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Monday, August 10, 2020

Baron Roger de Mortimer & Lady Matilda de Breuse

 4997432. Baron Roger de Mortimer 4997433. Lady Matilda de Breuse

~1226, Maud born in England, d/o 47279586. William de Braose & 47279587. Eve Marshall.

1231, Roger de Mortuo Mari born in Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales; s/o 9994864. Ralph de Mortimer & 9994865. Gladys Dhu ferch Llywelyn ap Iorwerth.

12/1245, Matilda a coheir of her maternal uncles Walter and Anselm, who both died the same month.

1247, Roger paid 1000 marks to have livery of his lands before full age.

[––Roger & Maud––]

By 1248, Roger married Maud.

2/15/1248, Restitution to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Maud his wife, William de Cantilupo and Eva his wife, and Humphrey de Boun and Eleanor his wife, of the castle and town of Haverford, as the right and inheritance of the said Maud, Eva and Eleanor … lands late of Walter Marshal, earl of Pembroke … (S) CPRs.

6/28/1248, Margaret late Countess of Lincoln … recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to …, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife. (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relating to Ireland, V1, 1875.

5/26/1250, A charter records the restoration of property, granted to Margaret Countess of Lincoln, to …, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife. (S) Cal. of Doc’s of Ireland, V1, 1875.

1253 at Winchester, Roger, Baron of Wigmore, knighted by Henry III.

8/6/1253, Roger, with King Henry, left for Gascony from Portsmouth in a flotilla of 300 ships.

10/23/1253, Henry’s army in camp at Benauge, France [east of Bordeaux].

8/12/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Bordeaux, France.5/10/1257, Mandate to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, …, Reynold son of Peter, Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Walter de Clifford, … Thomas Corbet, John Lestrange, John son of Alan, Fulk son of Warin, Griffin son of Maddoc and Ralph le Botiller, to be of counsel and aid to John de Grey, appointed by Edward the king’s son to keep the march of Wales … and to be captain of his army … (S) CPRs.

1/1255, King Henry to England.

1258, Roger on the side of the barons in the beginning of the revolt, led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester.

6/1258, Roger a witness to King Henry signing Provisions of Oxford. [Parliament granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform. A “Council of 15” to be formed to enforce the reforms.]

2/27/1259, Whereas a covenant was made between Roger de Mortuo Mari and Maud his wife, demandants, and Humphrey de Bohun the younger and Eleanor his wife, deforicants, touching the purparty of Maud of the inheritance of William de Brehusa, father of Maud and Eleanor, whose heirs these are . … (S) CPRs.

4/1259, Roger made a member of the King’s Council [of 15].

7/29/1259, Appointment of Roger de Monte Alto, … touching interruptions of the truce made between Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, and Roger de Mortuo Mari … (S) CPRs.

5/20/1260, “Grant to Barons of Cinque Ports, in recognition of their praiseworthy service in transporting the King to France and bringing him back, … Witnesses: … Roger de Mortuo Mari, …” (S) UKNA.

8/1/1260, Roger de Mortimer one of the vassals to the crown summoned to muster at Shrewsbury with horses and arms against Lewellyn ap Griffith. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7-8, 1858, P26.

1261, Roger held a tournament at Kenilworth where 100 knights participated before a large crowd with many ladies. (S) Berkeley Manuscripts: Abstracts and Extracts, Fosbroke, 1821, P103.

12/7/1261, Notification that the king has made peace with the barons, and they are not to be charged with anything unless any of the following have not put his seal to the said peace withing 15 days, … [Roger Bigod] the earl Marshal, [Simon de Montfort] the earl of Leicester, [John (23639780)] the earl of Warenne, Roger de Mortymer (4997432), Hugh le Despenser (11819496), William Bardolf (243382144), John de Burgo, Henry de Hastinges (11820100), John le Fiz John, Robert de Vespont, William de Muntchenesy, John le Fiz Alezn (47279552), Nicholas de Segrave (121688174), Geoffrey de Lucy. (S) CPRs.

11/23/1263, Roger given protection for participation in the Welsh war.

12/24/1263, John FitzAlan, Roger de Mortimer, John de Verdun, James de Audeley, and Hamo le Strange named Keeper’s of Salop and Staffordshire.

4/6/1264, Roger with Henry III when they took Northampton, capturing Simon’s 2nd son.

5/14/1264, Roger fought at the battle of Lewes for the King, but was not captured. King Henry, Richard, and Lord Edward, and Henry of Almain were captured by Gilbert de Clare. An estimated 2700 died.

1264, Localized warfare began in England between the forces of Roger de Mortimer (4997432), (with the King’s permission), and those of Simon de Montfort. (The capturing of each other’s manors and castles.)

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

7/7/1264, Safe conduct … for … Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Roger de Leiburn, Roger de Clifford, Warin de Bassinburn, …, and other knights … together with their household, horses and good which they bring with them. (S) CPRs.

11/10/1264, Roger and his son Ralph attacked Hereford.

8/25/1264, Whereas a certain ordinance or provision of peace has lately been made in the march of Wales between Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester …, and other barons on the one part, and Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele and their co-marchers on the other part, … (S) CPRs.

