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Wednesday, June 18, 2014

Sir William Bonville & Margaret Grey

131282. Sir William Bonville & 131283. Margaret Grey

8/30/1393, William Bonevyle born in Shute, Devon, England, s/o 3802754. Sir John Bonville & 3802755. Elizabeth Fitz Roger.

10/21/1396, William Bonvyll, age 4, heir to his father. [His wardship was granted to Edward duke of York, who granted it to Richard Whityngton.]

1397, William’s mother married 2nd 155940. Richard Stucley.

~1400, Margaret born in Ruthyn, North Wales, England, d/o 738756. Lord Reynold Grey & 262567. Margaret de Roos.

2/14/1408, William age 16 at the death of his paternal grandfather (7605508) and namesake.

2/20/1408, Grant ... to the king’s kinsman Edward, duke of York, for 1100£ … of the keeping of all lands late of William Boneville, ‘chivaler,’ … during the minority of his heir [William] … until the time when the heir of William would be of full age. (S) CPRs.

1410, William’s mother settled all the family estates on her 2nd husband.

4/9/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.

10/31/1413, Inquisition taken at Honiton ... Escheator in the county of Devon ... proof of age of William son of John the son of William Bonevile, knight, kinsman and heir of the said William Bonevile ...  “William the son of John, is of the age of 21 years and upwards, having been born at Shute, on the last day of August in the 16th year of the reign of the Lord Richard, late King of England, the Second after the Conquest, and baptized in the parish church of the same vill on the same day about the hour of vespers. And this they well know to be true, as they the said jurors were, on the said last day of August, together elected at Honiton, on a certain 'Love Day' to make peace between two of their neighbours, and on that very day there came there a certain Lady Katharine, widow of Sir John Cobham, knight, and then wife of John Wyke of Nynhyde, an aunt of the said William the son of John, proposing to drive to Shute, thinking that she should be Godmother to the said infant, … the baptism of the child was already over. Whereupon she mounted upon her horse in a passion, and rode home in deep anger, vowing that she would not see her sister, to wit the said child's mother, for the next six months, albeit she should be in extremis and die.” (S) A Desc. of the Monument & Effigies in Porlock Church, Somerset; Halliday, P75.

4/18/1414, Writ for IPM of Elizabeth wife of Richard Stucle and widow of John Bonevyle. Leicester: Jointly with Richard Stucle her husband, who survives her, she held the manor of Magna Glen … annual value £20. She died on 10 April last. Roger their son and heir is aged 16 years and more. Wiltshire: She held half the manor of West Kington … Long before her death she married John son of William Bonevyle, and they had a son William Bonevyle who survives. Afterwards she married Richard Stucle. They had issue Roger, knight, and other sons and daughters. … William Bonevyle is her son and heir, aged 21 years and more. … (S) CIsPM.

5/14/1414, At Shute, Devon. Writ for proof of age of William, son of John, son of William and Margaret Bonevyle. … William Bonevyle, knight, and Agnes Bygod being the godparents. … The abbot of Newenham baptised the child. … Thomas Bower, 48 and more, came to Shute with 12 hunting bows as he had arranged with William Bonevile, and he was showing them to William, displaying his merchandise when the boy was being baptised. He saw the baptism and received 40s. for the bows. … The date was written in English in a book and read out whilst they were there. William gave £20 to the fabric of the church. (S) CIsPM.

1414, William began court challenges to the 1410 settlement of his mother and stepfather.

12/12/1414, William married to Margaret.

Bef. 1415, William knighted in France by King Henry V.

5/4/1415, Writ for John Brys for not appearing in court to answer William Boneville, ‘chivaler’, touching a trespass. (S) CPRs.

1418, William, knight, in the retinue of Thomas, Duke of Clarence going to France.

7/12/1420, Revocation of letters … by death of Katharine late the wife of Humphrey Stafford, esquire, … manor of Wodeford, co. Devon … successive remainders to the heirs of of the body of John Cobbeham, William de Bondville, knight, for life, William son of the latter and the heirs of his body, John brother of the latter and heirs of his body, … John Cobbeham died without heir … William de Boneville afterwards died and William his son died without heir of his body and John brother of the latter had issue William Bonevile, ‘chivaler,’ now surviving, and John afterwards died … (S) CPRs.

1421, William, Knight of the Shire for Somerset.

3/1421-3/1422, Parties to Indenture: Indentures between the king and the following for service in France. William Bonvile, kt. (S) UKNA.

By 1422, William had recovered all of his mother’s estates from his stepfather.

1422, William, Knight of the Shire for Devon.

11/6/1429, Henry VI, age 8, succeeded Henry V as King of England.

1423, William appointed High Sheriff of Devon.

1425, William, Knight of the Shire for Devon.

