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Monday, August 10, 2020

Baron John de Monmouth & Lady Cecilie Waleran

 23634242. Baron John de Monmouth & 23634243. Lady Cecilie Waleran

~1180, John de Monemue born in England, heir & s/o 47268484. Gilbert de Monmouth & 47268485. Bertha de Broase.

~1185, Cecilia born in England, d/o 486728262. Walter Waleran & 486728263. Lady Isabella ?.

John’s father died.

7/6/1189, Richard I succeeded Henry II as King of England.

1190, John’s father Gilbert died.

1191, John a minor in the custody of William de Briouse (189118344, brother of his mother Bertha), for a fine of 1000 marks. [This William’s son (121685152) was only age 16, so he could not be the custodian.] ‘Willemus de Braiose junior reddidit dompotum de mille marcis pro custodia heredum Gilberti de Munemuda.’ (S) Pipe Roll for 2 Ric. I, membrane for Herefordshire, under the heading ‘De Oblatis curie.’

4/6/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England. [Richard made his brother John his heir, but previously had named Arthur of Brittany, who was next in line.]

1199, William de Broase paid scutage for John, still a minor.

1/1201, William de Brewes granted the honour of Limerick, Ireland.

[––John & Cecile––]

1201, John married Cecilie.

1201, Cecilie’s father died holding 25 knights’ fees. John paid 120 marks and 2 Norway hawks to have her share of her father’s lands.

1202, John de Monmouth gave an obligation to King John.

12/14/1204, King John ordered a distraint against Ranulph, Earl of Chester who was aligned with Gwenwynwyn of Powys in Wales, who was engaged in war against William de Broase.

1205, John de Monmouth paid 30 marks scutage for 15 knights’ fees.

1208, William de Braose [uncle of John] fled to Ireland [his wife had fled to Scotland.]

1208, John had to give his 2 infant sons as hostages to King John. [This reinforces that John was related to William de Brewes (189118344).]

1210, William, earl of Salisbury, a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse.

1212, John paid 1000 marks, 6 destriers [war horses], and 10 hunting horses, in amercements for having the king’s benevolence. [King John sent his forces against King Philip in France.] John’s scutage was quit by royal writ [King John did not lead the expedition.]

1214, John summond to the king at Cirencester.

2/1214, King John landed at La Rochelle, France in an expedition into Poitou.

2/10/1215, John appointed one of the custodians of William de Lacy.

1215, John de Monmouth and William de Percy were the only barons supporting King John.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

6/1216, John made custos of the forest of Dean, and constable of St. Brivals castle.

10/18/1216 at Newark, John with King John when he died.

10/1216, John de Monmouth an executor of King John’s will.

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England. Louis of France also claimed the throne.

1216, John a witness to the renewal of the Magna Carta.

1217, The 1st occurrence of “barones de Marchia” was a writ to the men of Rye naming Walter de Lacy, Hugh de Mortimer, Walter and Roger de Clifford, and John de Monmouth.

5/20/1217, English forces defeated the French forces at Lincoln, killing the Count of Perche in the battle.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

12/26/1219, William Crassus, … by £100 for having the daughter and heiress of Thomas of London as his wife and the following are his pledges for the fine: Earl W. Marshal for 50m. John of Monmouth for 10m.  … (S) FRsHIII.

1220, Richard de Fay seized of Mayneston, Herefordshire, held of John de Monmouth. (S) Irish Pedigrees, O’Hart, 1881, P456.

1221, John de Monmouth ordered to allow … John de Lacy … foresters of fee in the forest of Dean, … to have their “forgias itinerantes ad mortuum et siccum.” (S) Iron Making in the Olden Times, Nicholls, 2010, P14.

9/2/1221, Pledges of William fitz Warin and Agnes, his wife, for 100m : John of Monmouth . William de Cantilupe . Roger of Clifford.  (S) FRsHIII.

Bef. 11/1222, Cecilie died. John held in right of Cecily “ratione Cecilie quondam uxoris sue filie Walteri Walerand.”

[––John––]

John married 2nd Agnes, d/o Walter de Musgros. [3 sons: John, Walter, Richard.]

1/1224, John had to turn down custody of St. Brivals castle because of illness.

6/1224, John attended King Henry when he began a siege of the castle of Bedford, lasting 3 months. The rebellion was led by Fawkes de Breaute. (S) The Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990, P371.

