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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl Hugh de Meschines & Countess Bertrade de Montfort

 39979010. Earl Hugh de Meschines & 39979011. Countess Bertrade de Montfort

1147, Hugh de Kevelioc, born in Kevelioc, Monmouthshire, Wales, s/o 79958020. Ranulph de Meschines & 79958021. Maud Fitz Robert.

12/16/1153, Hugh’s father died [poisoned] and he became heir to his family’s estates on both sides of the channel.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1155, Bertrade born in Leicester, England, d/o 79958022. Simon de Montfort III & 79958023. Amicia de Beaumont.

7/1155, Hugone Comite Cestriae a witness to a charter of King Henry II to the abbot and monks of Shrewsbury. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Ferrar, 1902, P284.

4/20/1158, Precept to Hugh, Earl of Chester ; and Matilda [Hugh’s mother], Countess of Chester, attested by Thomas the Chancellor. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P36.

1162, Notification by Hugh, Comes Cestrie (now of age, he received his father’s title), … confirmation of Countess Matilda’s grant of Rapenduna church to the Canons of Calc … (S) Desc. Catalogue of Debryshire Charters, Bemrose, 1906, P243.

1163, Hug. Com. Cestriae witnessed 2 agreements of King Henry with the Count of Flanders. (S) Tracts Written in Controversy …, V1, 1869, P-LXXII.

1/1164, Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: Robert count of I`eicester, Reginald count of Cornwall, Conan count of Bretagne, John count of Eu, Roger count of Clare, count Geoffrey of Mandeville, Hugo count of Chester [Hugh de Kevelioc], William count of Arundel, count Patrick, William count of Ferrara, …, and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.

1166, Hugh de Kevelioc, earl of Chester, his feif a palatinate; and viscount de Avranches and Bayeux. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P230.

1166, Hugh of Chester, held 198 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

1167, Hugh Cyveliok confirmed his father’s gift in frank almoign to the nuns of Grenfelt to the bishop of Lincoln.

1169, Hugh knighted.

1169, While living in Montfort, France, Hugh married Bertrade. [Bertrade a cousin of young King Henry, who “gave her away” at the wedding.] They lived in Kevelioc, Merionethshire, Wales.

1170, Hugh, earl of Chester, slew a great multitude of Welshmen, near the bridge of Baldert, “of whose heads one of the mounds at the hospital for the sick outside Chester is formed.”

1171, Hugh in Normandy.

1171, Hugh comfirmed the grants of his father to the abbey of St. Stephen’s in the diocese of Bayeux.

1171, Hugh made a gift in frank marriage of his daughter Amicia to Ralph Mainwaring.

4/1173, Earl Hugh part of the revolt of Henry II’s sons.

8/20/1173, Hugh was beseiged at the castle of Dol in Brittany and taken prisoner.

8/26/1173, Hugh, and 60 other knights, surrendered to King Henry II. (S) Chronicles of Robert de Monte, Torigni, 1856, P119.

1173, Hugh initially imprisoned at Falaise with the earl and countess of Leicester [79958026. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 79958027. Petronilla de Grandmesnil.]

7/1174, Hugh and the earl of Leicester were returned to England.

7/13/1174, Hugh defeated at the Battle of Alnwick in support of King William I of Scotland. (S) Historical Records of Bisley, Rudd, 1977, P10. [King William captured.]

8/1174, King Henry returned Hugh to Normandy and imprisoned him at Caen, and then again at Falaise [with King William].

9/30/1174, Through negotiations at Montlouis, King Henry II agreed to release all his prisoners except 4: the King of the Scots, the earl of Leicester, the earl of Chester [Hugh], and Ralph de Fougeres. (S) Henry II, Warren, 1973, P138.

10/1174, Hugh made peace with the king.

10/11/1174, Hugh a witness to the Peace of Falaise with William, king of Scotland. [King Henry to hold 5 key castles in Scotland.]

1/15/1177, The king held a great council at Northampton: Robert, earl of Leicester, and Hugh, earl of Chester, released from prison, are restored in blood honours. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P209.

3/16/1177, Hugh witnessed the Spanish award at a council held in London.

1177, Hugh served in King Henry’s Irish campaigns with William fitz Aldhelm.

6/13/1177, Hugh, earl of Chester, captured the whole of Bromfield with the assistance of David, the son of Owen, and a small body of men.

1180, The city of Chester caught fire and was significantly destroyed.

6/30/1181, Hugh, 3rd Earl of Chester, died in Leek, Staffordshire; buried next to his father.


Grant in fee by Bretteya, Countess of Chester, to Ralph Carbunel of Halton, for his homage and service, of half a knight’s fee which he held of the countess. (S) Reports of Commissioners, House of Commons, 1874, P8.

7/12/1189, Bertrade died in Evreux, Eure, France.

(S) Encyclopedia Gritannica, V6, 1910, P107. (S) Rapport du Comite Consultatif, Stephen, 1891, P164. (S) Annales Cestrienses Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, At Chester.

Family notes:

·         7/4/1428, Inspeximus and confirmation … [a series of charters to the convent of St. Werbergn, Chester, giving the pedigree of this family starting with] … A charter of Ranulf Meschyn earl of Chester, a charter of Ranulf his son. … A charter of Hugh son of Ranulf, earl of Chester, … (S) CPRs.

Children of Hugh and Bertrade:

i. Maud de Blundeville (79958031), born 1171 in England.

ii. Earl Ranulph de Blundeville, born 1172 in England.

1187, King Henry married Ranulph, earl of Chester and viscount of the Avranchin, to Constance of Brittany.

4/1194, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, and his brother-in-law David, Earl of Huntingdon, laid seige to the Castle of Nottingham. Joined by newly released from captivity King Richard, they stormed the castle to break the siege.

1196, Ranulph, 4th Earl of Chester, arrested his divorced wife Constance of Brittany, widow of Geoffrey Plantagenet and mother of Arthur of Brittany. He shut her up in the castle of St. James in Normandy.

1198, Ranulph divorced and released Constance.

1198, Ralph married 2nd Clemencia de Fourgeres, d/o 39979512. Guillaume de Fougeres & 39979513. Agatha du Hommet. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, Stapleton, 1844, P.cc.

1217, Ranulph made earl of Lincoln, which had lapsed in 1156 with the death of Gilbert of Gant. (S) Henry II, Warren, 1977, P.365.

1218-20, Ranulf, earl of Chester, on crusade in the Holy Land.

By 1232, Ranulph gave the Earldom of Lincoln to his younger sister Hawise. (S) Collectanea Topographica Et Genealogica, Madden, 1843, P155.

10/28/1232, Ranulph died; his heart was buried at Wallingford Castle, his body was buried at St Werburg’s, Chester. Ranulph had no heirs.

iii. Agnes of Chester (19989505), born ~1174 in England.

iv. Hawise de Chester (39979063), born ~1176 in England.

v. Mabel of Chester (973530515), born ~1179 in England.

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