5/15/1426, William Bonvyll, knight, of the diocese of Exeter, and Margaret his wife, noblewoman. Indults to the following that the confessor of their choice may grant them, being penitent, plenary remission in the hour of death. (S) Lateran Regesta, 258, V7, 1906.

1427, William, Knight of the Shire for Devon.

Margaret died.

[––William––]

Bef. 10/9/1427, William married Elizabeth Courtenay, d/o Edward de Courtenay, earl of Devon, widow of John Harington. [No children.]

8/24/1432, Commission to Nicholas Carreu, knight, William Boneville, knight … to inquire … alleged seizure, contrary to the peace between the king and the people of Brittany … of a ship called ‘la Margrete’ … (S) CPRs.

2/26/1434, William de Botreaux, knight, Humphrey Stafford, knight, William Boneville, knight, … Somerset and Dorset … to treat with important persons in the county for a considerable loan to the king … (S) CPRs.

8/3/1435, Confirmation by Humphrey Stafford and William Bonevyle, knights, …, of the estate and possession of Master John Wareyn, canon of St. Peter's, Exeter, …, in lands and tenements in Southton Dertemouth: [Devon.] (S) UKNA.

1/18/1436, Commission of array in the county of Devon, to Thomas, earl of Devon, Philip Courtenay, knight, William Bonvill, knight, Nicholas Carreu, knight, John Dynham, knight, … Roger Chambernon, Thomas Carminowe, … [then Thomas also specified for Cornwall.] (S) CPRs.

1437, William appointed a royal steward for Cornwall by King Henry VI. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P57.

1437-41, John le Borque, merchant of Brittany; … request that Bonneville [William Boneville, steward of Cornwall] be commanded to make full recompense to them with costs and damages or that they be granted letters of marque on the town of Fowey as they have been long delayed in their request for restoration of their goods seized by a ship equipped and armed for Boneville at Fowey. (S) UKNA.

11/3/1438, Order to pay to William Bonevile the king's knight 40 marks a year for life … for his good service the office of steward of the county of Cornwall … (S) CCRs.

9/19/1439, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by William Boneville, knight, that Thomas Carmynowe of Asshewater, co. Devon, equire, with many others … lay in wait for him divers times … so threatened him that he dared not openly go about his business, carried away his goods to the value of 600 marks, and assaulted and beat his men and servants. (S) CPRs.

1441, William in conflict with Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, who had been appointed steward of the Duchy of Cornwall by the King. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P58.

3/1442-3/1443, Draft letters patent to Sir William Bonevyle, seneschal of Guienne, authorising him to restore the land of rebels who may submit 1m. (S) UKNA.

7/5/1443, Richard Drayton … of Oxford, esquire, … going to the duchy of Aquitaine to abide in the company of the king's knight,William Boneville, seneschal of the duchy, for the safe-keeping thereof. (S) CPRs.

7/1444, William sent to Gascony. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P58.

1448, William returned from Gascony.

3/10/1449, “Willelmo Bonville domino Bonville et de Chuton”: To William Bonevyle knight, lord Bonevyle of Chuton. Summons to the parliament at Westminster with all speed. By K. (S) CCRs.

1449, William retained to serve the king at sea.

9/23/1449, Baron [William] Bonville of Chewton summoned to parliament by writ.

3/1450, Inquisition taken before John Arundell, … by virture of the attached commission to them and to William Bonevile of Chewton Mendip, knight, … to enquire concerning the capture of a certain galler. Tauro, Corn. … (S) Cal. of Inq.’s, Knighton, 1897, P133.

6/21/1450, Commitment to John archbishop of Canterbury, William Bonevyle knight, lord de Bonvyle and de Chuton, and Katharine late the wife of William Stafford esquire, … of the keeping of all the manors, lordships and lands late of the said William Stafford. (S) CFRs.

9/1451, The private armies of Duke Edmund (184678) and the Duke of York converged on Tauton, Somerset,  where Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon was besieging Lord William Bonville (131282). (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P57.

11/1451, The King summoned the parties in the dispute to his High Court of Judgement at Coventry where William was fined for his participation. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P58.

2/19/1452, Pardon to William Boneville of Chuton, knight, of all trespasses, offences, … before 20 December last, whereof the punishment is a pecuniary penalty or imprisonment ; and of the king's suit for all felonies, … and other offences before the same date. (S) CPRs.

1453, William appointed governor of Exeter castle.

5/25/1453, Debtor: Reginald Trethyrf of Cornwall, esquire. Creditor: William, lord Bonville, of Chewton [Chewton Hundred, Somerset]. Amount: £500. (S) UKNA.

1453, William made Lt. of Acquitaine, France.

