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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl Hugh de Courtney & Countess Agnes de Saint John

 15210464. Earl Hugh de Courtney & 15210465. Countess Agnes de Saint John

9/14/1276, Hugh born in England, heir & s/o 30420928. Hugh de Courtenay & 30420929. Eleanor le Despenser.

~1283, Agnes born in England, d/o 30420930. John de Saint John & 30420931. Alice Fitz Peter.

3/1292–6/1292, Hugh’s father died.

[––Hugh & Agnes––]

1292, Hugh married to Agnes.

1293, Hugh heir to his cousin Isabel de Rivers, Countess of Aumale and Devon [eventually becoming Earl of Devon].

11/25/1295, Licence … sheriff of Devon … are held in socage … of Hugh son of Hugh de Curtenaye, a minor in the king’s custody. (S) CPRs.

2/6/1298, Hugh summoned to parliament by writ.

7/22/1298, Hugh at the battle of Falkirk.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

4/20/1299, Licence for Hugh de Curtenay to assign, for life, to Eleanor his mother lands and rent to the value of £200 a year out of lands of his own inheritance. (S) CPRs.

3/4/1300, Restitution to Ralph son of Ralph Basset of Drayton, … in consideration of 1,000 marks which Guy, earl of Warwick, Hugh le Despenser, Hugh de Curtenay, Thomas de Furnivall, Andrew de Esteleye, John de Insula Vecta, John de Grey of Retherfeld, Hugh Poyntz, … have acknowldeged themselves … (S) CPRs.

3/14/1300, Restitution to Ralph son of Ralph Basset of Drayton, … in consideration of 1,000 marks, which Guy, earl of Warwick, Hugh le Despenser, Hugh de Curtenay, … have acknowledged themselves in the Chancery to owe to Edmund, earl of Cornwall … (S) CPRs.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Hugh de Courteneye, …” (S) UKNA.

7/9/1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland began. Hugh at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.

8/22/1300, Hugh granted a market and fair at Kennford, Devon. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

8/27/1300 at Caerlaverock, Commission of oyer … on complaint of Hugh de Curtenay that … [many named] assaulted his men as they were taking goods to Scotland at Esthranreth, co. Berks, killed John Russel, and carried away goods. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 2/20/1303, The manor of Lymington, with the borough, … the manor of Brummore, … co. Southampton … surrendered to Hugh de Courteney as his inheritance. (S) CPRs.

5/22/1306, Hugh, 1 of 267 knighted by King Edward I in London at Westminster abbey.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

1308, Hugh made knight banneret.

5/20/1309, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Hugh de Curteney … in Stikelpath near Saunford Curtenaey, co. Devon, held in chief per Baroniam, … convent of Faversham … (S) CPRs.

3/1/1310, Pardon … to Hugh de Curtenay for acquiring in fee … the manor of Morton, co. Devon … to grant the same to his son Robert and his issue … (S) CPRs.

3/20/1310, Hugh chosen a Lord Ordainer. [1 of 21.]

8/25/1311, Licence for William Beneyt of Exminstre and Joan his wife to grant, in fee, to Hugh de Curtenay a third part of the hundred of Exmynstre, co. Devon, which they hold from him. (S) CPRs.

11/30/1311, Commission to Hugh Curteny and William Martyn to search for Peter de Gavaston, supposed to be hiding in, and wandering from place to place in the counties of Cornwall, Devon, Somerset and Dorset, contrary to the ordinance made by the prelates, earls and barons for his expulsion from the realm. (S) CPRs.

11/8/1313, Surrender by the king of the advowson of the church of Brigham to Hugh de Curtenay as next heir of Isabella, countess of Albemarle, … (S) CPRs.

