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Monday, August 10, 2020

Baron John Giffard & Lady Maud de Clifford

 11820106. Baron John Giffard & 11820107. Lady Maud de Clifford

1229, John born in England, s/o 23640212. Helias Giffard & 23640213. Alice Mautravers.

~1233, Maud born in England, d/o 23640214. Sir Walter de Clifford & 60842577. Margaret of Wales. (S) See 10/2/1284.

[–––Maud & William–––]

4/30/1244, The king proposes a marriage contract between Matilda de Clifford, daughter of Walter, and one of the sons of William Longespee. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton, 1857, P159.

Maud 1st married William de Longespee, s/o 94567584. William Longespee & 94567585. Idonea de Camville.

6/4/1256, William suffered injuries at a tournament at Blyth, Nottinghamshire, from which he died.

[––Maud––]

12/23/1256, Wereas … agreed upon between Edmund de Lacy and William Lungespe for a marriage between Henry the firstborn son and heir of Edmund and Margaret the firstborn daughter and heir of William … Commanded to Maud late the wife of the said William to cause the said Margaret to be delivered … the said William being dead.

1/6/1257, Grant to Geoffrey de Lezignan, the king’s brother, of the marriage of Maud late the wife of William Lungespe, with forfeiture due to the king if she marry without his brother’s licence. (S) CPRs. [Granted to Geoffrey by Robert Walerand.]

5/19/1263, Letters patent to Walter de Clifford that the King will look to Matilda de Longespee, his daughter, for payment of his debts due to the crown. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton, 1857, P160.

1263, Maud succeeded to the barony of her father.

[–––John–––]

1248, John, age 17 [19], succeeded his father; the Queen having custody of his lands during his minority.

5/12/1256, Simple protection of John Giffard, going to Ireland with John de Muscegros as messenger from the king. (S) CPRs.

1257, John commanded to be at Bristol with horse and arms, thence to march Into South Wales, against Llewelyn ap Griffith; Prince of North Wales.

1258, King Henry forced to sign the Provisions of Oxford granting parliament administrative reform. [The beginning of the Baron’s Revolt.]

8/1/1260, John Giffard one of the vassals to the crown summoned to muster at Shrewsbury with horses and arms against Lewellyn ap Griffith. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7-8, 1858, P26.

12/7/1261, Grant to John Giffard, £20 a year … (S) CPRs.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, lead a rebellion of young barons.

8/7/1263, John made Governor of St Brivael’s castle and warden of the forest of Dean, Gloucestershire. (S) CPRs.

9/18/1263, Pardon to Roger de Clifford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Hamo Lestrange, John Giffard and Ralph Basset of Dreyton of all trespasses … reason of non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford … (S) CPRs.

1/20/1264, Hugh le Bygod and Robert Aguyllun will procure that Roger de Clyfford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Ralph Basset of Drayton, John Gyffard, Hamo Lestraunge, … William de Huntingfeld, … who are blamed for injuries by B. archbishop of Canterbury shall make competent amends … the king and the said Hugh and Robert have appended their seals to this. (S) CPRs.

5/14/1264, John at the battle of Lewes supporting the Baron’s revolt.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … John Giffard, … going … to Dunstaple to tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.

1265, John, in support of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, was gathering forces in the forest of Dean.

5/1265, John one of the knights commanding 500 men at arms at Tullington awaiting to protect Lord Edward who had just escaped as a prisoner of Simon de Montfort.

8/4/1265, John supported Lord Edward at the battle of Evesham. [After this event there multiple records over the years of grants to John “at the instance of Edward the king’s son”.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

10/9/1265, Pardon to G. de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Thomas de Clare and John Giffard, and their household ; in consideration of their aid to the king and Edward his son at the conflict at Evesham, of all trespasses … and rancor for their having adhered to Simon de Monte Forti, … against the king in the battle of Lewes ; … (S) CPRs.

10/26/1266, Licence for life for John Giffard to hunt with his own dogs the hare, the fox, the badger and the cat thoughout the forests on this side of Trent. (S) CPRs.

1/27/1267, Grant … Jews of London, to John Giffard of a debt of 2,000 marks … where in Peter de Malo Lacu was bound to the said Jews, … (S) CPRs.

