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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl John de Lacy & Countess Margaret de Quincy

 19989530. Earl John de Lacy & 19989531. Countess Margaret de Quincy

1192, John born in England, s/o 39979060. Roger de Lacy & 39979061. Maude de Clere.

4/6/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.

1199, Roger de Lascy, constable of Chester, given the castle of Pomfret, having received from him his son and heir [John] as a hostage. (S) Annals of Roger de Hoveden, 1853, P460.

1208, Margaret de Blundeville born in Lincoln, England, d/o 39979062. Robert de Quincy & 39979063. Countess Hawise of Chester.

1211, John, 8th Baron of Halton.

[–––John & Alice–––]

John 1st married Alice, d/o Gilbert de Aquila. [No children, death date unknown.]

7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.

7/1213, John arranged to pay 7000 marks [a large fortune] associated with the debts of his father against his estates, to be paid over 4 years. [20 of John’s knights were pledges.] John was receiving £40 yearly from King John for occupation of castles Dunnington & Pontefract.

2/9/1214, John de Lacy, constable of Chester, sailed with King John for Poitou.

3/4/1214, John took the crusaders cross along with the King.

1214, King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands.

1214, King Philip and King John agreed to a 6-year truce at Chinon.

10/1214, John returned to England.

3/5/1215, John de Lacy among those in high favor granted forgivness of their debts to the king [as was John’s cousin John fitz Robert, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.]

5/5/1215, Revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to King John and invited the King of France to invade England. [The barons in revolt together held more castles and knights fees than John did as King. Intervention by the King of France prevented by the Pope.]

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, John, 1 of 25 Barons, selected by the rest, to enforce the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.

12/16/1215, John with the other Barons was excommunicted by the Pope. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P-XI.

1/1216, John’s lands restored by the King.

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

1216, John again in revolt had his castle of Donington destroyed by King John.

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England. Louis of France also claimed the throne.

8/1217, John’s lands restored.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.

11/1217, John, constable of Chester and sheriff of York, commissioned to bring the King of the Scots to King Henry.

4/1218, John left on a crusade with Ranulf de Blondeville, earl of Chester and Lincoln. [Some crusaders were already in Palestine.]

5/24/1218, The crusaders left Acre to attack Damietta, Egypt [the town that guarded the entrance to the Nile].

8/17/1218, The fortress protecting Damietta fell to the crusaders.

9/1218, The cursaders began the siege of Damietta.

1218, John participated at the Seige of Damietta where he issued a charter. (S) Anatomy of a Crusade, Powell, 1986, P81. [John was called “the greatest of all Christian warriors.” (S) The Old Kingdom of Elmet, Bogg, 1904, P110.]

11/1218, A storm halted progress of the siege and the crusaders began winter preparations.

2/1219, The crusaders had completely isolated the city.

11/4/1219, The crusaders entered the city to find only 3000 of about 80000 remained, most of them sick.

1220, John and many of the English crusaders returned home.

2/1221, John took part in the reduction of Skipton castle.

[–––John & Margaret–––]

Bef. 6/21/1221, John married Margaret de Blondeville, sister of Ranulph, Earl of Chester and Lincoln, and a staunch ally of the King. John also gained the manor and castle of Bolingbroke.

12/1223 at Northampton, Robert fitz Walter and Robert de Ros with the earls of Essex, Norfolk and Hereford supported the King against John de Lacy, the earl of Gloucester and the earl of Chester. [King Henry was forcing the surrender of royal castles and sheriffdoms.]

2/11/1225, John de lacy attested to the Carta de Forestis and reissue of the Magna Carta of King Henry III. (S) Minotiry of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990, P388.

6/1225, John de Lacy and others ordered to deforest areas which had been afforested by their ancestors.

1226, John an itinerant judge in Lincolnshire and Lancashire.

1227, John sent on embassy to Antwerp.

1229, John commissioned to bring Alexander II, King of the Scots, to King Henry III at York.

1230, John de Lacy and Margaret exchanged lands with her uncle Earl Roger de Quincy (19989506). In a final concord, John and Margaret agreed to recognize all the lands from the inheritances of both Saher de Quency and Margaret de Beaumont as Roger de Quency’s right. In return, Roger granted them the Dorset manor of Kingston Lacy, and lands and rights in Wimborne, Blandford and Wimborneholt, with 4 of Saher’s manors which Hawise de Quency held in dower, to revert to John and Margaret on her death. (S) Women in the 13th Century, Wilkinson, 2007, P34.

1232, John involved in the King’s proceedings against Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent.

10/27/1232, A day after the death of Margaret’s uncle, the king granted assent to conveying the earldom to Margaret’s mother Hawise, who became countess.

11/17/1232, John received the title Earl of Lincoln from his mother-in-law. In a following dispute between King Henry and some Barons, John remained loyal to the King. He was awarded 500 marks paid by the Bishop of Winchester.

11/22/1232, Grant, at the instance of Hawisia de Quency, to John de Lascy, constable of Chester, of £20 which R. sometime earl of Chester and Lincoln, received for the third penny of the county of Lincoln in the name of the earl of Lincoln, and which the earl in his lifetime gave to the said Hawisia, his sister; to hold in the name of the earl of Lincoln to the said John and his heirs by Margaret his wife, daughter of the said Hawisia for ever. (S) CPRs.

1233, John named the governor of Blankminster Castle.

1233, John confirmed as earl of Lincoln on resignation of his mother-in-law Hawisia de Quency. (S) Completer Peerage.

10/25/1233, Notification to all Christian people … mandate of the pope … John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester … (S) CPRs.

