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Friday, June 19, 2020

King Henry I Capet of France & Queen Anne of Kiev

1272928372. King Henry I Capet of France & 1272928373. Queen Anne of Kiev

5/4/1008, Henry born in Reims, France, s/o 1512882198. King Robert II “the pious” & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.

1/25/1016, Henry created Duke of Burgundy by his father.

9/17/1025, Henry’s older brother and co-King Hugh died [possibly from a fall from a horse.] Henry’s mother Constance did not support his succession, favoring her 3rd son Robert.

5/14/1027 at Notre-Dame, Reims, Henry I crowned King while his father was still living [‘rex designatus’, which would continue as a house-of-Capet tradition.]

1029-30, Henry and his brother Robert rebelled against their father.

1030, ‘Raynaldi comitis, Adheleys uxoris eius’ subscribed the charter by which ‘Robertus regis Roberti filius et regis Henrici filii eius germanus … Burgundie Dux’ restored property to Cluny.

1030, A 3-year famine began in Europe.

7/20/1031, Henry succeeded his father on his death at Melun.

1031-2, Henry’s mother, Queen Constance, having allied nobles against the king, took control of several important towns in dower inlcuding Senlis, Sens, Bethisy, Dammartin, Le Puiset, Melun and Poissy.

By 1032, Anne born in Kiev [Russia], d/o 2545856746. Yaroslav I of Kiev & 2545856747. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden.

1032, Henry made his younger brother Robert the Duke of Burgundy.

7/28/1032, Henry’s mother died.

1032, King Henry, at Fecamp, receives homage from his brother Duke Robert, who also gets the Vexin. (S) Ecclesiastical History, Vitalis.

7/1032, Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who was opposed by Odo, count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of Sens.

[–––Henry & Matilda I–––]

4/1033, King Henry met with King Conrad II in Deville on the Meuse. (S) Papal Reform, Robinson, 2004, P124.

5/1033, King Henry, age 25, betrothed to Matilda, age 6, d/o Emperor Conrad II.

1033, Queen Constance gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance. Others supporting Henry were Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders. Fulk defeated the Blesevins at Gournay and Clairvix. Count Odo had to seek a peace agreement. Henry beseiged his mother Queen Constance at Poissy, but she escaped.

1033, Henry and Queen Constance reconciled.

1034, Casmir of Pland given refuge in Paris by King Henry. [In 1041 Casmir would return to Poland as King Casmir I and marry the aunt of King Henry’s future bride.]

1034-37, King Henry in conflict with Count Odo of Blois.

1034, Henry’s mother Queen Constance died; buried at St. Denis.

1034, Matilda, age 7, died; buried at Worms cathedral.

[–––Henry & Matilda II–––]

1034, Henry married Matilda, d/o Luidolf, Margrave of Frisia.

1/1035, Duke William’s father, leaving on pilgrimage, sent William to the court of King Henry I of France in Paris.

1035, King Henry summoned a council of all the bishops in France to address the ‘heresy of Berengarius.’ (S) History of the Church, V4, Pise, 1829, P71.

1036, The “Peace of God” proclaimed in southern and eastern France by sybods of the clergy.

1037, Count Odo of Blois killed at the battle of Bar-sur-Aube.

1038, King Henry I of France gave a royal confirmation to the re-incorporation of Anglicourt, Saint-Vaast. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputten, 2013, P107.

6/4/1039, Conrad II, King of Germany, died; succeeded by Henry III. King Henry of France put claims on Burgundy.

1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.

1041, A rebellion began in an attempt to depose King Henry. Henry’s younger brother Odo, aligned with Waleran, count of Meulan, and Ralph, count of Amiens headed the revolt. Henry captured Odo and Ralph and imprisoned them. Waleran of Meulan sought refuge with the Beaumonts.

12/1042, King Henry of France met King Henry III of Germany near Ivois on the French border. King Henry of France gave up his claims to Burgundy.

1043, Henry sent ambassadors to England to congradulate Edward the Confessor succeeding as king. [Edward had been in exile in Normandy where he and King Henry had become friends.]

1043, King Henry entered Normandy chasing rebels from Ile-de-France who took refuge there, led by Waleran, count of Meulan.

1043, Geoffrey Martel, supported by King Henry of France, began a siege of Tours.

1044, Matilda died in childbirth; buried in Paris at Saint Denis. [A daughter survived for 4 years.]

Aft. 1044, Henry had sent emissaries all over Europe looking for a suitable bride – especially one that was not closely related. [Henry sent the Bishop of Meaux to Kiev, Russia, an almost unknown city/country. He would return with Anne.]


1046, King Henry of France vested Duke William [the Conqueror] as a knight.

1046, King Henry invaded Lorraine while Holy Roman Emperor Henry III [King of Germany] was away in Rome. [King Henry did not push far before returning to France.]

8/1047, William, duke of Normandy, age 20, with the help of King Henry I of France, suppressed a revolt of his vassals at the battle of Val-es-Dunes near Caen on the river Orne. The revolt was led by Guy de Brionne of Burgundy.

