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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl William de Bohun & Countess Elizabeth de Badlesmere & Lord Edmund de Mortimer

 2954974. Earl William de Bohun & 2954975. Countess Elizabeth de Badlesmere & 30421176. Lord Edmund de Mortimer

1310, Edmund born in England, s/o 1249358. Earl Roger de Mortimer & 1249359. Joan de Geneville.

~1312, William born in Caldecot, Northampton, England, 5th s/o 5909948. Humphrey de Bohun & 5909949. Countess Elizabeth of Wales.

1312, Elizabeth born in England, d/o 5909950. Bartholomew de Badlesmere & 5909951. Margaret de Clare.

5/1/1315, Licence for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Elizabeth his wife, to grant to William son of Humphrey de Bohun … (S) CPRs.

 [–– Edmund & Elizabeth ––]

6/27/1316, In the chapel of the manor of Ernwood, Shropshire, Elizabeth 1st married to Edmund de Mortimer.

~1322, Edmund as a youth resided with his brother Roger and the sons of the Earl of Hereford at Windsor.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

2/1/1327, Edmund knighted at the coronation of King Edward III.

7/12/1330, Writ of aid for Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March, Edmund de Mortuo Mari, his son and their deputies, appointed to survey the array in the counties of … (S) CPRs.

9/19/1330, William assisted King Edward III in the capture of the Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March. [Edmund’s father; Edmund’s brother Geoffrey also helped. Neither Edmund nor Geoffrey were ever charged with crimes.]

12/21/1330, Writ of aid for Thomas Wake, Ebulo Lestraunge, William de Bohun and Edward de Bohun, sent to bring queen Isabella from Berkhamstede to spend Christmas at Windsor. (S) CPRs.

1331, The King restored lands to Edmund including the castle and manor of Wigmore.

11/17/1331, Grant to William de Bohun, the king’s kinsman, towards his sustenance in the king’s service, of the town of Basyngstoke, co. Southampton, and £20 … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1331, Edmund summoned to parliament by writ.

11/29/1330, Edmund’s father executed.

1330-31, Owen ap Maudoc and Maredudd ap Maudoc of the cantref of Cedewain state that they are the rightful heirs to this cantred, and that their ancestors were seised of it until they were disseised by the Mortimers. Roger Mortimer allowed them to keep a piece of land between the River Severn and Ceri, but Edmund de Mortimer disseised them of this land also, without judgment. (S) UKNA.

1331, Warrant and indenture as to delivery of certain goods to Edmund de Mortimer. (S) UKNA, King’s Remembrancer.

1/1332 Edmund, Lord Mortimer, died at Stanton Lacy, Shropshire. [Before his mother and paternal grandmother. His brother Roger became the heir.]

1/21/1332, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.

[––Elizabeth––]

9/9/1332, Grant to the king's kinsman, William de Bohun, for good service, of the manors of Henton … and all other lands and farms which the king's uncle, Thomas (5910166), earl of Norfolk and marshal of England had of the king’s grant … (S) CFRs.

9/16/1332, Order to Roger Chaundos, escheator in the counties of Hereford, Gloucester, Worcester, Salop and Stafford, and the march of Wales adjacent, to deliver to Elizabeth, late the wife of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, tenant in chief, the castles of Kentles and the lordship of Melleneth. (S) CFRs.

1/29/1333, Commitment to Elizabeth, late the wife of Edmund ele Mortuo Mari, York. deceased, tenant in chief, of the keeping of the castle and manor of Wygemore and the manor of Clebury … (S) CFRs.

7/7/1333, Grant to John de Moeles of the marriage of Elizabeth late the wife of Edmund de Mortuo Mari tenant in chief, or of her forfeiture if she marry without licence. (S) CPRs.

1/1334, William attended the tournament at Dunstable.

1334, William received a papal indult of plenary remission.

5/14/1335, William de Bohun, lord of Melynyth. (S) CPRs.

[–– William & Elizabeth ––]

11/13/1335 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, William married widow Elizabeth de Badlesmere by papal dispensation.

3/1336, at Stratford, co. Essex, Thomas, earl of Norfolk, the marshal, the king’s uncle, quit-claimed to William de Bohun, his nephew of all his right in the farm of £800 … witnesses:- John, archbishop of Canterbury, the chancellor, … (S) CPRs.

9/23/1336, Commitment to William de Bohun of the keeping of the castle of Wygemor, late of Edmund de Mortuo Mari (30421176), tenant in chief, to hold until the lawful age of the heir. (S) CFRs.

