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Monday, August 10, 2020

Archbishop John Stratford

 4211200. Archbishop John Stratford

~1275-80, John born in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwick, England, s/o 8422400. Robert Stratford & 8422401. Isabel ?.

3/25/1300, Pardon to Thomas Coleper … for non-appearance before the justices of the Bench to answer 3 pleas of trespass of … Master John de Stratford and … executors of the will of Master William de Monte Forti.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

2/20/1308, Commission … city of London, … church of All Hallows Berkyngcherche, … John de Stratford, … .

By 1312, John received an Oxford Doctor of Laws. (S) The Making of English History, Robert Schuyler, 1952, P141.

1/27/1313, John appeared before Riccardo Petroni, cardinal deacon of St. Eustachius, as a proctor for Oxford university.

6/14/1314, Licence, … in Kersington … which … and John son of John de Stratford were accustomed to render to the abbess for the tenements which they hold from that house … .

1315, John appointed an advocate for bishop Walter Maidstone of Worcester at the Court of Canterbury.

9/24/1316, Protection, with clause volumus, … nothing is to be taken of their corn & … Master John de Stratford, parson of the church of Kemeseye.

10/10/1316, Commission of oyer … touching the persons who broke the close of Master John de Stratford, parson, of the church of Kemeseye, at Kemeseye, co. Worchester, … .

1317, John summoned to attend royal councils at Clarendon.

5/22/1317, Mandate to the canon of the king’s free chapel of the castle of Hastynges to assign a stall in the choir and a place in the chapter to Master John de Stratford, king’s clerk, … prebend of Stone … .

6/11/1317, … Confirmation … grant … Adam [de Styvynton] made of a moiety thereof to Master John de Stratford, king’s clerk, and to Robert his brother … .

4/15/1318, Presentation of Master John de Stretford, clerk, to the prebendal portion of Writelyng in the king’s free chapel of Hastynges, in the diocese of Chichester, … .

9/29/1318, Grant by John de Kyngton of Stretford upon Avon to Philip de Bobenhull' … of two windows of a certain 'shoppe' in the tenement of the said John in Stratford for the sale of merchandise, between the tenement of the said John and that of John Begelyn, lying in breadth 14 feet and extending 5 feet from the highway. (S) UKNA.

2/29/1320, Grant to Master John de Stratford, clerk, of the archdeaconry of Lincoln in the church of St. Mary … .

1320, John of the Parliament of Edward II. (S) Harleian MSS, Pedigree No.  1543, of the Stratford family, Co. of Gloucester, British Museum.

12/7/1321, Safe conduct for 1 year for Masters John de Stratford, archdeacon of Lincoln, and … professors of civil law, … going beyond the seas on the king’s affairs

7/21/1322, Master John de Stratford, archdeacon of Lincoln, going on the king’s service and by his command beyond the seas … .

2/12/1323, Master John de Stratford, archdeacon of Lincoln, staying beyond seas on the king’s service … letters nominting Master Robert de Stratford … attorneys in England …

6/26/1323 at Avignon, John made Bishop of Winchester by Pope John XXII (1316–1334); contrary to the wishes of King Edward II. The King withheld John’s “temporalities” [benefits of his office] for over a year.

1323, John de Stratford was unable to return to England. The Pope sent letters to Hugh le Despenser, Edmund FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, and the earl of Warren seeking support for his bishop.

11/1323, John, having returned to England, faced charges by the king at Nottingham.

1324, Hugh le Despenser required John pay a fine of £1000 as the price of making peace with King Edward over his appointment as Bishop of Winchester.

6/28/1324, Mandate … to restore the temporalities thereof to Master John de Stratford, archdeacon of Lincoln, preferred to be bishop by J. the Pope, … .

1/17/1325, John, Bishop of Winchester, recently returned from France as envoy of King Edward II, made a plea with Hugh le Despenser in favor of Queen Isbella being allowed to travel to France on a peace mission [her brother being the French King]. He also brought with him a message from King Charles IV – if King Edward would make his son, Prince Edward, the Duke of Aquitane, and send him to France with his mother to pay homage, King Charles would restore all the French lands he had recently captured.

