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Friday, August 28, 2020

Comte Baldwin V of Hainault & Comtesse Margaret I of Flanders

 94555204. Comte Baldwin V of Hainault & 94555205. Comtesse Margaret I of Flanders

~1145, Margaret born in Flanders, d/o 189110410. Thierry of Alsace, Count of Flanders & 189110411. Sybil of Anjou.

1151, Baldwin born in Hainaut, s/o 189110408. Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut & 189110409. Alix of Namur.

1157, Margaret’s father died; her brother Philip succeeding.

1167, In tournament at Neufchatel-en-Bray, William Marshall of England lost his horse to a retinue of Hainaut that included Baldwin. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P287.

4/1168 at Valenciennes, In the presence of his sisters, brother, and mother, Baldwin knighted by his father.

4/1168, Baldwin led a retinue at a tournament at Maastricht.

8-9/1168, Baldwin’s retinue defeat a Flemish retinue of Count Philip of Alsace at Ressons-Gournay. [Philip his future brother-in-law.]

[––Baldwin & Margaret––]

4/1169, Baldwin married Margaret; making a mutual support pact with the Count of Flanders, her brother.

1169, Baldwin and his father, with 700 knights of Hainaut, supported Henry, count of Namur and Luxembourg in war with Duke Henry of Limbourg.

1170, Baldwin participated in a tournament at Trazegnies. [And likely fought with his father at the battle of Carnieres.]

11/1171, Baldwin’s father became ill and died; Baldwin succeeding.

1172, Baldwin embarked on a grand tour of tournaments of norther France; Bussy-le-Chateau, Chalons-en-Champagne, … with 80 knights. [Later in the year Baldwin increased his team to 100 knights.]

1172, Baldwin of Hainault given the pecuniary fief of Kammerlehen from King Henry II of England. (S) Medieval Empire, V1, 1898, P274.

1172, Hendrik, duke of Limburg, attacked by the Henry, count of Luxembourg, and Baldwin, count of Hainaut.

1175, Baldwin was called to a tournament, which was really a trap, by French knights between Soissons and the castle of Braine. Baldwin arrived with 200 knights and 1200 foot. When no opposition appeared, Baldwin released most of the force and started for home when he was ambushed. Baldwin repulsed the ambush and killed several of the French knights. (S) War and Games, Cornell, 2002, P95.

1176, Baldwin of Hainault made a peace agreement with his brother-in-law Philip of Flanders to not build castles in the lands of their common marche.

1178, Giselbert of Mons became chancellor of Baldwin [and remained the chancellor for the rest of Baldwin’s reign.] (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, P210.

5/1179, Baldwin and the Count of Champagne swore to honor each other’s childrens’ marriages. (S) Capetian Women, Nolan, 2003, P79.

11/1/1179, Baudouin, count of Hainaut, accompanied by 80 knights, attended the coronation [while the king was still alive in Capetian tradition] of King Philip II Augustus. (S) Government of Philip Augustus, Baldwin, 1991, P6.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

1181, Queen Adela of France, Countess Marie, regent of Champagne, Baldwin V, count of Hainaut, and Count Philip of Flanders came to Provens in Champagne and renewed previous marriage pacts. (S) Chronicle of Hainaut, Napran, 2005, P76.

9/1182, Baldwin was at a tournament at Assche where his harness was stolen by Henry, son of the duke of Lovain; which began a war. Henry captured Hoesnaken from Baldwin. Baldwin assembled a large army of several Counts including Henri, count of Namur, to recapture the town. (S) Chronicle of Hainaut, Gislebertus, 2005, P80.

1/1183, Baldwin V and Duke Godfrey of Brabant agreed to a truce. (S) Social Politics of Medieval Diplomacy, Huggman, 2000, P114.

5/1184, Henry, count of Hainaut, and the Count of Flanders visited King Henry II in Normandy. (S) CH&I,H.II., P255.

1184, Baldwin assembled a team and entered a tournament at the imperial court of Mainz [Germany.]

1184, Philip, count of Flanders, marched into Baldwin’s city of Mons with an army of 500 knights, 1000 calvary, and 40,000 foot soldiers. Later Philip was joined by the army of the Archbishop of Cologne.

