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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Steward Roger de Leybourne

 121691156. Steward Roger de Leybourne

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

~1220, Roger born in England, s/o 243382312. Roger de Leyburn & 243382313. Alianor de Thurnham.

1250, Roger’s father died.

1250’s, Roger, Steward of the Household of Prince Edward.

12/17/1251, Presentation … church of Hedecrume, … by reason of a grant … of the said church Roger de Leyburne made to the king for the hospital of Ospreng, … (S) CPRs.

10/20/1252, Grant to Roger de Leyburn of the king’s peace, and protection for his men, land and possessins, and mandate to all not to molest him on account of the death of Arnulf de Munteny, lately killed by accident at a round table. (S) CPRs. [Roger pardoned for killing a Norman knight at a tournament in Saffron Walden, co. Essex.]

7/22/1253, Grant, for life, to Roger de Leyburn of 40 marks a to maintain him in the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

8/6/1253, Roger with King Henry as he left for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships to suppress a rebellion.

2/18/1254, at Bazas, France [east of Bordeaux], Charter granting to Roger de Leyburn, for his homage and service, all the land, … which Roger Cauvell held in Renham, co. Kent, … to hold to him and his heirs … (S) CPRs. [Roger also pardoned for 300 marks for the prest of his father Roger de Leiburn.]

3/19/1254, Henry’s army in camp at Meilhan, then at Bordeaux, then at Orleans, France.

1/1255, King Henry returned to England.

4/22/1255, Roger de Leyburn has a charter renewed under the great seal of the lands late of Roger Cannel in Kent … formerly given to the said Roger de Leyburne in Gascony … (S) CChRs.

1256, Liberate to Roger de Leyburn, after payments as above, 20 marks for the same term of his yearly fee of 40 marks. (S) Cal. of the Liberate Rolls.

2/26/1257, Charter, whereby Henry son of Robert le Gras quit-claimed to Sir William de Valencia, earl of Pembroke … Witnesses, Guy de Rupe Forti, Roger de Leyburn, … (S) CChRs.

6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform. A “Council of 15” was formed to enforce the reforms. Sir Roger de Leybourne was a supporter of the Provisions. (S) Memories of Malling, Fielding, 1893, P25.

8/1258, Marcher lords Roger de Clifford (4997408), Hamo Lestrange and John de Vaux (4997498) were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England” including Henry of Almain, John de Warren (23639780) and Roger de Leyburn (121691156)], and distrusted and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001, P163.

1259, Marcher lords Roger Clifford, Hamo Lestrange and John de Vaux were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England” including Henry of Almain, John de Warren and Roger de Leyburn], and distrusted and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001, P163.

10/26/1259, “Edward, son of the king. … Witnesses: Lords Roger de Mont Alto, seneschal of Chester, …, Roger de Leyburn, …, Roger de Clifford, …, William la Zusche.” (S) UKNA.

5/13/1260 at Mortlake, Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, John, earl of Warren, Roger de Leyburn, Peter de Monte Forti, Roger de Clifford, and Hamo Lestraunge witnessed a charter of Edward, the king’s eldest son, to Robert de Tybetoto for his homage and service. (S) CChRs, 1906, P147.

6/13/1261, Ratification of a sale by Erard de Valery of the wardship of the manor fo Derteford and Wymering, late of William de Fortibus, … to Roger de Leyburn and Nicholas de Leukenor. (S) CPRs.

3/1262, King Henry repudiated the Provisions of Oxford.

1262, King Henry rescinded the grant of a manor to Roger de Leyburn in Kent. (S) 13th Century England, Coss, 1995, P95. [Associated with the King Henry’s disagreement with his son Edward.]

1262, Agreement (marriage of Julian/Julien, daughter of Joan de Abervile, and Will, son of Roger Lieburne): Sire Nicole de Criel and Sire Roger de Leyburne; Location: Canterbury etc. Kent.

6/29/1263, The Manor of Isleworth hosted a gathering of Earl Simon de Montfort’s rebellious noblemen who held a conference with the King that sowed the seeds for England’s first true Parliament.

8/18/1263, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vaux, Ralph Basset, Hamo Lestrange and John Giffard issued letters patent giving their full support to Lord Edward. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988, P41.

