Monday, June 30, 2014
Bond 4194504 Gorges-Wyke
~1324, Theobald Russell born in England, s/o 8389008. Sir Theobald Russell & 8389009. Eleanor Gorges.
2/1/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II and King of England.
1331, Dorset. Fine levied between Walter Waleys, complainant, and Ralph de Gorges, deforciant, of lands and rents in Bi'aunton, near Barnstaple, co.Devon, and the manors of Knyghtteton, Lutton and Bradepole … settled on Ralph de Gorges and the heirs male of his body, and failing such on William, son of Theobald Russell, …, and failing such on Theobald, brother of William, and such on John, brother of Theobald, …, and failing such on Richard, brother of John, … (S) Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls.
Aft. 1331, Theobald’s maternal uncle Ralph Gorges died leaving his 3 sisters as heirs [Elizabeth, married to Sir Robert Ashton; Eleanor, Theobald’s mother; and Jane who became the 2nd wife of Sir William Cheney.]
~1330, Agnes born in England, d/o 8389010. John de Wyke & 8389011. Egelina de Hautville.
Bef. 8/11/1340, Theobald’s father died; Theobald’s older brother Ralph the heir.
3/11/1341, IPM of Theobald’s father: Yaverlonde. The manor, held for his life and that of Eleanor his wife, and to the heirs of the said Theobald, by the demise of Walter le Waleys, rector of the church of Horsyngton, by a fine levied in the king's court, of the king in chief, as of the honour of the castle of Karesbrok, by service of a knight's fee and suit at the court of Nyweport every 3 weeks. Roubergh. A messuage and 40 acres of land, held for the lives of himself, Eleanor his wife, and William their son, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Theobald, of the manor of Yaverlonde, by service of a 32nd part of half a knight's fee. Ralph his son, aged 23 and more, is his next heir.
1342, William Russell died holding the manor of Kingston-Gorges by military service; leaving his brother Theobald as heir.
1343, Theobald Russell of Yaverland took the name Gorges.
10/1/1343, Theobald married Agnes. “Ut in oratorio seu capella infra curiam Johannis de Wyke infra parochiam de Yatton nostre diocesis inter Theobaldum Gorges et Agnetem filiam dicti Johannis de Wyke, bannis editis, pront moris est, primitus inter eos Ucite valeas solempnizare matrimonium citra Natale Domini, dum tamen aliud canonicum non obsistat, tibi licenciam concedimus. Woky. Id. Oct., a.d. 1343.” (S) Register of Ralph de Salopia, Bishop of Bath and Wells.
1346, Theobald Gorges sued by Elizabeth, widow of Ralph de Gorges the younger [born 1307], for the manor of Knighton; judgement given in Elizabeth’s favor.
7/12/1346, Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued. The 1st Division commanded by the Prince of Wales [future Black Prince] supported by the Earls of Warwick and Oxford, whose retinue of knights included Sir Theobald Greneville. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley, 1898, P33.
9/4/1346, King Edward started the siege of Calais, France.
7/19/1347, John de Warbelton and Theobald de Gorges served together in the English army at the Siege of Calais. John de Warbelton made a formal complaint to Henry of Grosmont, earl of Lancaster, the king’s representative, seneschal of England, commander of the English forces about each claiming right to the shield “a field of yellow and blue lozenges”. A 6-man court of honour [Henry, Earl of Lancaster; William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon; Reginald de Cobham; Walter Lord de Manny; William Lovel; Steven de Cosinton; “Sir John de Warbelton makes plaint before us; Theobald son of Sir Theobald Russell calls himself by name of de Gorges carries his arms.”] was convened and the pair were cross-examined, with evidence being sought from knights of their own localities also serving at the siege. The case was won by Warbelton. Gorges, in order not to contravene the judgement, retained the arms with the addition of a chevron gules (red chevron). (S) College of Arms, MS Ashmole 1137, f.144, Bodleian Library.
8/4/1347, Calais fell when King Philip failed to support their siege and retreated.
1347, Theobald issued a charter bearing his new arms. (S) Extant at the British Museum.
4/27/1352, Commission to Theobald de Gorges, William de Byngebourn … death of Richard atte Hale … Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
10/15/1353, Theobald married Agnes. (S) Historical Memoires of the House of Russell, V1, Wiffen, 1833, P154.
1362, Theobald the High Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset. (S) Dormant Baroneticies, Burke, 1844, P222.
1362, The manor of Knighton reverted to Theobald de Gorges on the death of Elizabeth, wife of his uncle Ralph, 2nd baron Gorges.
1362, Theobald obtained a grant from the Crown of a weekly market and annual fair at Wraxall.
1363, Theobald in possession of Wraxall manor, Somerset.
6/8/1363, Exemption for life of Theobald de Gorges from being put on assizes, juries … appointment as mayor, sheriff, … collector of tenth, … against his will. (S) CPRs.
