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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Regent William Marshall & Countess Isabel de Clare

 94559174. Regent William Marshall & 94559175. Countess Isabel de Clare

1147, William born in the West Country of England, 2nd s/o 189118348. John FitzGilbert & 189118349. Sibile of Salisbury. [This was a time of civil war in England between the forces of King Stephen (189110430), s/o Adela (756441989), sister of King Henry I (189110274), and those of his first cousin Empress Matilda (94555137), only surviving child of King Henry I, who claimed the crown for her son, who would become King Henry II (47277568).]

1152, William as a child was given as a hostage of King Stephen at the seige of Newbury castle. Stephen ordered William’s father John to surrender immediately or watch as he hanged William in front of the castle. John replied that he should go ahead, for “I still have the hammer and the anvil with which to forge still more and better sons!” Fortunately, Stephen could not bring himself to hang young William. As a younger son of a minor nobleman, William had no lands or fortune to inherit. William was a hostage for over a year.

1153, A peace agreement was made between between the forces at war. [This is likely when William was released. His father was an advisor to Duke Henry (future Henry II).]

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

~1161, As a young man William was sent by his father to France to serve in the household of William de Tancarville, chamberlain of Normandy, where he began his training to become a knight. Through William de Tancarville, he served in the household of his mother’s brother, Patrick, Earl of Salisbury.

1164, William’s father died; his older half-brother Gilbert succeeding.

1165, William’s brother Gilbert died [his older brother John succeeding].

1166, William in the retinue of Lord Tancarville of about 28 knights came under attack in upper Normandy at Neufchatel-en-Bray. Though a small battle, this was William’s first. There were multiple engagements. William was wounded in the final engagement and lost his horse.

1166, William Marshall at the tournament between Sainte-Jamme and Valennes in the retinue of William de Tancarville, his cousin. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P77.

1167, In tournament at Neufchatel-en-Bray, William lost his horse. William had to sell his best robes to replace the horse. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P287. [He supposedly won over 500 bouts in tournaments. He has been described as the “greatest knight that ever lived” by Stephen Langton.]

6/1167, William knighted by William de Tancarville. (S) Medieval Knighthood V, 1995, P92.

1167, William returned to England well-respected for his tournament success, and went back to his family in the West County, specifically to the service of his uncle, Patrick, earl of Salisbury, who retained 50-60 knights.

1168, Earl Patrick called into the service of King Henry II in SW France to suppress a rebellion. At one point the king went north leaving Queen Eleanor, a native of Aquitaine, in charge with earl Patrick as her lieutenant.

4/1168, In and attempt to capture Queen Eleanor, William’s uncle Patrick was killed in an ambush by Guy of Lusignan s/o Hugh (377996496). William was injured in the thigh and captured in the battle, but was soon ransomed by the Queen and assigned to her retinue.

6/1170, William returned to England with the Queen.

6/14/1170, King Henry had his 15 year old son Henry crowned King [thus the name Henry the Young King].

1170, William appointed tutor in chivalry for Henry the Young King. (S) Eleanor of Aqutaine, Swabey, 2004, P116.

1172, Isabel born in Ireland, d/o 189118350. Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare & 189118351. Eve MacMurchada.

4/1173, William stood by Henry the Young as he revolted against his father King Henry II [during which he knighted the Young King].

9/30/1174, Near Tours, William witnessed the peace agreement between Henry the Young and his father.

10/11/1174, King Louis VII stopped supporting Henry’s sons, effectively ending their rebellion.

2/2/1175, At Le Mans, King Henry’s sons Henry, Richard, and Geoffrey renew their oaths of fealty to their father.

5/8/1175, King Henry and son Prince Henry return to England.

1175, Henry the young king, spending the year in England under the guardianship of William Marshall, did nothing “except pleading, hunting, and fighting in tournaments.” (S) From Memory to Written Record, Clanchy, 2012, P252.

6/24/1175 at Oxford, William Mareschal witnessed a royal charter to the Canons of Malton.

12/1176, William with Henry the Young who held his own Christmas court in Normandy.

1177, William accompanied Henry the Young on the tournament circuit in Europe. At Pleurs William’s helmet was crush against his head such that a blacksmith was required to remove it. At Eu William captured 10 knights and 12 horses in a single day.