9/18/1263, Pardon to Roger de Clifford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Hamo Lestrange, John Giffard and Ralph Basset of Dreyton of all trespasses … reason of non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford … (S) CPRs.

1/20/1264, Hugh le Bygod and Robert Aguyllun will procure that Roger de Clyfford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Ralph Basset of Drayton, John Gyffard, Hamo Lestraunge, … William de Huntingefeld, … who are blamed for injuries by B. archbishop of Canterbury shall make competent amends … the king and the said Hugh and Robert have appended their seals to this. (S) CPRs.

Aft. 1/23/1264, when King Louis IX of France found in arbritration for King Henry, Roger de Leybourne became a royalist.

1264, Roger’s wife Eleanor, and other royalist barons’ wives, captured at Gloucester by the rebels.

3/6/1264, Roger arrived a Rochester castle to prepare for a siege. He had come from the king at Windsor. Roger began provisioning Rochester castle with carcases of oxen, sheep and bacons, with fish and wine, which he stored in the castle keep. Roger also paid for a messenger to “enquire about the rumours.”

4/14/1264, Roger de Leyburn visited at Rochester castle by the Earl Warren and William de Breuse. [With other knights as 24 sextaries of wine and of cider were consumed, and 164 horses were fed within the castle.]

4/15/1264, The rebel barons laid siege to Rochester castle.

4/18/1264, King Henry and Lord Edward broke Simon de Montfort and Gilbert de Clare’s siege of Rochester castle.

4/20/1264, Roger arranged to buy 1400 eggs for the castle from the town.

4/29/1264, Roger de Leyburne and the Earl Warrren left the castle with a large contingent of forces to join the king’s army.

5/13/1264, Roger de Leybourne took part in the negotiations the day before the battle of Lewes.

5/14/1264, Roger supporting King Henry at the battle of Lewes.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264, Roger married Eleanor de Ferrers, widow of Roger de Quincy (19989506, d.4/1264), d/o 9994752. Earl William de Ferrers & 486752647. Sybilla Marshall.

1264, On the return from the battle to Kent, Rochester castle was turned over to Simon de Montfort. Roger’s losses for provisions and horses came to £600.

7/7/1264, Safe conduct … for … Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Roger de Leiburn, Roger de Clifford, Warin de Bassinburn, …, and other knights … together with their household, horses and good which they bring with them. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 5/28/1265, Roger was able to visit the King at Pershore, and Lord Edward at Kenilworth. [The date Lord Edward escaped captivity.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. Roger de Leybourne rescued King Henry III during the battle. [Queen Eleanor had sent archers from her mother’s county of Ponthieu in France.]

8/24/1265, Lord Edward sent Roger de Leybourne and Nicholas de Leukenor to the Cinque Ports to establish precautionary measures against foreigners entering the kingdom.

9/28/1265, Roger, having secured the Tower, escorted the 40 leaders of London to Windsor to surrender the city to King Henry III. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P98. [Roger maintained the Tower for 3 months, expensing the king 40s a day.] [After Roger completed his post-Evesham duties for the king, the king acknowledged owing Roger £3094 10s 1.5d for expenses.]

1/5/1266, Roger sent by the king to the Cinque Ports with horses and arms to repress the malice of the sailors. [Roger was involved in this activity for 43 days, expensing £124 12s 8d.]

1/16/1266, Roger de Leyburn attacked and captured the city of Sandwich; losing horses valued at £200. Roger left his son William and and Simon de Creye in charge of Sandwich. From Sandwich Roger went to Hastings to muniton the castle, then to Winchilsea to drive out the disaffected [which took 3 days.]

2/1266, Remission, at the instance of Roger de Clifford and Roger de Leyburn, to Isabel and Iseult daughters and heirs of Robert de Veteri Ponte, who held in chief, of the trespasses of said Robert in adhering to Simon de Monte Forti … they shall not be molested as regards the lands of their father … (S) CPRs.

5/6/1266, Roger began an assault on rebels still holding out in Essex with 34 knights, 7 men at arms, 7 of the king’s valets, 7 of the king’s balistarri, and some Welshmen and trackers, and 500 archers of the Weald.

