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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl Humphrey de Bohun & Countess Elizabeth of Wales

 5909948. Earl Humphrey de Bohun & 5909949. Countess Elizabeth of Wales

1276, Humphrey born in Essex, England, s/o 11819896. Humphrey de Bohun & 11819897. Maud de Fiennes.

8/7/1282, Elizabeth born in Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales, d/o 5909696. King Edward I & 5909697. Leonor of Castile.

4/25/1284, Elizabeth present at Caernarfon castle for the birth of her little brother Edward II.

[––Elizabeth & John––]

4/1285, Toddler Elizabeth betrothed to Jan [John], s/o Count Floris V of Holland; who was brought to England.

1290, Humphrey was living with the royal family, including Edward [II, age 6]. (S) Edward II, Warner, 2014, P22.

1290, Elizabeth gave her brother Edward II a silver cup.

6/1296, Jan, succeeding his father returned to Holland leaving Elizabeth in England. [King Edward had been responsible for the capture (and ultimately death) death of Jan’s father in 1296 through conspiracy with Guy of Flanders.]

1/18/1297, Jan having returned to England married Elizabeth in Ipswich. Edward II gave them a gold cup. Elizabeth again remained in England when Jan returned to Holland.

8/23/1297, Elizabeth accompanied her father on a military campaign to the continent.

12/25/1297, King Edward and youngest daughter Elizabeth visited the city of Ghent where they met her sister Eleanor, Countess of Bar.

1/1298, Elizabeth was finally delivered to Holland as Countess of Holland and Zeeland, and Lady of Friesland. She lived in the Hague.

7/22/1298, Humphrey fought with Edward I in his Scotland campaign at the battle of Falkirk.

12/31/1298, Humphrey’s father died.

2/16/1299, Order to the same to deliver to Humphrey de Bohun, son and heir of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

11/10/1299, Jan, age 15, died leaving Elizabeth, age 17, a widow.

[––Elizabeth––]

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Humfrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, …” (S) UKNA.

1300, Humphrey laid seige to Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland.

8/1300, Elizabeth, on a visit to England, met her step-mother, Queen Margaret, at Cawood, Yorkshire.

11/9/1300, Grant to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, by reason of his service in Scotland, … (S) CPRs.

2/12/1301, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and constable of England, joined in the baron’s letter to the Pope about the sovereignty of Scotland.

11/6/1302, Mandate … to deliver seisin to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, constable of England, and to Elizabeth, countess of Holland, his wife and the king’s daughter, … (S) CPRs.

[––Humphrey & Elizabeth––]

11/14/1302, at Westminster, Humphrey, age 32, married Elizabeth, age 20; which gained him the lands of Berkshire.

4/8/1303, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and Elizabeth, countess of Holland, the king’s daughter, his wife granted a market and fair at Enfield, Middlesex. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1304, In a letter from her brother Edward II, Elizabeth is aked to send her white greyhound to mate with Edward’s. The same year Edward sent Elizabeth 2 mares from his stud and their foals.

10/19/1304, Protection … for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going beyond seas in the company of Edward the king’s son. (S) CPRs. [Edward, the king’s son, going to Amiens to do homage to Philip, king of France, for the duchy of Aquitiane.]

1305, Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex, held a week-long tournament at Fulham.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

12/2/1307, Humphrey participated in the tournament at Wallingford hosted by Piers Gaveston. In the tournament he was “unhorsed” by Piers.

2/7/1308, Elizabeth, named a chief lady in the new household of Queen Isabella, was at Dover to greet her on her arrival in England with Edward II. (S) Weir, P28.

2/25/1308 at Westminster, Humphrey, a chief magnate of England, carried the “scepter with the Cross” at the coronation of King Edward II.

4/12/1308, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England and lord of Brecon granted a fair to the burgesses of Brecon. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1308, Humphrey sent to Scotland to oppose Robert the Bruce.

