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Monday, August 24, 2020

Baron Gilbert de Gant

 243382542. Baron Gilbert de Gant

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

~1215, Gilbert born in England, s/o 94556042. Earl Gilbert de Gant.

Bef. 1/22/1242, Gilbert’s father died.

2/23/1242, The king has taken the homage of Gilbert de Gant for all lands and tenements formerly of Gilbert de Gant, his father, which fall to him by hereditary right.

5/5/1242, Gilbert de Gant has made fine with the king for the same by 200 m. Order to the sheriffs of Berkshire, Northamptonshire , Lincolnshire , Yorkshire , Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire and Oxfordshire to cause him to have his scutage.

6/5/1242, Order to the sheriff of Lincolnshire that, having accepted security from Gilbert de Gant, son of Gilbert de Gant that he will render £100 to the king for his relief …, he is to permit him to have peace in the meantime.

1242, Gilbert paid scutage to not go overseas with King Henry on his expedition to Poitou.

1243, John de Orreby held Orreby and Ingoldmells by the third part of a knight’s fee of Gilbert de Gaunt. (S) Lincolnshire Notes & Queries, V9, 1907, P117.

4/15/1244, Robert of Willoughby gives 1 m. for having a writ for summoning Gilbert de Gant from the county court of Lincolnshire to Westminster to show by what warrant he raised a warren in the land of the same Robert and took and detained the dogs of the same.

5/22/1244, The king has granted to Gilbert de Gant that he is to pay him £50 per annum, … until all the debt is paid to the king, for the £790 2s. 7d. which he owes him for several debts, both from the time of his father and from his own time.

10/14/1245, In the camp at Deganwy. The king has given respite to Gilbert de Gant, …, from the aid generally granted to the king to marry his first-born daughter. [Gilbert assessed £68 on 68 knights’ fees.]

4/15/1246, Merton. The king has pardoned to Gilbert de Gant 10 m. of the 20 m. at which he was amerced before the justices of the Bench for a default that he made against Thomas de Linleg’.

1252, The Abbat of Ryvall v. Gilbert de Gaunt, to permit him to have in Gilbert's wood in Swaledale dogs, horns, and all necessaries for his houses, hedges, hearths, folds and lodges, and other easements in the forest. (S) Record Series – Yorkshire, V17, 1895, P177.

1254, Robert de Wylughby held a seventh part of a fee in Welton of Gilbert de Gaunt. (S) Historical Account of Wainfleet, Oldfield, 1829, P257.

2/3/1256 at Lincoln, Between Ralph abbot of Croyland, Gilbert de Gaunt, Robert de Well, Robert de Wylgeby, Nicholas de Grendal', Jollan de Hamby and Gilbert de Orreby, querents, and William de Gaunt and Alice his wife, deforciants, of a certain sewer which they claimed to have in the lands of William and Alice in Munby and Hogestorp. (S) Final Concords of the County of Lincoln: 1244-1272, 1920.

6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform. A “Council of 15” was formed to enforce the reforms.

7/19/1258, It has been provided by the council of magnates that Gilbert de Gaunt shall have the keeping of the castle of Scardeburg … Robert de Neville to deliver the castle to him. (S) CPRs.

8/28/1259, Mandate to Gilbert de Gaunt, … committed to the keeping of the castle of Scardeburg … to maintain and defend the ancient prises and other liberties and customs belonging thereto … (S) CPRs.

1260, Gilbert summoned to parliament by King Henry. (S) Battle Abbey Roll.

5/19/1260, Mandate to Gilbert de Gaunt to deliver the castle of Scardeburgh to Hugh le Bigod, justiciary of England. (S) CPRs.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons.

5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

9/16/1264, Power to … to examine and amend the form of peace between the king and the barons; … and the king wills that peace shall be made between him and the earl of Leicester … directed to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John son of John, John de Burgo the elder, William de Monte Canisio, Henry de Hastinges, Gilbert de Gaunt and the rest of the barons and magnates of England. (S) CPRs.

12/14/1264, Gilbert summoned to parliament by Simon de Montfort.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham, ending the barons’ revolt. Gilbert de Gaunt fought with the barons under John de Mucegas, constable of Salisbury. Gilbert became a prisoner of Lord Edward. (S) The Barons’ War, Blaauw, 1871, P326.