1/1225, King Henry reissued the Magna Carta, which became the official text. (S) Hist. Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, Thomson, 1829, P130. [Witnesses: … Hubert de Burgh, the King’s Justiciary; Randolph Earl of Chester and Lincoln, William Earl of Salisbury, William Earl of Warren, Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford (19989528), William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, Hugh le Bigod Earl of Norfolk (19909646), William Earl of Ablemarle, Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (47279584), John de Lacy Constable of Chester (19989530), Robert de Ros, Robert fitz Walter, Robert de Vipont, William de Brewer, Richard de Montifichet, Peter Fitz Herbert, Matthew Fitz Herbert, William de Albiniac, Robert Gresley, Reginald de Bruce, John de Monmouth XXX, John Fitz Alan, Hugh de Mortimer, Walter de Beauchamp, William de Saint John, Peter de Mauley, Brian de Lisle, Thomas de Muleton, Richard de Argentine, Walter de Neville, William Mauduit, John de Baalun.]

1226, John founded the Cistercian abbey of Grace Dieu in Wales.

8/1226, Llywelyn, prince of Wales, with his wife Joan and son David, met with King Henry at Shrewsbury. John was attendant to the king.

8/18/1227, John, baliff of the New Forest, ordered to allow 3 huntsmen of Hubert de Burgh to hunt deer; but they were to be allowed to carry only one bow each. (S) A General History of Hampshire, Woodward, 1861, P217.

1228-29, John de Monemue, knight, sheriff of Wiltshire.

1229, John a mediator in dispute between the town and abbey of Dunstable.

3/1231, John de Monmouth appointed sheriff of Herefordshire. [Held until 7/7/1232.]

5/1231, King Henry sent Hubert de Burgh to Wales to suppress an uprising led by Llywelyn ap Iorwert, prince of Gwynedd.

12/1231, John a member of the truce negotiations with Llywely, prince of Wales.

1233, Ralph de Tony and John de Monmouth were appointed generals of the Poitevin mercenaries in the Welch marches. They defeated the forces of Richard Marshall at the castle of Monmouth. (S) Topographical and Historical Account of Wainfleet, Oldfield, 1829, P210.

12/26/1233, Richard, Earl of Pembroke, defeated John of Monmouth, supporting the king, in a battle near Grosmount. (S) A History of Wales from the Earliest Times, V2, Lloyd, 1912, P679.

3/1234, John ordered to lay siege to the castles held by Peter des Rivaulx if he would not give them up.

1/14/1236, John carried the canopy at the marriage of King Henry and Queen Eleanor.

3/8/1238, The king commands him to provide for the sufficient defence of the march, so that the lands of the king or of himself may not by his default suffer danger, and if necessary he may resist Llywelyn the Great at an opportune season: written to Walter de Clifford (23640214), … Thomas Corbet, … John Lestrange (121697006), H. earl of Hereford, Henry de Aldithele (94567456), John de Monemue (23634242), Ralph de Mortuo Mari (9994864), … William de Stutevill (47281514), John son of Alan (94559104). (S) CPRs.

4/1238, John summoned to parliament at Oxford to discuss a new revolt in Wales.

1240, John appointed as an arbitrator between Davydd of Wales and the king.

1/2/1242, John witnessed the charter of liberties granted to the citizens of Cork, Ireland.

1242, John to raise 500 footsoldiers for a possible war with France.

6/1244, With the earl of Clare, John repelled the invasion of Davydd in Wales.

7/9/1244, Mandate to J. de Munemuth to deliver the hostages of Mereduk son of Res in his custody to Richard de Clare, to whom the king has committed them … (S) CPRs.

By 10/28/1247, John died; his eldest son John succeeding.

(S) Transactions – Bristol and Gloucester, V12, 1888, P258. (S) Lords of the Central Marches, Holden, 2008. (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P287. (S) DNB, V38, 1894, P178. (S) Cat. of Romances in the Dept. of Manuscripts, British Museum, V1, Leigh, 1883, P733.

Children of John and Cecilie:

i. Joan de Monmouth (11817121), born ~1203 in England.

ii. John de Monmouth, born ? in England.

4/12/1257, IPM of John de Munemuth. Lady Albretha de Boterell' alias de Botereaus [his cousin], aged more than 60, and Lady Joan de Nevil alias de Novilla (11817121), aged more than 40, are his heirs. Wilts: Langeford and Grimstede towns, 3 carucates land held of the king in chief by service of 1 knight. Dorset: Pidele Bardolfeston town, ⅓ knight's fee held of Sir Alfred de Lincoln by service of ⅓ knight's fee. (S) CIsPM.

iii. William de Monmouth, born ? in England.

1211, William was delivered to King John as a hostage.

1213, William returned to his parents due to ill health [and died soon afterwards.]

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