11/2/1363, Commission of oyer and terminer … Theobald de Gorges … Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
4/6/1364, Commission of oyer and terminer … Theobald de Gorges … co. Devon … (S) CPRs.
1365, Sir Theobald de Gorges witnessed a deed of indenture between the abbot and convent of St. Mary, Montebourg in Normandy, and John Borgham and Agnes, his wife. (S) CPRs, 5/21/1374.
6/12/1366, Whereas the King lately granted licence for William, abbot, and the convent of Quarr in the Isle of Wight to enclose and crenellate divers plots of land on their own soil and castles or fortalices thereon in a place called Fisshehous on the sea coast and elsewhere on the island; …, certain men of those parts are scheming to hinder those works …, the King has therefore taken the … works of the abbey into his special protection, and has appointed Richard de Pembrugg and Theobald de Gorges, …, [to] maintain and defend the abbot, monks and workmen and works, and arrest all contrariants during pleasure. (S) CPRs.
10/20/1368, Commission to John del Isle, ‘chivaler’, … Theobald Gorges, ‘chivaler’, … (S) CPRs.
1/23/1369, Commission to the abbott of Quarr, John de Insula, knight, Theobald de Gorges, Thomas Langeford and John Fitz Eustace,... to guard the siad island, array and try all defensible men thereof, … (S) CPRs.
9/13/1370, Commissionto Theobald Gorges … Isle of Wight … to make inquisition … (S) CPRs.
2/4/1371, Commissionto the abbot of Quarre,Theobald Gorges, … to array defensible men in the Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
10/28/1371, Theobald Gorges on commission of peace in Isle of Wight. (S) CPRs.
9/1/1373, Commission to John, bishop of Bath and Wells, … Theobald Gorges, … burgesses of Bristol … to fix preambulation between [the town of Bristol and the surrounding counties.] (S) CPRs.
1376, Theobald in Parliament with Maurice de Bruine as Knight of the Shire for the county of Southampton. [Having their writ of expenses for 15£. 12s. for 39 days attendance.]
6/21/1377, Richard II succeeded Edward III as King of England.
8/16/1378, Theobald Gorges on commission of peace in Isle of Wight. (S) CPRs.
4/22/1380, Commission of array in the Isle of Wight to … Thomas Beauchamp, knight, governor of Caresbroke castle, … Theobald de Gorges, … on information of an intended invasion by France and Spain. (S) CPRs.
1380, Theobald died; buried in the church of the preaching friars at Winchester.
11/15/1400, Agnes died. (S) CIsPM. [Held: Somerset, a third part of the manor of Wraxall, of the earl of Devon by knight service; Dorset, Sturminster Marshall, 7 cottages and a third part of 2 watermills, held of the king by the service of rendering him a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. each time that he visits the forest of Purbeck; Dorset, a third part of the manor of Braunton, held of the king in chief by the service of rendering him 3 barbed arrows whenever he goes hunting in Exmoor forest, and by fealty; Hampshire, a third part of the manor of Knighton in the Isle of Wight of the lordship of Carisbroke castle by knight service.]
2/16/1401, Order to the escheator in the county of Devon [and Dorset and Somerset], … Agnes late the wife of Theobald Gorges held on the day of her death in dower of the inheritance of Thomas Gorges, who is of full age, brother and heir of Bartholomew Gorges the son and heir of Theobald, … (S) Cal. of the Fine Rolls.
(S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P13.
Children of Theobald and Agnes:
i. Ralph Gorges, born ~1364 in Devon, England.
1382, Ralph, a minor, died leaving his brother Bartholomew as the heir.
1/3/1383, Commission to Ralph Seymour, Hugh Cheyne, … to arrest and bring before the council Bartholomew, brother and heir of Ralph Gorges, son and heir of Theobald Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, the said Ralph having lately attained his majority, but having died before having livery of his lands, and the marriage of Bartholomew, by reason of his minority, belonging to the king. (S) CPRs.
ii. Bartholomew Gorges, born ~1367 in Devon, England.
6/20/1384, Appointment … knights, … John Mautravers, … to re-seize Bartholomew, son and heir of Theobald Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, into the hands of the king, … certain evildoers have abducted him from John de Croft, in whose custody he was by the king’s grant, to restore the said heir … and to arrest and bring the offenders before the king and council. (S) CPRs.
1395-96, Bartholomew died leaving his brother Theobald as the heir.
6/6/1397, Appointment of Thomas Berkeley of Berkeley, knight, Peter Courtenay, … and John Moign, knights for the assignment of dower to Elizabeth, late the wife of Bartholomew Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, from his lands in Somerset and Dorset, according to the extent made or if necessary according to another to be made in the presence of Thomas Gorges, brother and heir of Bartholomew. (S) CPRs.iii. Thomas Gorges (2097252), born ~1370 in Devon, England.