3/9/1268, Pardon to John Giffard and those of his household and fellowship of all trespasses committed by them by occasion of the non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford, … (S) CPRs.

2/6/1269, Pardon to Anselm Basset, by testimony of John Giffard [multiple records of this type.] (S) CPRs.

[–––John & Maud–––]

By 1270, Maud complained to the King that John Giffard had taken her by force from her manor at Kanesford and carried her to his castle of Brimsfield where he had married her.

3/10/1271, A patent by the King legalized the marriage of John and Maud after a fine of 300 marks.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]

10/5/1273, Order to the sheriff of Hereford to take into the king's hand the manor of Dyluin which Edmund the king's brother holds in chief and has alienated to John Giffard without licence. (S) CFRs.

11/1274, Multiple complaints filed against John and his officers at Corfham.

1276, John and Maud impleading persons for hunting in their forest of Corfham.

1276, John granted the borough of Llandovery, Wales; after which he proceeded to strengthen the castle. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

1/24/1277, Protection with clause volumus, until Midsummer, for the following going to Wales on the king’s service … John del Ewe, going with John Giffard … (S) CPRs. [King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.]

1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

4/14/1282, John Giffard to keep the body of the castle of Landevery, during pleasure, with the order to strengthen the same on account of the present disturbances amongst the Welsh, and the king will repay the cost. (S) CPRs.

1282, John, in support of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, made an expedition against Llewelyn ap Griffith. John and Edward Mortimer killed Llewelyn and sent his head to the king.

6/28/1283, John Giffard of Broomfield summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

By 1283, Maud died.

[–––John–––]

11/1283, John Giffard granted land outside the city walls of Oxford to support 13 monks offering prayers for his soul and that of his late wife Matilda Longespee.

2/1284, John held Corfham in right of his deceased wife Matilda de Longespeye, formerly daughter of Walter de Clifford for 1 knight’s fee.

10/2/1284, Order to cause enrolment … the king's grant to John Giffard that he recover the terms before granted to him and Maud de Lungespeye, sometime his wife, deceased, for payment of the debts of Walter de Clifford, her father, which terms he has not observed, to wit, that he pay £20 a year. (S) CFRs.

John married 2nd Alicia Maltravers. [No children.]

By 1286, John married 3rd Margaret de Nevill.

1286-91, In a letter by Eleanor of Provence, Queen Dowager, to her son King Edward I: “… pleads on the behalf of Dame Margaret de Nevile, companion of John Giffard, ‘who has for a long time past seen her child, in the keeping of Dame Margaret de Weyland;’ requests the King will command … that the mother may for a while have the solace of her son …” (S) Wiltshire Notes and Queries, V3, 1902, P149.

7/24/1287, Protection … for the following going to Wales on the king’s service … Henry de Solers, gone with John Giffard … (S) CPRs.

8/15/1287, An army of 6,700 joined an earl’s force of 4,000 at Rhys ap Maredudd’s castle of Dryslwyn, Wales, and began a siege. They built a trebuchet to attack the castle. [The castle was captured; but Rhys escaped.]

1288, Wales becomes an English principality under the Statute of Rhuddlan.

1290, John made Governor of Dynevor castle, Wales.

10/1292, John held bi-annual courts at Corfham.

10/28/1292, John Giffard of Brimmesfeld granted the king a 15th of the moveables within his liberties of Clifford and Mildelwode, Glasbury and Branles in the Welsh March, and Hirneriu, Commoc, Perneth and Iskennen in Wales. (S) CPRs.

11/6/1292, Grant to John Giffard de Brimmesfeld of whatever pertains to the king touching the life and members of Yervorth, Legottus and Lecadelaus, Welsh adherents of Rees son of Meredith lately the king’s rebel, who have surrendered to the said John. (S) CPRs.

1295-99, John of Brimsfield summoned to parliament.

11/8/1295, Order to Gilbert de Clare (4997382), earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to take into the king's hand all lands and goods of all alien religious of the power of the king of France in his liberty of Glamorgan … the like to … Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, H. de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex, R. (11819888) earl of Arundel, J. de Hastinges (5910050), Edmund de Mortuo Mari (2498716), … William de Brehus (11820322), W. de Valencia (11820102), earl of Pembroke, and John Giffard (11820106), within their liberties and lands in the parts of the march. (S) CFRs.

