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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl Henry of Lancaster & Countess Maud de Chaworth

 5909946. Earl Henry of Lancaster & 5909947. Countess Maud de Chaworth

1281, Henry de Lancaster born in Grosmont castle, Monmouthshire, England, s/o 11819892. Earl Edmund of Cornwall & 11819893. Blanche of Artois.

2/2/1282, Maud born in England, heir & d/o 11819894. Sir Patrick de Chaworth & 5909749. Isabela de Beauchamp.

7/7/1283, Maud, age 1 when her father died, became the ward of Queen Eleanor of Castile.

1285-6, Maud’s mother remarried to Earl Hugh le Despencer.

5/1286, Assignment by Eleanor, queen of Henry III, to her grandsons Thomas and Henry, sons of Edmund, earl of Leicester, in fee tail, with remainder to John their brother, of her hereditary portion of the county of Provence. (S) CPRs, 6/16/1335.

1290, Maud was living with the royal family, including Edward [II, age 6]. (S) Edward II, Warner, 2014, P22.

12/30/1291, Grant to Edmund the king’s brother of the marriage of Matilda daughter and heir of Patrick de Cadurcis, tenant in chief, to the use of Henry his son … (S) CPRs.

12/30/1292, After the death of Queen Eleanor, Maud’s marriage was granted to Edward I’s brother Edmund, Earl of Lancaster.

2/4/1294, … canons of the church of Motesfunte, which is of the patronage of Matilda daughter and heir of Patrick de Cadurcis, the king’s ward, … (S) CPRs.

[––Henry & Maud––]

Bef. 3/1296, Henry married to Maud.

3/2/1297, Grant to Henry de Lancaster and Matilda his wife, daughter and heir of Patrick de Cadurcis, that the said Henry may continue to pay the debts of the said Patrick … at the rate of 20 marks a year … (S) CPRs.

8/27/1297, Admittance of John de Dytton, keeper of Henry de Lancastre, the king’s nephew,  minor, who has gone beyond the seas with the king on his service, as his attorney. (S) CPRs. [King Edward left England with 500 ships to attack France and assert his rights.]

1297, Henry had livery of Monmouth.

12/15/1297, Henry with King Edward visited the city of Ghent [and then visited Brabant.]

7/22/1298, Henry fought at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

2/6/1299, Henry, Lord Lancaster, summoned to parliament.

1300, Henry at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Henry signed the baron’s letter to the Pope.

10/24/1302, Commission of oyer … touching the persons who broke the park of Henry de Lancastre, the king’s kinsman, at Weston … co. Southampton, … (S) CPRs.

1/28/1304, Pardon to Henry de Lancaster, the king’s nephew, in consideration of his service in Scotland, and to Matilda his wife, of the relief from them at the Exchequer for the lands late of Hawisia de London, the aunt [grandmother], and Payn de Cadurcis, the uncle of Matilda, whos heir she is. (S) CPRs.

1305, Henry wrote a letter to King Edward apologizing for not being able to attend court because he was ill. King Edward resonded that he would visit ‘to see and to comfort you.’ [Henry was the Earl of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby, and would eventually receive two more earldoms from his father-in-law.]

1306, Maud age 24 when her mother died.

2/9/1307, Henry pardoned for aiding in the escape from prison of John le Harper. (S) CPRs.

1307-09, Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth, his wife, seek justice and the recovery of the manor of Kidwelly in Wales as the inheritiance of Maud. (S) UKNA.

2/25/1308, Henry and Maud at the coronation of King Edward II.

11/1308, Henry left King Edward’s court.

1310, Henry, one of the barons that forced King Edward II to appoint Lords Ordainer.

1315-16, Henry and the Marcher Lords suppressed the rebellion of Llywelyn Bren.

Aft. 5/22/1318, Henry in France to received his brother John’s heritage.

9/28/1318, Remission to Henry de Lancastre, the king’s kinsman, who is staying in France to obtain the inheritance in that land which by the death of John de Lancastre, his brother, descended to him, of that service which he ought to have done in the army of Scotland. (S) CPRs.

5/8/1319, Henry de Lancastre, going beyond the seas. (S) CPRs.

6/6/1319, Notification … Henry de Lancastre fully excused … at Newcastle-upon-Tyne with horses and arms … staying by licence beyond the seas on important business. (S) CPRs.

1319, Maud, daughter and heir of Patrick de Chaworth, named in a petition of Henry de Lancaster. (S) UKNA.

1320, Henry joined the confederacy of Marchers against the Despensers, led by his brother Thomas.

8/21/1320, Simple protection until Midsummer for Henry de Lancastre staying beyond the seas. (S) CPRs.