3/14/1315, A marriage compact having been arranged between Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Hugh de Curteney for the marriage of the latter’s son Hugh to Margaret, daughter of the earl, the king’s niece, … Hugh de Curteney is to grant his said son Hugh and Margaret 400 marks a year of land and rent … The king, as a favour to the said Hugh de Curteney the younger and Margaret, grants a licence to Hugh de Curteney the elder to grant to them the said 400 marks … out of his said manors, … remainder over to Robert son of Hugh de Curteneye …, and to Thomas son of Hugh de Curteney. (S) CPRs.

3/14/1315, Licence to Hugh de Curteneye to enfeoff Eleanor, late the wife of Hugh de Curteney his father, of his castles, manors and honors of Plumpton and Okhampton, and of his manors of Saunford Curteney, … co. Devon, … co. Somerset, … Licence for the said Eleanor to regrant the same to him for his life, with remainder to Hugh son of Hugh de Curteney and the heirs his body, with remainder over, failing such issue, after the death of Hugh son of Hugh de Curteney, and of the said Hugh de Curteney, to Robert son of the said Hugh … failing such issue to Thomas son of Hugh … (S) CPRs.

5/6/1315, Grant to Walter de Norwyco, the treasurer, on account of his good service … with the advice and counsel of … Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, and Hugh de Curtenay, and others of the Council … 1,000 marks … (S) CPRs.

5/28/1315, Commission to oyer and terminer to Hugh de Curteneye, … on complaint by Roger le Bret that … Baldwin Malet … violently assaulted him at nether Weycumbe, co. Somerset. (S) CPRs.

9/1316, Hugh de Courtenay (grandson of Isabel de Vere) wrote a letter to William de Airmyn in which he requested assistance for his kinsman, John de Dynham, now of age, in obtaining seisin of his lands.

7/27/1317, Commission of oyer and terminer to Hugh de Courteneye and John de Stonore on complaint by Hugh de Audeley the younger … (S) CPRs.

8/9/1318, Hugh a member of the King’s Council.

11/6/1319, Commission of oyer and terminer to Hugh de Curteney, and John de Bello Campo … (S) CPRs.

12/6/1321, Protection with clause volumus for 1 year … Hugh de Courteneye. Eleanor de Courteneye (30420929). (S) CPRs.

8/1324, King Edward began the “War of Saint-Sardos” with his brother-in-law King Charles of France.

9/4/1325, Protection … going with the king beyond seas on his service … Hugh de Courteney. … Hugh de Courteney the younger … going with the said Hugh. (S) CPRs. [Actually going with Prince Edward to do homage for his lands in France.]

1/24/1326, Hugh Courteney and William Botereux supervisors of array in Cornwall and Devon. (S) CPRs.

5/10/1326, Appointment of Hugh de Courtenay, John de Bello Campo of Somersete, … as captains and principal surveyors … Cornwall and Devon of the arrays of men at arms, mounted or foot, as well as of knights … (S) CPRs.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

7/16/1327, Association of … Henry, earl of Lancaster, and John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, Hugh de Courteny and Thomas Bardolf, barons, … annulling fines, sales, and gifts of land … after the time of the exile of Hugh le Despenser, the elder, … (S) CPRs.

9/26/1328, Hugh’s mother died in London.

1/24/1329, John de Grandisson, cousin of Agnes, recently installed as bishop of Exeter, sent a letter to Hugh requesting a £200 loan. [Hugh replied that he was not able because of the recent marriage of his daughter to Isabel to Lord L’Isle, and the costs associated with the death of his mother. The bishop replied addressing both Hugh and and his wife Lady Agnes, sister to Lord St. John.]

3/1/1329, Association of … Henry, earl of Lancaster, …, Hugh de Courteneye and Thomas Bardolf, barons, … to annul fines … Hugh le Despenser, the younger, … obtained by force and duress. (S) CPRs.

12/6/1330, Appointment during pleasure of Hugh de Courtenay the elder, the abbot of Ford and Hugh de Courtenay the younger to the custody of Bynedon Abbey … (S) CPRs.