8/1184, Baldwin assembled a large army using many mercenaries in defending the castle of Binche against the forces of Philip of Alsace and the bishop of Cologne. [Baldwin fought a defense war by fortifying his castles.]

11/1184, After Baldwin held out under the siege, Philip, count of Flanders, pulled his forces from Hainault.

12/13/1184, Baldwin and Philip made a truce agreement.

4/1185, The was against Baldwin began again.

12/1185, Baldwin was paying off his mercenaries and sending his soldiers home to lands that had been devastated by the invading forces.

3/10/1186, Baldwin V, by treaty, recognized the cession of Vermandois to King Philip Augustus.

1186, Baldwin made an account of his debts for mercenaries, knights, and paid serjeants, which totaled 41,000 Valenciennes pounds. (S) Mercenaries and Paid Men, France, 2008, P290.

1187, Baldwin, count of Hainaut, issued 2 charters confirming gifts to the abbey of Ninove. (S) Do Ut Des, Arnoud-Jan, 2007, P171.

1188, Baldwin V, with 300 knights, 30,000 horsemen and footsoldiers,  attacked and captured Henri L’Aveugle, Compte de Luxembourg, who had a force of 240 knights and 20,000 footsoldiers. (S) The Art of Warfare in Western Europe, Verbruggen, 2002, P164.

1189, Baldwin, count of Hainaut, brought forces to the aid of the Count of Looz,  his relative, against the Duke of Louvain.

10/1189, Archbishop Philip of Cologne, and Philip, count of Flanders, held a 3-day meeting near Brussels to make a peace agreement between Duke Henry of Brabant and Count Baldwin of Hainault.

11/1189, Baldwin assembled and army and besieged Merlemont, capturing it in 6 days. Baldwin then began a 7-week siege of the monaster of Floreffe.

6/1190, Baldwin made peace with his uncle the Count of Namur and Luxembourg.

1190, Baldwin became count of Hainaut, and marquis of Namur.

10/1190, Baldwin at the siege of Acre. (S) Joscelyn III, Nicholson, 1973, P184.

6/1191, Margaret’s brother Philip of Alsace died on crusade; Margaret’s husband Baldwin succeeding. Baldwin became Baldwin VIII of Flanders.

1191 at Liege, Baldwin and Henry, duke of Louvain, were reconciled through mediation of the Emperor.

2/1192 at Peronne, Baldwin signed the Treaty of Arras recognizing King Philip’s title to Artois. Baldwin did homage for the part of Flanders he held of France. (S) Philip Augustus, Hutton, 1896, P93.

1194, Henry, duke of Lothier; Henry, duke of Limburg, the Counts of Holland, Juliers, Dasburg, and Viaden; allied with Henri, duke of Brabant, lost a battle against Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut & Flanders.

11/1194, Margaret died.

1195, Baldwin, Count of Hainaut & Flanders, died.

(S) Chronicle of Hainaut, Gislebertus, 2005. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Church, 2007. (S) Western Warfare, France, 1999.

Family notes:

·         1160s-80s, Baldwin V was as famous as William Marshall as a great champion of tournaments. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P13.

Children of Baldwin and Margaret:

i. Isabelle of Hainaut (94555249), born 4/5/1170 in Hainaut.

ii. Baldwin of Constantinople (47277602), born 7/1171 in Flanders.

iii. Henry of Flanders, born ~1273 in Flanders.

1205, Henry’s brother Baldwin, Emperor of Constantinople, died.

8/20/1206, Henry crowned the Latin Emperor of Constantinople.

2/4/1207, Henry married Agnes de Montferrat.

1209, Byzantine Emperor of Constantinople Theodore (94555258), allied with Kaloyan of Bulgaria, attacked Emperor Henry’s forces.

10/1211, Henry defeated Theodore. [1219, Theodore married Yolanda’s daughter Marie.]

1213, Henry married Maria of Bulgaria.

6/11/1216, Henry died.

iv. Yolanda of Flanders (94555183), born ~1175 in Flanders.

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