evil advice I withdrew my fidelity and homage [in 1216] from nobele lady Countess Blanche and her son Thibaut, count of Champagne. … I quit to Countess Blanche and Thibaut the viscounty of Montigny … as well as all the domain I used to have in Ageville, … Be it known that I am their leigeman for 3 fiefs …”

[––Thibaut & Gertrude––]

5/1220, Thibaut married 1st to Gertrude of Dabo, 16 year-old widow of the Duke of Lorraine; arranged by his mother.

11/1221, At the Court of Peers, the dispute over Champagne and Brie between Thibaut and Airard de Brieen was settled in Thibaut’s favor.

5/1222, Thibaut succeeded to his titles and divorced Gertrude.

[––Thibaut & Agnes––]

1223, Count Thibaut married 2nd his cousin Agnes of Beaujeu.

7/14/1223, Louis VIII succeeded as king of France.

11/1/1223, Thibaut the only baron of 27 that did not accept King Louis VIII’s ordinance prohibiting the recording of debts owed to Jews.

6/1226, King Louis traveled to Languedoc to oversee the attack on a castle of Raymond VII in the Cathar war. [Thibaut, Count of Champagne, left at the end of his 40-day required service.]

11/8/1226, King Louis VIII died.

1226, Thibaut, at Avignon, arranged a truce between Queen Blanche of Castile, regent of France, and revolting barons in Brittany whom he represented. Blanche convinced son Louis’ uncle Philip and Thibaut to switch sides.

1226, At Corbeil, many barons pledged support to Peter, count of Brittany, if he should rebel against King Louis. Count Thibaut of Champagne came in support of the king with 300 knights, and Peter was forced to yield to the king’s mercy. (S) Chronicles of the Crusades, Joinville, 2010, P122. [As part of a reconcilation, Thibaut agreed to a marriage with Peter’s daughter. King Louis intervened and prevented the marriage, setting off a war by the barons against Thibaut.]

11/8/1226, Louis IX succeeded his father as King of France; crowned at Reims. Queen Blanche became regent of France during the minority of her son.

1227, Thibaut, self-styled “the Queen’s knight” [supposedly because of love for Queen Blanche], identified by writers of the period as one of the best poets of his age. (S) The Book of French Songs, Oxenford, 1877, P333.

2/24/1228, “I, Blanche, countess palatine of Troyes, and I Thibaut, count of Champagne and Brie, make known to all who will see the present letters …” [Agreement with Henry, Archbishop of Reims.] (S) Epistolæ.

1228, Thibaut accused of betraying and then poisoning the King, and of having an affair with Queen Blanche. [Thibaut supposedly wrote romantic poems about Blanche, although she is “anonymous” in the poems.]

1228-29, Queen Blanche assembled her army in support of Thibaut and marched on Bellesme, considered impregnable. It was also unusual because it was still very cold. After 2 assualts the fortress fell.

3/12/1229, Thibaut’s mother Blanche died.

11/1229, The first preserved document mentioning the Abbaye d’Argensolles by Thibaut naming his mother. (S) Annuaire-bulletin de la Société de l'histoire de France, Vs.7 à 8, Paris, Renouard, 1869, P.71.

1229, Thibaut sold Blois, Sancerre, Chartres and Chateaudun as fiefs to Queen Blanche for 2,000,000 livres. (S) The Pictorial History of France, Bussey, 1843, P429.

9/1230, The peace treaty at Compiegne stipulated that Theobald of Champagne was to expiate the faults alleged against him and remove his presence by undertaking a crusade with 100 knights to make war on infidels in Palestine. (S) Saint Louis, Perry, 1901, P52.

1230-31, Thibaut franchised his castellany towns after they had resisted and invasion by French barons led by Pierre Mauclerc, duke of Brittany.

7/1231, Agnes died.

[––Thibaut & Margaret––]

3/1232, Thibaut agreed to marry Margaret.

9/22/1232, Thibaut married 15-year-old Margaret.

8/28/1234, King Thibaut inherited the kingdom of Navarre from his maternal uncle, Sancho the Powerful.

[––King of Navarre––]

10/1/1234, Thibaut, King of Navarre and count of Champagne, proposed a marriage of his daughter, Blanca and the grandson of Berenguela of Castile, Alfonso, s/o Fernando III.

1/3/1235, The king [Henry III of England] will see that the truce which Rostand de Solio, citizen of Bordeaux, entered into with him in the king’s name until Easter next, is kept in the form made … no harm shall come from the land of Navarre to Gascony, nor from Gascony to Navarre. (S) CPRs.

