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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl David of Huntingdon & Countess Maud de Blundeville

 79958030. Earl David of Huntingdon & 79958031. Countess Maud de Blundeville

~1148, David born in Scotland, youngest surviving s/o 159916060. Henry of Scotland & 159916061. Ada de Warenne.

5/24/1153, Malcolm IV succeeded King David I of Scotland.

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.

1160-62, William and his brother David, and their mother Ada, witnessed a charter of King Malcom to the abbey of Newbottle. [David would be at least 14 to witness this document.]

1163, David given to King Henry II as a peace hostage his brother King Malcolm IV. (S) Henry II, Warren, 1973, P183.

12/9/1165, Olderest brother King Malcolm IV died.

12/24/1165, William “the Lion”, age 22, crowned King of Scotland.

1171, Maud born in England, d/o 39979010. Hugh de Meschines & 39979011. Bertrade de Montfort. (S) Annales Cestrienses Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, At Chester.

4/5/1170, William, King of the Scots, and his brother David present at the Council of Windsor of King II of England.

5/31/1170 at Windsor, David knighted by King Henry II.

6/15/1170, at Westminster, King William of Scotland and his brother David did homage to the newly-crowned [the day before] young King Henry. [Since David also perfomed homage, William must have already created David as Earl of Huntingdon.]

4/1172, David, brother of the king of Scots, has given and granted Monorgan to Gilbert, nepos of Bishop Andrew of Caithness, in feu and heritage, for an annual render of a goshawk in its first year.

4/1173, David and his brother the King of Scotland joined in the revolt of the sons of Henry II. [Henry, the young King, made David the Earl of Huntingdon.]

1173, David sent to England by his brother King William of Scotland to aid the Earl of Leicester.

1/13/1174, The garrison of Leicester castle chooses David, earl of Huntingdon as it chief.

4/1174, David captured the castles of Knaresborough and Appleby, which were held by Robert de Stuteville.

7/11/1174, David’s brother King William ambushed and captured at the battle of Alnwick [and soon after, taken to imprisonment in Falaise in Normandy.]

12/8/1174, An agreement is formed between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of the English, son of the Empress Matilda [Treaty of Falaise]. King William becomes the liege man of the king against all men, for Scotland, … hostage … David, the King William’s brother.

8/1175, David a hostage for Scotland. David lost the earldom of Huntingdon, but retained the earldoms of Lennox and Garioch in Scotland, as well as the barony of Longforgan, and the towns of Bervie and Dundee.

8/10/1175, at York castle, William, King of the Scots, his brother David, and the bishops, abbots, and nobles of Scotland attend court and do homage to King Henry II and his son Henry, the young king.

1177, King William and his brother David witness an agreement between the monks of Dryburgh and Jedburgh.

1179, King William and his brother David entered Ross-shire where they built castles at Cromarty and Beauly Firth.

3/30/1180 at Haddington, A settlement by King William and his brother David as arbitrators of a dispute between the monks of Melrose abbey and Richard de Moreville.

4/1181, David attended King William on his travels to Normandy, landing at Barlfeur, to consult with King Henry about two bishops he had banished.

12/25/1184, King Henry held Christmas court at Windsor with Queen Eleanor, princes Richard and John, and the Duke and Duchess of Saxony, and David, brother of the King of the Scots, in attendance.

3/18/1185, At Clerkenwell [in London] a Great Council decides that King Henry should not go on crusade. William, King of the Scots, and his brother David, both to attended.

3/1185, The earldom of Huntingdon was returned by King Henry to King William who returned it to David. [The English noble, Simon de Senlis, holding the earldom of Huntingdon, died 1184.]

7/1/1186, at Carlisle, King Henry sent King William and his brother David to summon Roland fitz Uctred to court.

9/5/1186 at Woodstock, David attended the wedding of his brother King William to Ermengard de Beaumont.

12/25/1186 at Gildeford, David, earl of Huntingdon, attended King Henry’s Christimas court.

1187, Aaron the Jew, to whom David owed £300 died, and the English crown became the debtor.

2/11/1188 at Geddington, Charter of King Henry to the church of Bungay. Witnesses … Earl William of Sussex; Earl David, brother of the King of Scots; Ranulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Walter fitz Robert; Seher de Quinci; William Marshall; … Richard de Camville; …

4/13/1189, Earl David, brother of the king of Scots, has given and granted to St Andrews Priory one full toft in his burgh of Dundee.

9/3/1189 at Westminster, David carried the golden sword worn at the coronation of Richard I.

12/12/1189, King Richard, leading a large contingent of crusaders, departed on the 3rd Crusade. [David did not leave on crusade with the original group – see marriage date. King William did not have a male heir, so David was likely left behind in case William died on the crusade. By the legend of Robinhood, David would not have attended the crusade.]

1189-90, King William to Earl David, his brother; has granted quittance of all teinds and customs which church of St Mary of Aberdeen and bishops of Aberdeen used to have; in exchange for two measured ploughgates of land in Kennethmont.

1190, King Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade.

7/1190, The English and French crusading armies met at Lyons.

[––David & Maud––]

8/19/1190, David married Maud.

12/21/1192, Returning from crusade, King Richard was captured near Vienna.

1193, David witnessed a grant of Duncan, son of Gilbert son of Fergus, for Melrose Abbey. (S) POMS.

2/1194, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, and his brother-in-law David, Earl of Huntingdon, laid seige to the Castle of Nottingham in support of the crown.

3/12/1194, King Richard, having once more evaded capture after release from captivity, landed at Sandwich.

