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Friday, August 28, 2020

Earl Robert de Vere & Countess Isabel [I] Bolebec

 94559128. Earl Robert de Vere & 94559129. Countess Isabel [I] Bolebec

1164, Robert baptized in England, s/o 189118256. Aubrey de Vere III & 189118257. Agnes of Essex.

~1190, Isabel [I] born in England, d/o §§Lord Hugh de Bolebec.

4/1185, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, took custody of Isabel [but not the lands.]

9/29/1185, Isabel [II], daughter and heir of Walter de Bolebec, age 10, in the custody of Earl Alberic of Oxford. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1840, P-CVIII. [Isabel [II] married to his son Aubrey IV.]

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1191, Aubrey, earl of Oxford, paid a fine of 500 marks to the king, “for the sister of Walter de Bolebec (Isabel [I]), to make a wife for his son [Robert].”

1194, Robert’s father died; his brother Aubrey succeeding.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1201, §§Hugh de Bolebec [Isabel [I]’s father], made the first endowment for the establishment of a colony at Medmenham, Buckinghamshire.

Aft. 1201, Isabel’s father died. [Hugh had entered the Medmenham colony as a monk before his death.]

1207, Isabel [I] and her sister Constance coheiresses to their cousin Isabel [II].

[––Robert & Isabel––]

1208 at Oxford, Robert married Isabel [I].

1214, Robert’s brother Aubrey died childless leaving Robert to succeed.

10/1214, Robert paid 1000 marks for livery of his lands and the wardship of the heir of William FitzOates. (S) Liber Feodorum, Lyte, 1920, P232.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede, Robert, one of the barons who took up arms against the King and operating “in the defense of England” forced King John to sign the Magna Carta.

9/30/1215, Robert de Vere, earl of Oxford, witnessed writs associated with restoring Nicholas de Stuteville the castle of Knaresborough. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P334.

11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, Robert elected as one of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.

12/16/1215, Robert with the other Barons was excommunicted by the Pope.

1216, King John took Castle Hedingham, Essex, the earl's seat.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

10/1217, Robert made peace with Henry III.

1218, Robert made a judge in the Court of King’s Bench.

1218, Jocelin de Ametiana instituted as rector of Whitchurch on presentation of William de Marescal, in possession of Robert de Vere’s lands, who then stood excommunicated. (S) Hist. of Buckingham, V3, 1847, P515.

1218-19, The King ordered the sheriff of Oxford to restore to Robert all his confiscated lands. (S) Of Armor and Men, Dressler, 2004, P38.

3/20/1219, Order to the sheriff of Buckinghamshire that since Earl W. Marshal declares he has received in his chamber the money which Earl Robert de Vere owed the king for his scutage, he is to cause Earl Robert to have peace, because Earl William will answer the king for the monies. (S) FRsHIII.

4/25/1220, Robert Mauntel has made fine with the king by 100 m. to keep the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire …. His pledges for this fine are … and Earl Robert de Vere for 5m. (S) FRsHIII.

1221, Isabel assisted the Dominican friars sent to England to find quarters in the city of Oxford.

Bef. 10/25/1221, Robert, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Lord Chamberlain of England, died in Colne, Essex. (S) FRsHIII.

[––Isabel––]

11/13/1221, Isabella de Bolbec, countess of Oxford, has made fine with the king, by £2228 2s. 9½d., for having custody of the land and her son, the heir of Robert de Vere, formerly earl of Oxford, her husband. (S) FRsHIII.

10/20/1222, Henry III, King of England granted custody of ‘Hugonis filii et heredis Roberti de Ver, quondam comitis Oxonie’ to ‘Ysabelle de Bolebec comitisse Oxonie’. Isabel purchased wardship of her minor son and his inheritance for 6000 marks. (S) FMG, (S) Hist. of Buckingham, V3, 1925, Whitchurch.

7/11/1224, The king has granted to the countess of Oxford [Isabel] that, of the moiety of 80 m. of the scutage which she owes him for the army of Montgomery … she may render … (S) FRsHIII.

~1227, Isabel contributed to the building of the Dominican oratory in Oxford. When the friars needed a larger priory, she and the bishop of Carlisle bought land south of Oxford and contributed most of the funds and materials needed.

10/1/1229, The king has granted to Isabella, countess of Oxford, that she may cause her scutage to be collected by her hand from the knights’ fees she holds of the king in chief, namely 2 m. per shield. (S) FRsHIII.

12/27/1231, The king has granted to Isabella, countess of Oxford, that she may collect, by her hand, her scutage that she owes him for his army of Poitou … namely 3 m. per shield … (S) FRsHIII.

8/29/1235, Order to place under gage and safe pledge without delay all those who, on behalf of the countess of Oxford  [Isabel], intruded themselves into the land that Geoffrey Gibewin held of the aforesaid countess … (S) FRsHIII.

2/12/1237, Protection for Hugh, earl of Oxford [eldest son], so long as he be on pilgrimage beyond seas. The Like for Isabel, countess of Oxford. (S) CPRs.

1241, Isabella, having attempted to reclaim the land given to the monks at Medmenham by her father, came to a  settlement with the monks. (S)  Cistercians in Yorkshire Project.

2/3/1245, Isabel died, buried in Oxford; son Hugh became the heir.

2/10/1245, Order to the sheriff of Oxfordshire to take into the king’s hand all lands formerly of Isabella de Bolbec, sometime countess of Oxford. (S) FRsHIII.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, Richardson, 2005, P854. (S) Women of the English Nobility, Ward, P24. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, Farrer, 2018, P128 – note the persons are supported by the records, but some of the familial relationships presented do not fit the timeline; e.g., Isabel [II] (b.~1175; married to the eldest son)] being the niece of Isabel [I] (b.~1190; married to the 2nd son)].

Child of Robert and ?:

i. Henry de Vere, born bef. 1208 in England.

Henry of Great Addington, co. Northampton.

Child: Richard de Vere; married Isabel Green.

Children of Robert and Isabel:

i. Hugh de Vere (47279564), born ~1210 in Essex, England.

ii. Eleanor de Vere, born ? in England.

Eleanor married Ralph Gernon, s/o William Gernon. (S) Ferrar.

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