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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl William d’Aubigny & Countess Mabel of Chester

 973530514. Earl William d’Aubigny & 973530515. Countess Mabel of Chester

~1175, William born in Arundel, Essex, England, s/o 94562562. William d’Aubeney & 79958113. Maud de St. Hillary.

~1179, Mabel born in England, d/o 39979010. Hugh de Meschines & 39979011. Bertrade de Montfort.

9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.

12/24/1193, William succeeded his father as earl of Arundel.

1196, William, earl of Sussex, rendered £100 for his relief of his lands in Norfolk. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1844, P177.

[––William & Mabel––]

~1198, William married Mabel. [‘comes Cestrie’ gave land in Calswah, Lincolnshire to ‘comiti de Arundell in maritagium cum sorore sua.’] (S) FMG.

4/6/1199, King Richard died in Normandy.

5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.

7/10/1203, the Bishop of Norwich was granted a fair at King’s Lynn, Norfolk with the proceeds to be shared with William, Earl of Arundel.

9/8/1203, The King to Geoffrey fitz Peter … command you make the Earl of Arundel [William d’Albini] to have all the land which the wife of John de Humet held in feud of the said Earl. (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P282.

1203-04, King Philip of France captured many English land holdings on the continent.

5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … G. Fitz-Peter, earl of Essex; Earl Roger le Bigot; W. Earl of Arundel; A. de Veer, Earl of Oxford; Henry de Bohum, Earl of Hereford; W. de Braosa, … William Briwerr, Hugo de Neville, Robert de Trasgoz, Robert de Veteriponte, … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.

5/7/1204, King John ceded to William, earl of Arundel, the custody of the land and heirs of William de Muntkanes. (S) The Genealogist, 1918, P181.

9/3/1204, Charter for a fair and market to William de Albini, earl of Arundel at Wymondham, Norfolk.

5/1205, King Philip of France granted the continental lands of William, earl of Arundel, to Richard  of Argences. (S) Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 1999, P331.

1205, King John granted the Earl William of Arundel custody of the land of Wade in Southampton, lately belonging to Juliana de Wade.

12/25/1205, King John celebrated at Oxford with William Marshall, Earl William of Salisbury [John’s half brother], and the earls of Chester, Sussex (William) and Surrey.

1206, King John gave the lordship of Fakenham, Norfolk, to William de Albiny, earl of Arundel. (S) History of the County of Norfolk, Blomefield, 1807, P93.

1207, William, earl of Arundel, in an assize de fossato levato in Norfolk with Earl Roger Bigod. (S) Colonial England, Holt, 1997, P231.

8/1209, King John sent a letter to William, earl of Arundel, by Alberic [the messenger]. (S) Justiceship England, West, 2005, P186.

1210, William de Albini a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse.

7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.

5/15/1213, William witnessed King John’s concession of the kingdom to the Pope. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P194.

5/24/1213, From: Geoffrey Fitz Piers (189118338), earl of Essex, justiciar; Reginald, count of Boulogne; Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester; William, earl of Warenne (and Surrey); William the Marshall, earl of Pembroke. To: William d'Aubigny, earl of Arundel; William, earl of Ferrers; William Bruwere; Robert de Ros; Gilbert son of Renfed; Roger de Mortuo Mari; Peter son of Herbert. They will ensure that King John will observe the terms of the settlement made between him and the Church in England. (S) UKNA.

1214, King John invaded France trying to recover lost English lands.

7/27/1214, a Sunday, An alliance of England, the Holy Roman Empire and rebellious French principalities supporting Otto IV of Germany against King Philip, at the battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders. King Philip’s forces defeated the alliance, which had a much larger force, in 3 hours. This battle completed the loss of English lands on the continent.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta. William a supporter of King John.

1215, Prince Louis of France [future VIII] was approached by a group of English barons headed by Geoffrey de Mandeville who offered support in the overthrow of King John of England. Prince Louis sent 140 knights to England to make plans with his English allies.

10/1215, William, having been entrusted with the royal castle at Pevensey, and being under siege by Gilbert Laigle, requested reinforcements from King John. [William held the castle.] (S) Battle Conference, 1995, P193.

5/20/1216, Prince Louis crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops. Louis quickly captured all the Cinque Ports except Dover. Louis captured the town of Lincoln, but not the castle.

