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Saturday, August 22, 2020

Duke Godfrey of Bouillon & Duchess ‘Rohese’ de Mandeville

 319834740. Duke Godfrey of Bouillon & 319834741. Duchess ‘Rohese’ de Mandeville

9/18/1060, Godfrey born in Belgium, 2nd s/o 756441724. Eustace II of Boulogne & 756441725. Ida of Lotharingia.

~1065, ‘Rohese’ born in France d/o §§Baron Geoffrey de Mandeville born. [By timeline she is a sister of 319837348. Baron Geoffrey de Mandeville. Son William named his daughter ‘Rohese’.]

1076, Godfrey inherited the county of Verdun and the castle of Bouillon on the death of his maternal uncle, Godfrey the Hunchback.

4/1076, Godefroi, Markgraf van Antwerpen, Lord of Bouillon. [Godfrey heir of his uncle Godfrey the Hunchback, who died without heirs.]

~1084, Godfrey married ‘Rohese’.

1086, Geoffrey [de Boulogne] son-in-law of Geoffrey de Mandeville.

1087, Godefroi installed as duke of Lower Lotharingia by King Konrad of Germany.

1095, Godfrey took the crusaders’ cross for the 1st crusade. Godfrey sold his estates of Rosay and Stenay on the River Meuse and pledged the castle of Bouillon to the Bishop of Liège to fund the expedition.

9/1096, Godfrey left on the crusade.

11/1096, Eastern Roman Emperor Alexius [Comnenus] captured a crusader leader and held him prisoner until he swore an oath of vassalage. The forces of Godfrey of Bologne, future king of Jerusalem, pilaged the land,

4/1097, Godfrey attacked Constantinople [unsuccessfully], ultimately leading to a treaty between Alexius and the crusaders.

6/1097, The crusaders reached Nicea, joining a siege in process, while being harrassed by mounted archers of Kilij Arslan [who’s wife was in the city]. The city fell. Before moving on, the crusaders divided into 2 divisons, taking parallel roads through Turkey. Godfrey was co-commander of one of the divisions.

6/30/1097, Half the forces a day ahead of the other half encamped in a valley near Dorylaeum in Aisa Minor. The next morning they were attacked by archers of Kilij Arslan. Forming a defensive perimeter, they held off the attack until the Moslems were suprised by the arrival of the 2nd half of the force and had to flee, leaving behind horses and camels, as well as treasure. The crusaders then moved south. During this part of the journey Godfrey was attacked by a bear, pulled from his horse and mauled before the bear could be killed. (S) Crusaders, Jones, 2019. P69.

6/3/1098, In a swift assualt through gates opened by crusaders that had scaled the walls at night, Antioch fell. The next day they were attacked by a Moslem army of Kerbogha, who laid siege to the city. [During this time they discovered the lance that was used to pierce the side of Jesus – which they saw as divine intervention on their part.]

8/1098, The Fatimids of Egypt captured Jerusalem.

6/7/1099, The crusaders reached Jerusalem. Godfrey a leader at the siege.

7/15/1099, The crusaders captured Jerusalem. God was at the top of the siege tower put up against the inner wall.

7/22/1099, Godfrey elected 1st Latin ruler of Jerusalem. [‘Advocatus Sancti Sepulchre.’]

8/12/1099, The crusaders won the Battle of Ascalon.

7/18/1100, Godfrey, ‘crusader king’ and ‘baron of the Holy Sepulcher’ died [Possibly poisoned, or died from the wound of an arrow.]

Family notes:

Torquato Tasso (fl.1500s) made ‘Goffredo di Buglione’, the hero of his epic poem “Jerusalem Delivered”.

1711, Godfrey is in Georg Friedrich Händel's opera ‘Rinaldo’ as Tasso's ‘Goffredo’.

Children of Geoffrey and ?:

i. William of Bouillon (159917370), born ~1086 in France.

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