8/11/1234, Justices appointed in the following counties :- co. Lincoln { John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

5/2/1235, Ratification of a covenant … and Robert de Mucegros of the whole land of Nicholas de Fescampo in Kenemerthun, … Witnesses:- … [4 bishops], William de Ferariis, earl of Derby, John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, Roger le Bygot, earl of Norfolk, … Amaury de Sancto Amando, Geoffrey le Despenser … (S) CPRs.

1/19/1236, John carried a State Sword at the coronation of the Queen.

6/17/1236, John, Earl of Lincoln, and his wife Margaret had a market in Wimborne Minster, Dorset. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1237, John sent by King Henry to the Great Council of English Prelates. John also made “Sheriffalty of Chester”, and governor of Chester and Beeston castles. He was also promised his eldest daughter [Maud] would marry Richard, Earl of Clare.

10/26/1237, Grant, with the counsel of Earl Richard, the king’s brother, … to J. earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, … if the king cannot attract the count of La Marche to his service by the marriage of Richard de Clare to the use of one of the count’s daughters … then the said earl of Lincoln shall have the said marriage … for 5,000 marks … (S) CPRs.

1/25/1238, Notification that Richard de Clare, being in the king’s ward, has … taken to wife Maud de Lacy, daughter of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, and dowered her … (S) CPRs.

1240, John named governor of Chester and Beeston Castles.

7/22/1240, John died in England; buried in the [Cistercian] Stanlow Abbey. The monk, Matthew Paris, records: “On the 22d day of July, in this year, which was St. Magdalen’s Day, John, Earl of Lincoln, after suffering from a long illness went the way of all flesh.” John’s 2 infant daughters were sent to Windsor castle and raised with the children of King Henry III. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854, P172.


6/1/1241, Margaret married 2nd Walter Marshall, 5th Earl of Pembroke, s/o William Marshall.

Aft. 11/27/1242, Margaret’s mother died.

2/19/1243, Walter restored Bolingbroke Castle, home of Margaret’s deceased mother, to the King.

3/9/1243, The king has granted to W. Marshal, earl of Pembroke, and Margaret, his wife, that they are to render 20 m. to him at the Exchequer on the morrow of the Close of Easter in the 27th year for the debts that Hawise de Quincy, countess of Lincoln, mother of the aforesaid Margaret, whose heir she is. (S) FRsHIII.

11/24/1245, Walter died at Goodrich castle. [Walter had 13 coheirs by his 5 sisters.]

6/28/1248, Margaret late Countess of Lincoln … recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife. (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relating to Ireland, V1, 1875.

5/26/1250, A charter records the restoration of property, granted to Margaret Countess of Lincoln, to William de Vescy and Agnes [de Ferrers] his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel [de Ferrers] his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor [de Ferrers] his wife, John de Moun and Joan [de Ferrers] his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife. (S) Cal. of Doc’s of Ireland, V1, 1875.

Bef. 6/7/1252 Margaret married 3rd Richard de Wiltshire.

8/1252-1/1253, Margaret received at least 6 royal messengers. (S) Women in the 13th Century, Wilkinson, 2007, P51.

10/4/1255, Confirmation of a lease for 10 years … by Philip de Arescy to Maraget de Lacy, countess of Lincoln … manor of Coningeby except the park. (S) CPRs.

8/4/1256, Appointment, at the instance of P. de Sabaudia and Margaret countess of Lincoln, of Henry de Bathonia … judgement of thieves … countess’s manor of Wrangel, co. Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

2/10/1258, Simple protection for William de Ablyton, gone to Ireland in the service of Margaret de Lacy, countess of Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

8/4/1258, Commitment to Margaret, countess of Lincoln, and Alesia late the wife of Edmund de Lacy of all lands late of the said Edmund … (S) CPRs.

6/12/1263, Grant to Margaret, countess of Lincoln, that her executors may have free administration of her goods, … (S) CPRs.

11/6/1263, Pardon to Philip Basset of 125 marks of £100 which he mainprised to pay … for Margaret, countess of Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

4/15/1264, Simple protection without clause … Margaret, countess of Lincoln … (S) CPRs.

1/19/1265, Margaret died; buried near her father at the church of Hospitallers, Clerkenwell, Middlesex. (S) CPRs.

(S) An Historical Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, Thompson, 1829, PP301–3. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P479. . (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949. (S) Minority of Henry III, Carptenter, 1990, P333.

Family notes:

·         King Henry V was John and Margaret’s gggs.

·         Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln, patron and peer of Margaret, wrote Groseteste’s Rules in recognition of Margaret's position as Countess of Lincoln with the  responsibility of running 4 manors.  The earliest surviving treatise on estate and household management including topics such as agricultural management, yearly travel planning, how to command servants and the rights and responsibilities of a lord.  Grosseteste dedicated the treatise to Margaret. (S) Order of Medieval Women.

Children of John and Margaret:

i. Maud de Lacy (9994765), born 1223 in England.

ii. Ionia de Lacy, born ~1225 in England.

Ionia married Geoffrey Dutton.

iii. Edmund de Lacy, born 1229 in England.

1240, Edmund, a minor, heir of John.

1247, Edmund married Alice, d/o Marquis of Saluces.

1258, Edmund, King’s yeoman, died.

Child: Henry de Lacy, born ~1250 in England. 1271, Henry knighted. 1286, Henry founded a hospital for lepers. 7/22/1298, Henry at the battle of Falkirk. Bef. 1310, Henry was appointed Protector of the Kingdom while King Edward II was in Scotland. 1310, while Protector, Henry, Earl of Lincoln, died in London. (S) Pontefract, Fletcher, 1920, PP29–31.

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