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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl Humphrey de Bohun & Countess Maud de Eu

47279584. Earl Humphrey de Bohun & 47279585. Countess Maud de Eu

By 1201, Humphrey born in Essex, England, s/o of 94559168. Henry de Bohun & 94559169. Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville.

~1205, Maud born in Hastings, Sussex, England, d/o 94559170. Ralph D’Issoudun & 94559171. Alice de Hasting.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/17/1219, Alice (94559171), countess of Eu, her son Ralph, and daughter Matilda, made grants to Foucarmont abbey and Roche abbey. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V9, 1886, P293.

6/1/1220, Humphrey succeeded his father who died on crusade.

1221, Humphrey did homage and had livery of his castle of Caldecot. (S) Historical Tour Through Monmouthshire, Davies, 1904, P41.

1221, Humphrey, earl of Hereford, £52 and half a mark for Hereford. (S) Royal Treasury of England, Stevens, 1725, P64.

[––Humphrey & Maud––]

~1223, Humphrey married Maud.

6/1224, Humphrey attended King Henry at the siege of the castle of Bedford, lasting 3 months. The rebellion was led by Falkes de Breaute.

8/18/1224, The King at Bedford in the presence of Hubert de Burg Justiciary, William Earl of Salisbury, William Earl Warren, Gilbert Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, Hugh Earl Bigod, Humphrey Earl of Hereford, Henry Earl of Warwick, … William Briwer, P. fitz Herebert, William de Albini, Thomas de Multon, J. de Monmouth, Robert de Courtenay,  … Relaxation of the subsidy granted to the king by the clergy, for the siege of Bedford. (S) Manuscripts of the Duke of Beaufort, 1891, P556.

4/1226, Humphrey, earl of Hereford, brought a suit of ‘sur disseisin’ against Ela, widow of the William Longespee, earl of Salisbury. (S) English Government in the 13th Century, Jobson, 2004, P121. [With respect to the castle of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, which had been taken by King John.]

1227, Maud, Humphrey’s mother, heiress to her brother William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, becoming Countess of Essex. Humphrey was given possession of the Honor of Essex with this manor in right of his mother. (S) History of Hoddensdon in the County of Hertfordshire, Tregelles, 1908, P64.

1227, Humphrey joined King Henry’s brother Richard of Cornwall at Stamford to support him in his quarrel with the King.

9/28/1229, Humphrey, earl of Hereford, a witness to a royal grant to the ‘Prioress of Bocland and the Sisters there serving God’. (S) Medieval Nunneries of The County of Somerset, Hugo, 1867, P17.

4/30/1230, Humphrey attended the King from Portsmouth. King Henry, with his brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall, invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.

10/1230, King Henry returned his forces to England. [3 earls, not including Humphrey, remained with forces in France.]

11/8/1233, The fine of Hugh d’Aubigny for having his lands. Pledges of the said Hugh … The Earl Warenne for 500 m. … W. earl of Ferrers for 100 m. … The earl of Hereford for 50 m. … (S) FRsHIII.

5/25/1234, Notification … restore to Ralph son and heir of Savary de Malo Leone … the king has caused these letters patent to be made, sealed with his seal ; and for the greater security … the seals of E. archbishop of Canterbury, … R. earl of Cornwall and Poitou, the king’s brother, W. earl of Warwick, H. earl of Hereford, Walter de Clifford, Philip de Albiniaco and William de Ferariis, son and heir of W. earl of Ferrars … (S) CPRs.

1/25/1235, Grant to Maud, countess of Essex, that in the event of the death of H. earl of Hereford, her son, to whom she had granted certain lands of her fee to discharge her debts, all the lands shall revert to her. (S) CPRs.

1/19/1236, Humphrey served as Marshal of the Household at the Coronation of Queen Eleanor.

8/27/1236, Humphrey succeeded his mother as 7th Earl of Essex.

4/1/1237, Payn de Chaworth has made fine with the king by 200 m. for having custody of the land and heir of Margaret de la Ferté , … He has found Simon de Montfort as pledge for 25 m., H. de Bohun, earl of Essex and Hereford, for 25 m., …. (S) FRsHIII.

1237, Humphrey went on a pilgrimage to Santiago, Spain.

1/13/1238, Form of the composition between the Dean and Chapter of Salisbury and Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, respecting the tithes of the Earl’s demesne of Wivelesford and Maninggford …

1239, Humphrey, earl of Hereford, witnessed 11 royal charters in the first 6 months. (S) Managerial Job Change, Nicholson, 1988, P23.

1239-41, Humphrey, sheriff of Kent.