1178, William attended the tournament at Joigny. (S) The Owl and the Nightingale, Page, 1990, P88.

12/1178 at Winchester, William attended King Henry II’s christmas court.

1179, The Lateran Council declared those slain in tournaments were denied christian burial. (S) The Chronicle, Villehardouin, 1829, P3.

11/1/1179 at Rhiems, Prince Philip crowned King of France by his maternal uncle the archbishop [his father was in declining health. Young King Henry of England carried the crown; William, now a knight banneret,  attended the ceremony.

11/1179, William Marshall participated in the retinue of Young King Henry at the great tournament at Lagney-sur-Marne. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P76. [An estimated 3000 knights participated.]

4/5/1181 at Chinon, William Marescall witnessed a royal charter to Walter, usher of the King’s chamber.

10/1182, William accused of undue familiarity with Marguerite of France, the Young King’s wife, and was exiled from his court.

12/1182, William went to the court of Henry II at Christmas, held at Caen in Normandy, to ask for trial by combat to prove his innocence, but this was refused.

1183, Saladin siezed the city of Allepo in the Holy Lands; then [unsuccessfully] laid siege to Jerusalem.

3/1183, King Henry and his son Richard besieged Henry the Young, who was again in rebellion, at Limoges.

5/1183, After leaving Limoges under cover, Henry the Young learned of William’s innocence and sent word for him to return to his side.

6/11/1183, The Young King having come down with a fever in May, died at Martel. On his deathbed he asked William to fulfil his vow of going on a Crusade. William was the only knight willing to appear before King Henry II and tell of his son’s death. Henry II was appreciative of the loyalty William had shown to his son through all his rebellions. He paid a hostage fee the Young King owed against William and provided William and a small retinue of knights with horses and equipment for the crusade.

1183, William left on crusade and vowed to be buried as a Knight Templar.

1184, Saladin again laid siege to Jerusalem. Unsuccessful, Saladin made a truce with the crusaders that ended the fighting [until 1187 when he won the battle of Hattin.]

1185, Isabel’s brother Gilbert died a minor.

1185-89, Isabel lived in London in the wardship of justiciar, Ranulf de Glanville. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood II, Harper-Bill, 1988, P17.

By 1186, William, having returned to Normandy, became a knight of King Henry’s household; receiving a fief in Lancashire.

2/11/1188 at Geddington, Charter of King Henry to the church of Bungay. Witnesses … Earl William of Sussex; Earl David, brother of the King of Scots; Ranulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Walter fitz Robert; Seher de Quinci; William Marshall; … Richard de Camville; … (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, P284, 2011.

8/28/1188, King Henry sends the Archbishop of Rouen, the bishop of Evreux, and William Marescall with demands and threats to King Philip. The ambassadors bring back a message of defiance.

1189, While covering the flight of Henry II from Le Mans to Chinon, William unhorsed the undutiful son Richard in a skirmish. William could have killed the prince, but killed his horse instead, to make that point clear.

7/6/1189, Henry II died; son Richard his heir. [After Henry’s death, William was pardoned and welcomed at court by his former adversary, Richard, and was assigned to accompany the body to its burial.]

7/1189, William Marshall, after the death of Henry II, sped to England to release 68 year old Eleanor from prison at Winchester.

[––William & Isabel––]

8/1189, King Richard, prior to leaving for a crusade, named William seneschal of Poitou. He also arranged for William to marry the second-richest heiress in England, Isabel de Clare, the 17-year-old daughter of Strongbow. [The wedding in London.]

9/3/1189 at Westminster, William attended the coronation of Richard I; bearing the sceptre with the cross. [The first detailed recording of a coronation in England.]

12/12/1189, Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade. [1st going to France, from which he departed in July 1190.]

3/1190, in France, William and his brother John [with several others] witnessed a royal charter.

1191, King Richard restored and confirmed to Richard de Clare (39979056, gggs/o Rohais), earl of Hertford, and William le Mareschal (94559174) and Isabella [(94559175), gggd/o Rohais] his wife, all lands of Walter Giffard, sometime earl of Buckingham, through his wife, in England and in Normandy. (S) Magni Rotula Scaccarii, Stapleton, P88. [Also see (S) The Ancestor, Vs1-12, 1905, P193. ‘Earldom of Buckingham’.]

