1247, Robert fitzWalter born in Henham, Essex, England, heir & s/o 30424598. Sir Walter Fitz Robert & 30424599. Ida Longespee.
Bef. 4/10/1258, Robert’s father died.
1258, Robert’s wardship granted to his uncle Sir Stephen Longespee.
[––Robert & Devorguille––]
1259, Robert 1st married to Devorguille de Burgh, d/o Sir John de Burgh of Wakerley, Northants. [1 son, 2 daughters] (S) FMG.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt. [Robert was apparently a rebel in the war. It was a rebellion of mostly young knights wanting changes to the government.]
10/31/1266, The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years.
3/12/1268, Whereas … trespasses charged against Robert son of Walter at the time of the disturbance had in the realm, … the king ratifies the said restitution … (S) CPRs.
11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
1274, Robert knighted.
6/27/1275, Robert had license to sell Baynard’s castle in London to the Archbishop of Cantebury. (S) CPRs.
7/18/1277, William de Wauton, gone with Robert son of Walter into Wales on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.
1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.
1/6/1278, Pardon to Robert son of Walter of 200 marks for taking a stag in the forest of Essex. (S) CPRs.
1279, Robert son of Walter holds 1 virgate of land in villenage of the abbot of Peterborough. (S) The 4th Crusade, Munro, 1907, P5.
By 1279, Eleanor born in England, d/o 23639700. Earl Robert de Ferrers & 23639701. Eleanor de Bohun.
3/3/1280, Writ after death of John de Burgo: 3 daughters, Dervorguilla whom Sir Robert son of Walter married, Hawis whom Sir Robert de Grelee married, and Margery who is a nun at Chikessaunt … his next heirs and of full age. (S) FMG.
7/30/1280, Commission … to Geoffrey de Leukenore and Robert son of Walter touching … Northamption … (S) CPRs.
2/8/1281, Letters for Robert son of Walter, going to Santiago [on pilgrimage], nominating … (S) CPRs.
1282, Robert fought in Wales.
12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]
2/18/1284, Commission of oyer and terminer to Robert son of Walter and John le Lou, touching … Northampton … (S) CPRs.
9/15/1284, Devorguille died. (S) FMG: IPM of “John de Burgo the younger” – names his two [sisters] heirs, Dervergulla whom Robert son of Walter married, and Hawis whom Robert Greyll married.
7/27/1285, Grant for service in the expedition into Wales, of the custody, during minority of Lucy, daughter and heiress of Robert de Twenge, … to Robert son of Walter … of £100 of land … Daneby and Lelum … (S) CPRs.
4/24/1286, Protection with clause volumus for Robert son of Walter going beyond seas with the king. (S) CPRs.
6/24/1286 from Dover, Edward and Eleanor traveled to Gascony where they would stay for 3 years. [9 knights were assigned to guard the royal children.]
12/8/1287, Robert son of Walter gone beyond seas nominating … (S) CPRs.
[––Robert & Eleanor––]
Bef. 3/11/1290, in the King’s chapel at Westminster, Robert married 2nd to Eleanor.
6/7/1292, Robert granted a market at Roydon, Essex, previously held by his father. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
6/28/1293, Appointment during pleasure of Robert son of Walter to the custody of the castle of la Bere, with a salary of £100. (S) CPRs.
1294, Robert ordered to relieve Castle y Bere in Gwynnedd, Wales. [The Welsh leader Madog ap Llywelyn in revolt had besieged the castle.]
1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.
8/24/1294, Licence for Robert son of Walter, going to Gascony on the king’s service, to let to farm … (S) CPRs.
1295-1325, Robert summoned to parliament by writ.
10/9/1294, English forces left Portsmouth for France, arriving and going up the Gironde estuary seizing the towns of Castillon, then Macau, then Bourg and Balye.
10/13/1295, Licence for Robert son of Walter, going to Gascony on the king’s service, enfeoff Richard de Hiwissh … 11 kingts’ fees … (S) CPRs.
1/4/1296, English forces left from Plymouth, arriving in Gascony in March. 3/28 they began an unsuccessful English-French siege of Bordeaux.
1297, Robert served in Gascony.
8/23/1297, King Edward left England with 500 ships to attack France and assert his rights. Because of the refusal of many barons, Edward only had a small contingent of knights. The army sailed for Flanders to seek additional support.
