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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl William de Clinton

 3803074. Earl William de Clinton

~1302, William born in England, s/o 7606148. John de Clinton & 7606149. Ida de Oddingseles.

Bef. 1310, William’s father died, his older brother John the heir.

1311, Ida de Clinton as a lady in waiting, and her sons John and William as squires, members of the household of Queen Isabella.

9/29/1320, William witnessed a covenant made at Clyfford upon Stoure by Richard le Power. (S) UKNA.

3/3/1322, Protection … for 1 year … William de Clynton, clerk, … (S) CPRs.

8/1324, King Edward began the War of Saint-Sardos with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

1325, William served in Gascony.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

4/25/1327, Pardon, at the request of William de Clynton, to William Aylmer, clerk, for adhering to Hugh Despenser the younger, and other enemies of the king. (S) CPRs.

9/4/1327, King Edward III declared that William had performed valuable services to him and Queen Isabel, his mother, when beyond the seas, for which he had been promised lands of £200 annually, granting the castle, manor, and hundred of Halerton, in Chester and Lancaster. (S) CPRs. [Multiple grants in Sept. & Oct.]

11/28/1327, William de Clynton received a letter of safe conduct to accompany William, Count de Hainault, and his daughter Philippa into England [future wife of Edward III.] (S) The Scenery of Sherwood Forest, Rodgers, 1908.

1328, William conducted John, Earl of Heinault, with his men-at-arms, from Dover; where they had landed to aid the King in the Scottish wars.

[––William & Juliane––]

Bef. 10/17/1328, William married Juliane de Leyburne, d/o Thomas de Leyburn, s/o William de Leybourne (60845578), widow of Lord John de Hastingsand Sir Thomas le Blount. [No surviving children.]

11/26/1328, Commission of peace in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, Warwick, Leicester, Northampton and Rutland to William de Roos, William de Kyme, Ralph Basset and William de Clynton, pursuant to the statute of Winchester. (S) CPRs.

1330, William appointed Keeper of the Cinque Ports. (S) UKNA.

1330, William de Clynton and Juliana his wife [in dower] holding a market at Towcester, Northamptonshire. (S) Gazeteer of Market and Fairs.

9/6/1330, William, Lord Clinton, summoned to parliament by writ.

10/19/1330 at Nottingham castle, William part of the contingent of King Edward III that captured the king’s mother and Roger de Mortimer.

10/23/1330, … William de Clynton appointed to the office of justice of Chester and to the custody of the castles of Chester, Bechestan, Rotheland and Flint … (S) CPRs.

12/20/1330, Pursuant to an inquisition … the manor of Knolton of Juliana, heir of William de Leybourn, who is of full age and whom William de Clynton has taken to wife. (S) CFRs.]

1331, William appointed to the commission of oyer and Terminer to Kent. (S) UKNA.

1331, William hosted a tournament at Dartford in which the King fought under William’s standard [an indication of how close their relationship was.]

3/29/1332, Licence … William de Clynton … land in Maxstok, co. Warwick, … six chaplains to celebrate divine service daily … souls of … (S) CPRs.

4/22/1332, William de Clynton paid £40 for expenses. (S) Syllabus (in English) of the Doc’s …, V1, Scottish Record Office.

4/26/1332, … William de Clynton, knight … to treat with Philip, king of France, of a journey to the Holy land and other matters relating to that land. … to arrange for a meeting between the two kings in France. (S) CPRs.

1333, William at the siege of Berwick, Scotland.

7/19/1333, William at Battle of Halidon Hill, Northumberland, a small rise of 600 ft. 2 miles to the north-west of Berwick. Scots under Sir Archibald Douglas defeated by forces of Edward III.

1333-35, William an Admiral. (S) UKNA.

9/28/1333, Protection, with clause volumus, until Christmas, for William de Clynton, knight, going beyond the seas on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

1/1334, William attended the tournament at Dunstable.

9/30/1334, Appointment of J. archbishop of Canterbury, … and William de Clynton, knight, as proctors to treat  in the king’s name with Philip, King of France, … of all questions in dispute … realting to the duchy [of Aquitaine] … and full power to them to compose the same. (S) CPRs.

Winter/1334-35, John Stratford (4211200), William Montague (30422278), and William Clinton (3803074) sent by King Edward to Paris where they were lectured by King Philip on politically morality and natural justice.

3/16/1337 at Westminster, William created Earl of Huntingdon, having been girded with the sword by King Edward III, and granted 1000 marks yearly. (S) Peerage Law in England, Palmer, P255, (S) CPRs.

4/19/1337, Power to H. bishop of Lincoln, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, and William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, to treat with Lewis, count of Flanders, for a marriage between his first-born son and Joan, the king’s daughter. (S) CPRs.

7/31/1337, at Frankfort, Henry bishop of Lincoln, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, and William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon,proctors and envoys … with Rupert, count of palatine of the Rhine and duke of Bavaria, in return for his service with 150 men … 15,000 gold florins … (S) CPRs.