2/16/1192, [Prince John (23638784), count of Mortain, had joined with King Philip II (94555248) of France against his brother King Richard] Letter commanding Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, to impose excommunication against … William Marshall, Geoffrey fitz Peter, William Brewer, Hugh Bardulf, … Gerard de Camville, the earl of Salisbury, … Henry de Vere, … (S) English Episcopal Acta, Karn, 2006, P211.

12/21/1192, King Richard, returning from crusade, was captured near Vienna.

1/1193, News of King Richard’s capture reached England. William, supported by the Queen, joined in the war against Prince John’s attempt at the crown, his brother John supporting Prince John.

3/29/1193, William captured Windsor castle and garrisoned it with West County forces.

2/1194, On payment of 100,000 marks King Richard was released from captivity.

3/12/1194, King Richard, having once more evaded capture, landed at Sandwich, England. It only took Richard 2 weeks to recover his lands and castles.

3/1194, William’s older brother John died. William assumed his brother’s role of “Marshall” of the king’s household. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P343. [William was at Striguil castle in Monmouthhire when he heard of the King’s return and left for London before the funeral, meeting up with the King at Huntingdon.]

3/25/1194, William with King Richard besieged Prince John’s last stronghold at Nottingham. [Prince John had fled to France.]

5/1194, William sailed for France with the king to recover lands lost to the French king. Many fortresses were quickly recovered.

5/28/1194, The English broke the French siege of Verneuil. [About this time Prince John returned to the graces of King Richard.]

7/3/1194, King Philip II began a siege of Vendome on the border of Maine by sending a message to King Richard of England that he was about to attack. King Richard replied that if they did not attack he would “pay them a visit in the morning.”

7/4/1194, The English attacked and King Philip withdrew. Richard left the main army under William and quickly attacked the rear of the fleeing French. Richard nearly captured Philip at Freteval, capturing his wagon train, which had treasure, and a document identifying Angevin subjects prepared to swap sides. [King Philip hid in a church as the English passed by.]

9-10/1194, William returned to England.

1195, William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, re-edified the castle of Kilkenny in Ireland. (S) Beauties of Ireland, V1, 1825, P414.

5-6/1196, William returned to France.

1196-98, William was in France helping King Richard build the Chateau Gaillard castle on the Seine river. [This was to help with the eventual assault to retake Gisors, captured by King Philip in 1193. The castle was on the Seine which allowed water access to the castle by English forces. The large English force stationed there pinned down the French forces in the area.]

5/1197, William, supported by Prince John, captured Milly-sur-Therain near Beauvais. When the assault was faltering William personally climbed an assault ladder reinvigorating his forces and resulting in success.

6/1197, William sent as an envoy of the King to Baldwin IX, count of Flanders.

9-10/1198, William back in England.

3/1199, King Richard left William in charge of the north and went south.

4/6/1199, King Richard was wounded at the siege of Chalus-Chabrol by a crossbow. He died soon after. [Before dying Richard sent a dispatch to William instructing him to take control of Rouen.]

4/7/1199, William received King Richard’s letter at the castle of Vaudreuil.

4/10/1199, William met Archbishop Hubert Walter in Normandy to discuss the succession of the crown. Hubert wanted Arthur of Brittany, William supported Prince John. [William convinced Hubert to support John likely on the basis that John had some experience and support that would be useful against the expected French response versus an essentially unknown 12-year old who had a slightly stronger claim.]

4/11/1199, William dispatched a trusted knight to England to tell of Richard’s death.

4/1199, Prince John, invested as Duke of Normandy at Rouen, then took contol of the treasure fortress of Chinon.

5/1199, at Northampton, William Marshall, having returned to England, assembled barons to address their grievances, including William de Ferrers, earl of Derby. Those assembled held over 850 knights’ fees.  William, Hubert and Geoffrey fitzPeter (189118338) stood surety for Duke John. (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P12.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England. After the ceremony William, created 1st Earl of Pembroke, Archbishop Hubert named chancellor, and Geoffrey fitzPeter named Earl of Essex. [Penbrokeshire a peninsula in Wales SE of Wexford across the Irish sea.]

5/22/1200, King John and Philip II made an agreement in which William’s interests in northern France were lost.

