~1324, Theobald Russell born in England, s/o 8389008. Sir Theobald Russell & 8389009. Eleanor Gorges. (S) See 1343.
2/1/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II and King of England.
1331, Dorset. Fine levied between Walter Waleys, complainant, and Ralph de Gorges, deforciant, of lands and rents in Bi'aunton, near Barnstaple, co.Devon, and the manors of Knyghtteton, Lutton and Bradepole … settled on Ralph de Gorges and the heirs male of his body, and failing such on William, son of Theobald Russell, …, and failing such on Theobald, brother of William, and such on John, brother of Theobald, …, and failing such on Richard, brother of John, … (S) Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls.
Aft. 1331, Theobald’s maternal uncle Ralph Gorges died leaving his 3 sisters as heirs [Elizabeth, married to Sir Robert Ashton; Eleanor, Theobald’s mother; and Jane who became the 2nd wife of Sir William Cheney.]
~1328, Agnes born in Somerset, England, d/o 8389010. John de Wyke & 8389011. Egelina de Hautville.
Bef. 8/11/1340, Theobald’s father died; Theobald’s older brother Ralph the heir.
3/11/1341, IPM of Theobald’s father: Yaverlonde. The manor, held for his life and that of Eleanor his wife, and to the heirs of the said Theobald, by the demise of Walter le Waleys, rector of the church of Horsyngton, by a fine levied in the king's court, of the king in chief, as of the honour of the castle of Karesbrok, by service of a knight's fee and suit at the court of Nyweport every 3 weeks. Roubergh. A messuage and 40 acres of land, held for the lives of himself, Eleanor his wife, and William their son, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Theobald, of the manor of Yaverlonde, by service of a 32nd part of half a knight's fee. Ralph his son, aged 23 and more, is his next heir.
3/1343, William Russell died holding the manor of Kingston-Gorges by military service; leaving his brother Theobald as heir.
5/2/1343, IPM of William son of Theobald Russel. Dorset: Stormynstre Mareschal. A messuage … held to himself and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to Theobald his brother … He died . . March, 17 Edward III. Ralph Russel, his brother, aged 26 and more, is his next heir. (S) CIsPM.
1343, Theobald Russell of Yaverland took the name Gorges.
[––Theobald & Agnes––]
10/1/1343, Theobald married to Agnes. “Ut in oratorio seu capella infra curiam Johannis de Wyke infra parochiam de Yatton nostre diocesis inter Theobaldum Gorges et Agnetem filiam dicti Johannis de Wyke, bannis editis, pront moris est, primitus inter eos Ucite valeas solempnizare matrimonium citra Natale Domini, dum tamen aliud canonicum non obsistat, tibi licenciam concedimus. Woky. Id. Oct., a.d. 1343.” (S) Register of Ralph de Salopia, Bishop of Bath and Wells. [Somerset.]
1346, Theobald Gorges sued by Elizabeth, widow of Ralph de Gorges the younger [born 1307], for the manor of Knighton; judgement given in Elizabeth’s favor.
7/12/1346, Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued. The 1st Division commanded by the Prince of Wales [future Black Prince] supported by the Earls of Warwick and Oxford, whose retinue of knights included Sir Theobald Greneville. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley, 1898, P33.
7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.
8/26/1346, The battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.
9/4/1346, King Edward started the siege of the port of Calais, France.
By 1347, Theobald knighted.
7/19/1347, John de Warbelton and Theobald de Gorges served together in the English army at the Siege of Calais. John de Warbelton made a formal complaint to Henry of Grosmont, earl of Lancaster, the king’s representative, seneschal of England, commander of the English forces about each claiming right to the shield “a field of yellow and blue lozenges”. A 6-man court of honour [Henry, Earl of Lancaster; William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon; Reginald de Cobham; Walter Lord de Manny; William Lovel; Steven de Cosinton; “Sir John de Warbelton makes plaint before us; Theobald son of Sir Theobald Russell calls himself by name of de Gorges carries his arms.”] was convened and the pair were cross-examined, with evidence being sought from knights of their own localities also serving at the siege. The case was won by Warbelton. Gorges, in order not to contravene the judgement, retained the arms with the addition of a chevron gules (red chevron). (S) College of Arms, MS Ashmole 1137, f.144, Bodleian Library.
8/4/1347, Calais fell when King Philip failed to support their siege and retreated.
1347, Theobald issued a charter bearing his new arms. (S) Extant at the British Museum.
1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].
6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.
11/4/1350, Theobald Gorges and Agnes his wife, of the diocese of Salisbury grant an indult to choose confessors, who shall give them, being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguards. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 203.
4/27/1352, Commission to Theobald de Gorges, William de Byngebourn … death of Richard atte Hale … Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
4/7/1361, Theobald appointed sheriff of Dorset and Somerset. (S) CFRs.