1048, Duke William accompanied King Henry on a campaign against Count Geoffrey of Anjou. (S) William: King and Conqueror, Hagger, 2012, P182.

1048, King Henry of France and Henry III of Lorraine met at Ivois and signed a peace treaty. King Henry was able to retain a part of Lorraine.

1048 at Senlis, Duke William and Count Baldwin attested a charter of King Henry of France.

1049, King Henry of France and Duke William of Normandy supported Thibaut of Blois and Champagne in a campaign against Geoffrey of Gatinais, Count of Anjou. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P108.

1049, King Henry, with the support of Duke William, captured Mouliherne near Anges in Anjou against the forces of Geoffrey Martel. Geoffrey retaliated by taking Ste-Maure.

[–––Henry & Anne–––]

1050, in Paris, At a council held by Henry, king of France, supported Pope Leo IX’s opinion condeming Berengarius. (S) Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, Moshem, 1841, P380.

5/19/1051, Henry married 3rd Anne. Anne brought a gem stone, the “Hyacinth” [later presented by King Louis VI to St. Denis cathedral.] Anne was able to sign her name to the wedding documents.

9/1051, King Edward of England exiled Godwin, earl of Wessex. King Henry  and Baldwin of Flanders sent emissaries to King Edward in support of Godwin.

1051, Duke William married King Henry’s niece Matilda. [Note at this time King Henry still did not have an heir.]

1052, King Henry “radially reversed his system of alliances.” Geoffrey Martel became a strong ally. Their primary objective in the alliance was the growing power of Duke William.

9/20/1052 at Vitry-aux-Loges, Duke William at King Henry’s court. Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.

1053, King Henry supported the revolt of William, count of Arques, against Duke William [William the count, the uncle of William the duke.]

10/25/1053, Forces loyal to Duke William defeated forces of King Henry near Saint-Aubin, who were attempting to reach Arques. [King Henry’s vassal, Count Enguerrand of Ponthieu, died in the battle.]

2/20/1054, Anne’s father died.

2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry. Of the other armies, Duke William’s won the battle of Mortemer. After hearing this, King Henry retreated to St-Denis.

1055, The Count of Sens died; King Henry took over the city.

5/1056, Henry met with Holy Roman Emperor Henry III over right’s to Lorraine. Henry I challenged Henry III to single combat; but Henry III escaped during the night.

10/5/1056, Holy Roman Emperor Henry III died.

8/1057, Duke William defeated the forces of King Henry at the battle of Varaville on the coast. William had waited until the invading forces were half on each side of a bridge to launch a surprise attack on one half.

1058,  Henry, king of France, protects the abbey of Saint-Maur- des-Foss├ęs from his own cooks' pressure tactics when acquiring the abbey’s cattle for the royal table. Subscribed by Queen Anne, and sons Philip and Robert. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedow-Rezak, 2010, P-XII.

1058, King Henry I of France castrated prisoners he took in wars with the Greeks. (S) Sex, Arnott, 2010.

1059, King Henry made a final brief campaign into Normandy.

5/23/1059. King Henry crowned his son Philip at Reims.

10/1059, Peter Damian, writing for Pope Nicholas II wrote to Anne to thank her for her charitable donations. (S) Letters, V3, Damian, 1992, P21.

1060, at Dreux, King Henri confirmed the foundation of the priory of Saint-Germain de Brezolles.

8/4/1060, King Henry died after an illness in Virty-en-Brie, France; buried in Sainte Denis Basilica. [Shortly after the death of Henry, king of France, a comet with a long tail appeared in the morning. (S) Practical Astronomy, V1, Chambers, 1889, P574.]


1060-66, Queen Anne ruled as regent [the 1st Queen to do so] during the minority of Philip. In a charter Philip states “I assume royal power cojointly with my mother.” King Henry’s brother-in-law, Baldwin V of Flanders, was her primary advisor and guardian of Philip. [In a charter Baldwin is called “head of the royal palace”.]

1062, Anne married 2nd Count Ralph III of Valois; who had repudiated his wife. Accussed of adultery, the couple were excommunicated.

3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.

5/1066, King Philip reached his majority and took over rule of France.

1067, The marriage of Anne and Ralph dissolved.

By 1069, Anne founded a house for canons at Senlis.

1069, ‘Rodulphus … Ambianensis comes’ donated property to Sainte-Marie d'Amiens, subscribed by ‘Anna uxor eius’.

9/1074, Ralph died; Anne returned to the French court of her son Philip, who forgave his mother.

1075, Anne, “mater regis”, confirmed a royal gift. (S) Kevan Russia, Vernadsky, 1973, P343.

Bef. 9/5/1075, Anne died; buried at Villieers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne.

(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Children of Henry and Anne:

i. Philip I Capet (756441480), born 5/23/1052 in France.

ii. Hugh de Vermandois (636464186), born 1053 in France.

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