3/31/1325 at Poissy, John, having accompanied the Queen to France, was one of the papal legates charged with returning to England with a peace treaty proposal for King Edward.

4/10/1325, John arrived back in England.

7/5/1325, John and other envoys sent back to France to finalize the peace treaty.

8/1325, King Edward stayed at John’s manor of Surrey. (S) Edward II, Warner, 2017, P195.

8/24/1325, King Edward again appointed John as an envoy to King Charles [to change already agreed to arrangements for Edward to pay homage to Charles for his lands in France.]

9/1/1325 in Paris, Queen Isabella met with John and others. The next evening, the Queen met just with John at dinner and suggested that her son, Prince Edward, be given all his father’s lands in France, and then the Prince would be able to do the homage that King Edward was reticient to perform. Together, the Queen and John took this suggestion to King Charles. King Charles accepted this idea, and John was sent back to England to obtain King Edward’s approval.

9/12/1325, John accompanied the Prince, now the Duke of Aquitaine, and a number of lords and knights to France [arriving 9/14 in Boulogne.] John had in his possession a safe conduct letter for the Queen from King Edward commanding her to return “without delay” once the Prince had done his homage.

11/1325, King Edward sent John an order to broach the subject of Isabella and Prince Edward not returning to England with King Charles. At this point Isabella said she would not return until the “intruder” (Hugh le Despenser) between her and her husband had been removed. John arrived back in England at the end of November, reporting this to the King.

2/5/1326, Queen Isabella, from France, wrote a letter to John, Archbishop of Canterbury, saying that she had not left her husband (Edward II) without a very great and justifiable cause.

9/16/1326, John founded chantry in the parish church of Weststratford. (S) CPRs, 5/10/1328.

10/13/1326 at Lambeth, John the only Bishop willing to go to Queen Isabella [who had launched a successful invasion from France] with a proposal for a peace summit.

10/26/1326, The day Bristol was captured, Archbishop John Stratford arrived at Bristol and joined a council of supporters in proposing an alternative government under the rule of  Prince Edward as “Keeper of the Relm”.

11/6/1326, John named Lord Treasurer by Prince Edward.

11/14/1326, John arrived at Westminster in ‘a great crowd’ of Londoners and the mayor.

11/15/1326 at Guildhall, John swore to maintain the liberties of London.

1/1327, John was sent by Parliament to deposed Edward II at Kenilworth to persuade him to abdicate the crown in favor of his son [he refused.]

1/13/1327, John preached a sermon at Westminster hall which ended with a request of the masses to depose King Edward II in favor of his son [he had rousing support.] The adopted Articles of Desposition were drawn up by John.

1/20/1327, John one of 3 persons sent to Kenilworth to formally depose the King. [Edward abdicated for the sake of his still minor son.]

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

2/1/1327 at Westminister, John participated in the coronation of King Edward III. The next day he was appointed to the Regency Council formed to advise the young King.

2/1327, John a member of a group dispatched by King Edward III to make a peace agreement with Charles IV of France over the territories of Gascony and Guyenne. [Attempting to get control of lands as designated in the 1259 treaty, it  turned out to be not very favorable to England.]

9/14/1328 at Guildhall in London, John came out in opposition to Queen Isabella and her extravagences.

10/16/1328 at Salisbury, John appeared at Parliament as the spokesman for the Earl of Lancaster [who was in opposition to the Queen and her lover Roger Mortimer.] Leaving parliament, John learned that Mortimer was plotting to have him killed. He sought refuge in the forest of Hampshire, and with the nuns of Wilton Abbey.

11/1328, John and other bishops met with the Earls of Kent and Norfolk, now opposing Queen Isabella. [Shortly afterwards Lancaster’s army was defeated and the Queen was again unopposed.]

1330, John reconciled with King Edward III.

5/19/1330, Queen Isabella wrote to John, starting with “Greetings and true love”, requesting money for Queen Philippa [wife of Edward III] who was about to give birth.

