11/23/1116, William born in England; heir & s/o 159916042. Sir Robert de Caen & 159916043. Mabel FitzRobert.
~1130 Hawise born in England, d/o 159116046. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 159116047. Amice de Gael.
1134 at Rouen, Normandy, William son of the earl of Gloucester attested a royal notification to the archbishop of Rouen. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P575.
12/2/1135, King Henry I died.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1138, William, renouncing his allegiance to King Stephen, held Bristol and provided a haven for Geoffrey Talbot. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908, P19.
9/30/1139, Empress Matilda landed at Arundel in Sussex to claim the crown of England. William met her with a retinue of 150 knights. (S) A manual of Dates, Townsend, 1867, P372.
1139, Empress Matilda set up a court in Bristol. [William, a nephew of the Empress Maud and a cousin of King Stephen, the principal combatants of the English Anarchy period. William was the lord of the manor of Glamorgan, as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff. William’ father was lord of Bristol castle.]
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured brought to Matilda.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda trapped at Oxford by an invading army from Flanders [led by Stephen’s wife from France].
10/1141, William took control of the baronial estates when his father was captured by partisans at Winchester.
11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged King Stephen for her brother Robert.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
1141-47, Writ of King Stephen pardoning William fitz Robert for a forfeiture concerning assarts on which he impleaded. (S) English Lawsuits, V106, 1990, P304.
1144, William served as Governor of Wareham while his father was in Normandy.
1145, King Stephen defeated Matilda’s forces at the battle of Faringdon.
1147, William overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary.
10/31/1147, William’s father, Robert, Earl of Gloucester, died.
By 1148, Earl William married Hawise, d/o the Earl of Leicester. (S) Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000, P237.
1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never return to England.
1149, Marcher lords William, earl of Gloucester, and Roger, earl of Hereford, made an alliance by which they agreed to aid each other against all men except Duke Henry. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P281. [This was targeted specifically at Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas, Wales.]
[––William & Hawise––]
By 1150, William married Hawise.
1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships.
8/1153, King Stephen’s son and heir Eustace died.
11/6/1153, Signed at Westminster, by the Treaty of Wallingford, Henry recognized by his cousin King Stephen of England as his heir.
1154, Camberwell church given by William, earl of Gloucester, son of Robert, earl of Gloucester, natural son of King Henry, to the abbey of Bermondsey. (S) Monastic Anglicanum, V5, Dodsworth, 1825, P89..
10/1154, King Stephen of England died.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
3/1155 at London, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed 3 royal charters.
9/29/1155, William, earl of Gloucester, attended the king’s Great Council at Winchester.
1156, William’s mother died; and William began administering all his lands.
5/15/1156, A long conflict involving William’s acknowlegdegment of a grant by William Rufus to the abbot and convent of Gloucester was finally settled.
1156, On the levy of ‘danegeld’ and ‘dona’, William received only one pardon for lands in Suffolk. (S) Accession of Henry II, Amt, 1993, P35.
1157, William, Hawise, and their son Robert were captured at Cardiff castle by Welsh rebels led by “Ivor the Little”. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908, P86. [William was released when he restored lands he had confiscated after the death of his mother.]
8/1158 at Winchester, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed a royal charter to Malmesbury abbey.
3/23/1159, Richard de Lucy made a gift of a gold ring to William, earl of Gloucester, and Hawise his wife, witnessed by William’s seneschal Richard de Kerdiff. (S) Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1889, P216.
1159, King Henry confirmed the 1154 grant of William, earl of Gloucester, of Camberwell church.
7/1/1163 at Woodstock, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed a royal confirmation of a grant by Robert, earl of Leicester [William’s father-in-law], to Nun-Eaton priory.
1164, William, earl of Gloucester, founded a priory at Keynsham. [5 miles from Bristol.] (S) Chilcott’s Desc. History of Bristol, 1851, P402.
1165, Herbert fitz Herbert held lands of his father including in Gloucester, held of William, Earl of Gloucester.
1166, William of Gloucester held 322 knights’ fees. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1167, William, earl of Gloucester, certified that Poncius filius Simonis held 8 knights’ fees of the honor of Gloucester. (S) Transactions – Bristol and Gloucester, V12, 1888, P124.
1172, Owain, s/o Iorwerth ap Owain killed by William, earl of Gloucester, near Cardiff while under safe conduct on his way to peace talks with Henry II at Usk.
4/1173, King Henry’s eldest 3 sons went into revolt. William supported the King against his sons.
10/17/1173, Robert, earl of Leicester, at Fornam, St. Genevieve, defeated and captured by combined forces of Richard de Lucy, Humphrey de Bohun and the earls of Cornwall, Gloucester [William] and Arundel.
7/26/1174 at Northampton, William, earl of Gloucester, and Richard, earl of Hertford, gave assurances to the king of their loyalty. (S) Scholar’s History of England, Ramasay, 1903, P181.
5/18/1175 at London, W. Earl of Gloucester witnessed a royal charter to Gloucester abbey.
6/24/1175 at Oxford, William surrendered control of Bristol castle to the King.
6/29/1175, William, earl of Gloucester, and William de Braose were charged with defining the King’s subjects against the Welsh.
10/1175, King Henry confirmed William, earl of Gloucester’s grants to the priory of St. James at Bristol. [Hawise had witnessed this grant, made about 1160.]
5/1176, at Westminster, William, earl of Gloucester, attested a royal charter in favour of Earl William de Mandeville.
9/28/1176 at Windsor, Earl William made John, the younger son of King Henry II, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King’s promise that John should marry one of his daughters, if the Church would allow it, since they were related in the 3rd degree.
3/13/1177 at London, William present at the Great Council when King Henry arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
12/25/1178 at Winchester, William, earl of Gloucester, with the King at his Christmas court.
1179, King Henry reconfirmed William’s title as earl of Gloucester. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy, Given-Wilson, 2008, P4. [This may have been a request of his son Prince John, in line to inherit the title.]
11/23/1183, William died on his birthday; Hawise survived him.
11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
1194, Hawise paid 300 marks for the seisin of Pimperne, Dorset.
1194-97, Grant by Hawise countess of Gloucester of part of her maritagium at Pimperne, Dorset, to Nuneaton priory. (S) Women of the English Nobility and Gentry, Ward, 1995, P95.
(S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Children of William and Hawise:
i. Robert FitzRobert, born 1151 in Cardiff, Glamorganshire, England.
1166, Robert, the only son, died.
ii. Avisa FitzRobert, born ~1153 in Gloucester, England.
1189, Avisa died.
iii. Mabel FitzRobert, born 1155 in Gloucester, England.
Mabel married Amaury V de Montfort, s/o 79958022. Count Simon de Montfort & 79958023. Countess Amicia de Beaumont.
iv. Amicia of Gloucester (39979057), born 1160 in Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England.
v. Isabel FitzRobert, born 1170 in Gloucester, England.
8/29/1189, Isabel 1st married Prince John (23638784).
1199, Prince John and Isabel’s marriage dissolved – 2nd cousins.
Isabel married Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent.