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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl Henry de Beaumont & Countess Alice Comyn

 5910184. Earl Henry de Beaumont & 5910185. Countess Alice Comyn

~1270, Henry born in Maine, France, s/o 11820368. Vicomte Louis de Brienne & 11820369. Agnes de Beaumont.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]

~1290, Alice born in Buchan, Scotland, d/o 11820370. Alexander Comyn & 11820371. Joan de Latimer.

~1280, Henry, with brother Robert, Charles and Louis, and sister Isabela, brought to England by his cousin, Eleanor, Queen of England. They grew in the royal household with future King Edward II (b.1284).

1297, Henry served in Flanders.

7/22/1298, Henry fought at the battle of Falkirk. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. King Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but William Wallace (Braveheart) escaped.

1301, King Edward I granted Henry 200 marks a year for his military services.

1302, Henry fought with King Edward [his cousin] in Scotland, after which he obtained large land grants in Lincolnshire.

8/20/1302, Grant to Henry de Bello Monte, … for expenses incurred on the king’s service, of 200£ … (S) CPRs.

9/19/1303, Confirmation of a sale … to the use of Henry de Bello Monte, …  for ten marks … (S) CPRs.

1304, Henry at the siege of Stirling castle.

3/2/1305, Confirmation of a sale … for 50 marks, … to the use of Henry de Bello Monte, … (S) CPRs.

9/21/1307, Henry granted the estates in Lincolnshire of Gilbert de Gant [who died in 1298]. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

10/16/1307, Henry de Bello Monte granted a market in Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

1308, Henry knighted; and appointed Joint Warden of Scotland.

1308, Alice coheir with younger sister Margaret to their father, inheriting lands in Leicestershire and Warwickshire.

1308, Robert Bruce ravaged the Comyn lands in Buchan, Scotland.

1308-1332, Henry, Lord Beaumont, summoned to parliament by writ.

1309, Henry summoned as a Baron.

10/10/1309, Commission of oyer … on complaint by Alice de Bello Monte … Pritelwelle, co. Essex. (S) CPRs.

10/26/1309, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte to grant in fee his manors of Flokyngham, Edenham, … co. Lincoln, held in chief, to this sister Isabella, late the wife of John de Vescy, and for her to re-grant the same to him … (S) CPRs.

3/21/1310, Grant, for life, to Henry de Bello Monte of the castle and county of Rokesburgh, … to answer at the Exchequer at Berwick for the issues … (S) CPRs.

[––Henry & Alice––]

1310, Henry married Alice [likely in England]; in her right becoming Lord of Whitwic, Leicestershire, and 4th Earl of Buchan in Scotland.

1310, Grant to Henry of the lordship of the Isle of Man revoked because of a previous agreement.

1/22/1311, Acqittance, … for Henry de Bello Monte for all sums charged against him in the books of the wardrobe during the period in which he was engaged in the war in Scotland on the service of the king of his late father, … also for replacing his own and his men’s horses. (S) CPRs.

5/1/1311, Grant, for life, to Henry de Bello Monte of the king’s Isle of Man, rendering for it the same services as the late lords thereof rendered to the kings of Scotland. (S) CPRs.

7/14/1311, Grant to Henry de Bello Monte, who has married Alice, one of the nieces and co-heiresses of [their uncle] John Comyn [Earl of Buchan], of the custody of the manor of Whitewyk, co. Leicester, during the minority of the heirs. Master William Comyn surrendered to the kin this manor, which John Comyn his brother, sometime earl of Boghan, had held in chief, … it is the inheritance of Alice and Margaret, the nieces and co-heireses of himself and his late brother [Alexander, their father]. (S) CPRs.

1311, Henri the Constable of the Castle of Dumfries when it was captured by Robert de Bruce. (S) History of the Burgh of Dumfries, McDowal, 1867, P111.

1311, Henry and his sister Isabel de Vescy banished from court for a short time by the lords Ordainers. [They did not like the influence of the “foreigner” on the king.]

1/30/1312, Appointment … of Henry de Bello Monte and Robert de Umfraville, earl of Anegos, to the custody of the castle and town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, … conservators of the peace for the county of Northumberland. (S) CPRs.