1200, William Marescal, the elder, earl of Pembroke, built the Cistercian abbey of Our Lady of Tintern on the sea shore in Ireland. (S) Antiquities of Ireland, Ware, 1705, P82.

5/1201, With 100 knights, William Marshall sent to defend King John’s lands in Normandy. William primarily fortified Arques, Longueville and Meleurs.

11/1201 at Orbec, France, Hugh de Gournay [large land holder of King John in Normandy], by charter, gave to the hospital of Lisieux a rent of a thousand eels, payable every year; witnessed by Count William Mareschal, … Henry Biset, …

1202, William, earl of Pembroke, by writ to William le Gras, governor of Kilkenny … (S) Statistical Account, V3, Mason, 1819, P526. [William made a short trip to Ireland.]

7/20/1202, A large French force marched on Arques. William and William Longespee (19989838), earl of Salisbury, left a force in Arques under King John’s castellan and pulled back to the west, making attacks against French forces.

1203, King Philip attacked John’s lands in Normandy and Angiers. King John sent forces commanded by William Marshall to repel the invasion.

7/5/1203 at Rouen, William Marshall wrote to King John: “Know that Robert Fitz-Walter and Saher de Quinci have returned the castle of Valle Rodol [Vaudriel] to the King of France by our order. … enjoin that they, ald all those who were with them in the castle, may be on that account acquitted of blame.” (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P235.

9/1203, William leading a land force to be coordinated with a force coming up the Seine in an attack on the French forces. The river-borne forces arrived too late and William had to retreat. [The river forces took heavy losses.]

12/5/1203 From Barfleur, a port in Cherbourg, France, William de Braose (121685152) and William were part of the retinue accompanying King John on his return to England.

5/1204, William, sent by King John to France, made a personal 1-year agreement with King Philip Augustus of France which protected his lands as Philip conquered many English lands in France.

1204, William invaded Wales and captured Kilgerran, Ireland.

4/1205, William returned to Anet, France, having been authorized by King John to do homage to King Philip for his lands. William agreed to a more stringent requirement of King Philip, that King Philip be recognized as his liege-lord “on this side of the sea.”

6/1205, William did not support King John’s plans to invade Poitou to recover lands and was publically accused by King John of being “the King of France’s man.” William offered to defend himself in a trial by combat, which not one accepted. William had to give his son William to the king as a hostage.

1206, King John invaded Angiers, leaving William in England as a regent. William used this time to plan his expedition into Ireland.

2/19/1207, William given permission by the king to travel to Ireland, but then sent William a message saying that he changed his mind. William decided to go forward with the expedition.

3/1207, William and Isabel arrived in Leinster, Ireland.

4/21/1207, William Marshall stripped of the shrievalty of Gloucester by King John. [King John appointed Gerard d’Athee in his place.]

9/27/1207, William and Isabel arrived back in Wales, returning to England after being summoned by the king.

11/1207 at Woodstock, William betrayed by many of his men when offered lands ... by King John. William was required to stay in England, but Isabel returned to Ireland.

12/1207-2/1208, William’s leaders in Ireland defended his lands against men King John sent to take over the lands. They were received help from Hugh de Lacy, earl of Ulster, and devastated the lands of the usurper, the king’s justiciar in Ireland. Williams opponents were captured and required to give Isabel hostages to ensure allegiance.

3/5/1208, William was called to the king at Bristol and was told by King John that his family in Ireland was well. [William knew of the victory in Ireland which the king did not mention.]

3/28/1208, Grant by King John to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, of Leinster, Ireland, to hold in fee by the service of 100 knights.

12/29/1208, Earl William Marshall give 300 marks of silver to have seisin of the land of Offaly.

1209, William de Breuse and his family fleeing from the king in England went to Leinster where he was taken in by William Marshall. On learning they were being sought by King John, William turned them over to Walter de Lacy to whom they were related.

6/6/1210, King John attacked Ireland, launching 700 ships in the excursion. William and John de Grey, Justiciar of Ireland, attacked the “de Lacy” estates.

7/28/1210 at Dublin, Statement by the K. regarding William de Breouse … William fled with his family into Ireland and was there harboured by Earl William Marshall, and Walter and Hugh de Lacy. William again offered to defend his position in the matter with trial by combat, which no one accepted.