3/1194, Joined by King Richard, David and the Earl’s forces stormed Nottingham castle to end the siege. [Note the similarities with the story of Robinhood – return of King Richard, meets Robinhood at Nottingham forest. See Family notes.]

3/1194, David attended the Great Council of King Richard at Nottingham.

5/12/1194, David with King Richard when he sailed from Portsmouth with his army and siege engines for Barfleur, from which they traveled to Caen, then Bayeux, then Lisieux.

2/16/1195-6, David with King William’s grant to St. Nicholas’ Hospital.

9/29/1197, Earl David, brother of the king of Scots, has given and granted to Lindores Abbey the whole island that is called 'Redinche'.

3/20/1198, A papal bull was issued confirming David’s founding of Lindores abbey.

4/6/1199, King Richard died, naming his brother John as his heir. [King John fit the role of Prince John of the Robin Hood stories. See (23638784).]

1199, at Northampton, William Marshall, having returned to England, assembled barons to address their grievances, including David, earl of Huntingdon, associated with the succession of John to King Richard. [Those assembled held over 850 knights’ fees.]

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1199, Earl David stated in a lawsuit that he was not the heir of his grandfather King David I.

1199, David swore fealty to King John.

1200, The agreement made between Roger, bishop-elect of St Andrews, and Prior Bertram and the monks of Durham, in the presence of W[illiam], illustrious king of Scots, and Earl David, his brother, and other good men of Edinburgh, concerning the rights of the churches which the monks have in Lothian.

Aft. 8/1200, David escorted his brother King William to meet King John at York.

3-7/1202, Maud as countess of Huntingdon witnessed that Roger, bishop of St Andrews, for Lindores Abbey; makes known that Sir David, earl, brother of Sir William, king of Scots, has founded the abbey.

9/18/1202, Earl David has given and granted to St Andrews Priory land of Longforgan, with a half ploughgate of land which his predecessors gave the church of Longforgan in endowment.

12/1202, King John ordered his ministers to “give out dear Earl David all his charters and cyrographs of the debts of the Jews, whoever may have them, because we have acquitted him of them up to Christmas.”

1205, David did homage to his nephew Alexader II, heir apparent of Scotland.

3/22/1206-7, David witnessed a grant from King William to Earl Malcolm of Fife.

1206, Henry de Armenters (94556040) paid 5 marks for having judgment against David, Earl of Huntingdon, about the boundary between his vill of Burley and the Earl's vill of Exton.

7/6/1208, An agreement was formed between Patrick, earl of Dunbar, and the house of Melrose, …, the earl with the consent of Patrick, his son and heir, in the presence of W., king of Scots, and Earl David, his brother and other good men.

1210, David and his natural son Henry attended King John on his expedition to Ireland.

1212, David’s £300 debt owed the crown [from 1187] was forgiven.

1212, David “outlawed”, accused of taking part in a polt to kill King John.

8/1212, King John took David’s castle of Fotheringay and required his heir [John] as hostage.

2/25/1213, David witnessed a charter of King Wiliam to Arbroath abbey.

12/4/1214, David’s brother King William died.

12/5/1214 at Scone, David attened the coronation of Alexander II, age 16, as King of the Scots.

3/1/1215, David witnessed a charter of Alexander II to Arbroath abbey.

1215, King John created David the earl of Cambridge; and his heir and castle of Fotheringay restored.

1215, David sided with the barons against King John.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

3/14/1216, David’s English honors and lands revoked by King John.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

3/13/1218, David’s English honors were restored by Henry III.

6/17/1219, David died after a long illness at Yardley, Northamptonshire, England; buried at Sawtrey Abbey, Scotland.

(S) Scotland’s Historic Heraldry, McAndrew, 2006. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Scottish Review, V31, 1898, P127ff. (S) People of Medieval Scotland.

Family notes:

·         10/15/1238, Writ de intendendo to William de Forz and Christiana his wife, John de Bailliol and Dervorguil his wife, Isabel de Bruys, Henry de Hastinges and Ada his wife, … to make partition of the lands … late of J. sometime earl of Chester and Huntingdon … county of Chester. (S) CPRs.

·         After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290 when the legitimate line of William I of Scotland ended, David’s descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David’s daughters Isabel of Huntingdon and Margaret of Huntingdon respectively.

·         David is possibly the source of the legend of Robin Hood. A 14th century poem, Piers Plowman, speaks of “the Rymes of Robyn Hood and Randolf Erl of Chester.” The Earl being David’s brother-in-law. Other events in David’s life provide good circumstantial evidence for this idea. The chronicler Jordan said “David of Scotland … was a most gentle warrior, for never by him was robbed holy church or abbey, and none under his orders would have injured a priest.” Some of the legend may have been created by the French book ‘Histoire d’Oliver de Castile’ which has the Robinhood plot imbedded as a Scottish tale, published in 1482.

Children of David and Maud:

i. Margaret of Huntingdon, born ~1191 in Scotland.

1209, Margaret married 39979014. Lord Alan Fitz Roland [his 2nd].

By 1238, Margaret deceased leaving 2 daughters. [See Alan].

ii. Isabel of Huntingdon, born ~? in Scotland.

Isabel married Robert de Brus.

6/11/1238, Grant to Isabel de Bruys … of the inheritance of John, sometime earl of Chester, her brother, … (S) CPRs.

iii. John of Huntingdon, born ~? in Scotland.

1237, John died without issue. [Poisoned by his wife, d/o Llwellyn of Wales.]

iv. Ada of Huntington (23640201), born ~1205 in Scotland.

v. Dervorguil of Huntington, born ? in Scotland.

Dervorguil married John de Bailliol.

vi. Christina of Huntington, born ? in Scotland.

Christina married William de Forz.

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