1241, Humphrey appointed [for a short time] Warden of the Cinque Ports. (S) History of the Castle, Town, and Port of Dover; Percy, 1899, P338.

8/14/1241, Maud died; buried at Llanthony Abbey near Gloucester.


Humphrey married 2nd Maud de Avenbury. [2 sons: John & Miles, Knt.]

1/30/1242, The king has betaken himself to H. earl of Hereford and Essex for the 650 m. which still remain to be paid to the king from the fine of 800 m. by which Eva de Braose made fine with the king for having the custody and marriage of Eleanor, her daughter. (S) FRsHIII.

4/7/1242, Protection for the following so long as they are on the king’s service beyond seas … H. de Bohun, earl of Essex and Hereford … (S) CPRs.

5/20/1242, King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

5/30/1242 at Pons., France, Power to H. de Bohun, earl of Hereford, John fitz Geoffrey, … to receive and make amends for attacks by or upon the men of the king of France during the last truce. (S) CPRs.

7/1242, Humphrey a member of the army of King Henry III in France at war with King Louis IX.

7/22/1242 at Saintes, the 2 armies met with the superior sized French force winning.

1243, Austin Friars of Broad Street founded by Humphrey Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex. (S) A Book About London, Adams, 1890, P196.

1244, Humphrey participated in the repression of the Welsh uprising. David of Wales was at war with Humphrey over the partitioning of the “de Broase” inheritance. [Humphrey’s son Humphrey and David of Wales were both married to sisters who had received part of the inheritance.] (S) Dawn of the Constitution, Ramsay, 1908, P107.

7/12/1245, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, the 1st witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists of Henry III, V292, 2001, P9.

10/19/1246, Letters of acquittance fo money due to Geoffrey de Castell, citizen of London, from Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, …

2/3/1247, Humphrey joined in the “letter of remonstrance” to Pope Innocent IV over taxes on the clergy.

1248, Humphrey attended parliament.

1249, Humphrey summoned by charges of Lettice de Keynes.

1250, Humphrey attended a crusade to the holy lands, joning up with the French forces led by King Louis IX, which had departed 8/1248.

4/6/1250, King Louis defeated and captured at the 6-hour battle of Fariskur by Egyptian forces.

1250, Most of the French barons, including Charles and Alphonse, brothers of Louis, returned to France.

1252, Humphrey spoke in the defense of Simon de Montfort, who had returned to England to face accusations made in the King’s court. [Montfort was found innocent.]

1253, Humphrey present at the renewal of the charters and excommunication of transgressors.

8/6/1253, Humphrey attended King Henry as he left for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships [to deal with a rebellion.]

10/12/1253, Grant to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, that he, and Humphrey his son and heir, if he survive the earl, shall pay … debts of the earl to the king. (S) CPRs.

10/23/1253, At Benauge, France, Charter … Witnesses:- … R. earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, … John de Grey, … H. de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … (S) CPRs.

11/15/1253, Protection with clause for Humphrey de Bohun for so long as he is on the king’s service in Gascony. (S) CPRs.

12/28/1253, King Henry’s army in camp at Bazas, France [southeast of Bordeaux].

1254, King Henry’s army in camp at Meilhan, France [south of Bordeaux, near the Spanish border]; in camp at Bordeaux, France; then in camp at Orleans, France.

1/1255, King Henry returned to England.

5/10/1257, Mandate to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, Humphrey de Bohun his son, Reynold son of Peter, Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Walter de Clifford, … Thomas Corbet, John Lestrange, John son of Alan, Fulk son of Warin, Griffin son of Maddoc and Ralph le Botiller, to be of counsel and aid to John de Grey, appointed by Edward the king’s son to keep the march of Wales … and to be captain of his army … (S) CPRs.

6/1258, Humphrey one of 28 that drew up the Provisions of Oxford; and subsequently a member of the Council of 15.

6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform.

2/1259, Humphrey the leader of the barons attempting to bring peace between the earls of Gloucester and Leicester.

1259, Humphrey the King’s representative to a peace conference with France.

9/1259, A fine levied between Humphrey, son of Humphrey, son of Humphrey de Bohun, plaintiff, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, deforicant, … special limitations as to certain lands … (S) Reports From Commissions, 1874, P4.

1260, Humphrey an itinerant justice for Gloucester, Worcestor, and Hereford.

1260, Prince Llywelyn of Wales invaded the Marches of Wales.

8/1/1260, By writ, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, summoned to the King at Shrewsbury, to arrive on the 8th of September, with horses and arms, prepared to accompany the King against Llewellyn, son of Griffin, in Wales. (S) Journals of the House of Lords, V124, 1874, P195.

