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Sunday, August 30, 2020

Earl Roger de Clare & Countess Maud de St. Hillary & Earl William d’Aubigny

 79958112. Earl Roger de Clare & 79958113. Countess Maud de St. Hillary & 94562562. Earl William d’Aubigny

~1122, Roger born in Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England, s/o 159916224. Richard de Clare & 159916225. Adelize de Gernon.

~1136, Maud born in Buchenham, Norfolk, England d/o §§Lord James de St. Hillary & Aveline ?.

~1141, William born in England, s/o 189125124. Earl William D’Aubigny & 189125125. Adeliza de Louvain.

[–––Roger & Maud–––]

~1151, Roger married Maud in Field Dalling, Norfolk.

1153, Roger succeeded his brother Gilbert as Earl of Clare and Earl of Hertford.

11/6/1153, at Westminster, by the Treaty of Wallingford, Duke Henry recognized by his cousin King Stephen of England as his heir. Stephen was to reign without dispute until his death. Roger, earl of Hertford, witnessed the treaty. (S) DNB, Lee, 1906, P242.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1155, Roger, earl of Clare, obtained from the king all the lands in Wales which he could win, and marched into Cardigan with a great army, and fortified castles.

1/1/1156 at Canterbury, Roger, earl of Clare, witnessed a royal charter to the church and abbot of Saint Jean d’Angeli.

1157, Roger de Clare, lord of Cardigan, commanded the royal army against the Welsh. Roger captured the castle of Ystrad Meurig, and the country around Strata Florida, from Rhys ap Gruffydd. (S) Arhcaeologia Cambrensis, 1889, P14.

6/1158, Roger occupied and garrisoned the Welsh castles of Aberdfi, Ystrad Meurug, Dineirth and Llanrhystud in the Vale of Calettwr. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908, P87. [Rhys soon after recaptured all the castles.]

1158, Prince Rhys ap Deheubarth engaged the forces of Walter de Clifford and Roger de Clare in south Wales. (S) Henry II, Hosler, 2007, P54.

12/25/1160, Roger, earl of Clare, with King Henry and Queen Eleanor at Christmas in Le Mans, Normandy.

1/1161 at Rouen, Normandy, Roger, earl of Clare, attested a charter to the Canons of St. Bartholomew, London.

7/22/1163, Roger summoned by Thomas-a-Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Westminster, in order to do homage to the prelate for his castle of Tonebruge; which at the command of the king he refused, alleging that holding it by military service it belonged rather to the crown than to the church. At the time he possessed a 149 knight’s fees. (S) Scholar’s History of England, Ramsay, 1903, P35.

1163, William of Aubigny, earl of Sussex, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.

1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: Robert count of I`eicester, Reginald count of Cornwall, Conan count of Bretagne, John count of Eu, Roger count of Clare, count Geoffrey of Mandeville, Hugo count of Chester, William count of Arundel, count Patrick, William count of Ferrara, …, and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.

5/1164, Ryhs ap Gruffudd went to war against Roger, earl of Hertford, and won back the whole of Ceredigion. (S) Scholar’s History of England, Ramsay, 1903, P72.

1/25/1165, Roger, earl of Clare, witnessed the grant of King Henry of the land of Chalk to Gervase de Cornhill.

1166, Roger de Clare of Hertford, held 150 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

4/6/1170, Roger sent with other Barons into Kent by Henry II to investigate the conduct of the King’s officers.

7/1171 at Chevaillec, Normandy, Roger, earl of Clare, witnessed a royal charter to Boxley abbey, Kent.

1173, Roger died in Oxfordshire, England.

Maud gave a “mark of silver, &c.” to Godstow Abbey for the souls of her father, mother, and husband.

[–––William & Maud–––]

4/15/1173, K. Henry held his Easter court at Alencon. Notable supporters in attendance: William, earl of Arundel, and his son William de Albini.

1173-74, Maud married 2nd William d’Aubigny.

5/31/1176 at Winchester, William de Albini witnessed King Henry’s charters to the abbey of St. Albans.

10/12/1176, William’s father died. William became earl of Sussex. [The castle of Arundel was retained by the crown.]

1/15/1177, The king held a great council at Northampton: William de Albini, son and heir of the late earl of Arundel is given the 3rd penny of Sussex. [Created earl.]

3/16/1177, William of Aubigny, earl of Sussex, a member of the Assize of Castile-Navarre at London. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.

1178, Arms of William de Albeney: “O. a Lion rampant, Az.” [The same as his father.] (S) Help to English History, 1773, P373.

3/1179 at Gloucester, William de Albini, earl of Sussex, witnessed the king’s confirmation of the foundation of Westwood abbey by Richard de Luci.

12/1183 at Valognes, Normandy, William de Aubigney, earl of Sussex, witnessed a royal charter to the Augustine abbey of St. Lo.

1184, William, earl of Arundel, in custody of Neuf-chateau-sur-Colmont. (S) Magni Rotuli Scacccarii, 1840, P214. [William held the castles of Gisors and Vaudreuil, and the bailiwick of the Vexin.]

2/1185 at Clipston, William, earl of Arundel, witnessed a royal charter to Barling’s abbey.

3/1185 at Westminster, Willelmo Comite Sussex, a witness of the confirmation of lands of the canons of Butley. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P105.

9/1186, at Marlborough, Earl William of Sussex attested a royal charter in favour of the Carthusian priory at Witham, Somersetshire.

12/25/1186 at Gildeford, William, earl of Arundel, hereditary chief butler of the royal household, attended King Henry’s Christmas court.

2/11/1188 at Geddington, Charter of King Henry to the church of Bungay. Witnesses … Earl William of Sussex; Earl David, brother of the King of Scots; Ranulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Walter fitz Robert; Seher de Quinci; William Marshall; … Richard de Camville; … (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, P284, 2011.

7/5/1189 at Chinon, Normandy, William, earl of Arundel, attested a royal charter confirming a grant by Walleran fitz Robert.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

6/27/1190, William restored possession of his father’s lands, including Arundel.

1191, William given custody of Windsor castle. (S) Complete Peerage, V1.

1192, William, earl of Arundel, gave 2 hostages, for whose support he provided 60s 10d, for the good behavior of the Chancellor.

1193, William, earl of Arundel & Sussex, selected as 1 of 5 treasurer’s for the raising of money for King Richard’s ransom.

12/24/1193, William died; buried at Wymondham Priory, Norfolk, England.


Aft. 1200, Maud died. That year she dedicated 2 coffin stones to the Great Carbrooke Church in Norfolk to family members – the oldest such inscribed stones of the county. (S) Norfolk Archaeology, N&NAS, 1884, P184.

(S) A History of the Weald of Kent, Furley, 1874, P310. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P598. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Family notes:

·         Roger, as earl of Heretford or Clare, attested 10 royal charters in England and 7 in France.

·         James de St. Hillary the son of Harsculf de St. James. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V5, Farrer, 1936, P86-87.

Children of Roger and Maud:

i. Richard de Clare (39979056), born ~1153 in Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England.

ii. Mabel de Clare (94562561), born ~1154 in Kent, England.

iii. James de Clare, born ~1156 in Enlgand.

James received a “miracle” cure as a child at Becket’s shrine.

iv. Aveline de Clare (19909644), born ~1170 in Kent, England.

Children of William and Maud:

i. William d’Aubigny (973530514), born ~1175 in England.

ii. Maud d’Aubigny, born ~1180 in England.

Maud married 47279560. Earl William de Warenne.

iii. Agnes d’Aubeney (47281281), born ~1182 in Yorkshire, England.

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