6/14/1216, King John abandoned Winchester to the forces of Prince Louis. William changed his allegiance to Louis.

1216, King John forfeited William’s estates and granted them to his nephew Renfred de Arundel.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/20/1217, Prince Louis’ forces, combined with loyal English barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall.

7/14/1217, William pledge support to King Henry III and had his estates restored.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. [A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.]

5/15/1218, Herbert French, merchant of the King of France , gives the king two tuns of good French wine for summoning … for summoning W. earl of Arundel to be before the aforesaid justices … to answer Herbert for 10 m. that he owes him. (S) FRsHIII.

1218, William departed on a crusade. [Others English earls attending the crusade were Earl John de Lacy, and Earl Saire de Quincy. Many Counts from the continent also attended.]

5/24/1218, William with other crusaders [who arrived at various time] left Acre to attack Damietta, Egypt [the town that guarded the entrance to the Nile].

8/17/1218, The fortress protecting Damietta fell to the crusaders.

9/1218, The cursaders began the siege of Damietta.

11/1218, A storm halted progress of the siege and the crusaders began winter preparations.

1/27/1219, Order to the sheriff of Lincolnshire to place in respite the demand he makes against William d’Aubigny for the debts that he owes the king. (S) FRsHIII.

2/1219, The crusaders had completely isolated the city.

11/4/1219, The crusaders entered the city to find only 3000 of about 80000 remained, most of them sick.

1220, Most of the crusaders started the return trip home.

2/1/1221, William, Earl of Arundel, died at Cainell, near Rome, Italy while returning from the crusade; buried at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk. (S) Anatomy of a Crusade, Powell, 1986, P117.

4/3/1221, Order to the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to take into the king’s hand without delay all lands formerly of the earl of Arundel, who is dead. (S) FRsHIII.

(S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Reliquary, V1, 1888, P162. (S) DNB, Vs1-63, Lee, 1885, P234.

Family notes:

Undated charter: “Wilielmus comes Sussexiæ” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna … et Willielmi patris mei filii reginæ Aeliz, et Matildis matris meæ.

9/12/1283, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to deliver to Ralph de Crumwell and Margaret his wife, John le Strange, Walter de Suly and Mabel his wife, and Maud late the wife of Henry de Erdington, coheirs of a 4th part of the inheritance of Hugh de Albiniaco, earl of Arundel, the manor of Olneye … which manor, late held by Isabel de Albiniaco, sometime countess of Arundel … (S) CFRs.Children of William and Mabel:

i. William D’Aubigny, born ~1199 in England.

2/1/1220, William succeeded his father as earl of Arundel.

3/12/1221, William d’Aubigny has made fine with the king by one good palfrey for having custody of the land with appurtenances in the bailiwick of the sheriff of Lincolnshire formerly of Henry de Neville , and for having the marriage of Hugh, son and heir of the same Henry. (S) FRsHIII.

4/12/1221, William d'Aubigny, son of the earl of Arundel, owes the king £100 for his relief and has the king’s letters for having seisin of the lands formerly of the same earl, his father. (S) FRsHIII.

12/1223, William of Aubigne, earl of Arundel, attended the king’s Christmas court at Northampton. (S) Dawn of the Constitution, Ramsay, 1908, P34.

Bef. 8/7/1224, William died, buried at Wymondham priory, Norfolk; his brother Hugh succeeding.

ii. Matilda d’Aubigny (189120781), born ~1201 in England.

iii. Isabel de Albini (94559105), born ~1203 in England.

iv. Nichole d’Aubigny (486765257), born ~1205 in England.

v. Cecily d’Aubigny (168448089), born ~1212 in England.

vi. Earl Hugh d’Aubigny, born ~1214 in England.

Hugh married Isabel de Warren, d/o William de Warenne & Matilda Marshall.

By 8/7/1224, Hugh, a minor, succeeded his brother William as earl of Arundel.

11/10/1234, Hugh d’Aubigny [still under age], brother and heir of William d’Aubigny, and one of the heirs of the earl of Chester, has made fine with the king for having seisin of the lands and tenements formerly of William, his brother. (S) FRsHIII.

5/10/1235, Hugh attained majority.

1/19/1236 at Westminster, Eleanor crowned Queen of England. Hugh de Albini the hereditary butler for the service. (S) English Coronation Records, Legg, 1901, P57.

5/7/1243, Hugh died; his sister Isabel’s son John his heir.

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