1/1236, Theobald, count of Champagne and king of Navarre, and kinsman of the king of England, accompanied Eleanor of Provence to England to become the bride of King Henry III. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P56. [Thibaut had more than 300 horsemen accompany Eleanor.]

1236, Peter, count of Brittany, ordered to escort Theobald, king of Navarre, from the royal court to Nantes. [Thibaut, as part of the conditions of an arranged peace, promised to stay either 7 years beyond seas on crusade, or in his kingdom of Navarre.]

1237, Through Pope Gregory IX, and after disagreements about the marriage arraignment of their children, Fernando III and Teobaldo I of Navarra made a peace agreement.

1238, A “monstrous and inhuman race of men”, with a leader called Kan, began to overun far eastern Europe.

9/1/1239, Thibaut on crusade landed with a French contingent at Acre. Thibaut’s forces were defeated by Egyptians at both Ascalon and Gaza. Amaury de Montfort and many other French knights were captured.

9/1240, Thibaut returned to Provins, France, with the Damascus rose [which was cross bred to produce many of the modern varieties.]

6/24/1241, Thibaut and the entire French court was at Saumur in Anjou for the knighting of Alphonse, brother of King Louix IX. [Joinville, a witness to the event estimated 3000 knights in attendance.] (S) Women in the Middle Ages, Gies, 1991.

1242, Margaret’s father died.

10/8/1242 at Bordeaux, France, Safe-conduct, until Lent, for Th[ibaut] king of Navarre, count palatine of Champagne and Brie, coming to the king [Henry III] to speak with him. (S) CPRs.

1242-3, At Bordeaux, France, Thibaut met with King Henry III of England.

3/13/1243, at Bordeaux, France, Safe-conduct, for Th[eobald] king of Navarre, … through the king’s [Henry III] land towards parts of Navarre. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1243, Safe-conduct for Peter, chaplain of the queen of Navarre. (S) CPRs.

8/1243, Nicholas de Molis (60842578), seneschal of King Henry III of England, besieged Grammont and captured it from the King of Navarre.

1244, Thibaut and King Henry III of England made a 4-year truce.

8/12/1244, To Nicholas de Molis, seneschal of Gascony. Whereas the king [Henry III of England] promised Th. count of Flanders and Hainault that in the amending of the agressions  and damages committed upon Thibaut, king of Navarre, by the king and his men of Bayonne, … aggressions to be amended and restitution to be made for damages. (S) CPRs.

11/15/1244, Acceptance of a prest of 1000 marks which the good men of Bayonne have made to Nicholas de Molis, seneschal of Gascony [of King Henry III], to maintain the war against the king of Navarre, … (S) CPRs.

5/12/1245, Safe-conduct, for 4 years … for John de Molendinis and Leoninus de Sezanina, knights of the king’s [Henry III of England] kinsman, the king of Navarre, going and returning through the land of Gascony. (S) CPRs.

2/6/1249, The king [Henry III of England] has understood the form of the compromise between his kinsman Thibaut, king of Navarre, county palatine of Champagne and Brie, and the king’s brother in law S. de Monteforti, earl of Leicester, to the following effect … arbritration … these 4 shall pronounce the award before Midsummer, 1249 … (S) CPRs.

7/11/1253, Thibaut died, buried in Pamplona, Spain, succeeded by his son Thibaut V.


10/26/1253, Safe-conduct for Margaret, queen of Navarre, and her household, going through Gascony to Champagne. (S) CPRs.

1253-56, Margaret regent of Champagne and Navarre during the minority of her son.

4/1254, Queen Marguerite of Navarre, regent, visited the king Jamie of Aragon at his court in Monteaguado seeking an alliance. (S) Alfonso 10, The Learned, Marta-Nez, 2010, P109.

4/12/1256, Margaret died at Provins; buried at Clairval.

(S) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, Evergates, 1999.

Family notes:

·         Archambaud VIII Dampierre (b.1189, d.1142), s/o §§Guy II Dampierre & Mathilde of Bourbon. (S) Histoire Généalogique Et Chronologique de la Maison Royale de Bourbon, V1, Achaintre, 1825, P38. [Guy (d.1/18/1216)]

Children of Thibaut and Margaret:

i. Thibaut V of Navarre, born ~1235 in France.

8/25/1253, Safe-conduct for Thibaut, eldest son and heir of the king of Navarre, and his household, going through the land and power of the king [Henry III of England.]

1258, Thibaut married Isabelle, d/o King Louis IX of France.

12/1270, Thibaut died on crusade; his brother Henry succeeding.

ii. Henry III of Navarre (11819398), born 1249 in France.