Saturday, June 28, 2014
Bond 4194496 Grenvile-Beaumont
2/1/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.
1323, Theobald born in Devon, England, s/o 8388992. Henry de Grenvile & 8388993. Joanna Wortham.
1325, Joyce born in England, d/o §Sir Thomas Beaumont.
1327, Theobald, age 4 at the death of his father.
During his minority, Theobald a ward of Sir John Carew.
2/25/1328 at York. Grant to William de Chevereston, for a fine of 50£, of the marriage of Theobald de Grenevill, son and heir of Henry de Grenevill, tenant in chief, a minor in the king's ward, so that if the said Theobald die before he reach the age of 15 years and be married, the said William shall have the marriage of his next heir, being a minor, and so from heir to heir. Order to the escheator beyond Trent to deliver him the body of the heir to be married. (S) Cal. of Fine Rolls.
5/29/1328, Presentation of William de Welingoure to the church of Bydyford … king’s gift by reason of his custody of the lands and heir fo Henry de Grenevil, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.1332, Tax Assessment, 30 Burgesses paying rents to Theobald de Grenvile, Lord of the Manor at Bideford. (S) History of Early Bideford.
1343, Theobald of Greneville, plaintiff vs. the Bishop of Exeter (John Grandisson), defendant. [The beginning of a long conflict between the two. Theobald claimed the Patronage of the Benefice, then vacant. John Ralegh and his wife Amy, patrons of Kilkhampton church, also a part of the suit, who’s nominee was ousted by the Bishop.] (S) BU School of Law, The Year Books, #1348.019.
1344, Theobald de Grenevill recovered in the King's Bench, the advowson of Kylkhampton.
1345, “Quare incumbravit pur Thebaud Greneville vers Levesqe Dexcestre del eglish de Kylhamtone …” (S) Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the Third, Horwood, 1906, P279. [Theobald Greneville vs. John Ralegh and his wife Amy, patrons of Kilkhampton church. Theobald wanted the next presentation. John de Stonore was the head justice for the plea.]
7/12/1346, Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued. The 1st Division commanded by the Prince of Wales [future Black Prince] supported by the Earls of Warwick and Oxford, whose retinue of knights included Sir Theobald Greneville. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley, 1898, P33.
7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city.
Edward stopped at Crecy and took up defensive positions.
8/26/1346, Edward won the Battle of Crecy in France. The French vanguard attacked without orders, commiting the whole army. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.
6/1347, Theobald given letters of protection to return to England in the retinue of John de Veer, earl of Oxford. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley, 1898, P92.
7/29/1347, Theobald de Grenevill, sheriff of Devonshire, … on the Saturday after the late feast of St. Benedict, at the dawn of day, with Thomas de Merton, …, and a rabble composed of about 500 persons, proceeded with arms offensive and defensive to the Manor of Tawton and to the Glebe and Vicarage House, and forcing Premises belonging to the Church, as also the houses of free tenants there, … After severely beating and even murdering some of the tenants, and residents of the place, these lawless invaders decamped hooting and shouting and terrifying the neighbourhood … [As sheriff, Theobald was enforcing a king’s writ for money owed by the Bishop.]
By 8/9/1347, Theobald de Grenevill and other members of the raiding party excommunicated by direction of Bishop Grandisson. [The Bishop eventually settled his differences with the king.]
8/9/1347, Commission to James Daudeleye … Theobald de Greyvill recovered against the bishop by judgement … now past delivery to … Theobald son of Henry de Greyvill … the bishop, as the king understands, has issued stentence of major excommunication atainst the same Theobald … (S) CPRs.
9/5/1347, Theobald de Grenevill made similar actions against the clergy at Kilkhampton.
1/14/1348, Sir Theobald Greneville, on his bended knees, made due submission to the Bishop in aula manerii sui de Chudleigh in the presence of his sureties, John de Ralegh and John de Dynham, knights, and of Almaric Fitzwaryn, Sheriff of Devon, and succeeded in obtaining the benefit of absolution.
1/14/1349, Bishop Grandisson enjoined Sir Theobald de Greneville of Kilkhampton for trespasses and wrongs done to hime at his manor of Bishop’s Tawton. (S) Collegiate Church of Ottery St. Mary, P258.
11/10/1349, Whereas the king by letters patent has appointed William Botriaux, Westminster. John de Ferers, William de Chaumbernoun, … as keepers of the peace in the county of Cornwall, and whereas Ralph de Beovyle, …, indicted before the said keepers of the peace of felonies, have withdrawn from the county on that account, the king has appointed John de Ferers, Richard de Merton,Theobald de Grenvyle, 'chivaler,' … to take them and deliver them into the custody of the keeper of the king's gaol of Launceveton. (S) CPRs.
1351, Theobaldus de Greynvile Miles, Lord of Kilkhampton, he gave and granted to Richard de Piggisdon and his heirs, all his lands and tenements in Stowe in Kilkhampton, together with rents and services of Joan late the wife of Nicholas de Stowe, for the lands she holds in dower.
10/8/1353, Pardon, at the request of William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, to Theobald de Greneville, 'chivaler,' lately convicted by the inquisition upon which he put himself before Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, and his fellows, justices appointed to hear and determine a trespass against John, bishop of Exeter, by him and others, …, he having fully satisfied the bishop of the damages adjudged to him on account of the trespass, …. (S) CPRs.
1361, Commission of oyer and terminer to John Moubray, Theobald de Grenvill, Edmund de Chelreye, John Dabernoun and Randolf Trewysa, touching indictments of Osbert Hamely … before John de Monte Acuto and his fellows, … Devon, and before Richard Sergeaux and his fellows, … Cornwall, of felonies and trespasses as the said justices cannot proceed further with the indictment! (S) CPRs.
1362, Theobald de Grenvill, lord of Bideford, made 2 land grants in his manor of Bideford.
Aft. 1362, Theobald died.
(S) History of the Granville Family, Granville, 1895, P52ff.
Child of Theobald and Joyce:i. Theobald Greynvill (2097248), born ~1350 in Devon, England.