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Friday, August 28, 2020

Emperor Peter II de Courtenay & Empress Yolanda of Flanders

 94555182. Emperor Peter II de Courtenay & 94555183. Empress Yolanda of Flanders

~1155, Peter born in France, s/o 94555142. Peter of Courtenay & 94555143. Elizabeth de Courtenay.

~1175, Yolanda born in Flanders, d/o 94555204. Baldwin V of Hainaut & 94555205. Margaret I, Countess of Flanders.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

1181-85, Peter de Courtenay conveyed Montargis to King Philip. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P171.

4/10/1183, Peter’s father died.


1184, King Philip granted Peter, his cousin, the marriage of Agnes, d/o count Guy of Nevers [died 1181], and the county of Nevers.

By 1189, Hugh Noyers, bishop of Auxerre, imposed and interdict on the city when Peter was present, which would re-occur frequently over the next 15 years.

6/24/1190, King Philip received the scrip, staff and oriflame at St-Denis before departing on crusade. Peter attended the crusade with King Philip.

7/2/1190, The English and French armies met at Lyons; where they learned that the German Emperor, leading his forces to the crusade, had died in an accident. King Philip departed with his forces two days later.

12/1190, Peter’s ships were wrecked in storms. King Philip granted Peter 600 marks for necessities.

9/16/1190, The French forces, traveling by ship from Genoa, stopped in Sicily.

2/2/1191 at Messina, Sicily, King Richard of England got into a tilting match with William des Barres, a knight of King Philip. When King Richard could not defeat William, he declared William an enemy. Peter, count of Nevers, and other French nobles pleaded William’s case before King Richard.

3/30/1191, King Philip arrived at Tyre.

4/20/1191, King Philip arrived at Acre and took command of the siege [multiple smaller and unorganized forces had arrived over the previous two years]. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P475.

7/12/1191, Acre fell to the combined forces of the English, French, and Germans.

7/31/1191, Due to the death of Count of Flanders, Philip of Alsace and Philip’s own illness, Philip left his 10,000 men under the control of Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy, and left for France. [Peter likely returned in the retinue of King Philip.]

1191, in Rome, Pope Celestine freed King Philip from his crusader vow because of his obvious illness.

12/27/1191, King Philip arrived back in Paris.

1193, Agnes died.

5/1193, Peter, count of Nevers, arranged for his daughter Mathilda to marry Philip of Namur. [Their daughter Matilda eventually married Herve de Donzy.] (S) The Vezelay Chronicle, 1992, P365.

1193-4, King Philip aided Peter of Nevers in obtaining aid from clergy of Auxerre to wall the town along the river. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 1983, P30.

[––Peter & Yolanda––]

Aft. 1193, Peter married 2nd Yolanda.

1199, King Philip awarded Nevers to Hervey of Donzai, leaving Peter with Auxerre. (S) Increase of Royal Poser in France, Wilker, 1888, P30.

9/1203, Count Peter was in Auxerre, and consequentially the interdict was imposed on the city. Peter order the body of a deceased child to be buried in the Bishop’s chamber. Philip then began a persecution of the clergy, and the Bishop had to flee the city.

10/1203, The Pope Innocent wrote a letter to Peter commanding Peter to recall the Bishop and make good for the injuries done.

4/18/1204 at Auxerre, Peter performed penance by disinterring the child’s body himself and burying the body in the cemetery.

1205, Blanche, countess of Champagne, signed an agreement with Peter of Courtenay, count of Nevers, that they would not keep each other’s serfs, but would mutually surrender them. (S) Social France at the Time of Philip Augustus, Luchaire, 1912, P406.

1212, Peter de Courtenay, marquis of Namur. (S) Index of Dates, Rosse, 1859, P611.

6/11/1216, Yolanda’s brother Henry, Latin Emperor of Constantinople, died. [Yolanda’s brother Baldwin, died 1205, was the emperor before Henry.]

4/9/1217 in Rome in the Church of St. Lawrence, Peter crowned Latin Emperor of Constantinople by Pope Honorius III. Yolanda and their daughter were present. (S) Memorials of Old Devonshire, Frederick, 1904, P42.

1217, Peter attacked Epirus [Greece], ruled by Theodorus Comnenus (94555258), and was taken prisoner. (S) Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Gibbon, V6, 2004, P449.

By 1/1218, Peter died; Yolanda in Constantinople was pregnant with their son Baldwin.

9/1219, Yolanda died. (S) The Asanids, Madrearu, 2016, P195.

(S) Crusade of Richard I, Archer, 1888, P45. (S) The Interdict, Krehbiel, 1909.

Family notes:

·         Philip, the eldest son, refused the imperial crown. Robert, the next son, accepted the crown in 1220. Baldwin, at age 11 in 1228, succeeded his brother Robert.

Child of Peter and Yolanda:

i. Robert de Courtenay, born ? in France.

3/25/1221, Robert crowned Emperor.

ii. Yolande de Courtenay (47277591), born ~1198 in France.

iii. Marie de Courtenay (94555259), born 1204 in France.

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