12/19/1264, Mandate to Roger de Mortuo Mari to deliver without delay John le Despenser, lately taken in the assault had at Northampton [many others also named in various writs], and in his keeping … (S) CPRs.

6/1265, Roger conceived the plan and furnished a horse that allowed Lord Edward to escape from Hereford Castle. The Prince came to Wigmore Castle. Roger and Roger de Clifford fought off Edward’s pursuers as the prince approached.

6/28/1265, … Whereas Edward the king’s son and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, together with John de Warenna, William de Valencia, Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele, and other rebels now hold certain towns and castles throught the land … (S) CPRs.

8/4/1265, Roger, supporting Lord Edward at the battle of Evesham Worcester.  Roger killed Simon de Montfort. He killed him with a lance blow to the neck. He cut off Simon’s head and had it sent to his castle at Wigmore. Roger also killed Hugh le Despenser, creating animosity for several generations between the families. [There are other knights who also are credited with killing Simon.]

5/15/1266, Roger defeated by the Welsh at Brecon. [Lord Edward was finishing off the rebel forces.]

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; …; Roger de Mortuo Mari; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

6/21/1267, Licence for life for Roger de Mortuo Mari to sport with 3 goshawks along all the rivers of England. (S) CPRs.

1/1268, William [de Beauchamp] of Elmley and Salwarpe, Worcestershire wrote his will: … for my soul and the souls of Isabella my wife and Isabella de Mortuo Mari and all the faithful dead, … executors, Roger de Mortuo Mari, William, his eldest son, earl of Warwick, … (S) Register of Godfrey Giffard, V1, 1902, P8.

1/1/1271, John FitzAlan, Roger’s son-in-law, at the instance of Roger, granted a pardon on 100 mark fine of all his debts to Hagin fil. Master Mosseus, a Jew of London.

11/16/1272, Edward ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1272, After the death of Henry III, Roger named a regent until the return of Prince Edward from the crusades.

5/18/1272, Roger promised one of his son-in-law John FitzAlan’s castles and 100 librates of lands to hold during the minority of his grandson Richard. [In August he was assigned the manor and castle of Clun.]

1273, Roger given wardship of his grandson Richard FitzAlan.

8/23/1273, Maurice son of Gerald, deceased, … held the barony of Offaly of Roger de Mortuo Mari and Matilda his wife, William de Cantilupo and Eva his wife, Humphrey de Bohun and Eleanor his wife, daughter of Eva de Breus, fifth heir of Walter and Anselm, the Marshals, by service of 12 knight’s fees. (S) CPRs.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

9/1274, Pleas before the king. Roger de Mortimer, naming his wife Matilda, testified in the suit of Thomas de Clare against William de Valence over 1,200 marks and the custody of the castle and honour of Leghey. (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relating to Ireland, 1877, P183.

11/12/1275, Order to the sheriff of Buckingliam … the manor of Crendon … of William le Marescal, earl of Pembroke, … has fallen to the pourparty of the heirs of Eva de Browse (47279587), sister and one of the heirs of Walter le Marescal, brother and heir of the said William … deliver the same to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Maud (4997433) his wife, Eudo la Zuche and Millicent (2500243) his wife, John de Hasting (5910050) and Humphrey de Boun (11819896), heirs of the said Eva, … (S) CFRs.

12/26/1276 at Cirencester, Power to Roger de Mortuo Mari to receive into the king’s peace all the Welsh who may wish to come into the same, security having been first accepted for their good behavior, and to enter in a truce with all Welsh who in the hope of coming to the king’s peace may wish to enter into such truce. (S) CPRs.

12/6/1277, Roger one of the knights conducting Llewellyn ap Griffin, Prince of Wales, to London.

7/5/1278, Roger de Mortuo Mari, lord of Wigmore, and Sir John de Segrave. Roger has granted to John and his issue the abutment and fishpond of his mill of Stottesdone above Roger's land in his chase of Wyre, which mill is situated above the water of Doules which divides Roger’s land from John’s. (S) UKNA.

1/7/1279, Order to Bevis de Knovill, bailiff of the lands of Keddewy and Kery and constable of Dolvoran castle, to deliver the said lands and castle to Roger de Mortuo Mari … to hold in fee by the service of 3 knights' fees. (S) CFRs.

1279, Roger hosted a jousting tournament of 100 knights at Kenilworth to celebrate the end of his military career.

6/24/1280, Order to …, keeper of the bishopric of St. Davids, to deliver to Roger de Mortuo Mari the keeping of the manors of Glascom and St. Germans. (S) CFRs.

1280, At Kingsland, Herefordshire, Roger died; buried at Wigmore, Herefordshire.

[––Matilda––]

1/6/1281, Grant to Matilda de Mortuo Mari of some wardship worth £60 yearly for 5 years … (S) VPRs.

3/28/1281, Pardon to Matilda de Mortuo Mari and others of her household for taking a buck and a doe in the forest of Whitlewode. (S) CPRs.