11/28/1330, King Edward III made John, bishop of Winchester, the Chancelor [aka “keeper of the Great Seal”.] (S) Handbook of English Chronology, Roy, 1996, P86.

4/4/1331, King Edward III on a secret visit to France disguised as a merchant. Edward also met with King Philip VI at Pont-Sainte-Maxence. [Another theory is that he was also visiting his father, who’s death had been faked.] A small entourage included John Stratford (4211200) and William Montague (30422278).

1331, John’s brother Robert named “Chancelor of Exchequer”. [He held this position until 1334.]

9/1331, John Stratford (4211200) and William Montague (30422278) and Henry de Beaumont (5910184) sent to France to organize a treaty of marriage with King Philip. [Not successful.]

10/8/1331, John, bishop of Winchester, founded a chantry which included services for the souls of his deceased parents.

1332, John, “the Treasurer and Court favourite”, attended the first separate meeting of the Lords and Commons. (S) The Personal Story of the Upper House, Kosmo Wilkinson, 1905, P7.

1/20/1332, John, Bishop of Winchester, granted a fair at Hindon, Wiltshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

4/12/1332, Grant to John de Stratford, bishop of Winchester, … manor of Schaldeford, co. Surrey, to hold to him and his heirs for ever at fee farm …

5/1332, John again sent to King Philip to arrange a marriage treaty. [Unsuccessful.]

1/1333, John, attending a parliament at York which was divided into 3 groups to debate the possible invasion of Scotland, versus of offer of peace from the new king of Scotland, announced that the assembly could not come to a general agreement.

11/26/1333, John named the Archbishop of Canterbury by papal bull, replacing Simon Meopham.

6/1334 at Durham castle, John attended a feast of King Edward [a porpoise was part of the meal.]

9/30/1334, Appointment of J. archbishop of Canterbury, … and William de Clynton, knight, as proctors to treat  in the king’s name with Philip, King of France, … of all questions in dispute … realting to the duchy [of Aquitaine] … and full power to them to compose the same.

10/9/1334, John enthroned as archbishop at Christ Church, Canterbury. Hugh de Audeley acted as steward and butler for the heiresses of earl Gilbert de Clare. Also attending were John de Warrene, earl of Surrey, and Richard FitzAlan, earl of Arundel.

Winter/1334-35, John Stratford (4211200), William Montague (30422278), and William Clinton (3803074) sent by King Edward to Paris where they were lectured by King Philip on politically morality and natural justice.

6/6/1335, John again named Chancellor. [Until 3/4/1337].

3/1336, at Stratford, co. Essex, Thomas, earl of Norfolk, the marshal, the king’s uncle, quit-claimed to William de Bohun, his nephew of all his right in the farm of 800£ … witnesses:- John, archbishop of Canterbury, the chancellor, … (S) CPRs.

7/1336, John presided over a royal council held at Northampton. [King Edward was in Scotland.]

1/1337 at Westminister in St Thomas’ Chapel, John presided over the funeral of John of Eltham, brother of the King, who had been killed in battle in Scotland.

3/18/1337, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Master John de Stratford, archbishop of Canterbury, … chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr, … Stratford-on-Avon, co. Warwick. (S) CPRs.

3/24/1337, Robert, John’s brother, named Bishop of Chichester and Chancellor. [He remained Bishop until his death at Allingbourn on 4/9/1362.]

6/20/1338, John resigned from his position of Chancellor, eventually accepting the Presidency of the Regency that would lead while the King was abroad.

11/15/1338 in Antwerp, Appointment … to bring a peace between the king and Philip de Valois, his kinsman, lf J. archbishop of Canterbury, R. bishop of Durham, and H. bishop of Lincoln, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, Bartholomew de Burghassh and Geoffrey le Scrope, knights, … the king’s envoys and proctors …

2/17/1339, … R. bishop of Chichester, vicar general of J. archbishop of Canterbury, now in distant parts, …

4/9/1339, Acknowledgement of the king’s indebtedness to Vivian le Rous, a Jew of Strasburgh, … 340,000 florins of Florence … sureties … John, archbishop of Canterbury, … the earls of Derby, Northampton, Salisbury, and Suffolk, and Sirs Henry de Ferrers, the chamberlain, … .