1312, Henry with Edward II and highly influential Piers Gaveston in Yorkshire.

1312, Henry given wardship of Alice’s younger sister Margaret.

4/26/1312, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte to crenellate his dwelling-house at Folkyngham, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

5/1/1312, Henri de Bello Monte’s grant renewed as the Governor of the Isle of Man for life with knight’s fees. (S) The Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys, Goss, 1874. [Parliament later annulled the grant.]

8/3/1312, Protection, until Easter, for Henry de Bello Monte, going beyond seas on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

12/14/1312, Grant to Henry de Bello Monte of the custody of the purparty of Margaret [sister of Alice], one of the heiresses of John Comyn, late earl of Bogham, … with knight’s fees, advowsons, … (S) CPRs.

4/28/1313, To Edmund de Hastinges, keeper of the town of Berwick-on-Tweed and constable of the castle … Order to deliver Isabella, late the wife of John, Earl of Boghan, to Henry de Bello Monte or William de Felyng, his attorney, to be guarded … (S) CCRs.

1313, The Lady Alice, countess of Buchan, a lady of the Queen’s chamber, given a winter robe. (S) The Household Book of Queen Isabella, Blackley, 1971, P157.

1313, Henry and his sister Isabel acquired the revision of manors in Oxfordshire.

6/24/1314, Henry fought on the side of the English at the battle of Bannockburn and was subsequently deprived of his earldom by King Robert de Brus of Scotland. A victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

9/1314, Henry opened parliament at York with the earl of Pembroke and the Bishop of Exeter. (S) CPRs, 9/7/1314.

1/2/1315, Henry at the funeral of Piers Gaveston.

5/13/1316, Henry de Bello Monte, going beyond the seas, has letters nominating … (S) CPRs.

10/12/1316, Henry de Bello Monte given letters of protection. (S) CPRs. [Henry was sent on several missions by the King to treat with Scotland.]

1317-21, Alice heir to her sister Margery.

5/4/1317, Henry de Bello Monte, superior keeper of the bishopric of Durham. (S) CPRs.

1317, Henry instrumental in the appointment of his brother Louis as Bishop of Durham.

9/1317, While traveling to Durham for Louis’ consecration, Henry , Louis and 2 Cardinals taken prisoner by Sir Gilbert Middleton. [Apparently released soon after.]

6/12/1318, Grant … society of the Bardi of Florence … for £300 paid by them to Henry de Bello Monte for his stay with men at arms in the Marches of Scotland … (S) CPRs.

3/15/1318, Eleanor de Clare, the Queen Isabella’s chief Lady-in-waiting, with others including Alice Comyn and Ida de Oddingseles attended Queen Marguerite’s funeral at Greyfriars Church. [The King’s step-mother.]

6/25/1319, Grant … to Henry de Bello Monte and Alice his wife of the king reversion of the manor of Thoresweye, … co. Lincoln, … which Isabella de Vescy, the king’s kinswoman, holds for life … (S) CPRs.

1320, Henry purchased the lordship of Ditchburn, Northumberland.

2/1321, King Edward issued writs forbidding unlawful assembly because he knew Earl Thomas of Lancaster was meeting with large groups of norther barons.

3/12/1321, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte to crenellate his dwelling place of Whitewik, co. Leicester. (S) CPRs.

4/24/1321, Grant by Louis, bishop of Durham, … witnesses, Sir Henry de Bello Monte, brother of the bishop, … knights, … (S) CPRs.

5/17/1321, Grant to Henry de Bello Monte of Alice’s sister Margaret’s purparty of their inheritance because Margaret “has adhered to the Scots and rebels”. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, Henry fought on the side of King Edward II at the battle of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and the Marcher Lords, against King Edward II and the Dispensers. The rebel forces of about 700 knights and men-at-arms, against about 4,000 in in the royal forces. An effective use of longbow against calvary. [Rebeling barons lost and retreated to Tutbury castle.]