1362, The manor of Knighton reverted to Theobald de Gorges on the death of Elizabeth, wife of his uncle Ralph, 2nd baron Gorges.
7/11/1362 Inspecting and confirming to Theobald, kinsman of Elena de Gorges, a charter dated at Berwick on Tweed of 7/30/1291, being a grant to her and her heirs of a market and a fair yearly at her manor of Wrockeshale, co. Somerset, and free warren in her demesne lands of the said manor and Burton, co. Somerset, and Knightetone, co. Southampton. (S) CPRs, 5/1/1462.
1363, Theobald in possession of Wraxall manor, Somerset.
6/8/1363, Exemption for life of Theobald de Gorges from being put on assizes, juries … appointment as mayor, sheriff, … collector of 10th, … against his will. (S) CPRs.
11/2/1363, Commission of oyer and terminer … Theobald de Gorges … Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
4/6/1364, Commission of oyer and terminer … Theobald de Gorges … co. Devon … (S) CPRs.
1365, Sir Theobald de Gorges witnessed a deed of indenture between the abbot and convent of St. Mary, Montebourg in Normandy, and John Borgham and Agnes, his wife. (S) CPRs, 5/21/1374.
6/12/1366, Whereas the King lately granted licence for William, abbot, and the convent of Quarr in the Isle of Wight to enclose and crenellate divers plots of land on their own soil and castles or fortalices thereon in a place called Fisshehous on the sea coast and elsewhere on the island; …, certain men of those parts are scheming to hinder those works …, the King has therefore taken the … works of the abbey into his special protection, and has appointed Richard de Pembrugg and Theobald de Gorges, …, [to] maintain and defend the abbot, monks and workmen and works, and arrest all contrariants during pleasure. (S) CPRs.
10/20/1368, Commission to John del Isle, ‘chivaler’, … Theobald Gorges, ‘chivaler’, … (S) CPRs.
1/23/1369, Commission to the abbott of Quarr, John de Insula, knight, Theobald de Gorges, Thomas Langeford and John Fitz Eustace,... to guard the siad island, array and try all defensible men thereof, … (S) CPRs.
9/13/1370, Commissionto Theobald Gorges … Isle of Wight … to make inquisition … (S) CPRs.
2/4/1371, Commissionto the abbot of Quarre,Theobald Gorges, … to array defensible men in the Isle of Wight … (S) CPRs.
10/28/1371, Theobald Gorges on commission of peace in Isle of Wight. (S) CPRs.
9/1/1373, Commission to John, bishop of Bath and Wells, … Theobald Gorges, … burgesses of Bristol … to fix preambulation between [the town of Bristol and the surrounding counties.] (S) CPRs.
1376, Theobald in Parliament with Maurice de Bruine as Knight of the Shire for the county of Southampton. [Having their writ of expenses for £15 12s. for 39 days attendance.]
6/21/1377, Richard II succeeded Edward III as King of England.
8/16/1378, Theobald Gorges on commission of peace in Isle of Wight. (S) CPRs.
5/27/1379, Theobald de Gorgis, 'chivaler,' on a commission in Somerset, except the city of Bath, to collect a subsidy. (S) CFRs.
4/22/1380, Commission of array in the Isle of Wight to … Thomas Beauchamp, knight, governor of Caresbroke castle, … Theobald de Gorges, … on information of an intended invasion by France and Spain. (S) CPRs.
10/18/1380, Commitment during pleasure to Theobald de Gorges of the counties of Somerset and Dorset, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.
11/22/1380, Theobald died; buried in the church of the preaching friars at Winchester.
11/30/1380, Writs for IPM of Theobald Gorges, knight. Devon: Braunton. A third part of the manor, … He died on Wednesday before St. Katharine, 4 Richard II. Randolf de Gorges, knight, aged 28 years and more, is his son and heir. Isle of Wight: Knyghton. The manor … The said heir is outside the realm, and the jurors know not whether he is alive or dead. … Somerset: … 1371 he granted … on condition that they should re-enfeoff him and Agnes, his wife, and the heirs male of his body. … Wroxshal, Borton and Naylsy. The manor … He died on 22 November, 4 Richard II. Dorset: Stourmynstre Marchal. A fourth part of the manor … Brydeport. A messuage, with the advowson … (S) CIsPM.
11/16/1381, Commitment to Agnes late the wife of Theobald de Gorges, 'chivaler,' … of the keeping of 2/3rds of the manor of Wroxhalle, co. Somerset … (S) CFRs.
2/18/1382, Order to deliver to Agnes who was wife of Theobald de Gorges knight and is his executrix corn in the manor of Knyhton to the value of 100s … (S) CCRs.
2/20/1381, Writ to the escheator to assign dower to Agnes late the wife of the said Theobald, whose oath not to marry without licence the king has ordered to be taken. (S) CIsPM.