6/8/1453, Commission to collect the 15th and the 10th taxes … William Bonevyle of Chuton, knight, Walter Ralegh esquire, in Devon. (S) CFRs.

7/20/1453, William Graynville and his wife Philippa named in a deed of William, Lord Bonville of Chuton. [Brother of Philippa.]

1454, William and Thomas Courtenay involved in a fight at Clyst Heath where several were injured.

9/1454-8/1455, Bill to arrest Thomas, Earl of Devon, and William, Lord Bonevyle, for prosecuting a private war in Cornwall. (S) UKNA.

3/3/1455, Commitment to William Bonevyle, lord de Cheweton, and Thomas Appulton, esquire, … of the keeping of the boroughs Lostwithiell and Camelford and of the manors … the fishery of the water of Fowy … co. Cornwall … (S) CFRs.

4/1455, Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, with Sir Hugh Courtenay (950654), led armed retainers into Exeter where Sir William Bonville (3802618) was meeting with the sheriffs of Devon and Cornwall, disrupting the meeting.

5/21/1455, William, now a supporter of the Duke of York’s army of about 3000, advanced to Ware in Hertfordshire. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P73.

5/22/1455, William part of the siege of York’s St. Albans which began early in the morning. Soon after the forces of  Edmund, Duke of Somerset, arrived.

5/22/1455, William at the 1st Battle of St. Albans fighting with Richard, Duke of York. The royalists lost 300 including Somerset and Thomas de Clifford, and many other nobles. This was the opening battle of a 30-year, Lancaster-York, “War of the Roses”. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P73.

11/1455, William and the Earl of Devon again in conflict. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P79.

1457, Hugh Courtenay (950654) took part in the private war of the Earl of Devon against William Bonville. [A battle occurred at Clyst Heath.]

9/1458-8/1459, Special assize roll, Devon, William Bonneville, kt and others v Joan relict of William Toylard and others. (S) UKNA.

7/1460, William on the Yorkist side at the Battle of Northampton. Yorkist forces numbering over 20,000 faced a smaller royal army with their backs against the river Nene. The battle lasted less than an hour. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI was captured and put in the custody of William.

2/2/1461, William a Yorkist on the winning side at the battle of Mortimer’s Cross, Herefordshire. On the morning of the battle, through an unusual atmospheric condition, three suns were said to be visible.  Edward Plantagenet [later Edward IV], earl of March, took this as a omen and added the sun to his banner. The Lancanstrian army under the Earl of Pembroke [Jasper Tudor], of about 8000, lost almost half in the battle.

2/8/1461, William nominated for the Order of the Garter [118th knight.]

2/12/1461, William left London with the Earl of Warwick and 8000 men and the king as Warwick’s prisoner.

2/17/1461, William at the 2nd battle of St. Albans. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P102.

2/17/1461, 2nd battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire – a Lancastrian victory. King Henry VI was rescued at the battle. The Earl of Warwick led the Yorkists who reached St. Albans first and fortified the city, but spread his forces too thin. In an unusual maneuver the Lancastrians flanked the Yorkist forces giving them superior numbers against the defenders in the early parts of the battle. The battle lasted most of the day as the Lancastrians advanced through the town. Warwick withdrew with a force of about 4000 and nightfall. William remained behind because he was one of the knights assigned to protect the king.

2/18/1461, Although promised safe conduct, William executed the day after the 2nd Battle of St. Albans by order of the Queen.

[––Elizabeth––]

6/28/1461, Edward IV succeeded Henry VI as King of England. [1st Yorkist King.]

Elizabeth was assigned a substantial dower by King Edward for William’s service.

10/3/1470, Henry VI restored to the crown of England.

4/11/1471, Edward IV regained the crown after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

1471-72, Elizabeth died. [IPM: Harington, Elizabeth [Courtenay], Lady, married to William [Bonville], Lord Bonville Corn, Devon, Som, Leics.] (S) UKNA, C 140/39/64.

(S) Royal Lineage, Foster, 1891, P922.

Children of William and Margaret:

i. William Bonville, born ~1422 in Devon, England.

12/31/1460, William, and his son William, slain at the Battle of Wakefield.

ii. Elizabeth Bonville, born ~1424 in Devon, England.

Elizabeth married Sir William Tailboys, baron Kyme.

2/14/1491, Elizabeth died.

10/31/1491, IPM of Elizabeth Taylboys, widow. One William Bonvyle, knt., gave the under-mentioned manor to William Taylboys, esq., and the said Elizabeth, and the heirs of her body, to hold of him and his heirs. … She died 14 Feb., 6 Hen. VII. Robert Taylboys, knt., aged 40 and more, is her son and heir. (S) CIsPM.

iii. Margaret Bonville (65641), born ~1426 in Devon, England.


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