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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Baron William de Breuse & Lady Maud de St. Valery

 189118344. Baron William de Breuse & 189118345. Lady Maud de St. Valery

~1145, William born in England, s/o 79958018. William de Braose & 79958019. Bertha de Hereford.

1150, Maud born in England, d/o §§Bernald de Saint Valery IV (fl.1149-50) & Eleanor de Domnart, s/o §§Reginald de St. Valery (d.~1162). (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, Richardson, 2011, P313.

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.

1172, William of Briouze owed the service of 3 knights for the honour of Briouze [between Falaise and Domfront] as a fief of King Philip Augustus. (S) Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 1963, P489.

1173, The Welsh chieftain Sitsyllt ap Dwfnwal captured William’s Abergavenny castle.

1173, William’s father, “Black William”, Lord of Bramber, sheriff of Hereford, died.

[––William & Maud––]

By 1174, William married Maud.

1175, William de Broase, junior, [in retaliation for the murder of his uncle, Henry de Hereford] murdered Seisyllt ap Dyfnwal, lord of Castell Arnallt, a Welsh stronghold a few miles to the southeast of Abergavenny. Soon after the castle was restored by King Henry II, William invited Seisyllt to a feast, and then murdered him and his companions. William then captured Seisyllt’s castle, taking his wife and killing his son.

6/29/1175, William de Braose and William, earl of Gloucester, enjoined to defend the King’s subjects against the Welsh.

1176-77, William confirmed a gift to the Hospitallers.

3/1179 at Gloucester, William de Broase, junior, witnessed the king’s confirmation of the foundation of Westwood abbey by Richard de Luci.

1179-88, [No records. During this time William likely in Ireland. 1122-23, King Henry I had given his paternal grandfather the Kingdom of Limerick. 1171-72, William’s father was active in Dublin.]

1/29/1188, at Winchelsea, ‘Et in liveracione Alani filii Alani et nautraum de navi Willmi de Braiose quanto missa …’ [A record of the ship master at Southampton.]

9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.

~1190, King Richard I granted William the whole kingdom of Limerick, Ireland, for 60 Kt. fees.

1191, William de Braiose appointed sheriff of Hereford. (S) Medieval English Sheriff, Morris, 1968, P163.

1191, John de Monmouth (23634242) a minor in the custody of William de Briouse, John’s maternal uncle, for a fine of 1000 marks.

1191-2, William building a castle at Knighton, Wales. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

3/4/1193 at Cardiff, William witnessed a charter of John, count of Mortain [future king], to Margam abbey.

1193-96, William attempted to conquer the land of Elfael. [Ireland.]

1194-5, Willm de Brewes petit versus Oliverum de Tracy ut teneat finem suam de medietate baronie de Bernstable … (S) Report and Transactions – Devonshire, V34, 1902, P729.

1195-6, William de Braose entered into an agreement with Oliver de Tracy the younger where by he acquired all the estates of the Honour of Barnstaple, excepting Fremington, and 5 knights’ fees.

1196, William repeated the above events with another Welsh chieftain.

~1197, William granted the manor of Cotswolds. (S) The Cotswolds, Verey, 2002, P685.

4/6/1199, William with King Richard I when the King was wounded in a skirmish at Chalus-Chabrol, France.

5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.

1199, William de Broase paid scutage for John de Monmouth, still a minor.

1199, William, lord of the rape of Branber, Sussex; Marcher lord of Radnor, Builth, Brecon and Abergavenny; baron of Briouze [between Falaise and Domfront on Orne], Normandy.

1200, William authorized by King John to add as much land to the barony of Radnor as he could at the expense of the Welsh.

1/1201, For a fine of 5000 marks, William granted the honour of Limerick in Ireland; excepting the city of Limerick and the lands of William de Burgh. [William was later granted the city of Limerick for a fine of 100 marks.]

1202, William given custody of the Beauchamp barony of Elmley in Worcestershire, and the Marcher lordships of Glamorgan and Gower; making William a major baron. William began a land stuggle with Gwenwynwyn of Powys that would continue for several years.

8/1/1202 at the battle of Mirebeau, France, Arthur of Brittany was captured by William who was in the service of King John. Arthur was besieging the town in Anjou and had Eleanor of Aquitaine [King John’s mother] trapped in the castle.

4/2/1203 at Molineaux near Rouen, France, William disclaimed any further responsibility for prisoner Arthur of Brittany, turning him back over to King John. [William may have had firsthand knowledge that King John soon after killed his nephew Arthur in a drunken rage.]