10/1339 at parliament, Archbishop Stratford, as President of the Home Council, argued in support of King Edward, who was fighting in France, and had accumulated a debt of £300,000.

4/20/1340, Appointment of J. archbishop of Canterbury, and William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, to supervise the collection of the said ninth in the county of Kent.

5/28/1340, Appointment of William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon and J. archbishop of Canterbury to attend Edward, duke of Cornwall and earl of Chester, [during the king’s absence beyond seas] and assist him with council and aid.

12/1/1340, John again named Chancellor for a short time. John had persuaded Edward to invade France. Edward was desperate for money to finance the French war. Edward accused John of “malversation”. This led to the establishment of the “Peerage” system in England. [See 1341.]

4/28/1341, John’s dispute with the King led to Parliament siding with John. The special privileges of the peerage descend from an early period, but it was the quarrel of Edward III with Archbishop Stratford in 1341 that first made the most valuable of them matters of record. In the course of that dispute the lords recorded that “on no account should peers …be brought to trial or lose their possessions, be arrested, imprisoned, outlawed or forfeited, or be bound to answer or to judge, except in full Parliament and before their peers.” John and Edward later reconciled, but John never again received the Chancellor position.

10/1341, John convened a council of province at Canterbury.

10/23/1341, John and King Edward exchanged the kiss of peace in the great hall at Westminster. John was also promised 5000 marks for previous work performed for the king.

1344, John involved in King Edward III’s negotiations over the crown of France. (S) The Hundred Years War, Sumpton, 1999, P443.

1342, John held “A synod of Bishops” at London where 29 constitutions were framed relating to reforms of the Ecclesiastical Courts. (S) The Book of Church Law, Phillmore, 1876, P16.

7/15/1344, Letter from Edward III concerning Braunford. John de Stratford was bishop of Norwich while Braunford was rector of East Wretham. (S) UKNA.

5/20/1345, John, “archbp of Cantebury”, granted a market and fair at Cliffe Hill, Sussex. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. [On this day at Lambeth, John witnessed a ceremony of King Edward.]

7/1/1345, Appointment of the king’s son, Lionel, as Keeper of the realm and the king’s lieutenant there, while the king is without the realm. Commission to J. archbishop of Canterbury, … Henry, earl of Lancastre, John de Warenna, earl of Surry, … to assist the said Lionel with counsel and aid. (S) CPRs.

11/17/1346 at Otford.  John de Stratford, archbishop of Canterbury, to John de Offord, chancellor: his advice on dealing with an appeal from Bayonne and with a complaint against the men of Winchelsea. (S) UKNA.

2/25/1347, … petition … John de Pulteneye … manors of Ditton Camoys, co. Cambridge, … expectant on the demise of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … to re-grant to him and Margaret his wife, … with remainders to John de Stratford, archbishop of Canterbury, Margaret, wife of the petitioner, William their son, … .

2/3/1348, Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard de Wylughby, … on complaint by John, archbishop of Canterbury, Elizabeth de Monte Acuto … that … John Maudyt of Wermynstre, ‘chivaler,’ [multiple persons listed] … broke their closes at Norton Skydemor, … co. Wilts … .

6/1348, John became ill at Maidstone.

8/23/1348, John died in Mayfield, Sussex; buried at the south door of the presbytery, by the steps of S. Dunstan’s alter. (S) The Architectural History of Canterbury Cathedral, Robert Willis, 1845.

(S) The Dictionary of English History, Low, May 1884; P807, P974–5. (S) Handbook of British Chronology, Fryde, 1941, P86. (S) The Church History of Britain:, Brewer, 1845. [Original published in 1655]. (S) Weir, 2005. (S) Archbishop John Stratford, Haines, 1986. (S) Antiquities of Canterbury, Battely, 1703, P72. (S) Edward III, Ormrod, 2013.

Child of John and ?:

i. Stephen Stratford (2105600), born ~1300 in England.

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