8/1320-12/1322, Maud died; buried at Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire.

[––Henry––]

1/30/1322, Protection with clause volumus for 1 year for Henry de Lancastre, staying on the king’s service beyond the seas. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, Henry’s older brother Thomas defeated and captured at the battle of Boroughbridge [and then executed. Henry would become the Earl of Lancaster.]

4/9/1322, Henry de Lancastre, lord of the lands of Kedewelli and Karwathlan, to raise 200 footmen to be at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. (S) CPRs. [King Edward marched his forces into southeastern Scotland, but was immediately sent into retreat.]

10/14/1322, Henry with King Edward at the losing Battle of Byland, North Yorkshire, against Robert Bruce.

4/12/1323, Henry de Lancastre, lord of the lands of Kedwelly, Monemuwe, and Carwathlan, to raise 300 footmen to be at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. (S) CPRs.

7/8/1324, Henry de Lancastre, the king’s kinsman, lord of Grosmound. (S) CPRs.

8/21/1325, Henry Earl of Leicester going beyond seas with the king. (S) CPRs. [King Edward did not go, but sailing from Dover, Edward, age 12, was sent by his father to do homage to King Charles IV for his French lands.]

4/10/1326, Licence for Thomas Wake of Lydel, king’s kinsman, to enfeoff Henry de Lancastre, earl of Leycestre, … to regrant the same to him and Blanche his wife … (S) CPRs.

1326, at a meeting in Bristol, Henry Earl of Lancaster and Leicester.

Aft. 9/1326, Henry supported Queen Isabella against King Edward II, meeting up with her army at Dunstable where they seized the goods of Hugh le Despenser (5909748) the elder. [Hugh was holding Bristol for the King.] (S) Edward II, Warner, 2017, P217.

10/18/1326, Henry with Queen Isabella and her forces arrived outside of Bristol, which was being held by Hugh le Despenser, the elder. [The city fell on the 26th, and Hugh was executed on the 27th.]

11/24/1326, Henry at Hereford for the execution of Hugh le Despenser (2954874) the younger.

2/1/1327, Henry at the coronation of King Edward III.

2/3/1327, Grant to Henry, earl of Lancaster, the king’s uncle, of the marriage of William de Burgo, son and heir of John de Burgo, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.

2/28/1327, Henry, for service to queen Isabela, given the marriage of minor John de Mowbray [his future son-in-law.] (S) CPRs.

4/2/1327, Thomas de Berkeley and his brother-in-law John Mautravers (5910508) received charge of deposed King Edward II from Henry, earl of Lancaster. Removed from Kenilworth, Edward was taken to Berkeley castle. [Roger de Mortimer waited near Kenilworth with an armed forced.]

5/28/1327, Henry, earl of Lancaster, the king’s kinsman, going beyond seas in the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

6/1328, During a council held at Worcester Henry emerged as a leader of discontent. [Henry then refused to attend the Great Council held at York at the end of July. After the council at York, Henry did appear before the King at Barlings in Lincolnshire with an armed force of retainers.]

10/1328, Henry refused to attend parliament at Salisbury and started an insurrection.

11/5/1328, Henry told the Mayor of London that Edmund (2954858), earl of Kent, had told him certain things that he could not put in writing, but of which his messenger would tell him. [Supposedly about Edward II being alive.]

12/29/1328, A royal proclamation was made to proceed in arms against Henry of Lancaster.

9/12/1329, Henry going beyond the seas to France with King Edward III for the king to do his homage for Aquitaine.

1/20/1329, The forces of Henry and those of Roger de Mortimer (1249358) met at Bedford. By arbitration Henry agreed to financial penalties, although some of his supporters were forced into exile.

1/27/1330, Henry with the bishops of Norwich and Winchester proctors in negotiations with King Philip of France for the marriage of John, Philip’s eldest son, with Eleanor, the king’s sister. (S) CPRs.

4/2/1330, Henry had license to found a hospital for the poor in Leicester. (S) CPRs.

9/10/1330 at Nottingham, Henry, earl of Lancaster and Leicester, steward of England, … (S) CPRs.

10/18/1330, Roger de Mortimer, lover of queen Isabella, and defacto ruler of England, seized at Nottingham castle by King Edward III. Henry was present in the city providing support to King Edward who captured his mother.

11/29/1330, Inspeximus … letters patent … charter of Edward I … honor, town, and castle of Pontefract, upon Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, … with remainder to Edmund earl of Lancaster, … exemplified in favor of Henry, earl of Lancaster, son and heir of the said Edmund. (S) Ann. Rpt. Dep. Keeper, V31-32, P24.