4/13/1261, A papal bull was received absolving the King and Queen and their supporters from abiding with the Provisions of Oxford.

10/18/1261, By writ, summoned to the King at London, to arrive 10/29, about matters touching the King’s person and the state of the crown.

3/1262, King Henry repudiated the Provisions of Oxford.

8/1262, Humphrey wrote a letter to Walter of Merton, the Chancellor, stating that the lands of the late earl of Gloucester were quiet, and that he had equipped his castles.

8/24/1262, Humphrey summoned to be at Montgomery on 9/30 to grant redress to Llewellyn of Wales. [Humphrey was ill and could not attend, but a truce was made.]

2/1/1263, King Henry III sent John de Grey to replace Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, as commander of the army in Wales.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of barons.

4/1263, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, 100m. for fortifying the castles which belonged to R. earl of Gloucester which are in his custody. (S) CLRs VI, 2336.

5/25/1263, By writ, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, summoned to the King at Worcester, to arrive on the 1st of August, with horses and arms, prepared to accompany the King against Llewellyn, son of Griffin, in Wales. [The writ was cancelled because the King came under siege in London by the rebelling barons.]

1263–1264, Humphrey, Warden of the Cinque ports, sided with the King in the revolt. [His son and heir sided with the rebels.]

6/29/1263, The Manor of Isleworth hosted a gathering of Simon de Montfort’s rebellious noblemen who held a conference with the King that sowed the seeds for England’s first true Parliament.

10/17/1263, Humphrey de Bohun [one of many] to come to the king at Wyndesor with the horses and arms … (S) CPRs.

10/18/1263, Grant to Richard, king of the Romans, of the wardship of the lands late of Roger de Mowbray … Witnesses :- W. de Valence, the king’s brother; R. le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England; Humphrey de Bohom, earl of Hereford and Essex; Robert de Bruys; Roger de Mortuo Mari; Alan la Zouche; Robert Agulon, and others. (S) CPRs.

5/12/1264, Ralph de Tony’s marriage and custody granted to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and to Edmund, the King’s son.

5/14/1264, Humphrey captured at the battle of Lewes. [Fighting against his son and many other young nobles.]

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. Humphrey’s son Humphrey captured at the battle and imprisoned. [Where he died 2 months later.]

10/6/1265, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, sent a letter to King Henry stating that the citizens of London had submitted completely and that measures should be taken to set free their commerces and protect their lands.

10/25/1265, Commitent to Gilbert de Clare … of the castle of Brgheny late of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud his wife to hold during the minority of the heir [grandson] of the said Maud. (S) CPRs.

1/24/1266, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, constable of England. (S) CPRs.

5/1266, King Henry began a siege of 7 months of Simon de Montfort’s [Jr.] forces at Kenilworth castle.

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester; John de Warenna, earl of Surrey; Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford; Thomas de Clare; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

10/15/1266, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, a signer of the Ban of Kenilworth; which provided for rebelling barons to be forgiven and regain their lands. [Followed by the Dictum of Kenilworth.]

1268, Remise and quitclaim by Alice, widow of Richard le Chaumberleyn of Enfield, in favour of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex.

5/28/1270 at Westminster, Humphrey a witness to a royal grant to Rogert Aguillon.

6/28/1271, Protection with clause volumus, until Michaelmas, for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford. (S) CPRs.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

10/8/1273, Maud de Avenbury died in Sorges, Gascony where she was buried.

1275, Humphrey obtained permission to eat meat on Sundays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays during lent.

9/24/1275, Humphrey died; buried before the high alter at Llanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire; his grandson Humphrey his heir. [In 1290, Maud de Avenbury’s remains were moved to this abbey by her son John.]

9/27/1275, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P99. (S) DNB, V5, 1886, P308. (S) Reports From Commissions, 1874, P4. (S) Simon de Montfort & His Cause, Hutton, 1907. (S) Journals of the House of Lords, V124, 1874. (S) Royal and Other Historical Letters, Shirley, 1866.

Children of Humphrey and Maud:

i. Maud de Bohun, born ~1225 in England.

Maud married Anselm Marshall, 9th Earl of Pembroke.

12/22/1245, Anselm died.

Maud married 2nd Roger de Quincy, s/o Roger. [No children.]

~1252, Maud died.

ii. Humphrey de Bohun (23639792), born ~1227 in Herefordshire, England.

iii. Ralph de Bohun, born ~1229 in England.

1294–1298, Ralph, clerk, served as Prebendary of Wilsden at St. Paul’s, London.

iv. Alice de Bohun (4997469), born ~1230 in England.

v. Eleanor de Bohun (11820099), born ~1232 in England.

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