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Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Earl Aubrey de Vere & Countess Agnes of Essex & Countess Euphemia de Cantelupe

 189118256. Earl Aubrey de Vere & 189118257. Countess Agnes of Essex & 79959339. Countess Euphemia de Cantelupe

~1117, Aubrey born in England, s/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere & 1512946707. Alice Fitz Richard.

~1134, Euphemia born in England, d/o §§Baron William de Cantelupe. (S) Monasticom Anglicanum, V4, 1849, Dugdale, P439. (S) Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1854, P467. (S) FMG – ‘William de Cauntelo’

12/22/1135 at Winchester, the Archbishop of Canterbury crowned Stephen King. In a coup Empress Matilda’s 1st cousin Stephen de Blois became King, violating his oath to Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and throwing the country into civil war.


1136-37, Aubrey married Beatrice, d/o Henry, constable of Bourburg, at Pas de Calais.

1138, Beatrice’s grandfather, Manasses, count of Guînes, died. Aubrey travelled to Guînes, doing homage to Thierry, Count of Flanders, and was made Count of Guînes in right of his wife.

1139, Aubrey de Vere became count of Guines. (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.

9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester.

1140, Ording, abbot of Bury St Edmunds, to Aubrey, count of Guines, … all the fee and the service which his uncle, Robert de Vere holds of the honour of St. Edmund, by the service of 1.5 knights; … (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.

2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln.

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

5/15/1141, Aubrey’s father slain by a mob in London.

6/24/1141, Empress Matilda had to flee London [to Oxford.]

7/25/1141 at Oxford, Baldwin de Redvers 1 of 5 of comital rank that were guarantees for an agreement involving Empress Matilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de Vere. Aubrey would receive Colchester castle, and would receive the title Earl of Oxford.

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester.

11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester [her half-brother.]

12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King.

1142, Aubrey, 1st Earl of Oxford by Empress Matilda [later confirmed by King Henry II].

~1143, Agnes born in England, heir & d/o §§Henry of Essex (b.~1120, fl.1156-63, d.~1164).

Bef. 1145, Aubrey returned as a supporter of King Stephen. (S) Law and Government in Medieval England, Garnett, 1994, P291.

1144-46, Beatrice’s father arranged for a divorce from Aubrey, with his consent. Aubrey no longer held the title Count of Guines.


5-6/1146, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at the siege of Wallingford.

1146, Earl Alberic and his uncle Robert de Vere, constable, and Henry de Essex witnessed a royal charter in favour of Norfolk abbey of St. Benet of Hulm. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1879, P20.

6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never returning to England.

[––Aubrey & Euphemia––]

By 1151, Aubrey married Euphemia de Cantelupe. King Stephen and his wife, Queen Maud, gave the manor of Ickleton, Cambridgeshire, as Euphemia's marriage portion. [Euphemia was a lady in waiting of the Queen.] (S) Queens of the Conquest, Weir, 2017. [The gift of the manor of Icklington is documented in the undated charter below.]

4-6/1152, Queen Mathilde of England [wife of King Stephen] died on a visit to Aubrey de Vere at Hedingham castle.

9/1153-54, Countess Euphemia, with the consent of her husband the Earl Alberic, gives 100s from her manor of Icklington to the monastery of Colne for the health, body, and soul of Stephen, King of England, and for the souls of Queen Matilda (d.5/3/1152), and Earl Eustace (d.8/1153), their son. (S) Index to the Additional Manuscripts: with those of the Egerton Collection, British Museum, 1849, P466. (S) A Corner of Kent, Planche, 1864, P272. [‘Comite Alberico et Gilberto de Veer’ witnessed the charter.]

4/1154, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at his Easter court.

10/25/1154, King Stephen died.

12/19/1154, Henry II, s/o Empress Matilda, succeeded King Stephen of England.

By 1154, Euphemia died, buried at Colne priory.


1155, Aubrey offered 500 marks to succeed to his father’s office as master chamberlain [an honorific title.] (S) Henry II: New Interpretations, Harper-Bill, 2007, P298.

1/1156, Aubrey granted a charter by Henry II that gave him his ‘third penny’ of the pleas of the county.

1/1158 at Newcastle upon Tyne, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal charter to Hubert de Vallibus.

1160, Aubrey made a grant to Colne priory, Essex.

12/25/1160 at Le Mans, Earl Alberic with King Henry and Queen Eleanor in their Christmas court.