12/12/1330, Pardon, with the assent of Parliament, to Henry, earl of Lancaster, of a recognizance in 30,000£ wherein he became bound … on submitting himself to the king’s will after the late rebellion at Bedford. (S) CPRs.

3/23/1331, Henry founded the College of the Annunciation of St. Mary in the Newarke, Leicester.

1332, After the fall of Mortimer, Henry was granted 500 marks yearly by King Edward III.

6/12/1334, Appointment, at the request of Henry, earl of Lancaster, the king’s kinsman, of Richard de Wylughby, … as justices in eyre … the earl’s forest of Pykeryng, co. York, … (S) CPRs.

8/14/1334, Licence for Henry de Percy to grant to Henry his son and Mary, daughter of the king’s kinsman, Henry, earl of Lancaster, in tail male, the manors of Foston, co. Leicester, and Tadecastre and Pokelynton, co. York, … (S) CPRs.

1335, Henry with the King at Newcastle-on-Tyne planning the invasion of Scotland.

11/12/1337, Licence for Henry, earl of Lancaster, to grant Isabella, his daughter, and Henry de la Dale, clerk, for the life of Isabella, the manor of Estgarston, co. Berks, … (S) CPRs.

4/22/1338, Licence for Henry, earl of Lancaster, to grant for life to the king’s kinswoman, Matilda, late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, of the manor of Melborune, co. Leicester. (S) CPRs.

4/10/1340, Commission to Henry, earl of Lancaster, William de Shareshull, … county of Stafford, touching a petition of the men of Lichefeld … (S) CPRs.

4/28/1341, Pardon, at the instance of Henry, earl of Lancaster and Leicester, … (S) CPRs.

1/13/1343, Matilda de Lancastria, countess of Ulster. On behalf of Henry earl of Lancaster her father, and Eleanor Beaumont her sister, that their confessor may give them plenary remission at the hour of death.

7/1/1345, Appointment of the king’s son, Lionel, as Keeper of the realm and the king’s lieutenant there, while the king is without the realm. Commission to J. archbishop of Canterbury, … Henry, earl of Lancastre, John de Warenna, earl of Surry, … to assist the said Lionel with counsel and aid. (S) CPRs.

9/22/1345, Henry, Earl of Lancaster, Lord of Beaufort, France, died; buried on the north side of the high altar of Newark Abbey, Leicester. Henry’s funeral was attended by Edward III, Queen Philippa, and Queen Isabella.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P483. (S) Edward II, Warner, 2017.

Children of Henry and Maud: [1 son, 6 daughters]

i. Blanche of Lancaster, born ? in England.

Bef. 10/9/1316, Blanche married Lord Thomas Wake, s/o 5909718. Baron John Wake. [Married without royal permission, Thomas was fined £1000.]

5/31/1349, Thomas died. [No children.]

1361, Blanch an executor of her brother Henry’s will.

Bef. 7/12/1380, Blanche died. [Her life spanned the reigns of 4 kings.]

ii. Duke Henry of Grosmont, born 1310 in Grosmont castle, Monmouthshire, England.

1330, Henry married Isabel de Beaumont, d/o Henry, lord Beaumont.

3/27/1332, Grant to Henry de Lancastre, the king’s kinsman, for the special affection which the king bears … his father Henry earl of Lancaster … 500 marks yearly … (S) CPRs.

1/1334, Henry attended the tournament at Dunstable.

3/18/1337, Grant to Henry de Lancastre, the king’s near kinsman, on his creation to be earl of Derby, of 1000 marks yearly … for the life of his father, Henry, earl of Lancaster. (S) CPRs.

1340, Henry of Lancaster, earl of Derby, requests right of possession to 80 acres of meadow and 80 acres of marshlands as part of his lordship of Kidwelly. People mentioned: Patrick de Chaworth, grandfather of Henry, Matilda [de Chaworth], mother of Henry. (S) UKNA.

1348, Henry the 2nd member knight of the Order of the Garter.

1351, Henry became Duke of Lancaster.

3/23/1361, Henry died.

Children:

·         Maud of Lancaster, born ? in England. Maud married the Duke of Bavaria.

·         Blanche of Lancaster, born ? in England. Blanche married John of Gaunt, s/o Edward III, and became mother of King Henry IV.

iii. Eleanor of Lancaster (2954973), born 9/11/1311 in England.

iv. Joan of Lancaster (2955081), born ~1312 in England.

v. Maud of Lancaster (30421183), born ~1314 in England.

vi. Mary of Lancaster (15210585), born 1320 in England.

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