4/1309, Humphrey attended the tournament at Dunstable.

6/14/1309, The earls of Gloucester, Hereford [Humphrey], Lancaster, Warrene, Warwick and Arundel sent a royal prohibition of tournaments.

10/1309, Humphrey one of a number of barons that refused to attend Parliament because of Piers Gaveston’s presence by the King’s side.

3/20/1310, Humphrey one of 21 barons appointed to reform the government and the King’s household.

8/28/1311, Restitution to Humphrey of the constableship of England, which the king had taken. (S) CPRs.

12/1311, Edward II recalled highly disliked Piers Gaveston. Some Barons revolted, including Humphrey.

1/1312, Humphrey received gifts of “wild boar meat” from Queen Isabella.

3/1312, Humphrey one of 5 Earls that swore to kill Piers Gaveston if he was captured. They beseiged Gaveston at Scarborough, and captured him in May.

6/19/1312 at Warwick, Humphrey one of 3 Earls attending the murder of Piers de Gaveston.

8/4/1312, Appointment … to summon Thomas earl of Lancaster, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Guy de Bello Campo,earl of Warwick, 3 ordainers, to appear before the king … to treat of the ordinances and to correct the same. They are not to repair to the king with horses and arms. (S) CPRs. Humphrey became an emissary between Thomas, Earl of Lancanster, the leader of the revolt, and King Edward; eventually negotiating peace between them.

10/16/1313, Humphrey and the other Barons involved with the death of Gaveston, after submission before the king, were pardoned by Edward II with the “kiss of peace”. [Partly due to renewal of the war with Scotland – Edward II needed the support of the barons.] (S) CPRs.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. With Edward II were Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and the earls of Hereford and Gloucester. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights. Humphrey was captured by Robert the Bruce and held for ransom. His kinsman Henry de Bohun was killed by Robert, who he had charged hoping to end the battle. Humphrey was exchanged for Robert the Bruce’s wife, daughter Majory, sister Christian, nephew the “Earl of Mar”, and kinsman the Bishop of Glasgow.

1/2/1315, Humphrey, who had instrumental in having Piers Gaveston condemned to death, but now was reconciled with the King, attended the funeral of Piers in the Dominican church at Langley. [Piers was not intially buried with church rites due to excommunication.]

3/14/1315, A marriage compact having been arranged between Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Hugh de Curteney for the marriage of the latter’s son Hugh to Margaret, daughter of the earl, the king’s niece, … Hugh de Curteney is to grant his said son Hugh and Margaret 400 marks a year of land and rent … (S) CPRs.

5/1/1315, Licence for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Elizabeth his wife, to grant to William son of Humphrey de Bohun … (S) CPRs.

10/16/1315, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going to the Marches of Scotland on the king’s service … (S) CPRs.

12/1315, Elizabeth, pregnant, was visited by her sister-in-law Queen Isabella.

2/11/1316, Appointment of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, as captain of the forces, as well horse and foot, appointed to act against Lewelin Bren in the land of Glomorgan, … (S) CPRs.

5/5/1316, Elizabeth died after giving birth to daughter Isabel, who also died. Her sister Mary accompanied her body to her burial in Walden in Essex.

[––Humphrey––]

4/13/1317, Authority to W. archbishop of Canterbury, W. bishop of Exeter, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, to open the Council of Westminster on Friday next in the king’s name, as he will not be able to attend in person. (S) CPRs.

1/4/1318, Commission to Amyer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, empowering them to discharge all persons who may be arrested as followers of the earl of Lancaster. (S) CPRs.

8/1318, Humphrey appointed to a new Council of the King.

12/7/1318, Appointment of W. bishop of Exeter, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and constable of England, … to treat with R. count of Flanders, and W. count of Hainault, Holland and Seland and lord of Friesland, for the settlement of disputes and the benefit of trade. (S) CPRs.

8/1319, Humphrey joined King Edward’s forces at Newcastle.

