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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Justiciar James de Audley & Lady Ela de Longespee

 47283728. Justiciar James de Audley & 47283729. Lady Ela de Longespee

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

~1220, James born in England, s/o 94567456. Henry de Audley & 94567457. Bertrade de Mainwaring.

~1235, Ela born in England, d/o 94567584. William Longespee & 94567585. Iodine de Camville.

1246, Henry and son James were in Worcester where they witnessed a Royal Charter.

10/1246, James’ father died holding 19 manors in Staffordshire and 8 in Salop.

11/19/1246, Because the king has taken the homage of James of Audley, order to the sheriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire … are to cause him to have seisin of all lands, castles and tenements of which Henry of Audley, his father, was seised. (S) FRsHIII.

1247-53, James inherited Constableship of Newcastle’s castle.  He had to make repairs including the castle pool whose state was “damaging to the King’s fish”.

5/5/1249 at Westminster, James de Audley a witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P36.

2/1250, Ela’s father died on crusade.

7/1/1250, Commission to James de Aldidele, William de Oddingeseles, … to hear and determine, … contentions between Thomas Corbet and Fulk son of Warin the younger, touching lands in Balisleg, … (S) CPRs.

10/1250, James de Audeley farmed the town and castle of Newcastle-under-Lyme, rendering £80 yearly. (S) Medieval Newcastle-under-Lyme, Pape, 1928, P57.

By 9/21/1252, Ela’s mother died.

3/13/1253, James de Audley, John le Strange, and William Trussel to investigate who slain William de Albo Monasterio, seneschal of William de Albo Monasterio.

1255, At the Inquisitions of Hundreds, James de Audley lord of Newport.

[––James & Ella–]

1255-56, James married Ela. Ela brought with her the manors of  Stretton and Heredwyk in Oxfordshire.

1256, Dominus H. de Audley [younger brother of James] witnessed a charter of James de Audley. (S) 13th Century England IV, 1992, P191.

1256, King Henry III visited James at Newcastle castle.

5/1257, James attended when Pope Alexander IV crowned Richard of Cornwall “King of the Romans” at Aachen. James left Kenardesley in the care of his uncle Griffith ap Madoc, but Griffith held it barely a month before the Welsh drove him out. As soon as James was back, he mustered his men, and put the Welsh out. Soon after the Welsh came back and burned Kenardesley.

12/4/1257, Simple protection for the prior of Henton of the Carthusian order, so long as the heir [Ela] of William Longespe, patron of that priory, be a minor. (S) CPRs.

2/8/1258, Power to P. de Mont Forti (9981228), John Lestrange (121697006) and James de Aldidele (47283728) to make a truce between the king, Edward his son, and their barons and men and Llewelin son of Griffin and him men throughout the march of Wales. (S) CPRs.

1258, King Henry forced to sign the Provisions of Oxford granting parliament administrative reform. [The beginning of the Baron’s Revolt.]

10/1258, James, and his brother-in-law Peter de Montfort, who had married Alice de Audley, a member of a group of 12 influential men who were made into a council to advise the King after the barons had presented the Provisions of Oxford.

2/11/1259, Commission to Peter de Monte Forti, Hugh le Despenser, Roger de Clifford, … touching contentions which have arisen between James de Audithele and Roger de Somery … (S) CPRs.

5/18/1260, Peter de Montfort turned overt the castles of Brug and Salop to James de Audley, his brother-in-law.

6/1260, Prince Llywelyn of Wales invaded the Marches of Wales.

6/29/1260, While James de Audley (47283728) was away at court, Fulk fitz Warin (47281870), Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn (60848500), and John le Strange (121697006) sent Welshmen to ravage James’ lands, burning 3 vills, killing 8 men, wounding 10, taking 10 prisoners, 260 oxen … (S) Le Strange Records, LeStrange, 1916, P125.

8/1/1260, James d’Audley one of the vassals to the crown summoned to muster at Chester with horses and arms against Lewellyn ap Griffith. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7-8, 1858, P26.

11/11/1260, Grant to James de Alditheleye of the custody of the lands and tenements which belonged to Isabella Basset, deceased, … in England, Wales, and Ireland; to hold till her heirs reach their age. (S) Cal. Of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1877, P112.

1260-61, Stafford. William de Caverswell for the 1st half year, and James de Audley for the 2nd, render their account – To the archbishop of Dublin, £10 in Penkridge.

11/1260-62, Lord Edward took a group of knights touring tournaments in Europe including: John de Bretange, Henry of Almain, 2 sons of Simon de Montfort, Roger de Clifford, James de Audeley (47283728), Hamo Lestrange, and William Bassingbourn. The 1st tournament they attended was in Paris, associated with the marriage of Robert of Artois and Amicia de Courtenay. (S) The Tournament of England, 1100-1400, Barker, P115.

1261, James de Audley was excused by the King an amercement of 100 marks which had been set upon him by Justices Itinerant in Buckinghamshire.

7/9/1261, James de Aldithele appointed sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire. (S) Lists and Indexes, V9, 1898, P117.

10/2/1261, The king allows by patent the proposed marriage of Ankaret, [maternal] neice of James de Audeley, to William, son of Ralph le Butiller.

12/1262, Charter of the K. … manor of Any, in the county of Limerick. Witnesses … James de Audley, …

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of barons. In the insuing revolt of Simon de Montfort, James remained loyal to the crown. James was sent to replace his brother-in-law as Constable of the 2 castles of Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth.

12/24/1263, John FitzAlan, Roger de Mortimer, John de Verdun, James de Audeley, and Hamo le Strange named Keeper’s of Salop and Staffordshire.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, effectively ruled England.

