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Monday, August 10, 2020

Baron Hugh de Gournay & Lady Juliane of Dammartin

 20001946. Baron Hugh de Gournay & 20001947. Lady Juliane of Dammartin

~1145, Hugh born in France, s/o 40003892. Hugh de Gournay & 40003893. Millicent de Coucy.

1151, Hugh’s older brother Gerard died leaving him as heir.

1173, Rebelling against his father King Henry II, young King Henry captured the castle of Gournay, taking 166 prisoners including Hugh and his father.

1174, Bartholomew de Glanville gave account of the lands given in Caistre to Hugh de Gournay junior.

~1175, Juliane born in Dammartin-en-Goele, Seine-et-Marne, France, d/o 40003894. Aubrey II, Count of Dammartin & 40003895. Mahaut de Trie.

11/1/1179, Philip Augustus crowned king of France.

1180, Hugh’s father died.

1181, Hugh succeeded and took possession of his father’s lands; and confirmed to the chapter of St. Hildevert all the revnues which his father and his ancestors had bestowed; as well as gifting wheat from his mills at Gornay.

12/1182, Hugh of Gournay a member of the assizes of Christmas Court at Caen, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.

1185, Hugh payed £100 relief for his lands in England and Normandy.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1190, Hugh granted the manor of Houghton Regis, co. Bedford.

1190, Hugh accompanied King Richard I on the 3rd Crusade from Dover.

3/20/1190, at Rouen, Hamelino Comite de Warenna, Hugone de Gurnai, … witnessed the charter of King Richard founding the chapel of Fumechon in Normandy.

7/1190, the English and French armies met at Lyons; where they learned that the German Emperor, leading his forces to the crusade, had died in an accident.

1191, The crusaders captured the city of Messina, Sicily, after they had refused to let the English ships land.

6/5/1191, The crusaders set sail for Acre on the galley Trenchmere.[ French forces were already besieging the city.]

7/1191, At the capture of Acre, Hugh commanded 100 knights holding the portion allocated to the king of England. [After the battle, King Philip returned to France. Hugh supposedly brought a piece of the True Cross home and placed it in the church of St. Hildevert.]

9/5/1191, The crusaders defeated Saladin at the battle of Arsuf.

12/1191, The crusaders arrived at Beit Nuba, 12 miles from Jerusalem.

8/1192, The crusaders conducted a sea assault on Jaffa.

9/9/1192, King Richard turned over command of the crusaders to Henry of Champagne. [Most of the crusading forces remained for a short time in Palestine after a 3-year truce had been signed.]

1193, King Richard, captured on his return to England, sent Hugh to England to deal with the bishop of Ely, then Chancellor.

1193, In a truce between Richard, king of England and Philip Augustus, king of France, Hugh held lands of both and was allowed to keep them.

[––Hugh & Juliane––]

By 1193, Hugh married Juliane.

1194, Hugh’s lands were attacked by John, earl of Mortain [later King John], and Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester. The earl of Leicester was taken prisoner. Hugh gave allegience King Philip, losing his manors of Houghton and Bledlow.

1196, In another peace agreement between Richard, king of England and Philip Augustus, king of France, Hugh de Gournay was to pay homage to the king of France, and after his death, all his feoff in Normandy would return to King Richard. Hugh’s knights who owed fealty to King Richard were to have their lands returned, but were to continue to do homage for the lands to Hugh during his lifetime.

1197, Hugh de Gournay was bound by the treaty between King Richard and Baldwin, earl of Flanders.

1198, Hugh mentioned in a record of the Chamberlain of London.

5/14/1198 at Chateau Gaillard, Hugone de Gurnai witnessed the charter of King Richard to the abbey of Junieges in Normandy.

1198, Hugh founded the abbey of Bellosane, about 5 miles from Gournay. The charter is witnessed by Walter, archbishop of Rouen.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.                                                                    

1199, Hugh witnessed a deed confirmation to the bishop of Lisieux, and another to Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury.

1199, Hugh granted a market at Wendover, Buckinghamshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

9/29/1199 at Caen, Hugh witnessed a charter of King John to the monastery of St. Fridiswide at Oxford.

1200, Hugh founded and endowed the altar of the Holy Cross in the church of St. Hildevert at Gournay. Hugh also founded the Cistercian priory of St. Aubin.