3/16/1337, William created 1st Earl of Northampton [Nottingham]. [William’s seal reproduced the family arms.]

1337, William appointed a commissioner to treat with Philip of France on Edward’s claim to the French crown.

10/3/1337, protection with clause volumus, until Easter, for William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, going beyond seas on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

6/7/1338, Elizabeth, age 25, coheir to her brother Giles, 2nd Lord Badlesmere. (S) UKNA.

6/12/1338, William’s older brother Humphrey, earl of Hereford and Essex, granted him the office of Constable of England for life. (S) CPRs.

7/1338, William on the King’s expedition sailing for Antwerp.

7/1338, King Edward, unable to provoke a battle with Philip VI of France by his various invasions of France, decided to attack Flanders, which was economically tied to England through the wool market.

11/3/1338, The King authorized William to bring 100 sacks of his own wool custom-free to Antwerp to sell [to raise funds for his retinue.] (S) CFRs. [Multiple records of this type during this period.]

1338-39, The Cambresis-Thierache campaign in northern France [Hainaut]. There were about 1,400 men-at-arms, and nearly 3,000 archers together with their horses.

9/20/1339 from Brussels, King Edward, with a force of 12,000 attacked Cambresis, Tournai, Vermandois and Laon [in what is now far northern France.] Edward was supported by the earls of Salisbury, Suffolk, Derby, Northampton, Pembroke and Warwick, heading a force of about 4,600.

6/24/1340, William a leader at the naval battle of Sluys. A sea battle – one of the opening conflicts of the Hundred Years' War. During the battle the French navy was devasted, giving the English fleet mastery over the channel. In a 9-hour battle the English attacked 166 French ships at their moorings.

12/5/1340, … [King’s] kinsman, William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, constable of England … (S) CFRs.

3/23/1341, Protection and writ of aid, … for William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, who at the king’s request … for the furtherance of some important business … by his men and servants to the port of Ipswich, … (S) CPRs.

7/28/1341, Order to cause William de Ros and Margery his wife, eldest sister and co-heir of Giles de Badlesmere … which belonged to Giles and which Elizabeth holds in dower, … and which ought at her death to revert to Margery, Matilda, the second sister of Giles, whom John de Veer, earl of Oxford, married, Elizabeth, the third sister, whom William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, married, and Margaret the 4th sister of Giles, whom John Tibetot married, and with the assent of the said earls … (S) CCRs.

8/14/1341, Assignment to William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, for wages of 280 men of arms, whereof 7, himself included, shall be with the standard and 74 shall be knights, 200 armed men and 250 archers for 40 days … £1,085 … (S) CPRs.

7/1342, The Battle of Brest off Brittany, a naval victory over Genoese and Spanish forces.

8/18/1342, William with Robert of Artois, lands in Brest, and then advances across Brittany and captures Vannes.

9/30/1342, In the opening phase of the Hundred Years War, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, defeated Charles of Blois at Morlaix. 50 French knights were killed, and 150 captured. William then and took the town of Roch-Dirien by assault. (S) Edward III, Ormrod, 2013, P250.

10/8/1342, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, staying beyond the seas on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

3/1/1343, Licence for … William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and Elizabeth, his wife, to the abbot and convent of Waleden … (S) CPRs.

1343, William fought in Scotland with Henry, Earl of Lancaster, marching in relief of Lochmaben castle.

10/1/1343, Whereas Geoffrey de Charniz, knight, lately taken prisoner in Brittany in war against the king, with the licence of William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, whose prisoner he is, has gone to France to find the money for his ransom, … (S) CPRs. [Geoffrey de Charniz was the commander of the French knights at the battle of Morlaix.]

6/22/1344, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton with other earls and the king in the new chamber at Westminster, before the ninth hour, when the king sealed certain letters. (S) CPRs.

6/1345, Earl William sailed for Brittany. [Soon after landing one of his leaders defeated a force led by Charles de Blois near Josselin.] (S) Edward III, Ormrod, 2013, P266.

7/12/1346, King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

8/16/1346, William attacked across the bridge over the Seine at Poissy against militia guarding the north bank.

8/23/1346 at daybreak, William, with the Earl of Warwick, waded through the river at Blanche-Taque, west of Abbeville, to secure the beach against a French force, allowing the English army to cross unimpeded.

8/26/1346, William fought at the battle of Crecy, commanding the forces on the right wing. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards.

9/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais. [Ended 8/1347, held by the English until 1558.]