9/25/1265, Commitment to John de Vallibus of the keeping of the lands of Robert de Welles, lately deceased, which lans the said Robert held of the fee of Gilbert de Gaunt, the king’s enemy. (S) CPRs.

10/13/1265 in London at parliament, King Henry had all of his opposing barons disinherited.

10/31/1266, The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years. [Gilbert also paid 3000 marks to redeem his estates.]

9/15/1268, Remission to Gilbert de Gaunt of the king’s indignation and rancour … tresspasses … in the time of the late disturbance and pardon of the said trespasses; ratification also of the restitution made to him by H. son of the king of Almain, of his lands. (S) CPRs.

11/16/1272, King Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1274, Gilbert died.

1/26/1274, IPM of Gilbert de Gaunt. York: Hundemanby. The township was sometime held by the said Gilbert of the king in chief and in barony, but he gave it to Gilbert his son and heir in marriage with Lora de Balyolo, and dowered her thereof, and put them in full seisin long before his death. Helag' in Swaldale. The manor … Free tenants … Gernton. The township … Lincoln: [manors] Hekington, Foukingham, Hedenham, Skendelby, Barton … Gilbert his son, aged 24 and more, is his next heir. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Historic Peerage, Nicolas, 1857, P209. (S) FRsHIII.

Family notes:

Sir Gilbert de Gaunt, ‘barre of six, or and azure, a bend gules.’

Children of Gilbert and ?:

i. Gilbert de Gant, born 1250 in England.

Gilbert married Lora, sister of Alexander Baliol.

1274, Gilbert succeeded his father and summoned to parliament.

7/5/1277, John de Pothou, going with Gilbert de Gaunt on the king’s service to Wales. (S) CPRs.

6/8/1294, Gilbert summoned to parliament.

1/26/1297, Gilbert summoned to parliament.

2/1298, Gilbert died.

3/17/1298, IPM of Gilbert de Gaunt. York:  Helawe. The manor … Lincoln: Skendelby. The manor  with its members Thorp and Parteney held of the king in chief as part of the whole tenure in the county which he held by barony together with Folkyngham, Hekyngton, Barton and Edenham, which manors, excepting Skendelby, pertain to the king by reversion after the death of the said Gilbert. … Roger de Gercheston, aged 24 and more, Peter son of Peter de Mauley, aged 18 and more from Christmas last, and Julia de Gaunt sister of the said Gilbert, aged 40 and more, are his next heirs as one heir. [40.5 knights’ fees]. (S) CIsPM.

5/19/1298, IPM of Gilbert de Gaunt. Lincolnshire: Heirs are Roger s/o William de Gertheston [Kerdeston] age 24 and more, Peter s/o Peter de Mauley age 18 and more [proved his age in 1302], and Juliana de Gaunt sister of Gilbert age 40 years and more. (S) Yorkshire Inquisitions, Brown, 1902, P80. [Sister Helewise died without issue, sister Nicholaa (121691271) mother of Peter de Mauley, sister Margaret (23640617) mother of Roger de Kerdeston (11820308). (S) Reliquary, N.S., ii., 140.]

6/10/1298, Order to the sheriff of Lincoln to deliver to Roger (11820308) son of William de Kerdeston, kinsman and heir of Gilbert de Gaunt, tenant in chief, and to Juliana, sister and heir of Gilbert, their several pourparties of the lands late of Gilbert, … retaining in the king's hand the pourparty of Peter son of Peter de Malo Lacu (121691270), kinsman and third heir of Gilbert, and saving to Lora, late the wife of Gilbert, her dower. (S) CFRs.

ii. Margaret de Gaunt (23640617), born ~1253 in England.

iii. Nicolaa de Gaunt (121691271), born ~1255 in England.

iv. Julian de Gant, born 1257 in England.

1298, Julian, age 40, heiress to her brother Gilbert.

8/22/1309, Order to make partition of the lands that Laura, late the wife of Gilbert de Gaunt, held at her death in dower of the inheritance of Roger de Kerdeston and Peter de Maulay, kinsmen of Juliana de Gaunt, sister and heiress of the said Gilbert, between the said Roger, Peter, and Juliana in equal proportions. (S) CCRs.

Julian died unmarried.

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