3/20/1383, Commitment to Agnes late the wife of Theobald de Gorges … by mainprise of Henry Englyssh of the county of Somerset … of the keeping of the manor of Knyghton in the Isle of Wight … by reason of the minority of Bartholomew, his son and heir … (S) CFRs.
9/28/1396, Order to escheator in the county of Devon … Walter Waleys by a fine of 9/1330 granted to Ralph Gorges (s/o 16778018) 2/3rds of the manor of Braunton Gorges … together with the reversion of the third part thereof which John Pecche and Eleanor, his wife, both now deceased, held as dower of the said Eleanor of the inheritance of the aforesaid Walter, … with remainder in default of such heirs to William son of Theobald Russell (8389008) … to Theobald brother of the said William … Ralph and William died without heirs male of their bodies, and that Theobald (4194504) brother of William entered the premises … took to wife Agnes late the wife of Theobald Gorges, ‘chivaler’ … had issue by her Bartholomew Gorges and Thomas Gorges (2097252), … Bartholomew entered the manor as his son and heir male and died … the 2/3rds and reversion ought to remain to the said Thomas, who is of full age, as brother and heir male of Bartholomew … to take the fealty of the said Thomas. (S) CFRs.
11/15/1400, Agnes died. (S) CIsPM. [Held: Somerset, a third part of the manor of Wraxall, of the earl of Devon by knight service; Dorset, Sturminster Marshall, 7 cottages and a third part of 2 watermills, held of the king by the service of rendering him a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. each time that he visits the forest of Purbeck; Dorset, a third part of the manor of Braunton, held of the king in chief by the service of rendering him 3 barbed arrows whenever he goes hunting in Exmoor forest, and by fealty; Hampshire, a third part of the manor of Knighton in the Isle of Wight of the lordship of Carisbroke castle by knight service.]
2/16/1401, Order to the escheator in the county of Devon [and Dorset and Somerset], … Agnes late the wife of Theobald Gorges held on the day of her death in dower of the inheritance of Thomas Gorges, who is of full age, brother and heir of Bartholomew Gorges the son and heir of Theobald, … (S) CFRs.
(S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P13.
Children of Theobald and Agnes:
i. Ralph Gorges, born 1353 in Devon, England.
4/1382, Ralph died overseas leaving his brother Bartholomew as the heir.
6/15/1382, Writ for IPM of Ralph Gorges, knight, son and heir of Theobald Gorges, knight. Devon: … Ralph, aged 28 years and more was Theobald’s son and heir. Agnes late the wife of Theobald had her dower … Isle of Wight: … Ralph, aged 28 years, is beyond the sea in foreign parts, and the jurors know not whether he is alive or dead. If he is dead, Bartholomew son of the said Theobald, aged 13 years and more, is his brother and heir. … (S) CIsPM.
1/3/1383, Commission to Ralph Seymour, Hugh Cheyne, … to arrest and bring before the council Bartholomew, brother and heir of Ralph Gorges, son and heir of Theobald Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, the said Ralph having lately attained his majority, but having died before having livery of his lands, and the marriage of Bartholomew, by reason of his minority, belonging to the king. (S) CPRs.
ii. Bartholomew Gorges, born 1369 in Devon, England.
6/20/1384, Appointment … knights, … John Mautravers, … to re-seize Bartholomew, son and heir of Theobald Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, into the hands of the king, … certain evildoers have abducted him from John de Croft, in whose custody he was by the king’s grant, to restore the said heir … and to arrest and bring the offenders before the king and council. (S) CPRs.
6/1396, Bartholomew died leaving his brother Theobald as the heir.
6/1396, IPM of Bartholomew Gorges. Dorset: … Stouremynstre Marchel. … Brudeport … Kentecombe … He died on Wednesday before the Nativity of St John the Baptist last. Thomas Gorges, aged 24 years and more, is his brother and heir male. Somerset: Wroxale. 2/3rds of the manor, … Hants.: Knyghton in the Isle of Wight. The manor … Devon: … Braunton Gorges. The manor … Joan, aged 8 years, Philippa, aged 5 years, and Elizabeth aged a quarter of a year, are his daughters, but Thomas, his brother, aged 24 years and more, is his heir to the tenements aforesaid. (S) CIsPM.
6/6/1397, Appointment of Thomas Berkeley of Berkeley, knight, Peter Courtenay, … and John Moign, knights for the assignment of dower to Elizabeth, late the wife of Bartholomew Gorges, knight, tenant in chief, from his lands in Somerset and Dorset, according to the extent made or if necessary according to another to be made in the presence of Thomas Gorges, brother and heir of Bartholomew. (S) CPRs.
iii. Thomas Gorges (2097252), born ~1372 in Devon, England.