1347, William at the siege of Calais, with 302 men in his contingent. (S) English Historical Doc’s 1327-1485, Myers, 1996, P497.

1347-8, “Partition of the manor of Thaxted in Essex between Marjory, late wife of William de Roos of Helmsley, Maud, wife of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, Elizabeth, wife of William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton and John son of John Tibetot, son of Margaret; co-heirs of Giles de Badelesmere.” (S) UKNA.

12/4/1347, Order to John de Coggeshale, escheator of Essex, to make partition of the manor of Thaxstede, co. Essex, into 4 equal parts, and to deliver to Margery (1249375) late the wife of William de Roos, eldest sister and heir of Giles de Badlesmere, tenant in chief, John de Veer, earl of Oxford, and Maud (2955095) his wife, 2nd sister and heir, and William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, and Elizabeth (2954975) his wife, 3rd sister and heir', their pourparties thereof, retaining in the king's hand the pourparty of John son of John Tibetot until further order [John (d.1359) son of Margaret (15210573), 4th sister.] (S) CFRs. [John’s 4th given the same day to William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, until the full age of the heir.]

3/14/1348, Gift to William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, of £1,611. (S) CPRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

4/1349, William appointed Knight of the Garter after the death of Hugh Courtenay.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.

8/20/1351, Order to the chancellor of Ireland to make a partition into 4 parts of the lands, knights' fees, advowsons of churches, and reversions late of Giles de Badelesmere, who held in chief, in Ireland, … [see 12/4/1347]. (S) CFRs.

5/4/1352, Licence for William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and Elizabeth his wife, to grant to Philip ap Res, Joan his wife, … the manor of Ideshale, … (S) CPRs.

7/3/1355, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, going beyond the seas on the king’s service, has attorned … John Dengayne, ‘chivaler,’, Robert de Teye, … to receive all moneys due to him … (S) CPRs.

11/2/1355, King Edward III landing in Calais, proceeds on raids into Pas de Calais, Artois and Picady.

6/8/1356, Elizabeth died; buried at Black Friars, London.

6/13/1356, Order to escheators in the counties of Hereford and the march of Wales adjacent; Salop ; Somerset; Buckingham to take into the king’s hands the lands whereof Elizabeth late the wife of William, earl of Northampton, and sometime wife of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, held in dower or otherwise for life of the inheritance of the said Edmund. (S) CFRs.

[––William––]

1356, William acquired the reversion of the lands of John de Neville of Essex.

7/1356, William entertained his cousin Elizbeth de Burgh in London. (S) Medieval London Widows, Barron, 1994, P42.

1357-9, William in Gascony.

2/12/1359, Commission of oyer … on complaint by 7/3/1355, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, that … broke his closes at Ipswich, … (S) CPRs.

7/10/1359, Order to escheators in Kent and Sussex, Oxford, London … Elizabeth late the wife of Hugh le Despenser (d.1342, s/o 5909950) held the manors of Ereheth, co. Kent, and Drayton, co. Sussex, for life, by name of dower after the death of Giles de Badlesmere, sometime her husband, of the inheritance of Roger de Mortuo Mari (15210588), earl of March, son and heir of Elizabeth (2954975) late the wife of William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, sister and one of the heirs of the said Giles, now deceased … to deliver the said manors to the earl … (S) CFRs.

11/3/1359, Grant to William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, … in the present voyage to France, that, if he die on the voyage, the executors of his will shall have full and free administration … (S) CPRs.

10/1359, King Edward, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.] William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, in the great invasion of France with 2 bannerets, paid 4s a day, with 29 knights, paid 2s a day, 126 esquires, paid 1s a day, and 200 mounted archers, paid 6d a day. (S) History of the Family of Wrottesley, V1, 1903, P130.

9/16/1360, William died; buried in Walden Abbey, Essex.

9/20/1360, Order to the escheator in the counties of Essex and Suffolk ; Buckingham and Bedford; Oxford and Berks; Lincoln ; Rutland ; Dorset; Nottingham ; Kent; Hereford and the march of Wales adjacent to taken into the king’s hand the lands late whereof William de Bohun, late earl of Northampton was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P594, P104.

Children of Edmund and Elizabeth: [2 sons]

i. Roger de Mortimer (15210588), born 11/11/1328 in England.

Children of William and Elizabeth: [1 son, 1 daughter]

i. Elizabeth de Bohun (1477487), born 1336 in England.

ii. Humphrey de Bohun (7605734), born 3/25/1341 in England.

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