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Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Admiral William de Leybourne & Dame Juliana de Auberville

 60845578. Admiral William de Leybourne & 60845579. Dame Juliana de Auberville

~1240, William born in England, s/o 121691156. Roger de Leyburne & 121691157. Alianor de Thurnham.

1249, Juliane born in England, d/o 121691158. Henry de Sandwico & 121691159. Joan de Auberville.

By 1250, Juliane heir to her father.

6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform. A “Council of 15” was formed to enforce the reforms.

[––William & Juliana––]

1262, Agreement (marriage of Julian/Julien, daughter of Joan de Abervile, and Will, son of Roger Lieburne): Sire Nicole de Criel and Sire Roger de Leyburne; Location: Canterbury etc. Kent.

3/1262, King Henry repudiated the Provisions of Oxford.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of barons.

3/6/1264, Roger de leyburn arrived a Rochester castle to prepare for a siege. He had come from the king at Windsor. Roger began provisioning Rochester castle with carcases of oxen, sheep and bacons, with fish and wine, which he stored in the castle keep. [William was constantly in service to his father during this time.]

4/15/1264, The rebel barons laid siege to the castle.

4/18/1264, King Henry and Prince Edward broke Montfort and Gilbert de Clare’s siege of Rochester castle.

4/29/1264, Roger de Leyburne and the Earl Warrren left the castle with a large contingent of forces to join the king’s army. [William was likely left in charge of the garrison at the castle.]

5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes. William’s father Roger was with the king in the battle. Simon de Montfort became the effective ruler of England.

1264, On the king’s orders, the castle of Rochester turned over to the rebel barons [likely by William.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated and killed Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham; ending the barons’ revolt.

1265, The manor of Preston had been left to Ralph by his father Simon de Sandwico; but he was ejected by William de Leyburne after forfeiting for treason. [Ralph captured at the battle of Evesham – later pardoned.]

10/16/1265, Grant, for life, to William de Leyburn of the manor of Preston late of Simon de Sandwico [Juliana’s paternal grandfather], which should have reverted to Juliana wife of the said William as heir of the said Simon. (S) CPRs.

1/5/1266, Roger de Leyburn [accompanied by his son William] sent by the king to the Cinque Ports with horses and arms to repress the malice of the sailors.

1/16/1266, Roger de Leyburn attacked and captured the city of Sandwich; losing horses valued at £200. Roger left his son William and and Simon de Creye in charge of Sandwich.

1/7/1267–3/25/1268, Roger de Leybourne holding Rochester castle [as well as Nottingham and Carlisle]; expenses include William de Leybourne going by the king’s command from Oxford to Nottingham with 8 knights and 30 ‘servientes ad arma’, and 64 horses, to receive the said castle for Sir Reginald de Grey, and the said William and his household stayed 4 days, and returned to Oxford with 6 knights.

1268, Lord Edward and his wife visited the family of Roger de Leyburn at their castle of Mote in Leeds. [Possibly to solicit his support as a crusader.]

1/5/1270 at Chester, Sir William de Leyburn witnessed a charter of King Henry III. (S) CChRs, 2/6/1292.

Aft. 7/4/1271, William heir to his father.

11/7/1271, William de Leybourne did homage for his lands.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.     

1/25/1273, Simple protection for William de Leyburn going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

7/13/1274, Robert de Wyleghoby impleaded Richard de Bedeford … who vouched William de Leyburn to warranty. (S) CPRs.

12/10/1276, William de Leyburn disputed the validity of a charter made under the names of his father and Hagin, Jew of London. (S) Starrs and Jewish Charters, V2, 1930, P171. [William claimed the deeds were forged. (S) CPRs.]

1/25/1277, William de Leyburn acknowledges that he owes to Richard de Bedeford £120 … Nicholas Peyson, knight, 100 marks, … (S) CCRs.

1277, William by fine of scutage excused from attending the army in Wales. (S) CPRs, 10/16/1319.

1278, William gave Queen Eleanor Leed’s castle [inherited from his father] in return for her paying his debts to Jewish money lenders.

12/25/1278, The king pardoned William de Leyburne, son and heir of the late Roger de Leyburn, all the debts and accounts that William owed the king. (S) Medieval English Jews, Rokeah, 2000, P309.

1279, William held the market of Ashford, Kent; previously held of his father. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

8/1/1280, Protection with clause volumus for William de Leyburn going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

1282, William by fine of scutage excused from attending the army in Wales. (S) CPRs, 10/16/1319.

10/7/1282, William de Leyburn owes Hugh Pape … merchants of Florence, 43 marks. (S) CCRs.

