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Saturday, August 22, 2020

Prince Fergus of Galloway & Princess Elizabeth fitz Roy

 319832112. Prince Fergus of Galloway & 319832113. Princess Elizabeth fitz Roy

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.

~1105, Fergus born in Galloway, Scotland.

1/8/1107, David became king of Southern Scotland. [His older brother Alexander king of the north.]

~1115, Elizabeth, born in England, youngest natural d/o 189110274. King Henry I & 378236701. Isabel de Beaumont [mistress].

1120s, Elizabeth was raised in her mother Isabel’s family [318232092. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 318232093. Isabel de Vermandois.]

1124, King David succeeding Alexander, addressed “all good men of my whole kingdom – Scottish, English, Anglo-Norman, and Gallovidians”; recognizing the people of Galloway as a distinct race. [Elizabeth the sister of Sibilla, wife of deceased Alexander I.]

[––Fergus & Elizabeth––]

~1131, Fergus married Elizabeth. [Multiple wives and mistresses.]

1126, Fergus restored the bishopric of Candida Casa, sending Gilla Aldan to York for consecration. (S) History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 1896, P49.

1127-28, Fergus founded Tungland, on the Dee.

1129, Fergus founded St. Mary’s priory at the Isle of Trahil. (S) Monasticon, V1, Gordon, 1868, P202.

1130, Fergus implicated in the insurrection against King David of Angus, Earl of Moray. Fergus had to take refuge in Hollyrrod abbey.

Aft 1134, Fergus requested that Aelred of Rievalux write his ‘Life of St Ninian’ for the clergy and people of the Whithorn area of Scotland. [Fergus had re-established the See at Whithorn (Candida Casa) and was the founder of Rievaulx’s daughter house at Dundrennan.]

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

7/7/1136, ‘Fergus de Galweia’ witnessed a charter by King David I granting Perdeyc to the church of Glasgow. [The earls of Fife and Strathearn were also in attendance.] (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P91.

1138, The Galwegians, under William fitz Duncan, participated in the attack on Clitheroe against King Stephen of England.

8/22/1138, Fergus and other Galloway family members were with King David I at the Battle of the Standard fought on Cutton moor. Two family members, Ulgric and Dovenald were killed.

4/9/1139 at Durham, Queen Matilda [maternally a Scot] acting for her husband King Stephen of England, for the sake of peace, surrendered all of Northumberland to King David with the exception of 2 castles, and recognized Scotland as an independent kingdom. King David had to provide hostages, one of which was Uchtred, son of Fergus.

1140, Fergus ‘rex Galwitensium’ founded the Cistercian abbey of Dundrenane. (S) History of Scotland, V1, Carruthers, 1826, P377.

1141, Fergus of Galloway began a revolt summoning all the Celtic chiefs against the intrusion of Anglo-Norman lords. (S) History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 1896, P52.

1142, Fergus deposed.

1143, Fergus, lord of Galloway, dedicated the priory church at Corsemartin [St. Martin’s Cross.] (S) Studies in the Topography of Galloway, Maclellan, 1887, P127.

1148, Fergus founded the Premonstratensian abbey of Saulseat. (S) Encyclopaidia Britannica, V24, 1894, P595.

1153, King David I, grandfather of Malcom, eldest son of his son Henry, and now his heir, sent him on a tour of Scotland. Fergus escorted Malcolm in Galloway. (S) Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, Agnew, 1893, P60.

5/24/1153, Malcom IV succeeded as King of Scotland

Aft. 1153, After the death of King David I, Fergus supported the rebellion of Donald Macheth.

1154, Fergus aided in the establishment of a bishopric in Galloway.

1154, Fergus suffered significant losses to his fleet of ships in the mercenary fleet of Muirchertach mac Loclainn, in his struggle with the King of Connacht for dominace of Ireland. (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P120.

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.

1156, Fergus captured Donald Macheth and turned him over to King Mael Coluim.

1159, Fergus called upon Cistercian monk Aelred of Rievalux to settle a family dispute with his sons.

1160, King Mael Coluim led 3 campaigns against Fergus.

1160, Fergus, forced into retirement, became a monk in the abbey of Holyrood.[To which Fergus made multiple grants.]

5/12/1161, Fergus died.

(S) The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage, Paul, 1907, P135. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) Aelred of Rievaulx, Race, 2011.

Family notes:

Fergus rivaled King David in beneficence to the Church, founding 8 new monasteries. (S) Characteristics of Old Church Architecture, 1861, P7. (S) Hist. of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 1900, P47ff.

Children of Fergus and Elizabeth:

i. Uchtred of Galloway (159916056), born ~1133 in Scotland.

ii. Affreca of Galloway, born ? in Scotland.

~1140, Affreca married Olaf Godredsson [died 1153], King of Man [an island between Ireland and Scotland].

iii. Gilbert of Galloway, born ? in Scotland.

1185, Gilbert died.

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