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Wednesday, November 9, 2011
23638800. Bouchard IV of Avesnes &
23638801. Margaret II of Flanders
1182, Bouchard born in Flanders, younger s/o 47277600. James of
Avesnes & 47277601. Matilda de Roche.
Bouchard raised in the court of Philip of Alsace, studied at
Bouchard studied philosophy in Paris.
By 1199, Bouchard knighted by King Richard I of England.
~1200, Margaret born in Flanders, younger d/o 47277602. Emperor
Baldwin of Constantinople & 47277603. Marie of Champagne.
1208, Margaret and her sister Joan were taken to the court
of King Philip of France at Paris. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P191. 1212, Bouchard appointed bailiff of Hainaut. Bouchard became
the tutor and guardian of Margaret.
~1212, Bouchard married Margaret, about 11 years old, without
consent of her older sister, Countess Joanna of Flanders. [Bouchard had
previously taken the vow of clerical celibacy as chanter of Laon. In addition,
it was not acceptable for a tutor to wed the person they were raising, it was
1213, The French invaded Flanders, aligned with King John of
England. A French fleet of 1700 ships captured the port of Damme on the Zwyn.
Only Ghent successfully resisted.
1214, Bouchard on the Flemish losing side at the battle of
Bovines. King Philip Augustus counciled the Pope to nullify the marriage of
Bouchard and Margaret.
1/19/1216, The marriage of Bouchard and Margaret dissolved by
the Pope; they took refuge in Luxembourg.
Bouchard captured in combat and imprisoned in Ghent.
1218, Margaret agreed to the dissolution to get Bouchard freed.
1221, The marriage of Margaret and Bouchard officially ended.
Bouchard left for Italy to serve the Pope, who was in continuous
conflict with Emperor Frederick of Germany.
1223, Margaret married 2nd William II of Dampierre.
7/14/1223, Louis VIII succeeded as king of France.
11/8/1226, Louis IX succeeded as king of France.
9/3/1231, Margaret’s husband William died; his son William
1244, Bouchard executed at Rupelmonde, beheaded on orders of
Margaret’s older sister Joanna.
12/5/1244, On the death of her sister, Margaret inherited
Flanders and Hainault, designating William III of Dampierre, her son by her 2nd
husband, as heir – starting the War of Succession of Flanders and Hainaut with
her 1st son by Bouchard, John of Avenes.
1246, King Louis IX of France awarded rule of Flanders to the
Dampierre family, and Hainaut to the Avesnes family.
1247, Margaret invested her son William as count of Flanders.
1249, Margaret provided a chaplain for the Beguines at
5/19/1250, A peace agreement was made between Flanders and
6/6/1251, Margaret’s son William died; her son Guy succeeding.
[William was assassinated at a tournament at Trazegnies, at the instance of
Margaret’s son John.].
1252, Margaret and her 2nd son Guy de Dampierre became
joint Countess and Count of Flanders, ceding all claims to Hainaut to her son
1253, King Charles I of Naples militarily supported Margaret of
Flanders in exchange for Hainault. [King Louis forced Charles to accept a large
sum of money rather than Hainaut.] (S) New International Encyclopedia, V5, P73.
7/4/1253, Margaret’s forces under her 2nd son Guy at
the battle of West-Capelle defeated by John’s forces. Guy taken prisoner.
1254, Margaret, countess of Flanders and William, count of
Holland, both refused to do homage to the other for lands held; starting
1256, Guy de Dampierre ransomed through mediation of King
1264, Margaret allowed queen Eleanor of England to settle at
Damme during the barons’ war in England.
1266, Margaret made Hugh of Roubaix promise to not infringe on
her right of the church at Waterlos.
1270, Margaret confiscated the property [wool] of English
merchants in Flanders. (S) The Industrial History of Free Nations, Vs1-2, 1846,
1271, To the illustrious Lady [Margaret, Countess of Flanders] … Brother Thomas from Aquino [St.
Thomas Aquinas] of the Order of the Preachers … whether it is allowable for you
at some time and in what way to make an exaction upon the Jews … (S) The
Aquinas Center, Ave Maria University.
1274, Margaret and Guy agreed to restitution of 4755£ to
English merchants to end the conflict with England.
1275, Margaret notified Henry of Luxembourg that St. Bavo’s
abbey had bought a house at Deinze.
12/12/1276, Whereas contentions arose between Henry III. and
the king [Edward I of England] and Margaret, countess of Flanders, … Guy son of
the countess and count of Flanders, for himself and her, promise that all goods
… should be restored, … a balance of 4,755£ sterling was due … Mandate to the
count to pay. (S) CPRs.
1278, Margaret, “the Black Lady”, having abdicated to her son
(S) Foreign Quarterly Review, Vs34-35, 1845. (S) The History of
Belgium, Boulger, V1 of 2. (S) Ideals and Practice fo Medieval Knighthood, V2, 1988,
P34. (S) Aristocratic Women of Medieval France, Evergates, 1999, P134.
Child of Bouchard and Margaret:
i. John of Avenes (11819400), born 5/1/1218 in Houffalize.