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Thursday, December 8, 2011

Baron Nicholas de Audley & Lady Katherine Giffard

23641864. Baron Nicholas de Audley & 23641865. Lady Katherine Giffard

1258, Nicolas born in England, 4th s/o 47283728. James de Audley & 47283729. Ela de Longespee.

1272, Katherine born in England, coheir & d/o 11820106. John Giffard & 11820107. Maud de Clifford.

7/29/1272, Nicholas’ oldest brother James did homage for his father’s lands.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1273, James died leaving brother Henry as heir.

12/18/1273, Order to escheator in the county of Chester to deliver to Nicholas de Aldithele the lands late of James de Aldithele … lands the king has committed to the said Nicholas during pleasure ; so that he retain in the king's name the chattels late of James by reason of the debts wherein James was held to the king. (S) CFRs.

5/1276, Nicholas’ brother Henry died, leaving brother William, age 21, as heir.

1280, The Friars at Newcastle-under-Lyme given a bequest of 8 guineas by Nicholas de Audely. (S) Medieval Newcastle-under-Lyme, Pape, 1928, P65.

12/1282, Nicholas’ brother William killed in war in Wales. Sir William 1 of 16 knights, 17 squires and over 200 foot soldiers killed in an ambush by the Welsh.


1/8/1283, Order to keeper of the lands late of William de Audedele, tenant in chief, to deliver to Nicholas, brother and heir of William, the said lands and the goods late of William, so that he pay all William's debts ; he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

1283, Nicholas de Audelege states that his brother William had sued a writ of mort d'ancestor concerning tenements in Easton and Canfield, which found for him; but the justices then decided [another writ was required] … as his grandfather, Henry de Audelege (94567456), had given the tenements in free marriage to William, son of William de Blancmoster, and his daughter Amice, and to the heirs of their bodies: of which none are now living. (S) UKNA. [Heirs were living. See 11820104. Lord Robert le Straung, 1283.]

4/6/1283, Robert Burnel, bishop of Bath and Wells, chancellor, to John de Kirkby, deal quickly with the business of Nicholas de Audley. (S) UKNA.

1283, Memorandum, that Geoffrey son of Geoffrey Griffyn, deceased, came into chancery, and acknowledged and granted that he would satisfy the king for his marriage or Nicholas de Audidelegh, who claims right in the marriage, so soon as it shall be found in the king's court whether the marriage ought to pertain to the king or to Nicholas.

1285, Nicholas de Audeley holds the manor of Egemond … of the King in capite by charter, rendering yearly a mewed sparrow hawk in lieu of all services. William Eysseby holds Great Aston of Nicholas, the abbot of Crokesden holds Adney, John de Halis holds Little Halis, and the burgesses of Newport hold Newport as a free burough. Nicholas has his free court at Egemond with Pleas of Bloodshed, and hue and cry, and gallows, warren, market and Fair; and these he has used. (S) Transactions of Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883, P363.

1285, Nicholas de Audley holds the manor of Weston, with Wexhill and Chirbere, of Robert de Mortimer of the barony of Burford, who holds of the King. Nicholas holds free court twice yearly, has a gallows and warren under charter of Henry III, and has used those franchises 30 years. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Vs9-10, 1859, P346.

[––Nicholas & Katherine––]

By 1287, Nicolas married Katherine, who brought him lands in Herefordshire, and commotes and a castle in Wales. 

1287, Protection with clause volumus, for the following going to Wales on the king’s service … Nicholas de Alditheleye. (S) CPRs.

5/3/1289, Letters for Nicholas de Audedeleye, going beyond seas, nominating James de Aldetheleye … (S) CPRs.

1290, Nicholas de Alditheleye the custos of the land and heir of Richard son of Henry de Chetelton brought an assize of last presentation to the Church of Chetelton against the Abbot of Deulacres. (S) Staffordssire Hist. Coll’s, V6, Pt1, 1885, Banco Roll, Hillary.

1291-92, William Shyrard and Petronilla his wife recover a third of a millin Gretton versus Nicholas de Audelegh, as the dower of Petronilla by default of Nicholas. (S) Plea Rolls for Staffordshire, V6, 1885.

1292-93, Nicholas de Audithele claimed free warren in the manors of Enedon, Aldythele (Audley), Bettelegh, Tunstall, Cesterton (Chesterton), Horton, and Alstanfeld by a charter of the king's father to James de Aldythele his ancestor; and he claimed to have in Enedon (Endon), Aldythele and Bettelegh view of frankpledge, assize of bread and beer. Nicholas also claimed a fair and market in Bettelegh (Betley) by a grant made to his ancestor Henry de Audelegh by King Henry III, and it was allowed him. And as regarded the manor of Chesterton he stated that Ela formerly wife of James de Aldithelegh held it in dower.

10/1292, The Jurors of Bradford Hundred presentd Nicholas de Audley for exercising the following franchises in Newport, … court twice yearly at Egemundon, having a gallows, and holding emendals of bread and beer.

