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Sunday, August 9, 2020

Lord William la Zouche de Mortimer & Countess Alice de Tony & Earl Guy de Beauchamp

 1249366. Lord William la Zouche de Mortimer & 1249367. Countess Alice de Tony & 1249356. Earl Guy de Beauchamp

1271, Guy de Bello Campo born in England, heir & s/o 11819498. Earl William de Beauchamp & 11819499. Maud Fitz John.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

1277, William la Zousche born in England, s/o 2498732. Robert de Mortimer & 2498733. Joyce la Zouche. [William’s older brother born in 1275.]

1284, Alice born in England, d/o 2498734. Ralph de Tony & 2498735. Mary ?.

4/7/1287, William’s father died, his brother Hugh the heir.

3/25/1296, Guy knighted by King Edward I.

9/15/1296, Earl William de Beauchamp (Guy’s father) wrote his will. ‘My body to be buried … to Maud, my wife, all my silver vessels, … the vestments of my Chapel to make use of during her life; but afterwards the best suit to belong to Guy, my eldest son; …; to Guy, my son, a gold ring with a ruby in it, … (S) Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.

 [–––Guy & Isabel de Clare –––]

Bef. 5/11/1297, Guy married Isabel, d/o 4997382. Gilbert de Clare.

6/1298, Guy’s father died.

6/12/1298, IPM of William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. … [many counties and properties] … Guy de Warr(ewick), aged 27 and more, is his next heir. … Gloucester: Kenemerton. A fourth part of the manor held jointly with Maud his wife, countess of Warwick … Guy his son, aged 27 and more, is next heir of the said William and Maud … (S) CIsPM.

7/22/1298, William and Guy fought at the battle of Falkirk, a the defeat of William Wallace. Guy fought in the King’s division. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

9/5/1298, Order to deliver to Guy, son and heir of William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, of the county of Warwick, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage ; saving to Maud, late the wife of William, her dower. (S) CFRs. [Guy granted lands in Scotland]. (S) UKNA.

10/20/1298, Commission of oyer and terminer to Ralph Basset … touching the persons who entered the free chace of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, of Colefeld, in the counties of Warwick and Stafford, while the earl was on the king’s service in Scotland … (S) CPRs.

5/15/1299, Protection … for John de Bello Campo, going beyond seas on the king’s service with Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. By testimony of the said earl. (S) CPRs. [John de Clinton and Bernard de Brus also going with the earl.]

7/14/1299, King Edward ratified the treaty of peace he made with Philip, king of France, at Mustroil [Montreuil]. (S) CPRs.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … John de Warenna, Earl of Surrey, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, Roger le Bygod, Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England, Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, Ralph de Monte Hermerii [Monthermer] Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Humfrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, Guy de Bello Campo [Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick, Richard, son of Alan, Earl of Arundell, Reginald de Grey, John de Hastinge, Henry de Percy, Hugh le Despenser, Hugh de Veer, Robert de Tateshale, Hugh Bardolp, Hugh de Courteneye, John de Segrave, Henry de Grey, William de Ros de Helmesleye, Alan la Zusche, Robert de Tony, Robert de Monte Alto, William de Breous', ..., John de Engaygne, Peter Corbet, William de Leyburn, William le Latymer, Walter de Bello Campo [Beauchamp], Steward of the King's Household, …” (S) UKNA.

9/22/1300, Guy, Earl of Warwick, granted a market and fair at Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

12/23/1300, To John de Britannia, the king's nephew. Order to deliver David de Stredborgil, a Scot, the king's enemy and prisoner, who is in John's custody by the king's commission, to Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, as the king has given him to Guy to do his will with him. (S) CCRs.

1300, Guy at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Guy was a signer of a letter to Pope Boniface VIII asserting the King’s right to dominion over Scotland.

5/1301, IPM of Guy’s mother: age 30 years and more.

10/6/1301 at Donipace, Guy de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, to John de Langton: the goods of John de Ludlow, arrested in Brabant. (S) UKNA. [This is at the time of the negotiation of a peace treaty between King Edward and King Philip of France at Donipace in Scotland, being negotiated by Pope Boniface.]

By 1302, Guy divorced Isabel. [No children – an arranged marriage, it was annulled.] Isabel married Maurice de Berkeley (1249354).

1302, Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, to grant the advowson of the church of Child Wickham to the abbot and convent of Bordesley. Glouc. (S) UKNA.

 [–––Thomas de Leyburn & Alice –––]

~1300, Alice 1st married Sir Thomas de Leyburn, s/o William. [1 daughter, Juliana born 1303.]

2/6/1303, Memorandum, that Hugh le Despenser, Guy, earl of Warwick, Hugh Pointz, Thomas de Furnivall, Hugh de Curtenay, Andrew de Estleye, John de Grey of Rotherfeld, ... executors of the will of Edmund, earl of Cornwall, ... (S) CCRs.