12/20/1330, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Hugh de Courteneye … to celebrate devine service … chapel of St. Luke the Evangelist, Neweton Popelford, … Hugh, in life, … souls of Eleanor de Courteneye, his mother, Philip de Courteney, his brother, their ancestors and heirs. (S) CPRs.

10/12/1331, Protection … for 1 year, for Hugh de Courteneye the elder. (S) CPRs.

3/22/1332, Commission of oyer … Hugh de Courteney, the elder, … (S) CPRs.

3/2/1334, Commission of oyer … Hugh de Courteney, the elder, … in the county of Devon. (S) CPRs.

2/9/1335, … convent of Bynedon … appointment of Hugh de Courtenay the elder … to the custody of the abbey … (S) CPRs.

2/22/1335, Hugh declared 9th Earl of Devon by letters patent. (S) The Shadow of the White Rose, Taylor, 2006, P13. [See Family notes.]

6/7/1335, … Sibyl, late the wife of the said John de Mohun, before the justices of the Bench demanded against Hugh de Curtenay the elder and Agnes his wife, as third part of the manor of Cadeleye, co. Devon … (S) CPRs.

11/16/1335, Commission to Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, William de Monte Acuto, … on complaint by the said Hugh that … entered his free chase at Dertemore, co. Devon, hunted there, … (S) CPRs.

8/6/1336, Commission … on complaint by Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, that whereas he and his ancestors time out of mind have had a fair yearly at Crulledich by Exeter … assaulted … could not collet the toll … (S) CPRs.

12/24/1337 in the manor of Chuddelegh, Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, witnessed a charter of Peter, archbishop of Rouen. (S) CPRs, 5/29/1358.

1/15/1338, Commission to Hugh de Curteneye, earl of Devon, … by inquisitions … county of Devon … merchandise of merchants … taken on the sea … (S) CPRs.

3/6/1338, Commission to Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, Hugh de Courteneye the younger, … Devon … to make inquisitions … who have made themselves stannary men … (S) CPRs.

10/1/1338, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon. (S) CPRs.

2/14/1339, Commission of oyer and terminer to Hugh de Curteneye, earl of Devon, … (S) CPRs.

12/12/1340, Indemnity to … enquire touching complaints against the king’s ministers … High de Curteneye, earl of Devon … (S) CPRs.

12/23/1340, Hugh, Earl of Devon, died at Tiverton.

1/3/1341, IPM of Hugh de Courteneye, late earl of Devon.  London: … A messuage and 5 shops … Hugh his son, aged 30 years and more, is his next heir. … (S) CIsPM.


6/11/1345, Agnes died; both buried at Cowick Priory near Exeter, Devon.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P235.

Family notes:

·         The 1st Earl of Devon was Baldwin de Reviers (Redvers, Revieres), son of Richard de Reviers, founder of wynham Abbey, a great lord in Devon and the Isle of Wight,  one of the first to rebel against King Stephen. He seized Exeter, and was a pirate out of Carisbrooke, but he was driven out of England to Anjou, where he joined the Empress Matilda. She made him Earl of Devon, probably in early 1141. William de Reviers, 5th Earl, had only 2 children who left issue. 9/1/1216, his son Baldwin died [age 16], leaving his wife Margaret pregnant with the 6th Earl. King John forced her to marry Falkes de Breauté. She divorced from him. The 5th Earl's youngest daughter, Mary, married Pierre de Preaux and then Robert de Courtney. The 7th Earl died in 1262, leaving no children. His sister, Isabella de Fortibus was widow of William de Forz, 4th Earl of Albemarle, and became Countess of Devon in her own right. Her children predeceased her; she had no grandchildren. Her lands passed to her 2nd cousin once removed, Hugh de Courtney, great-grandson of Mary & Robert de Courtney.

Children of Hugh and Agnes: [4 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Hugh de Courtenay (7605232), born 7/12/1303 in England.

ii. Robert de Curteney, born ? in England.

iii. Thomas de Courtenay (7605586), born 1315 in England.

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