4/16/1203 at Falaise, William witnessed a letter that was then delivered to Queen Eleanor telling her that her grandson Arthur of Brittany was dead.

5/5/1203 at Porchester, “William of Briouze” a witness of King John’s charter of Queen Isabel’s dower lands in England and Normandy. (S) Epistol√¶.

By 1203, William had demised much of his English and Welsh lands on his son William.

12/1203 at Barfleur, France, William and William Marshall were part of the retinue accompanying King John on his return to England.

5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … ; Henry de Bohum, Earl of Hereford; W. de Braosa, … William Briwerr, Hugo de Neville, … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.

1204, William lost his Normandy estates to King Philip Augustus, who was conquering a large area of France under English rule.

12/14/1204, King John ordered a distraint against Ranulph, Earl of Chester who was aligned with Gwenwynwyn of Powys in Wales, who was engaged in war against William de Broase.

1205, King John gave the castle of Totnes to William.

1206, Peter fitz Herbert, ‘curialis’, brought a suit  coram rege against William de Braose for a third of the lordship of Brecon.

2/1207, William de Braose stripped of his custody of Gamorgan, replaced by Falkes de Breaute.

1207, A tenant of the honour of Bramber brought a recognition against William the elder for 4 knights’ fees. William responded that he could not comply because his son William held the land.

1208, King John asked for William’s son William as a hostage [a common event to guarantee loyalty], but his wife Maud refused and fled with young William to Scotland [apparently knowing what he did to his nephew Arthur]. William rebuked his wife and apologized, offering to make any satisfaction to the king short of delivering up hostages.

1208, William de Braose fled to Ireland under a letter of feudal propriety written by William the Marshall [denying knowledge that he knew of a conflict between the King and William when he let him leave.] (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P239.

9/1208, The Braose family tenants made an agreement with Gerard d’Athee, representing King John, that they would not return service to their overlord.

1209, William met with King John in Wales to talk of a peace agreement. [It did not help that William was behind in his payments of the fines associated with Ireland. William was somewhat protected because he was allied with the earl Marshall, and with the “de Lacy” family.]

1210, William had to flee England for Ireland.

6/10/1210, King John going to Ireland, supported by 9 of the 19 largest Broase family tenants, landed at Waterford, and looked for rebel William. King John recieve homage from the Irish Chieftains who helped in the quest. William escaped, but his wife and son [Maud & William, and a daughter] were captured [probably in Scotland].

1210, William agreed to a fine of 40,000 marks for ransom for his family. He traveled around England with a member of the exchequer and collected the first payment.

9/1210, William allowed to visit Maud in prison at Bristol.

1210-11, King John had William’s family transported to Windsor Castle [Berkshire] and put in a dungeon. Maud and her eldest son were starved to death. [This caused resentment among the barons who felt John had gone too far. In 1562 it was published that Lady Maud, wife of Lord William de Breuse, … Touching the death of the said ladie … in the castell of Windsor, she was found dead, sitting betwixt her sons legs, who likewise being dead, sate directlie up against a wall of the chamber, wherein they were kept with hard pitance.’ (S) Southey’s Common-Place Book, Warter, 1851, P174.]


William fled to France.

8/9/1211, William died at Corbeil, France; buried at St. Victor’s Abbey, Paris, France. His funeral was conducted by Stephen Langton.

(S) King John, the Braoses, and the Celtic Fringe, Holden. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Children of William and Maud:

i. William de Brewes (121685152), born 1175 in Bramber, Sussex, England.

ii. Margaret de Braose (19989749), born 1177 in England.

iii. Leuca de Brewes (60848453), born 1181 in Bramber, Sussex, England.

iv. Reginald de Breuse (94559172), born 1182 in England.

v. Giles de Braose, born ? in England.

1200, Giles created the Bishop of Hereford.

1213, Giles returned from France with other exiled bishops.

1215, Giles, supporting the barons’ revolt, advanced up the Wye river taking Radnor, Hay, Brecon, Builth and Blaenllyfni castles in Wales.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

10/1215, Giles returned to royal allegiance.

1215, Giles died.

vi. Loretta de Baose, born ~1185 in England.

Loretta married Robert, earl of Leicester, s/o 79958026. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 79958027. Petronilla de Grandmesnil.

vi. Annora de Braose, born ? in England.

Annora married Hugh de Mortimer [No children.]

vii. Bertha de Breuse (60848481), born ~1195 in England.

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