1304, Guy served under Edward, Prince of Wales, at the siege of Stirling castle.

1304, William la Zouche, born Mortmer, of Richard’s Castle, granted reversion of properties of his kinsman Alan la Zouche [Alan was his maternal great-uncle. He received in reversion the manors of Ashby-de-la-Zouche, Swaresey, and Fulhoum, Shropshire; and Treve, Sussex. (S) Colonial Chesapeake, V2, Cavanagh, 2017, P2180.

1305, Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, requests that the King grant him murage and pavage in his town of Warwick. (S) UKNA. [Granted for 7 years.]

4/8/1306, Licence for Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, to demise, for 6 years, to the executors of the will of Matilda de Bello Campo, sometime his mother, land to the value of £100 a year by good extent out of the lands which he holds in chief.

4/12/1306, Guy, having no male heirs, entailed his estates on his nephew Philip le Despenser [died 1313.] Licence for Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, to enfeoff Philip son of Hugh le Despenser of all his lands in England which are held of the king, except land to the value of £400 a year which he will retain.

Bef. 5/30/1307, Sir Thomas died; daughter Juliana his heir.

[–––Alice –––]

1307, The King to Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick: Grant of the castle and town of Barnard Castle, the manor of Middleton, and other forfeitures of John, Hugh, and Alexander de Balliolo. (S) UKNA.

7/7/1307, Guy present at the death of King Edward I at Burgh by Sands, near Carlisle. Edward II succeeded as King.

1307-08, Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, to grant the advowson of the church of Elmley Castle (Worc.) and rent in Child Wickham (Glouc.) to eight chaplains in the chapel of his castle there. Worc. Glouc. (S) UKNA.

2/25/1308, Guy present at the coronation of King Edward II, carrying a sword of state.

1308, Guy, one of the opposers to the influence of Piers de Gaveston on the king, forced Piers into exile.

1308-09, Writ to the sheriff to pay £66. 13s. 4d. to William la Zouche towards his expenses on the King's service in Scotland: Essex, Herts. (S) UKNA.

4/14/1309 at Hereford, Debtor: Robert de Bucknell, of Shrewsbury [the Liberty of Shrewsbury, Salop.]. Creditor: Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. Amount: £47. (S) UKNA.

1309, Guy a lone opposer to the recall of Piers de Gaveston, refused to attend the royal council at York.

1309, Alice heiress to her brother Robert.

11/28/1309, IPM of Robert de Tony. Essex: Wolkhamstouwe. The manor … Alice de Leyburne, his sister, aged 26 and more, is his next heir. Wilts: Stretford. The manor … Heir as above, late the wife of Sir Thomas de Leybourn, aged 25 … Worcester: Albedeleye. The manor … Hertford: Flamested. The manor … Wales: Painscastle (castrum Matildis) and Colewente. The castles with La Royle … Norfolk: Saham. The manor … Cambridge: Kyrtelyngg’. The manor … Devon: Southtauton. The manor … Cornwall: Carneton and Bliston. The manors … (S) CIsPM. [Worth a about £500 a year.]

3/19/1310, Guy appointed as a “Lord Ordainer of Reform”, when 6 preliminary ordinances were released.

[–––Guy & Alice –––]

1310, Guy married Alice.

10/5/1311, Guy 1 of 21 signatories of ordinances addressing new fiscal reforms, and banishing Piers de Gaveston into exile. [Guy was called “the Black Bear of Arden” by Piers Gaveston.]

6/10/1312, Guy seized Piers de Gavaston at Deddington, Oxfordshire [having secretly returned to England], and imprisoned him in Warwick castle. Guy handed Piers over to the Earl of  Lancaster who executed him without a trial.

6/18/1312, Seal of Guy de Beauchamp: Seal Design: Design: shield of arms (a bend between six crosses crosslet) hanging from three bushes with a tendril on the left (?and on the right), Size: 23 mm, Shape: round, Colour: dark brown, Legend: [.]IS:COM:DE:WARR'. (S) UKNA.

2/27/1313, Aquittance to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Guy, earl of Warwick, Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford, for jewels, horses, and other things, late of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

1313, Margaret de Multon’s father died leaving her as heir. King Edward II claimed wardship, and Margaret was entrusted to Guy de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick.

10/16/1313, Guy and William pardoned for their parts in the death of Piers. (S) CPRs.

1314, Guy refused to personally serve in the Bannockburn campaign. [He did send a retinue of knights and men-at-arms.]

7/25/1315, Guy wrote his will – see Family notes.

8/12/1315, Guy de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, died at Warwick castle; buried at the Abbey of Bordsley. IsPM: Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Leicestershire, Staffordshire, Worcestershire, Durham, Yorkshire, Middlesex, Essex, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Rutland. (S) UKNA.