7/2/1322, Writ of aid for Henry de Bello Monte, appointed warden of the Marches for the defence thereof against the Scots, … (S) CPRs.

10/14/1322, Henry one of 2 commanders of King Edward at the battle of Byland [20 miles north of York] against Robert Bruce. [This defeat compelled King Edward to recognize Scottish independence.]

5/30/1323, “Our Lord the King being at Bishopthorp near York … caused to be summoned before him at his council there … Edmund, Earl of Kent, his brother, … Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winton, … Hugh le Despenser, junior, … William le Ros of Hamelake, … to deliberate upon a certain truce between the said king and Robert de Bruce … amongst whom lord Henry de Bello Monte Baron, and sworn one of the king’s privy councilors was called … the said Henry with violent action and disrespectful demeanour, … unwilling to advise … king being troubled … commanded the said Henry to quit the council …” (S) Monumenta de Insula Manniae, Oliver, 1860-62.

6/5/1323, Henry ordered arrested for contempt and disobedience at a truce meeting the prior week.

8/1324, King Edward began the “War of Saint-Sardos” with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

1324, Henry sent by Edward II as an envoy to the king of France.

3/1325, Queen Isabella sent to France to negotiate with her brother, King Charles IV. [The Queen proposed her son Prince Edward be given all his father’s land in France for which he would do homage. The Queen was not happy with the King and made excuses to not return to England. While there the Queen fell in love with Roger de Mortimer.]

6/13/1325, King Edward and his brother-in-law King Charles signed a truce agreement.

9/24/1325, Henry was an escort of Prince Edward (III) as he did homage at Vincennes, France to King Charles.

2-8/1326, Henry imprisoned at Warwick castle for refusing to pledge “to live and die with the Despensers”.

9/24/1326, Roger and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joining up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

10/1326, Henry, released from prison, joined Queen Isabella at Gloucester.

11/16/1326, Hugh le Despenser with King Edward and others captured in Glamorgan, Wales hiding in Neath abbey.

1/20/1327, King Edward II abdicated in favor of his son.

1/1327, Henry purchased the wardship and marriage of David de Strathbogie, a claimant to the earldom of Atholl in Scotland.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1327, After siding against Edward II, Henry and his wife received land forfeited by the Despensers.

1328, Henry turned against Queen Isabella when she made a truce with Robert the Bruce, which would prevent execution of Henry’s claims to the earldom in Scotland. Henry joined the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster.

1/1329, Henry de Beaumont and William Trussel with 2 others excluded from a pardon by Queen Isabella for supporting the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster. Henry fled to France.

9/15/1329, Grant to Bartholomew de Burgherssh of the manor of Whitewyk, co. Leicester, late of Henry de Bello Monte, … (S) CPRs.

Bef. 3/1330, Henry, still abroad, involved in the plot of the Earl of Kent to restore King Edward II [deceased] to the throne.

12/1330-2/1331, Henry de Percy recovered his possessions in Scotland under the Treaty of Northampton. [The lands of Thomas Wake, baron of Lydel, and Henry de Beaumont, earl of Buchan, were restored soon after.] (S) The Archaeological Journal, V41, 1884, P338.

1330, Henry traveled to Brabant where he found allies to plan an invasion of England. [Although Queen Isabella prepared forces, the invasion never took place.]

Aft. 10/18/1330, King Edward III, now in power, having captured imprisoned his mother and her lover Roger de Mortimer, recalled Henry and other exiles from abroad and restored their lands.

12/19/1330, Henry de Bello Monte appeared in chancery to acknowledge a recognizance remaining of £800 [of £2000 previously borrowed from him.]. (S) CCRs.

1331, King Edward III applied [unsuccessfully] to King David II of Scotland to restore Henry’s earldom in Scotland.

9/1331, John Stratford (4211200) and William Montague (30422278) and Henry de Beaumont (5910184) sent to France to organize a treaty of marriage with King Philip. [Unsuccessful.]

1331, While in France, Henry contacted exiled Edward Bailliol, s/o John Balliol, whom King Edward I had overthrown as King of Scotland. [See 8/10/1332.]