5/15/1266, [The last engagement with rebel forces.]

5/15/1266, The Battle of Chesterfield. Rebels John de Eyvile, Baldwin Wake, and the Robert, Earl of Ferrers, met together, with horses and arms, in the vill of Cestrefeld. Royalists Sir Henry of Almain and Sir John de Baliol surprised and defeated them. Roger’s forces engaged and captured the Earl of Ferrers at the battle. [The last major battle of the 2nd Barons War.]

1266, Roger given the 13 manors of Henry fitz Aucher, and the house of Peter de Montfort in Westminster.

1/7/1267–3/25/1268, Roger de Leybourne holding Rochester castle [as well as Nottingham and Carlisle]; expenses include William de Leybourne going by the king’s command from Oxford to Nottingham with 8 knights and 30 ‘servientes ad arma’, and 64 horses, to receive the said castle for Sir Reginald de Grey, and the said William and his household stayed 4 days, and returned to Oxford with 6 knights.

3/20/1267, Whereas the king lately granted to Roger de Clifford and Roger de Leyburn the wardship … of Robert de Veteri Ponte, with the marriage of the heirs, and Idonia one of the daughters and heirs by licence of the king married Roger son of Roger de Leyburn, … (S) CPRs.

4/1267, Roger moving from Canterbury to Huntingdon to pursue Sir John de Eyvill.

1267, Roger crossed the Channel and stayed at Calais and Witsand with the Earls of St. Paul [the king’s son-in-law] and Boulogne for 10 days. [He was overseas a total of 26 days.]

3/9/1268, Pardon to Roger de Leyburn and those of his household and fellowship of all trespasses committed by them by occasion of the non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford, … (S) CPRs.

1268, The lands of Roger de Veteri Ponte were divided by convenant between Sirs Roger de Clifford and Roger de Leyburn, guardians of the lands, … to Roger de Clifford … castles of Appelby and Bruham … to Roger de Leyburn … castles of Brough and Marlestang … county Westmerland … (S) CPRs.

12/1/1269, Grant to Roger de Leyburn of £1000 out of the money due at Christmas from Llewelin. (S) CPRs.

7/10/1270, … Protection with clause volumus, for four years from Easter, for Robert de Ufford, crusader, who is going with the King and with Edward the king’s son to the Holy land. The like for the following crusaders … Roger de Leyburn … (S) FRsHIII.

8/1270, Roger left on the 8th crusade with Lord Edward.

11/10/1270, Roger, with Lord Edward, arrived in Tunis.

By 5/1271, Edward moved his forces to Acre; waiting for support to arrive [which never came.]

1271, Roger, of Kent, died on crusade.

7/4/1271, James de Audley, justiciary of Ireland, … inspected letters of the Lord Edward … regarding … Roger de Leyburne, Alienor his wife, Hugh de Mortimer, and Agatha his wife, and their co-parceners of the county of Kildare, … (S) Cal. Of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1877, P154. [Alienor and Agatha sisters of Agnes de Vescy.]

 (S) History and Description of Leeds Castle, Martin, 1869, P103. (S) Memories of Malling, Fielding, 1893. (S) The Archaeological Journal, V21, 1864, P29ff.

Family notes:

·         Bef. 8/27/1311 in London, Katherine d/o William de Leyburne, deceased, confrmed a grant in fee of all the lands at Sainte Croix-du-Monte in Gascony, granted to Roger de Leyburne her grandfather … was bequeathed to her by her father. (S) CPRs, 8/27/1311.

Children of Roger and ?:

i. William de Leybourne (60845578), born ~1240 in England. [Heir]

ii. Sir Roger de Leyburne, born ? in England.

Roger married Idoine de Vipont, d/o Robert de Veteri Ponte.

1/10/1271, at Westminster, Roger de Leybourne as witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, 2001, P189.

6/5/1281, Commission to Geoffrey de Nevill, … to make a perambulation of the bounds … between the land of John de Britannia, earl of Richmond in Richmond, in the county of York and the land of Roger de Clifford and Isabella his wife, Roger de Leiburn and Idonai his wife in Brough, co. Westmoreland, … (S) CPRs.

6/28/1283, Roger Leyburn summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

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