1211, William founded the hospital of St. John the Evangelist in Kilkenny. (S) Antiquities of Ireland, Ware, 1705, P82.

7/1212, The K. commands William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, to come to the K. at Chester … with John Bishop of Norwich and the K.’s Irish subjects. … bring 200 knights … [King John was planning to suppress a Welsh rebellion.]

10/1212, The K. to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke. Has by his letters thanked his barons and subjects of Ireland for their faithful service … but returns special thanks to the Earl. … the Earl’s presence in Ireland is necessary to the K. …

5/15/1213, William, recalled to England, a witness of the document in which King John resigned his crown to the Pope.

7/21/1213, William given protection in Ireland because of being retained in England for service to the King.

7/27/1214, English forces supporting Otto IV of Germany against France, at the Battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders, a disastrous defeat for King John. Many of the English barons lost lands in France.

4/27/1215, King John sent William Marshall, Earl Warenne, and Archbishop Langton to Brackley, Northamptonshire to demand a more specific account of the laws and liberties desired by rebelling barons.

5/5/1215, Revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to King John and invited the King of France to invade England. [The barons in revolt together held more castles and knights fees than John did as King.] The barons first laid siege to Northampton castle.

5/17/1215, The barons took control of London, which became the center of the revolt.

6/15/1215 at Runnymede, William, loyal to King John, at the signing of the Magna Carta, the first named English magnate.

4/10/1216, William sent for his son William who was in rebellion.

5/22/1216, England invaded by Prince Louis [VIII] of France, landing at Sandwich. [William had been sent to Wales to suppress their rebellion.] Prince Louis and his supporters took control of northern England with support of the Scots, and also took control of London.

10/18/1216, While William was still in Wales, King John died. [William had served and survived 4 crowned monarchs.]

10/2018, William arranged for Henry, son of John, to be brought from Devizes, meeting up with the group near Malmesbury, Wiltshire, and then took him to Gloucester.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England at Gloucester. [Before the ceremony William made Henry a knight, as only a knight could be crowned.]

10/29/1216, William initially refusing the position as regent of the 9 year old King Henry III.

11/1/1216, William appointed regent of the kingdom. The papal legate Gualo got William to agree by offering absolution for his sins. Ranulf de Blundville, the other primary candidate also supported William as regent. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P28.

11/1216, William called a assembly of King Henry’s supporters at Bristol.

11/12/1216, King Henry’s re-granting of the Magna Carta, arranged by his supporters as an appeasement for those in rebellion. William also decided to liquidate the royal treasures stored at Corfe castle and Devisies to pay for the fight against the French king.

1/1217, Prince Louis needing to return to France to get more forces to support the conquest of England made a peace agreement.

By 3/1217, During a lull in fighting, many barons retured to the King’s allegiance, including William’s son William,  and the king’s half uncle, William Longespee (19989838), earl of Salisbury. Papal legate Guala of Bicciere had obtained the Pope’s support for King Henry, and had authorized their forces to wear the cross of a crusader.

4/1217, William began to gather his forces at Northampton in central England.

5/1217, Prince Louis split his forces, one group going north besiege Lincoln, which was held by Nicholaa de la Haye (378270341), and the other to besiege Dover castle.

5/17/2017, William began to muster his entire force at Newark, 25 miles SW of Lincoln. Various sources give a contingent of 406 knights and 317 crossbow men with numerous support persons. William’s commanders were Bishop Peter de Roches in the armour of a knight, Earl Ranulf of Chester, Earl William of Salisbury, Faulkes de Breaute, John Marshall  (his nephew), and his son William. The opposing forces had over 600 knights and several thousand infantry led by the Count of Perch.