11/28/1331, Appointment of John, bishop of Winchester, the chancellor, Henry de Bello Monte, the king’s kinsman, William de Monte Acuto, … knights, … as proctors and special messengers of the king to treat with Philip, king of France, or his deputies, touching a journey to the Holy Land … to arrange for a meeting between the two kings in France to make allicance. (S) CPRs.

3/25/1332, Association of … John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, and Henry de Bello Monte, baron, with Geoffrey le Scrope and the other justices of the King’s Bench … (S) CPRs.

6/11/1332, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte and Alice his wife to lease the manors of Lutteburgh and Wihitwik, co. Leicester, held in chief, to whomsoever they will, for twelve years. (S) CPRs.

8/1332, Henry de Beaumont, with 2000 soldiers in a private invasion in support of Edward Balliol’s claim to the crown of Scotland, in the night battle of Dupplin Moor. The English on the high ground devastated the Scots in an “arrow storm”. The crossfire involving archers would later be successful at Crecy. [Weeks later Edward Balliol crowned King of Scotland at Scone.]

8/10/1332, Appointment of Henry de Percy, the king’s kinsman, on information that Henry de Bello Monte and a number of men-at-arms have put to sea to make an attack upon Scotland in defiance of the king’s proclamations … (S) CPRs.

12/17/1332, Protection for Henry de Bello Monte, the king’s kinsman, going to Scotland on his service. (S) CPRs.

8/10/1332, Henry de Beaumont with 2000 English soldiers, in support of Edward Balliol’s claim to the crown of Scotland, in the night battle of Dupplin Moor. The English on the high ground devastated the Scots, commanded by Donale, earl of Mar, in an “arrow storm”. [Weeks later Edward Balliol was crowned King of Scotland at Scone.]

Bef. 10/17/1333, Henry created Earl of Moray in Scotland.

2/2/1333, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte and Isabella de Bello Monte [his sister], lady of Vescy, to demise to William de la Pole of Kyngeston-upon-Hull, … the manor of Barton, co. Lincoln. … (S) CPRs.

2/10/1333, Henry called to the Scottish parliament as Earl of Buchan, but was not awarded his estates in Scotland.

7/19/1333, Henry fought at the battle of Halidon Hill, , a small rise of 600 ft. 2 miles to the north-west of Berwick. Scots under Sir Archibald Douglas defeated by forces of Edward III. Henry was tactical advisor to King Edward of Scotland at the battle of Halidon Hill in Scotland. [The crossfire involving archers would later be successful at Crecy.]

10/1/1333, Request to Henry de Bello Monte to assist in procuring the assent of the Parliament of Edward de Bailliolo, king of Scotland, the king’s kinsman, now in session, to the agreements made … (S) CPRs.

10/20/1333 at Rokesburgh, Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Boghan, [with other earls] witnessed a charter of Edward king of Scots. (S) CPRs, 6/19/1334.

1333-39, Henry summoned to the English parliament as Earl of Buchan.

1/22/1334, Henry officially appointed Earl of Buchan. Henry repaired and strengthened the Comyn castle of Dundarg.

3/31/1334, Protection with clause volumus, for Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Boghan, staying in Scotland on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

1334, Henry heir to his sister Isabel, Lady of York.

12/23/1334, After a siege, Henry surrendered Dundarg castle in Aberdour. After paying a ransom, Henry and his family were allowed to return to England. [Henry borrowed 400 marks from the King for the ransom. (S) CCRs, 2/16/1338.]

1335, Henry and Alice returned to England.

7/25/1335 at Berwick-on-Tweed, Henry, earl of Bughan, witnessed a charter of Edward, king of Scots. (S) CPRs.

8/24/1335, Pardon to … Henry de Bello Monte … in consideration of his charges and services in the war of Scotland, … of all debts … saving only 400 marks which the king lately lent him at York for his deliverance from prison in Scotland. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1336, Grant to … Henry de Bello Monte, and Alice his wife, … manor of Lughteburgh, … (S) CPRs.