[––Aubrey & Agnes––]

~1162, Aubrey married 3rd Agnes.

6/1163, Henry of Essex, the coward at the battle of Ewloe, forfeited all his lands and became a monk.

1163, Aubrey attempted to divorce Agnes; but the pope refused to recognize the divorce. (S) Words, Names, and History, Clark, 1995, P60.

1166, Aubrey de Vere of Oxford, held 30 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed £20 on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

1166, Bishop Gilbert Foliot wrote the Pope about Aubrey’s divorce of Agnes. (S) Gilbert Foliot and His Letters, 1965, P236.

1172, The Pope threatened Aubrey with excommunication over divorcing his wife, Agnes of Essex. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P242.

11/4/1176 at Winchester, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal confirmation of an agreement between William de Roumare, and Burgeise and Emma, sisters of William Bruere.

6/1177, A grant by Geoffry de Scalariis to Waltham attested by Earl Alberic, and Alberic his son.

8/28/1178, Earl Aubrey de Vere, Hugh de Cressy, William de Vere, Richard fitzNeal the Treasurer, and Roger Bigod witnessed a charter at Waltham in favor of the Canons of St. Osyth, at Chich, Essex.

3/1185, Aubrey of Vere, earl of Oxford [Comite Albrico] a witness of the confirmation of lands of the canons of Butley. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P105.

9/29/1185, Isabel, daughter and heir of Walter de Bolebec, age 9, in the custody of Earl Alberic of Oxford. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1840, P-CVIII.

1186, Earl Aubrey de Vere had land in the settlement ‘de socagio de Noretone’, Suffolk. (S) The Agrarian History of England, V2, Thirsk, 1967, P604.

1188, Earl Alberic attended a suit involving the Earl of Clare at hundred of Risbridge. (S) Life of Sir William Wallace, Carrick, 1840, P16.

9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England. Earl Alberic [Albricus comes] attended the coronation. (S) Chronicle of the Reigns of Henry II and Richard I, Stubbs, 1867, P80.

1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, and Great Chamberlain to King Richard I. (S) History of England, Cruise, 1815, P51.

1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, founded a Benedictine nunnery at Heningham, with revenues of £29 12s 10d. (S) History of the Protestant Reformation, V2, Cobbett, 1834, P68.

1191, Aubrey paid a fine of 500 marks to the king, “for the sister of Walter de Bolebec, to make a wife for his son.”

1193, Earl Aubrey contributed to the release of captured King Richard I.

1193-94, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, brought and action to recover a manor. (S) Judges, Administrators & Common Law, Turner, 2003, P257.

12/26/1194, Aubrey “the Grim” died; his monument’s inscription describes him as the “Earl of Ghisnes and 1st Earl of Oxford.”


Agnes, surviving Aubrey, paid a fine to not be forced to remarry.

(S) King Stephen, King, 2010. (S) CH&I.H.II..

Child of Aubrey and Beatrix:

i. Godfrey de Vere, born ~1140 in France.

Godfrey died before his father.

Child of Aubrey and Euphemia:

i. Alice de Vere (39979669), born ~1151 in England.

[Alice does not fit the timeline to be the d/o Agnes. They are about the same age. Alice fits perfectly into the timeline of Euphemia. “Histories” indicate “no known children” of Euphemia.]

Child of Aubrey and Agnes:

i. Aubrey de Vere IV, born ~1162 in England.

1194, Aubrey succeeded his father.

Aubrey married Isabel Bolebec, niece of like-named Isabel Bolebec, d/o Isabel’s brother Walter. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, Farrer, 2018, P128.

Aubrey fought with Richard Lionheart in Normandy, and later commanded King John’s forces in Ireland.

1196-98, Albric de Ver witnessed 2 deeds of his older sister Alice’s husband.

1203, Aubrey, earl of Oxford, a witness to King John’s specification of Queen Isabela’s dower. (S) Epistolæ.

1207, Isabel died.

1209–1214, Aubrey the sheriff of Essex and Herefordshire.

1213, Aubrey a “Privy Councilor”.

1214, Aubrey died without legitimate issue, his brother Robert succeeding him.

Son: Roger de Vere, died as a crusader at Diemetta in 1221. (S) Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall.

ii. Robert de Vere (94559128), baptized 1164 in England.

iii. Henry de Vere, born ~? in England.

1214-22, Henry died.

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