[–––William & Alice –––]

1314, William obtained the reversions granted in 1304 on the death of his great-uncle Alan la Zouche. [Alan left 3 daughters by Eleanor de Seagrave who were coheirs to property not alienated to William. See (Maud la Zouche (30422043).]

1315-35, William fought in wars against the Scots.

10/26/1316, William married Alice. [Date of licence to marry.]

7/27/1317, Order to deliver to William la Zousche and Alice his wife, late the wife of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, ... knights’s fees [over £70] ...  advowsons [over £26] ... which the king had assigned to her in dower ... (S) CCRs.

1317-20, Petitioners: William la Zousche; Alice la Zousche, wife of William la Zouche, widow of Guy de Beauchamp. The Zousches request that they be assigned the value of the dower from a certain place in Worcestershire as they have sued for a third part of the manor of Beoley as dower. (S) UKNA.

5/23/1319, Order to cause dower to be assigned to Alice, wife of William la Sousche, late the wife of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, ... CCRs.

5/25/1321, To constable of Bernard’s Castle ... Simon de Hedelem’s service assigned in dower to Alice, late the wife of the earl of Warwick. (S) CCRs.

1321-22, Contrariant Roger Mortimer of Chirk ‘violently efected’ William la Zouche from his manor in Gloucester, and stole goods worth 100 marks, because he refused to join the rebels.

1323-36, William summoned to parliament, sometimes as Lord Zouche de Mortimer.

2/1324, Plea roll of Essex forest eyre 1324, before Aymer de Valence, William la Zouche, and William Cleydon, begun at Stratford ... (S) UKNA.

1324-5, William served in Gascony.

11/7/1324, Revocation of … his custody of the land and heir of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, … by inspection … the advoswon thereof has been assigned in dower to William la Zousche and Alice his wife, late the wife of the earl, in her share of the earl’s advowsons. (S) CPRs.

1/1/1325, Alice died.

4/10/1325, IsPM at of Alice, late the wife of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. Northampton, Durham, Warwick, Buckingham, Wiltshire, Worcester. (S) CIsPM.

10/1326, William with Queen Isabel at the extraordinary council held at Bristol.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

2/17/1327, Power to William la Zousche of Assheby to receive persons into the king’s peace. (S) CPRs.

1328-29, William la Zouche Mortimer the Constable of the Tower of London. (S) Castle Community, Richard, 2002, P298.

[–––William & Eleanor –––]

[For the life of Eleanor, widow of Lord Hugh le Despenser, before this time, see 2954875.]

1/26/1329, William married Eleanor de Clare (2954875) after abducting her from Hanley castle: Commission of oyer … on complaint by John de Grey that William la Zousche de Mortuo Marie and others at Henle, co. Worcester, abducted his wife [Lady la Despenser] and carried away his goods, and that they still withhold his wife from him. (S) CPRs.

2/5/1329, Mandate to Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March, justice of Wales, or such as shall supply his place, to provide for the safety of Kaerfilly Castle, now besieged by William la Zousche of Mortimer. (S) CPRs.

6/12/1329, Mandate to William la Zousche de Mortuo Mari, constable of the Tower of London, to induct John de Wodeford into corporal possession. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1330, William named in the confession of Edmund, Earl of Kent, as a conspirator of the attempt to free [deceased] Edward II.

1/1331, William in a quarrel with Lord John de Grey (15211428); John drew his knife on him in the King’s presence. [John was sent to prison.]

1/20/1331, Restitution to William la Zousche of Mortimer, Eleanor his wife and her heirs, of the land of Glaumorgan and Morgannon in the march of Wales, … manors of Teukesbury, co. Gloucester, and Hanle, co. Worcester, … grant is made to ease the king’s conscience … the king is not bound to make such restitution until satisfied of £5,000 [out of £10,000, £5,000 pardoned by parliament] wherein they became bound to obtain pardon for a theft by Eleanor of a very great quantity of jewels and other goods at the Tower of London. (S) CPRs.

4/5/1332, Grant to William la Zousche de Mortuo Mari and Eleanor his wife, who are about to go beyond seas by the king's order in the company of Eleanor the King's sister, that of the £3,666 13s. 4d. arrears of the £10,000 ..., they pay at the Exchequer 250 marks at Michaelmas next and Easter following, and so yearly 500 marks. (S) CFRs.

4/26/1332, William received protection for going beyond the seas with Princess Eleanor. William had 20 others including knights, parsons, and clerks going with him. (S) CPRs. [Thomas Roscelyn, knight, going beyond seas on the king’s service, with William la Zousche of Mortimer, going to Ireland]. (S) CPRs.