1/9/1337, Henry and his wife Alice were in a suit with the king over the advowson of the chuch of Walton, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

4/28/1337, £500 to Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Boughan, for his wages in the war with Scotland. (S) CCRs.

7/24/1337, Licence for Henry de Bello Monte to grant in tail to his son, John de Bello Monte, and Eleanor, wife of the latter, the manors of Edenham and Wellebourn, co. Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

2/10/1338, Pardon, … to Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Bpghan, … of all debts, as well as those of Alice, countess of Boghan, his wife, and her ancestors as his own, … (S) CPRs.

3/3/1338, Order to deliver to Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Boghan, and the countess his wife, the tower without and near the king's castle of York, because the earl is about to set out to parts beyond the sea in the king's company, and at his request the king has granted to the countess the easement of the houses in that tower for her stay there with her children, while the earl is in the said service. (S) CCRs.

1338, Henry, Justiciar of Scotland.

3/10/1340, Henry, knt. of Folkingham, Lincolnshire, Earl of Boghan [Buchan] died.


3/14/1340, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Henry de Bello Monte, earl of Boghan, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.

1340, IsPM of Henry de Bello Monte (Beaumont), Beumount or de Beaumound, late earl of Boghan or Boughan (Buchan): Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Northumberland, Yorkshire (includes agreement as to dower for the countess of Buchan). (S) UKNA.

5/10/1342, Licence for John de Bello Monte, knight, to enfeoff, … now held in dower by Alice, late the wife of Henry de Bello Monte, … to re-grant the same to him and Eleanor, his wife, … (S) CPRs.

1342, Alice’s son and heir, John, died in a jousting tournament. [His 2-year-old son Henry became the heir.]

1344, “Joan, widow of Ralph Basset, requests that the justices be ordered by writ to proceed with her plea against Alice by writ of dower concerning the third part of the manor of Loughborough.” (S) UKNA. [Alice (de Beaumont), widow of Henry de Beaumont.]

1347, “Alice, late wife of Henry de Beaumont” to send 6 men-at-arms and 12 archers to the king at the siege of Calais. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

7/3/1349, Alice died.

7/20/1349, Writ for IPM of Alice, late the wife of Henry de Bello Monte. Lincoln: Hekyngton. The manor and £40 yearly rent … Thoresway, Lyndewode and Steveton. The manors, … She died on Thursday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr last. The said Henry and Alice had a son John, their firstborn and heir, who died 6 years ago without heir of his body, born within the realm of England or the allegiance of the king of England. Thomas de Bello Monte, son of the said Henry and Alice, aged 24 years and more, is heir of the said Henry, Alice and John. (S) CIsPM. [John’s son Henry was born in France.]

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P61. (S) Chaloner’s Treatise of the Isle of Man, App. D. (S) FMG, The First English Duchess, 2004.

Children of Henry and Alice: [3 sons, 7 daughters]

i. Katherine de Beaumont, born ~1315 in England.

Katherine married David de Strathbogie. [A son born 1332.]

ii. John de Beaumont (2955092), born 12/1317, in England.

iii. Elizabeth Beaumont, born ? in England.

Elizabeth married Nicholas de Audley, 3rd Lord Audeley, s/o 5910466. Lord James de Audley & 5910467. Joan de Mortimer. [No childen.]

1391, Nicholas died.

2/19/1395, “Grant by George de Haukeston, kinsman and heir of Richard de Haukeston, his grandfather, to lady Elizabeth, late the wife of Nicholas de Audeley of Helegh, knight, John Tochet, knight and Hugh de Holes, of all his lands &c. in the county named: Salop.” (S) UKNA.

iv. Isabel Beaumont, born 1317 in England.

v. Joan Beaumont, born ~1323 in England.

Joan married Sir Fulk Fitz Warin. [A son born 1340.]

vi. Thomas de Beaumont, born 1324 in England.

viii. Joyce Beaumont (4194497), born 1325 in England.

viii. Agnes Beaumont, born ? in England.

1343, Agnes married to Thomas de Lucy, 2nd Lord Lucy.

ix. Beatrice Beaumont, born ? in England.

Beatrice married Charles I, Count of Dammartin.

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