7/22/1298, Robert fought at the battle of Falkirk.
7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.
4/12/1299, Appointment of Robert son of Walter as captain and keeper of the peace within the county of Essex. (S) CPRs.
7/9/1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland began.
1300, Robert at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.
By 1300, Robert married Eleanor.
2/5/1301, Licence … for Robert son of Walter to impark his wood of Shenefield, co. Essex, … (S) CPRs.
2/12/1301, Robert signed the baron’s letter to the Pope.
1303, Robert served in Scotland.
2/24/1303, An English invasion force, coming by Borthwick castle near Catcune, were decimated by Scotish archers in the third and last skirmish of the battle of Roslin Muir [aka Roslin Glen]. The Scots were commanded by Sir Simon Fraser. English forces under John de Seagrave and Ralph de Confreys had already been defeated.
8/28/1303, Grant to the king’s kinsman, Robert son of Walter, tenant in chief, in consideration of his great expenses in divers parts, on the king’s service, … that executors of his will may hold custody of his manors of Hemehale and Disce, co. Norfolk, and Sympling, co. Suffolk, … (S) CPRs.
9/1303, Eleanor living.
Eleanor died, buried in Dunmow Priory, Essex.
1306, Robert served in Scotland.
6/7/1307, Licence for Robert son of Walter, king’s kinsman, … manors of Hemehale and Disce … (S) CPRs.
7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.
Bef. 5/10/1308, Robert married 3rd Alice de Montfort, widow of Sir Warin de Lisle [d/o Sir Piers de Montfort & Maud de la Mare.]
7/4/1310, Robert preparing to travel to Jerusalem with Alice his wife. (S) CPRs.
1312, Townsmen of Colchester broke the park of Robert Fitzwalter of Lexden, hunted therein, and carried off goods. (S) , A Hist. of the Co. of Essex, V9, 1994.
2/4/1313, Licence for Christiana, daughter and one of the heirs of Devergulla de Burgh, to grant and release to Robert son of Walter her purparty of the lands, late of her mother, in Lexeden, … co. Essex, … co. Hertford, … which the same Robert son of Walter, sometime husband of the said Dervergulla, holds for his life … (S) CPRs.
1/2/1315, Licence for John son of William le Mareschal to grant that his manor of Lexden, co. Essex, … which Robert son of Walter holds … of the inheritiance late of Dervergulla de Burgh, sometime his wife … shall remain to the said Robert son of Walter and Alice his wife … (S) CPRs.
2/14/1315, Alice de Insula the wife of Robert son of Walter is going on pilgrimage to Santiago. (S) CPRs.
11/1/1317, Appointment of Robert son of Walter of the custody of the town of Colchester. (S) CPRs.
3/1/1318, Simple protection for Robert son of Walter going beyond seas. (S) CPRs. [Same date: Licence for Robert to demise at farm … Burhan, Wodehan, Regdon, Henham, and Teye, co. Essex, held in chief.]
6/6/1319, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Robert son of Walter to the prioress and nuns of St. Matthew without Rouen … (S) CPRs.
6/3/1320, Robert son of Walter going beyond seas with the king on his service. (S) CPRs.
8/6/1320, Exemption for Robert son of Walter, in consideration of his good service to Edward I and the king in the wars in England, Wales, Scotland and elsewhere, and also on account of his age, from further military service. (S) CPRs.
1/17/1326, Licence for Robert son of Walter, the elder, to enfeoff Robert son of Walter, the younger, of the manors of Lexedon and Reyndon, co. Essex, held in chief. (S) CPRs.
1/18/1326, Robert, 1st Lord Fitz Walter died.
1/22/1326, Writ for IPM of Robert le fitz Wauter. Sufflok: Schimplynge. The manor … Robert his son, aged 25 and more, is his next heir. Norfolk: Disce. The manor … Hemenhal. The manor … Essex: manors of: Wodeham Wautere, Burnham, Reyndon, Dunmawe, Henham, Wymbyssh, Teye, Lexeden. (S) CIsPM.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P345.
· 8/28/1303, Robert referred to as the king’s kinsman.
Children of Robert and Eleanor:
i. Robert Fitz Walter (15211300), born 1301 in England.
ii. Ida Fitz Walter, born ? in England.
Ida married Lord Robert de la Warde.
Ida married Sir Hugh de Neville of Essex.