7/13/1338, Appointment, on the advice of the council, of William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, Richard, earl of Arundel, and Ralph de Nevyll, to attended Edward, duke of Cornwall and earl of Chester, the king’s first-born son, as members of his council. (S) CPRs.

9/2/1339, Appointment of William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, constable of the castle of Dover and warden of the Cinque Ports, to levy at once all money … county of Kent … (S) CPRs.

3/31/1340, Protection and safe conduct until Easter for prisoners from Normandy taken at sea as enemies of the king, now by his orders released from prison by William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, to be taken thither for the deliverance of Englishmen imprisoned there. (S) CPRs.

6/24/1340, King Edward, with a fleet of 200 ships, won the Battle of Sluys against the French. In a 9-hour battle the English attacked 166 French ships at their moorings. During the night after the initial engagement, a French ship tried to drag an English ship off in retreat – but was unsuccessful because of help provided by William, earl of Huntingdon. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P242.

7/12/1340 at parliament, Earls Richard fitz Alan (Arundel, 2954972), William de Clinton (Huntingdon, 3803074), and Hugh de Audley (Gloucester, 60845658) presented an open letter of King Edward III requesting money to fund an impending military campaign.

5/1/1341, “Debtor: Henry de Walcott [Happing Hundred, Norfolk]. Creditor: William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon. Amount: £20.” (S) UKNA.

3/1343, William visited Archbishop John Straford at Canterbury. (S) Archbishop John Straford, Haines, 1986, P89.

7/5/1343, “ … Gift (1) William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, … Manor and advowson of Shustoke (Warwicks.) … Witnesses: … John Rynel, kt., …” (S) UKNA.

4/18/1344, Exemption, at the request of William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, and because he is incapable of bearing arms, as the king has learned on trustworth testimony, of William le Botiller of Wemme from knight-hood for life. (S) CPRs.

1344, John de Grey with letters of protection going overseas with his cousin William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon.

4/18/1345, Indenture between Sir William de Clynton, earl of Huntyngdon and Juliana his wife, and Sir Laurence de Hastynges, earl of Pembroke … which the said earl and Juliana, Laurence’s mother, hold as her dower. (S) CCRs.

6/17/1346, Licence for John son and heir of John de Clynton of Maxstok [William’s nephew] to grant for life to William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, the manor of Shustok, held in chief. (S) CPRs.

6/27/1346, William de Clynton about to set out in the king’s service to parts beyond the sea. [William and his large contingent passed with the king to Hogges in Normandy. The king’s division was led by the earls of Suffolk and Huntingdon, and the Bishop Palatine of Durham.]

8/26/1346, William, earl of Huntingdon, fought at the battle of Crecy, north of Paris. [The earls of Kent, Lancaster, Pembroke and Kildare were not at Crecy.] Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards.

1347, William at the siege of Calais, with 224 men in his contingent. (S) English Historical Doc’s 1327-1485, Myers, 1996, P497. [Ended 8/1347, held by the English until 1558.]

12/15/1347, Promise, for good service in the war in parts beyond the seas, to William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, of £823 12s 4d as a gift. (S) CPRs.

4/7/1348, Grant of a fair at Ashford to William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon and Juliana his wife. (S) Gazeteer of Markets and Fairs.

1348, William serving in France. [The plague swept northward through France from Marseille.]

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

12/30/1348, “…  Creditor: Sir William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon [held fees in Loningborough, Langbridge, Faversham, Eyhorne, Larkfield, Twyford, and Gillingham Hundreds in Kent].” (S) UKNA.

8/1350, William fought at the naval victory of Winchelsea over the Spanish. Using grappling hooks and bording tactics, the English destroyed most of the Spanish vessels. King Edward’s ship was sunk.

3/1/1352, Whereas the king, at the suit of William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon, showing that Geoffrey de Say was held to the said William in 1000 marks, … (S) CPRs.

3/15/1354, … Rochester … the king has committed the city and castle to William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon, … (S) CPRs.

8/25/1354, William de Clynton died; buried at Maxstoke; Sir John de Clinton, son of his elder brother, his heir.

8/28/1354, Writs for IPMs for William de Clynton, late earl of Huntingdon. Southampton: Wynchefeld. The manor, with the advowson of the church, held as of the right of Juliana his wife, who survives. … He died on 25 August last. John, son of John de Clynton (1249362), brother of the deceased, aged 24 years and more, is his heir. … (S) CIsPM.

[––Post Mortem––]

12/8/1355, Commitment to Juliana late the wife of William de Clynton, late earl of Huntingdon, of the wardship of a third part of the manor of Aston Cantelou, co. Warwick, late of Laurence de Hastynges, late earl of Pembroke, to hold until,the lawful age of the heir. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P222.

Child of William and ?:

i. Elizabeth Clinton (1901537), born by 1328 in England.

[Daughter Elizabeth was illegitimate by a mistress and could not inherit.]

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