9/7/1319, Humphrey participated in the seige of Berwick on Tweed, Scotland, with the King.

1321, Edward II issued writs forbidding unlawful assembly [targeted at supporters of Thomas of Lancaster.]

8/1/1321, Humphrey entered London with a large force and took the lead in denouncing Edward’s favorites [the Despencers.]

8/20/1321, Pardon to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … of any actions by reason of anything done against Hugh le Despenser, the son, and Hugh le Despenser, the father, … (S) CPRs.

10/1321, Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose Humphrey and the Marcher lords in revolt.

3/16/1322, At the battle of Boroughbridge, N.W. of York, fighting against Edward II, Humphrey, Earl of Hereford, was killed while defending a bridge [supposedly skewered in the rear by a pike from a soldier under the bridge on which he was standing]; buried at the church of Friars Preachers, York. (S) The Greatest Traitor, Mortimer, P124.

(S) Weir, 2005. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P102.

Children of Humphrey and Elizabeth: [10 children]

ii. Eleanor de Bohun, born 10/17/1304 in England.

Eleanor betrothed to Roger, Lord Clifford [died 1327.]

Eleanor married James Butler [1328, created Earl of Ormond.]

Bef. 11/6/1348, Widow Eleanor married Thomas Daggeworth. [2 children.] (S) CPRs.

10/7/1363, Eleanor died.

iii. John de Bohun, born 11/23/1306 in England.

1322, John succeeded to 5th Earl of Hereford on the death of his father.

John married Alice Fitzalan de Arundel, d/o 5909944. Sir Edmund FitzAlan. [No children.]

~1326, John hosted a tournament [against a royal ban].

1327, John received letters of protection to go to Scotland.

9/1327, John, a cousin of King Edward III, received a letter for Edward saying that his father, Edward II, was “commended to God” [having recently died.] John responded with a letter to King Edward.

10/10/1327, Queen Isabella wrote a letter to John, her “Most dear and beloved nephew”, requesting he visit her son, the King. (S) Weir, P303. [The Queen’s letter still exists.]

12/28/1327, John, now High Constable of England, began escorting Philippa of Hainault, bride-to-be of King Edward III, from London to York. They arrived there on 1/20/1328.

10/19/1330 at Nottingham castle, brothers William, Humphrey and John, knights in the service of King Edward III, helped in the captured of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimore. The brothers and other knights then escorted the Queen to Windsor.

Bef. 2/19/1331, John married 2nd Margaret Basset (60845657). [No children.]

1335, John sent to Scotland by the King.

1/20/1335, John died at Kirby-Thore, Westmorland; buried at Stratford Abbey near London.

iv. Humphrey de Bohun, born 9/6/1309 in England.

10/1330, Humphrey assisted in the capture of Roger de Mortimer for King Edward III.

1335, Humphrey heir to his brother John.

6/12/1338, Humphrey granted the office of Constable of England to his brother William.

10/15/1361, Humphrey died unmarried at Pleshey, Essex; buried at the Church of Friars Augustine, London.

v. Margaret de Bohun (7605233), born 4/3/1311 in England.

vi. Edward de Bohun, born ~1312 in Caldecot, Northampton, England. [twin]

1331, Edward pardoned for the accidental killing of Hugh de Turpliton and Richard de Monmouth while arresting Richard de Mortimore in Nottingham castle.

Bef. 1/26/1332, Edward married Margaret de Roos, d/o 1249374. Lord William de Roos.

Bef. 2/16/1335, Edward drowned while on campaign in Scotland.

6/20/1337, Margaret was still alive.

vii. William de Bohun (2954974), born ~1312 in Caldecot ,Northampton, England. [twin]

viii. Aeneas de Bohun, born ~1314 in Caldecot, Northampton, England.

~1332, Aeneas married Robert, s/o 11819850. John de Ferrers & 15212123. Hawise de Muscegros, 2nd Baron of Chartley.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P324.

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