Thursday, December 8, 2011

G25: 23641864 Audley-Giffard

23641864. Baron Nicholas de Audley & 23641865. Katherine Giffard

1258, Nicholas born in England, 4th s/o 47283728. James de Audley & 47283729. Ela de Longespee.

1272, Katherine born in England, coheir & d/o 11820106. John Giffard & 11820107. Maud de Clifford.

7/29/1272, Nicholas’ oldest brother James did homage for his father’s lands.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1273, James died leaving brother Henry as heir.

5/1276, Nicholas’ brother Henry died, leaving brother William, age 21, as heir.

1280, The Friars at Newcastle-under-Lyme given a bequest of 8 guineas by Nicholas de Audely. (S) Medieval Newcastle-under-Lyme, Pape, 1928, P65.

12/1282, Nicholas’ brother William killed in war in Wales.

1/8/1283, Nicholas took livery of his brother William’s lands; Sir William one of 16 knights, 17 squires and over 200 foot soldiers killed in an ambush by the Welsh.

1283, Memorandum, that Geoffrey son of Geoffrey Griffyn, deceased, came into chancery, and acknowledged and granted that he would satisfy the king for his marriage or Nicholas de Audidelegh, who claims right in the marriage, so soon as it shall be found in the king's court whether the marriage ought to pertain to the king or to Nicholas.

1285, Nicholas de Audeley holds the manor of Egemond … of the King in capite by charter, rendering yearly a mewed sparrow hawk in lieu of all services. William Eysseby holds Great Aston of Nicholas, the abbot of Crokesden holds Adney, John de Halis holds Little Halis, and the burgesses of Newport hold Newport as a free burough. Nicholas has his free court at Egemond with Pleas of Bloodshed, and hue and cry, and gallows, warren, market and Fair; and these he has used. (S) Transactions of Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883, P363.

1285, Nicholas de Audley holds the manor of Weston, with Wexhill and Chirbere, of Robert de Mortimer of the barony of Burford, who holds of the King. Nicholas holds free court twice yearly, has a gallows and warren under charter of Henry III, and has used those franchises 30 years. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Vs9-10, 1859, P346.

Nicolas married Katherine, who brought him lands in Herefordshire, and commotes and a castle in Wales. Katherine’s dowry, which held of the King’s hands when her father died, was to be returned to Katherine and her husband Nicolas de Audley. 

1287, Protection with clause volumus, for the following going to Wales on the king’s service … Nicholas de Alditheleye. (S) CPRs.

5/3/1289, Letters for Nicholas de Audedeleye, going beyond seas, nominating James de Aldetheleye … (S) CPRs.

1290, Nicholas de Alditheleye the custos of the land and heir of Richard son of Henry de Chetelton brought an assize of last presentation to the Church of Chetelton against the Abbot of Deulacres.

1291-92, William Shyrard and Petronilla his wife recover a third of a millin Gretton versus Nicholas de Audelegh, as the dower of Petronilla by default of Nicholas. (S) Plea Rolls for Staffordshire, V6, 1885.

1292-93, Nicholas de Audithele claimed free warren in the manors of Enedon, Aldythele (Audley), Bettelegh, Tunstall, Cesterton (Chesterton), Horton, and Alstanfeld by a charter of the king's father to James de Aldythele his ancestor; and he claimed to have in Enedon (Endon), Aldythele and Bettelegh view of frankpledge, assize of bread and beer. Nicholas also claimed a fair and market in Bettelegh (Betley) by a grant made to his ancestor Henry de Audelegh by King Henry III, and it was allowed him. And as regarded the manor of Chesterton he stated that Ela formerly wife of James de Aldithelegh held it in dower.

10/1292, The Jurors of Bradford Hundred presentd Nicholas de Audley for exercising the following franchises in Newport, … court twice yearly at Egemundon, having a gallows, and holding emendals of bread and beer.

4/5/1293, Sir Nicholas de Audley, … witnessed a deed of Nicholas Peye, of Newborough. (S) Transactions of Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883, P244.

1293-94, The claim of Nicholas to free warren in Endon, Aldithele, Bettele, Tunstal, Chesterton, Horton and Alstanfeld, is allowed, Nicholas having produced a charter of King Henry granting free warren to his ancestor James de Aldithele in those manors. (S) Coram Rege Roll.

1294-95, Nicholas served with 2 men in his retinue in Wales. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P128.

4/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and won the battle of Dunbar against the forces of John Comyn and his son.

6/14/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when Stirling castle surrendered.

7/2/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when John Balliol, King of Scotland, submitted and then abdicated.

8/26/1296, Nicholas with King Edward I when 2000 Scottish landowners came to Berwick to pay homage. King Edward I “had conquered Scotland and searched it through in 21 weeks.” 

1296, Nicholas created Baron Audley of Highleigh, co. Stafford, by King Edward I. (S) Historical and Descriptive View of Derbyshire, V1, 1811, P207.

7/22/1298, At the battle of Falkirk, the defeat of William Wallace, Nicholas, with 15 men in his retinue, was among the heavy cavalry that swept across the field and completed the rout of the Scots. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P191.

9/11/1298, Grant, at the instance of Nicholas de Audelegh, to the bailiffs and good men of Neuport of pavage for 3 years. (S) CPRs.

8/28/1299, Nicholas, age 41, knt., 1st Baron Heley in Audley, died.

1299, Katherine, age 27, coheir of her mother’s lands held by her father, received the castle of Llandovery in Wales.

1301, John de Swynnerton sued Katrine formerly wife of Nicholas deAudeleye for a debt of £40. (S) Plea Rolls for Staffordshire, V7, 1886.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

11/10/1308, Licence for Katherine, late the wife of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, to grant all lands which she holds in dower of her inheritiance of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, her son, to the said son, … yearly payment of 100£ for her sustenance. (S) CPRs.

1319, Katherine died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P33. (S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4.

Children of Nicholas and Katherine:

i. Thomas de Audley, born 1288 in England. [Heir]

Thomas’ wardship given to Hugh le Despencer.

1302, Thomas’ lands next in the custody of Amadeus of Savoy.

Thomas married Eve de Clavering. [No children.]

12/1307, Thomas died.

ii. Nicholas de Audley (11820932), born 11/11/1292 in England.

iii. Ela de Audley, born 1288 in England.

Ela married Gruffydd de la Pole, s/o Lord Owain de la Pole.