5/1200, King John made peace with Philip Augustus at the truce of Le Goulet. Hugh de Gournay was one of the sureties for the exection of the treaty.

4/12/1201, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, presided at a ceremony attende by King John, “Regis Angliae Joannis”, when “nobilis viri Hugonis de Gornaco domini” gave a silver chest to the church of St. Hildevert [which had not been completed at the time] to store relics he had brought back from the Holy Land.

10/21/1201 at L’Isle Andelys, Hugh witnessed a charter of King John to the Church of Christ at Canterbury.

11/1201 at Orbec, France, “Sigillum Hugonis de Gornaio”, by charter, gave to the hospital of Lisieux a rent of a thousand eels, payable every year; witnessed by Count William Mareschal, … Henry Biset, …

1202, Hugh regranted the manor of Wendover.

1202, King John, again at war with King Philip, who had captured many Norman towns including most of Hugh’s territory of Brai.

3/20/1202, King John visited Hugh de Gournay at Gournay.

1202, King Philip attacked Gournay, broke the moat, tore down a section of the wall and captured the castle.

7/16/1202 at Rouen, King John ordered R. de Vipont to deliver all the French prisoners taken in the war to Hugh de Gournay.

5/1203, Hugh’s English manors were granted to English barons.

3/8/1204, Hugh, a captain of Chateau Gaillard, commanded by Roger de Lacy, earl of Chester, having been besieged by King Philip for 6 months, capitulated due to starvation.

1204, Hugh, along with many other barons seeing the successes of King Philip against King John, again joined the French. Hugh arranged for the surrender of the castle Montfort sur Risle [which King John quickly recovered.] Because King Philip thought Hugh was involved in the quick loss of Montfort sur Risle, he confiscated all of Hugh’s French lands.

1204-05, Hugh, out of favor with both monarchs, fled to Cambrai.

1205, Lands in Norfolk and Suffolk, late of Hugh Gournay the Traitor, given to John le Mareshcal.

12/28/1205 at Marlborough, by deed of King John, “Rex Hugoni de Gurnaco” was pardoned at the instance of Otho, King of the Romans, and permitted to return to England with his wife and children; and received multiple estates forfeited by barons loyal to King Philip, the largest being the soke of Waltham, Lincolnshire. [These lands were very small compared to his vast holdings lost in Normandy.]

1207, Nicholas de Stuteville, nephew of Hugh de Gournay, son of Hugh de Gournay.

1209, Hugh owed 700 marks associated with the manor of Wendover.

1210, Hugh de Gournay a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse. (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P242.

1211, Hugh paid a fine of 700 marks for the manor of Wendover, Buckingham.

1213, Hugh had custody of the son and daughter of Robert de Mesnille.

11/1/1213, Hugh gifted custody of the manor of Whorlton-cum-Rudley, Yorkshire and Kingshall, Bucks by King John.

1213-14, Hugh gifted £30 a year to his daughter Millicent on her [2nd] marriage, from Houghton, Bedfordshire.

2/1214, King John landed at La Rochelle, France in an expedition into Poitou.

5/6/1214, at Niort in Poitou, Hugh witnessed a charter of King John to Ralph de Neville.

7/27/1214, William, earl of Salisbury, leader of the English forces supporting Otto IV of Germany against France, at the [disastrous for King John] battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders. The French King’s forces of 10,000 defeated an alliance of England, the Holy Roman Empire and rebellious French principalities, numbering 15,000.

9/9/1214, Hugh is identified as infirmed. Hugh arranged for his heir, son Gerard, to perform homage for his lands.

10/25/1214, Hugh de Gornai, seigneur of Gournay-en-Brie, lord of Wendover, Buckinghamshire; Houghton, Bedfordshire; Caister and Cantley, Norfolk; and Mapledurham, Oxfordshire, died at Rouen, Normandy.

(S) A Genealogical and Heral. Dic., Burke, 1862, P616. (S) Rec. of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1848.

Family notes:

·         This Hugh, in the reign of King John, brought a suit in which he stated that he was the son of Hugh de Gournay and Millicent; and that his father, Hugh, had settled all the lands which Ediva, his mother, had brought him; Ediva the daughter of Earl Warren and wife of Gerard de Gournay.

Children of Hugh and Juliane:

i. Millicent de Gournay (10000973), born ~1195 in France.

ii. Hugh de Gournay (243382146), born ~1200 in France.

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