8/25/1264, Whereas a certain ordinance or provision of peace has lately been made in the march of Wales between Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, …, and other barons on the one part, and Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele and their co-marchers on the other part, … (S) CPRs. [James provided his son Nicholas, age 6, as a hostage to the barons in revolt; but was assigned to his uncle Peter de Montfort who eventually returned him to his father.]

12/15/1264, Simon de Montfort sent Welsh barons including James de Audley letters commanding them to stop attempts to rescue King Henry. (S) Royal Visits and Progresses to Wales, Parry, 1851, P126.

1265, James de Audley and Urian de St. Pierre besieged the castle at Chester for 10 weeks before retreating. (S) Magna Britannia, V2, 1810, P560.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race.

6/28/1265, … Whereas Edward the king’s son and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, together with John de Warenna, William de Valencia, Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele, and other rebels now hold certain towns and castles throught the land … (S) CPRs.

7/1265, James assigned to get reinforcements [prior to the battle of Evesham – which he apparently did not get reach in time.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

9/8/1265, Mandate to the knights, free men and others of the county of Lancaster, as L. son of Griffin [of Wales] and his accomplices have laid siege to the castle of Haworthin, to be of aid with horses and arms and their whole posse to James de Aldithele and Robert de Lathum, sheriff of Lancaster, in the rescue of the castle.

12/22/1265, James’ sister Alice’s servant Richard Chutte died in a cart accident. Some items were returned to Alice after the intervention of James. (S) CCRs.

1/20/1266, Giles de Erdinton at Northampton before the King, accused James de Audley in a suit of tresspass at Shawsbury and Besford. James did not appear at court. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V8, Eyton, 1859, P143.

1266, James appointed Justiciar of Chester.

8/26/1266, Whereas James de Alditheleg who had power … to receive in the king’s peace all those of the county of Lancastre … before the battle of Evesham, so received Robert de Lathun, … the king has remitted to them his indignation and rancour … on condition of their future good behaviour. (S) CPRs.

12/2/1266, James de Audley a witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P152.

6/12/1267, James de Audley a witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P158.

1270, James de Audley, justiciar in Ireland, led the first campaign against the mountain clans on behalf of the archbishop of Dublin.

9/5/1270, Mandate to James de Audley, and to all the K.’s lieges throughout Ireland, … collecting the tenth.

5/23/1271, Letter of protection … for 4 years, for James de Audley and Ralph le Keu, proceeding to Ireland on affairs of Edward the K.’s son.

7/4/1271, James de Audley, justiciary of Ireland, … inspected letters of the Lord Edward … regarding … Roger de Leyburne and Alienor his wife, Hugh de Mortimer and Agatha his wife, … co-parceners of the county of Kildare, … .

1272, James de Audley won victories against O’Tooles and O’Byrnes clans at Glendalough. (S) The Byrnes and the O’Byrnes, Byrne-Rothewell, V1, 2010, P48.

11/11/1272, James died in Ireland, just days after having fallen from his horse and broking his neck. (S) The History of Ireland, Wright, 1849, P154.


11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

Aft. 1172, Ela made a gift to the priory of Burchester, Oxfordshire, on which her shield is inscribed ‘SIGILLUM ELE DE AUDELEG’, her figure standing with the arms of Longespe in one had and Audley in the other. (S) Annalso and Antiquities of Lacock Abbey, Bowles, 1835, P148.

7/16/1273, Writ of certiorari on the complaint of Ella, late the wife of James de Aldithele, that the escheator had taken into the king’s hand the manors of Stratton and Wechewik, which were of her free marriage of the gift of her father William Lungespei. James his son, aged 22 and more, is his heir. (S) Henry III, GBPRO, 1904, P261.

1274, Lady Ela de Audley confirmed her gift to Burchester priory. (S) Knights of Edward I, Moor, 1929, P26.

1276, Ela holding a third of Red Castle and Weston in dower.

1280, Horton and Grotton, Staffordshire. Assise of novel disseisin arraigned by Ela late the wife of James de Audedelegh against William de Audedelegh and others. (S) Report of the Deputy Keeper, V49, 1888, P10.

12/1282, Ela holding a third of Red Castle. (S) Knights of Edward I, Moor, 1929, P26.

1292-93, Nicholas de Audithele claimed free warren in the manors of Enedon, Aldythele (Audley), … by a charter of the king's father to James de Aldythele his ancestor; …. And as regarded the manor of Chesterton he stated that Ela formerly wife of James de Aldithelegh held it in dower.

1299, Ela died leaving Stretton to her son Hugh.

10/18/1299, Order to the escheator on this Trent to take into the king's hand the lands which Ela late the wife of James de Aldithelegh, deceased, held in dower of the inheritance of Nicholas de Aldithelegh (23641864), deceased. (S) CFRs.

(S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4. (S) Herald and Genealogist, V5, 1870, P65. (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1877. (S) Transactions, Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883.

Children of James and ?:

i. James de Audley, born 1250 in England.

1273, James died; his brother Henry his heir.

ii. Henry de Audley, born ? in England.

5/1276, Henry died; his brother William his heir.

iii. William de Audley, born 1255 in England.

6/10/1280, Almaric de Sancto Amando and Roger de Molis pledges for William de Aldithele, son of James de Aldithele. (S) CPRs.

12/1282, William killed in the war in Wales; his brother Nicholas his heir.

Children of James and Ela:

iv. Nicholas de Audley (23641864), born 1258 in England.

v. Hugh de Audley (60845650), born ~1260 in England.

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