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Sunday, August 30, 2020

Earl Hugh le Bigod & Lady Juliana de Vere

 79638584. Earl Hugh le Bigod & 79638585. Lady Juliana de Vere

Bef. 1100, Hugh born in England, s/o 159277168. Roger le Bigod & 159277169. Alice de Toeny.

1107, Hugh’s father Roger died, succeeded by his son William.

11/26/1120, William Bigod died in the same shipwreck that killed William, heir of King Henry I.

11/27/1120, Hugh succeeded his brother, who died in the White Ship sinking, as hereditary Steward of the household, and hereditary patron of Thetford priory and Felixstowe priory.

1122, Hugh Constable of Norwich Castle and governor of the city of Norwich.

~1123, Juliana born in Essex, England, d/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice FitzRichard.

1123, Notification that Walter de Gloucester has given to his nephew William de Mare Little Hereford in fee to be held by the service of 2 knights … attested … Hug Bigoto …. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V10, 1888, P18.

1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester, … Payn fitz John, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, … (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P563.

1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci; Geoffrey fitz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.

12/2/1135, King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy. Hugh, a powerful baron of East Anglia, supported Stephen of Blois as the new king of England, swearing that King Henry released the barons from their oaths to Matilda and had designated Stephen as his successor on his deathbed.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

1136, Hugh le Bigod witnessed King Stephen’s Charter of Liberties.

1136, On a rumor of King Stephen’s death, Hugh siezed an held Norwich. [Which he subsequentley returned to the King.]

9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and took control of western England.

1140, Hugh created Earl of Norfolk. Hugh, although the earl of Norfolk, held most of his lands in Suffolk, and  owed a service of over 160 knights to the King. The castles in Norfolk included Framlingham, Bungay and Walton. In East Anglia Hugh was in a power struggle with the house of Blois, the family of King Stephen.

1/1141, Hugh le Bigod commander of King Stephen’s army.

2/2/1141, Hugh le Bigod with the forces of King Stephen defeated at the battle of Lincoln castle. Matilda’s forces captured King Stephen.

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Matilda of Boulogne. Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, was captured.

1141, King Stephen exchanged for Robert, earl of Gloucester, again became King of England.

[––Hugh & Juliana––]

~1148, Hugh married Juliana.

1148, Hugh sided with Archbishop Theobald, in conflict with King Stephen, and who he protected in his castle of Framlingham. [Hugh helped with the reconciliation.]

6/1149, Duke Henry returned to England, and took control of Devizes castle with the permission of the bishop.  King Stephen’s son Eustace was sent to search for him in the south of England. Duke Henry had gone to Bristol, but Hugh, now supporting Henry, created a diversion east Anglia along with other barons.

7/1152, King Stephen seized Hugh’s castle at Ipswich for the crown. [Which Hugh did not give up.]

8/1153, King Stephen’s only heir Eustace died. Henry, duke of Normandy [future Henry II], invaded and attacked Stamford to assert his claim to the crown. Hugh held Ipswich against King Stephen’s forces.

11/6/1153, King Stephen by the Treaty of Wallingford named Matilda’s son [Henry II] as heir to Stephen.

1154, Earl Hugh, 1 of more than 20 earls, known as Consul of East Anglia.

10/25/1154, King Stephen died.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1154, Hugh, steward to King Henry II, confirmed as Earl of Norfolk, and as lord of Eresham, Walesham, Alvergate, & Aclay.

1155, Hugh resigned the castle of Framlingham to King Henry [Later restored, Hugh and King Stephen’s son William were in constant disputes. Both had property seized.]

1156-57, Hugh, sheriff of Norfolk accounting ‘de verteri firma.’

1157, Hugh in rebellion against scutage and other fees of Henry II, and still in contention with William s/o King Stephen for lands in Norfolk.

5/1157, King Henry brought an army and forced Hugh into submission.

1163, Hugh Bigod, earl of Norfolk, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.

Aft. 1/1164, Hugh one of many barons excommunicated by archbishop Becket of Canterbury [for retention of lands of the monastery of Pentney, Norfolk.]

1165, Hugh made partial payment in the large fine he agreed to in 1157.

1166, Hugh Bigod of Norfolk, held 161 knights’ fees in England and Wales. Hugh also owed 1000 marks for a fine. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

3/3/1170, King Henry returned to England after an absence of 4 years.

1173, Hugh le Bigod created Lord of the Honour of Eye by King Henry the young.

1173, Hugh became a key rebel baron in the revolt of the sons of Henry II.

9/25/1173, Robert de Beaumont fled just before the King Henry II burned his fortress at Bréteuil, Normandy. Robert landed at Walden, Suffolk with Flemish mercenaries, where he was joined by Hugh. Their forces plundered Norwich and took Hagenet castle.

10/17/1173, Hugh in opposition to the royal forces at the battle of Fornham. [His son Roger was on the royalist side.] (S) Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I; 1886, P295. [An estimated 10,000 died, Hugh escaped.]

1173, Hugh reached Dover, procured a truce with local barons, and with 14,000 Flemish forces sailed to France.

1174, Hugh returned with his Flemish forces to England and captured Norwich. Henry II returned to England, assembled and army, and demolished Hugh’s castles at Ipswich and Walton. Hugh’s forces at Framlingham and Bunga surrended to King Henry. King Henry dismantled Framlingham. Hugh surrendered before King Henry destroyed Bungay. Hugh fined 1000 marks and had to give hostages to King Henry. (S) Antiquities of Framlingham, Green, 1834, P41.

7/25/1174, Hugh renewed his homage to King Henry II and was reinstated as Earl of “Norwic and Norfole”, and forgiven 500 marks still owed since 1166.

Bef. 3/9/1177, Hugh died; buried at the monastery at Thetford.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P84. (S) Official Baronage of England, V2, Doyle, 1886, P574. (S) Henry II, Warren, 1973.

Family notes:

·         Hugh divorced Juliana to marry Gundreda ?. (S) The Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000, P120.

Child of Hugh and Juliana:

i. Roger le Bigod (39819292), born ~1150 in England.

ii. William le Bigod, born ? in England.

By 1178, William died; buried with his father.

Child of Hugh and Gundreda:

iii. Hugh le Bigod, born ? in England.

1190, Roger le Bigod gave King Richard 1000 marks for his inheritance and to prevent his half-brother Hugh from being rewarded any of their father’s lands.

1206, Roger le Bigod paid a fine to King John to dismiss the claims of his half-brother Hugh.

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