11/5/1281, IPM of Roger de Mortuo Mari, the elder. Gloucester: Aure. Land, rent and fishery …  Edmund his son, aged 30 and more, is his next heir … Somerset: Odecombe. 2 parts of the manor  … Bruges Walteri. The castle, with a third part of the borough … Pembroke: Nerberd. The lordship and foreign demesne … Nerberd. The lordship … Carmarthen: St. Clare. The lordship … Maud his wife is next heir of the third part of the town which was of her inheritance … [most of these properties held of the inheritance of Maud his wife] … Kildare: [many properties and knights’ fees] … Carlow: … Kilkenny: Coyketle. 53 burgages … (S) CIsPM.

7/12/1283, Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Radenouere, at the instance of Matilda de Mortou Mari, their lady, of murage for 7 years. (S) CPRs.

2/12/1284, Grant to Matilda de Mortuo Mari … of land to the value of 60£ for 5 years … Magoer, late of William de Mohun, … (S) CPRs.

 9/5/1284, Matilda de Mortuo Mari, staying in England, nominating … [the same persons as nominated by the executors of the will of Roger de Mortuo Mari.] (S) CPRs.

2/6/1287, The following have quittance of the common summons of the eyre … Matilda de Mortuo Mari … (S) CCRs.

5/12/1288, Commission of oyer and terminer … to enquire by the oath of the good men of the king's land of Cardigan, of Edmund de Mortuo Mari's (2498716) land of Melenith and Warthreygnon, of Matilda de Mortuo Mari's (4997433) land of Radenore and Elneyluthmenith, of Ralph de Tony's (2498734) land of Elnoylismenith, of John son of Reginald's land of Blenleveny, of Peter de Geynvill (2498718) and Theobald de Verdun's (4997380) land of Ewyas and Cantrebohan, touching the homicides, arsons, robberies and other felonies committed against the men of Buelt by Humphrey de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex's men of Brechon. (S) CPRs.

8/10/1292, Maud de Mortuo Mari has quittance of the common summons [of the eyre] for common pleas in co. Salop. (S) CCRs.

6/24/1294, “Debtor: John de Arundel, William de Higford {Huggeford'}, and Thomas de Rossall [of Ross Hall, St Chad's, Shrewsbury, Salop.], knights. Creditor: Maud Mortimer [of Salop].” (S) UKNA.

6/25/1297, Maud the heiress of William de Mortuo Mari, who died without heirs, and all his properties held of Maud. (S) IPM of William.

8/17/1297, Order to the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer to assign terms to Maud de Mortuo Mari at which she can pay the debts of her and her ancestors, …, the king having promised to do her grace herein. (S) CFRs.

5/8/1299, Letters for Matilda de Mortuo Mari, going to Ireland, nominating … (S) CPRs.

1299-1300, Thomas de Coker to grant rent in East Chinnock to the prior and convent of Montacute, retaining land in East Coker and Chinnock. Somers. Maud, late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, John de Hastinges, and William de la Zusche to grant land in Odcombe and advowson of the church there, … (S) UKNA.

4/1/1300, Matilda de Mortuo mari to have 10 oaks fit for timber in the king’s park of Pederton. (S) CPRs.

1301, Maud de Mortuo Mari died.

3/23/1301, IPM of Maud de Mortuo Mari. Wales: Radenoure. The castle and borough … Hereford: Kingeslone. The manor, … Edmund de Mortuo Mari her son, aged 40 and more, is her next heir. Gloucester: … Worcester: … Berks: … Buckingham: … Somerset: … (S) CIsPM.

[––Post Mortem––]

6/5/1303, Writ to the escheator to enquire what lands Roger, father of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, and Maud his mother held. Hereford: Wygemore. The castle and manor … by a whole barony by service of 2 knights in Wales in time of war, and 1 knight in England in time of war. Radenore. The castle and manor … held by Maud de Mortuo Mari, the said Edmund’s mother … owing the service of 1 knight in time of war in Wales. Gloucester: … of the inheritance of Maud … Salop: Clebury Mortimer and Cheylmerch. The manor … Leyntwardyn. The manor, … Somerset: … Bridgwater. The castle with a third part of the town, was held by the said Maud of her own inheritance … (S) CIsPM.

(S) Queen Isabella, Weir, 2005. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton, P258.              

Children of Roger and Matilda:

i. Edmund de Mortimer (2498716), born 1249 in England.

ii. Robert de Mortimer, born ? in England.

1287, Robert died.

7/21/1287, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to deliver to Isabel de Mortuo Mari, sister of Robert de Mortuo Mari, deceased, the manor of Hamcastell whereof Robert enfeoffed her long before his death. (S) CFRs.

iii. Isabel de Mortimer (23639777), born ~1250 in England.

iv. Isolda de Mortimore (60845651), born ~1264 in Wales.

v. William de Mortimer, born by 1266 in England.

10/20/1287, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to deliver to William de Mortuo Mari, kinsman of Robert de Mortuo Mari, deceased, the manor of Little Wodeham … found by inquisition that Robert enfeoffed William thereof long before his death, and that William had seisin thereof. (S) CFRs.

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