5/20/1217, William broke the siege of Lincoln. Arriving at 6 am, William’s forces circled around the city and approached from the north. This would allow them to fight downhill as they entered the town. They were seen approaching and the French commanders came out a surveyed the approach. The French commander to retreat into the city walls and defend the north gate. Surveying their options, Peter des Roches discovered a large gate on the NW city wall that had been blocked by masonry and rubble. To create a diversion, Ranulf of Chester was tasked to attack the north gate. The castle was on the west wall with a smaller gate that was guarded on the outside by French forces. Faulkes de Breaute was assigned to take this gate, enter the castle, and put crossbow men on the castle walls to attack the French from behind (One chronicler said the bowmen mowed down and slaughtered the French knights horses like pigs.) William himself led the major charge through the cleared NW gate. Then came the close-quarter fighting in the streets. In hand-to-hand combat in front of the cathedral the count of Perch was killed. Many of the fleeing French forces were caught in a bottlenect created by the bridge needed to cross the river going south. About 200 of the French knights escaped. The two English commanders Robert fitzWalter (60849196) and Saier de Quincy (39979012) were captured. A total of 46 barons and 300 knights were captured.

6/1217, William began negotiations with Prince Louis, who had retreated into London.

6/15/1217, The nogotiations broke down, but English knights continued to return to King Henry’s allegiance.

8/24/1217, The naval battle off of Sandwich between a makeshift English fleet commanded by Hubert de Burgh against an invading French force could be seen from England. William with King Henry watched from the shore. The French leaders were captured, an estimated 4000 were killed in battle or drowned, and the remaining French ships sailed back for France.

8/1217, William encircled London to prevent Prince Louis from escaping.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.

1217, King Henry was sent to live with William Marshall when his mother, Queen Isabella, returned to her homeland in France.

11/6/1218 at Westminster, W. Mar’, earl of Pembroke [William Marshall], witnessed a royal letter patent to the soldiers and free tenants of Merton priory. (S) Records of Merton Priory, Stephenson, 1898, P75.

1/1219, William travelled from Marlborough to Westminster, where he became sick and in pain.

3/1219, William realized that he was dying. He summoned his eldest son, also William, and his household knights, and left the Tower of London for his estate at Caversham in Oxfordshire, near Reading.

4/8/1219, at Caversham, King Henry held a 2-day council in Marshall’s bedroom.

5/14/1219, William, Earl of Pembroke, died at Caversham in the presence of his wife and son William. [William  buried in the round Temple Church in London, where his effigy may still be seen.]

[––Isabel––]

1220, Isabel died, buried in Tintern abbey north of Striguil, her family home.

(S) The Barons’ War: Including the Battles of Lewes and Evesham, Blaauw, 1871. (S) William’s deeds are described in “History of William the Marshall” written ~1225; written by his son William. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Calendar of Document Relating to Ireland, V1, 1875. (S) The Greatest Knight, Asbridge, 2014.

Children of William and Isabel:

i. William Marshall, born 1190-91 in Normandy.

1204, William 1st married to Alice de Betune, d/o the Earl of Albemarle.

1215, William a Magna Carta Surety [1 of 25]. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P-XI.

1223, William led an army opposing the Prince of Wales, Llywelyn.

1224, William married Princess Eleanor, d/o King John.

5/1224, William sent to rule Ireland as justiciar.

4/15/1231, William, Earl of Pembroke, died; buried in Temple Church with his father; Richard his heir.

ii. Matilda Marshall (47279561), born 1192 in England.

iii. Richard Marshall, born ? in Normandy.

Richard inherited the Norman estates and spent 12 years as a noble in the French court.

7/1231, Richard, heir to his older brother, arrived in England.

4/16/1234, Richard, in rebellion against the king, died after being wounded in combat in Ireland; Gilbert his heir.

iv. Gilbert Marshall, born ? in England.

Gilbert “rebelled” with his brother Richard.

1235, Gilbert married Majorie, a princess of Scotland, d/o King William of Scotland.

1236, Gilbert “dismissed” by Henry III.

6/7/1241, Gilbert died in a tournament at Ware; buried in Temple Church; Walter his heir.

v. Walter Marshall, born ? in England.

Walter married Margaret, widow of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln.

12/24/1245, Walter died at Goodrich castle.

vi. Anselm Marshall, born ? in England.

Anselm married Maud de Bohun, d/o Humphrey.

12/22/1245, Anselm died before his brother Walter.

vii. John Marshall, born ? in England.

1217, John defeated Prince Louis at sea.

John died unmarried.

viii. Isabella Marshall (19989529), born 10/9/1200 in England.

ix. Sybilla Marshall (486752647), born ~1203 in England.

x. Eve Marshall (47279587), born ~1205 in England.

xi. Joan Marshall (23640207), born ~1208 in England.

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