4/5/1293, Sir Nicholas de Audley, … witnessed a deed of Nicholas Peye, of Newborough. (S) Transactions of Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883, P244.

1293-94, The claim of Nicholas to free warren in Endon, Aldithele, Bettele, Tunstal, Chesterton, Horton and Alstanfeld, is allowed, Nicholas having produced a charter of King Henry granting free warren to his ancestor James de Aldithele in those manors. (S) Coram Rege Roll.

1294-95, Nicholas served with 2 men in his retinue in Wales. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P128.

3/5/1295, William, earl of Warwick, defeated a large Welsh force at Maes Moydog near Montgomery.

3/22/1295, Order to Reynold de Grey, justice of Chester, to deliver to Nicholas de Alditheleye the manor of Copenhale, taken into the king's hand by the death of Philip Burnel. (S) CFRs.

3/30/1296, Nicholas with King Edward invading Scotland with a force of 25,000, captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.

6/14/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when Stirling castle surrendered.

7/2/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when John Balliol, King of Scotland, submitted and then abdicated.

8/26/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when 2000 Scottish landowners came to Berwick to pay homage. King Edward I “had conquered Scotland and searched it through in 21 weeks.” 

1296, Nicholas created Baron Audley of Highleigh, co. Stafford, by King Edward I. (S) Historical and Descriptive View of Derbyshire, V1, 1811, P207.

7/22/1298, At the battle of Falkirk, Nicholas, with 15 men in his retinue, was among the heavy cavalry that swept across the field and completed the rout of the Scots. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P191.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

9/11/1298, Grant, at the instance of Nicholas de Audelegh, to the bailiffs and good men of Neuport of pavage for 3 years. (S) CPRs.

5/28/1299, Katherine’s father died.

6/5/1299, Writ for IPM of John Gyffard of Brymmesfeld. … [Lands held of inheritance of Maud Lungespeye (her mother)] Salop: Corfham. The castle, … Margaret countess of Lincoln aged 30, Katherine the wife of Nicholas de Auditheley aged 27, Eleanor Giffard aged 24, and Maud Giffard aged 22, daughters of the aforesaid Maud Lungespeye, are her next heirs. Hereford: Clifford. The castle, … Wales: Brenthles. The castle, … Glasbury. The manor … The Commotes of Perveeth … (S) CIsPM.

1299, Nicholas, age 41, knt., 1st Baron Heley in Audley, died.

8/28/1299, Writ for IPM of Nicholas de Aldithele. Chester: [multiple parts and moieties] … Thomas his son, aged 10 on the quinzaine of Easter last, is his next heir. Stafford: Heleye. The castle with garden … [multiple smaller properties] … Salop: Red Castle. The castle, lands … Gravehungre. The manor … Lee (Lega) under Brokhurst. The township … (S) CIsPM.


1299, Katherine, age 27, coheir of her mother’s lands held by her father, received the castle of Llandovery in Wales.

10/10/1299, The king learns by inquisition that Nicholas and Katherine, his wife, were jointly enfeoffed in the town of Legh under Brochrist. (S) CCRs.

10/23/1299, Order to deliver to Katharine de Aldithelegh, 2nd daughter and heir of the Maud Lungespeye, sometime the wife of John Gyffard, deceased, her pourparty, to wit, the castle of Thlanadeury with the commotes of Perveth and Irurin in Wales. (S) CFRs.

6/16/1300, Order to deliver to Amadeus, count of Savoy, the custody of an iron-mine in the manor of Tunstall, saving to Katharine, late the wife of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, tenant in chief, a third of the profit thereof as dower. (S) CCRs.

1301, John de Swynnerton sued Katrine formerly wife of Nicholas deAudeleye for a debt of £40. (S) Plea Rolls for Staffordshire, V7, 1886.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

11/10/1308, Licence for Katherine, late the wife of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, to grant all lands which she holds in dower of her inheritiance of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, her son, to the said son, … yearly payment of £100 for her sustenance. (S) CPRs.

1319, Katherine died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P33. (S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4.

Family notes:

·         2/16/1322, Order to the sheriff of Hereford … to pay £30 yearly from the issues of … to Katharine de Audele, recluse of Ledebury. (S) CFRs. [Could be a daughter.]

Children of Nicholas and Katherine:

i. Thomas de Audley, born 1288 in England. [Heir]

Thomas’ wardship given to Hugh le Despencer.

1302, Thomas’ lands next in the custody of Amadeus of Savoy.

Thomas married Eve de Clavering. [No children.]

12/1307, Thomas died.

1/15/1308, Order to the same to take into the king's hand the lands late of the inheritance of Thomas de Aldithelegh, son and heir of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, tenant in chief of Edward I, who has died a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

ii. Nicholas de Audley (11820932), born 11/11/1292 in England.

iii. Ela de Audley, born 1288 in England.

Ela married Gruffydd de la Pole, s/o Lord Owain de la Pole.