5/1332 at Nijmegen, Princess Eleanor married Reginald II, Count of Gelderland.

1/30/1333, Grant to William la Zouche de Mortuo Mari and Eleanor his wife  that of the residue of the £3,606  13s. 4d. touching which the king made a grant to them ..., they pay 100 marks at the Exchequers of Easter next and Michaelmas following, and so yearly 200 marks. (S) CFRs.

7/1333, King Edward defeated David II and the Scots at Hallidon Hill in Scotland; then captured Berwick-upon-Tweed.

1333, Berwick under siege by the Scots. William la Zouche summoned to come with as many men as he could provide in fealty and homage. (S) Armies and Warfare, Prestwich, 1999, P355.

6/21/1333, Commission of oyer … on complaint by William la Zouche of Mortymer, … and others hunted in his chace at Malverne, co. Worcester, carried away deer and assaulted his servants. (S) CPRs.

8/19/1333, Hugh de Audley was in violent conflict with William la Zouche of Mortimer in the marches of Wales; the king ordering them to keep the peace. (S) CCRs.

2/27/1334, William la Zousche of Mortimer acknowledges that he owes Hugh le Despenser, ... £1866 13s 4d, to be levied of his lands ... co. Warwick. (S) CCRs.

3/3/1334, Grant to William la Zouche Mortymer of pavage for three years for his town of Teukesbury. (S) CPRs.

8/23/1335, Licence … lands in Ireland … which descended to Eleanor, wife of William la Zouche of Mortimer, one of the sisters and heirs of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … (S) CPRs.

10/13/1335, Pardon to William la Zousche of Mortimer and Eleanor his wife of 2,000 marks beyond the sums already pardoned out of the 10,000£ … (S) CPRs.

5/4/1336, Petitioners: William la Zouche de Mortimer; Eleanor la Zouche, wife of William la Zouche de Mortimer and co-heir of Gilbert de Clare; Hugh Daudelegh (Audley); Margaret Audley, wife of Hugh Daudelegh and co-heir of Gilbert de Clare; Elizabeth de Burgh, co-heir of Gilbert de Clare. The petitioners and their wives, the three co-heirs of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford (d.1314) , request that the king order an inspection of the records regarding debts owed to Edward I by Gilbert's father, Gilbert (d.1295) . They state that these debts had been paid from the earl's goods and chattels seized into his hands by Edward I, and had been discharged by the Exchequer, but they are still being charged upon the executors of his son. (S) UKNA.

1336, Indenture whereby William la Zouche undertakes to serve in the war for a year wherever the King shall be, with 30 men-at-arms, receiving the usual wages for them, replacement of horses, and a fee of 200 marks. (S) UKNA.

2/28/1337, William la Zouche de Mortimer died; buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire. [William’s son Alan, age 19 and more, his heir.]

6/30/1337, Eleanor died; buried at Tewkesbury. (S) The Hist. of Tewkesbury, Bennett, 1830, P175.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P54.

Family notes:

·         Guy a fierce opponent of Piers Gaveston. He was “an exceptionally cultured and learned man”, who understood Latin, owned an unusually large collection of books, and served with distinction in Scotland under Edward I. (S) Queen Isabella, by Alison Weir, 2005, P41.

·         Will: Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, dated at Warwick castle, Monday next after the feast of St. James the Apostle, 1315. My body to be buried in the Abbey of Bordsley, without any funeral pomp; to Alice my wife, a proportion of plate, with a crystal cup and half my bedding, and also all the vestments and books belonging to my Chapel, the other half of my beds, rings, and jewels I bequeath to my two daughters; to Maud my daughter a crystal cup; to Elizabeth my daughter, the marriage of Astley’s heir; to Thomas my son, my best coat of mail, helmet, and harness, with all that belongs thereto;  to John my son, my second coat of mail, helmet, and suit of harness;  and I will that all the rest of my armour, bows, and other warlike implements, shall remain in Warwick castle for my heir.

·         Gibbon, the historian, said that the “de la Zouche” family had the most royal blood in all of Europe; descended from Alfred the Great and Charlemagne.

·         Contemporary William la Zouche of Harringworth, Northamptonshire, b.~1280, d.1352, was the son of Eudo la Zouche. He married Maud, d/o John Lovel of Titchmarch.

·         There is also contemporary ‘William la Zouche’ that is a “king’s clerk.”

Children of Guy and Alice: [2 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Maud de Beauchamp (15211395), born 1311 in England.

ii. Thomas de Beauchamp (624678), born 2/14/1313 in England. {Bond-Bell}

iii. Elizabeth de Beauchamp (7605543), born by 1315 in England.

Children of William and Alice: [3 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Alan la Zouche, born 9/15/1317 in England. [Heir.]

ii. Joyce la Zouche (624683), born 1319 in England. 

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