7/29/1297, John to delivered the castle of Dynnavor to Walter de Pederton. (S) CPRs.

5/28/1299, John, knt., 1st Lord Giffard of Brimsfield died; buried at Malmesbury, Wilts.

[––Post Mortem––]

6/5/1299, Writ for IPM of John Gyffard of Brymmesfeld. Salop: Petone. 2 messuages with 2 tofts … John his son, aged 12, is his next heir. Gloucester: Brymmesfeld. The manor … Baggeworthy. The manor … Stonhouse. The manor … Stoke Giffard. The manor … Rochamton. The manor … Oxford: Bureford. The township with a hamlet … Hereford & Wales: Yskennyn. The commote … Wilts: Scharenton. The manor … Wynterborne Elistone. The manor … Orchestone St. George. A capital messuage … Broghtone. The manor … Aysstone. The manor … Estone. The manor … [Lands held of inheritance of Maud Lungespeye] Salop: Corfham. The castle, … Margaret countess of Lincoln aged 30, Katherine the wife of Nicholas de Auditheley aged 27, Eleanor Giffard aged 24, and Maud Giffard aged 22, daughters of the aforesaid Maud Lungespeye, are her next heirs. Hereford: Clifford. The castle, … Wales: Brenthles. The castle, … Glasbury. The manor … The Commotes of Perveeth … (S) CIsPM.

6/27/1299, Order to take into the king's hand the lands which John Gyffard, deceased, held in chief by the courtesy of England of the inheritance of Maud Lungespeye, sometime his wife. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P33. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton, 1857, P162. (S) A Genealogical History of the Dormant …, Burke, 1866, P231. (S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4. (S) The Victoria Hist. of the Co. of Surrey, V3, P108.

Children of William and Maud:

i. Margaret de Longespee, born ~1250 in England.

12/23/1256, Wereas … agreed upon between Edmund de Lacy and William Lungespe for a marriage between Henry the firstborn son and heir of Edmund and Margaret the firstborn daughter and heir of William … Commanded to Maud late the wife of the said William to cause the said Margaret to be delivered … the said William being dead.

Margaret married Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln.

10/23/1299, Order to deliver to Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, and Margaret his wife, firstborn daughter and heir of Maud Lungespeye, sometime the wife of John Gyffard, to wit, the castle, honour and manor of Clyfford with the hamlets of Meddelwode and Brodemedwe, co. Hereford. (S) CFRs.

Children of John and Maud:

i. Katherine Giffard (23641865), born 1272 in England.

ii. Eleanor Giffard (5910053), born 1275 in England.

iii. Maud Giffard, born 1277 in England.

Maud married William de Genevill, s/o Lord Geoffrey de Geneville.

10/23/1299, Maud Gyffard, 4th sister and heir of the Maud Lungespeye … (S) CFRs.

Child of John and Margaret:

i. John Giffard of Bremesfeld, born 1287 in England.

10/2/1299, Order to take into the king's hand the lands late of Adam de Benetham, deceased, tenant by knight service of the heir [John] of John Giffard of Brimmesfeld, tenant in chief, a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

1311-21, John, “le Rych”, summoned to parliament. [In records before his father died he is called “the younger”.]

3/11/1322, Writ of aid for Edmund, earl of kent, … and John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, appointed to arrest Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … John de Moubray, Bartholomew de Badelesmere, Roger de Clifford, John Giffard of Brymesfeld, Henry Tyes, John de Wylyngton and Henry de Wylyngton, and all of their company, and to besiege and take the said Thomas’ castle. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, John, a supporter of Thomas of Lancaster, captured at the battle of Boroughbridge.

1322, John hanged for treason at Gloucester.

2/12/1327, IPM of John Giffard, otherwise John de Brymmesfeld. Gloucester: … John son of Fulk le Straunge and of Eleanor (5910053) his wife, sister of the said John Giffard, and James son of Nicholas de Audeleye, son of Katherine (23641865), another sister of the said John Giffard, are his next heirs; and the said John le Straunge (2955026) was aged 19 years at Christmas last, and James de Audeleye (11820932) aged 14 years at Michaelmas last. (S) CIsPM. [John had extensive lands in various counties.]

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