1282-3, William de Leyburn served in the wars in Wales “without intermission”. (S) Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901, P198.

1282, Edward left for a Wales expedition. Edward set up residence at Rhudlan castle, Flintshire, where he held court.

12/1282, Edward defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle.

1283, King Edward continued his Welsh campaign, capturing and executing Dafydd, brother of Llewelyn; completing the conquest of Wales.

11/1283, King Edward created Criccieth, Wales, as a free borough, entrusting it to William de Leyburn. (S) Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901, P200.

12/23/1284, Grant to William de Leyburn of the marriage of the hier of Geoffrey de Lucy, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.

6/12/1285, Inspeximus by Edward I … Witn. … Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hereford, Roger le Bygod, Earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, John de Warenna, Earl of Surrey, William de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, Robert Tybetot, William de Leyburne, …

1286, William de Leybourne has the title ‘Admiral de la mer du Roy d'Angleterre’. (S) History of English Legal Institutions, Carter, 1906, P175.

8/1287, William de Leybourne a banneret at the siege of Dryslwyn castle in Wales. (S) Records of the Wardrobe, 1986, P-XXV.

4/12/1288, Protection for William de Leyburn staying in Wales on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

8/22/1290, Confirmation of a charter by William de Leyburn, son and heir of Roger de Leyburn, grantin the king’s pantler land at Crosshills. (S) CPRs.

1292, Order to the sheriff of Kent, if by testimony of William de Valentia at Sutton and William de Leyburne at Langele it appears that Walter Wardeyn and John Eleyne have been a long time in prison … (S) CFRs.

1293, William held the market of Ashford, Kent. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

1293, William, lord Leybourne, appointed constable of Pevensey castle. (S) The Royal Navy, V1, Clowes, 1897, P206.

1293-4, Safe conduct from William de Leyburne, captain of all the navy of England, for Gilbert de Essendone. (S) UKNA.

1294, William accompanied Prince Edward’s elder sister Eleanor abroad after her marriage to the Count of Bar.

6/7/1294, Sir William de Leybourne, ‘capitaneus marinellorum’ commanded the English fleet in the Channel, authorized to impress men and ships in the Cinque Ports for service against the French. (S) The Royal Navy, V1, Clowes, 1897, P206.

12/28/1295, William de Leyburne granted “the marriage of the son and heir of William de Say, tenant in chief, to marry him to his daughter Idonia and to no one else.”

1296, King Edward dispatched ships under William de Leyburn, ‘Amiraux de nostre navire D’engleterre’, to the coast of Calais. (S) The Mariner’s Mirror, Vs46-47, 1960.

1297, A treaty made at Bruges over settlement of claims arising out of piracies names William de Leyburn, Admiral of the sea of the king of England. (S) Select Pleas in the Court of Admiralty, V1, 1894, P-XII.

1297, Robert de Echingham, Thomas de St. Leger and Edmund de St. Leger served together as sergeants in the company of William de Leyburn in Flanders. (S) English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P30.

1298, Willelmo de Leyburn of Kent summoned to the king at York. (S) Scotland in 1298, Gough, 1888, P87.

7/22/1298, Dns Willemus de Leyborn at the battle of Falkirk [as was his son Thomas]. (S) Scotland in 1298, Gough, 1888, P194.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

1299, William de Leybourne summoned to parliament by writ. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., 1882, P327.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … William de Leyburn, … ” (S) UKNA.

4/1/1300, … ordered … to cause all and singular of … knights, esquires or others having £40 yearly of land … to provide themselves with horses and arms … be with the king at Carlisle at Midsummer next, ready to set out with him at his wages against the Scots … Kent, with William de Leyburn. (S) CCRs.

7/9/1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland began.

1300, William at the siege of Caerlaverock castle; “a valiant man, without ifs or buts”. [Az. six lions ramp. arg. – a banner of blue with six white lions rampant.]

7/6/1301, Sir William de Leyburne with 3 knights and 12 horsemen in the retinue of Edward, prince of Wales in Scotland.

10/1301, Bogo de Knovill delivered Montgomery castle ot Sir William de Leyburne. (S) Complete Peerage.

10/1304, William granted protection for going abroad with Edward, Prince of Wales; accompanied by his son-in-law Geoffrey de Say.

3/8/1305, Geoffrey de Say, William de Leyburn, and Ralph de Sandwico acknowledge the owe … in default … lands … co. Kent. (S) CCRs.

6/16/1306, Fulk Peyfurer acknowledges that he owes to William de Leyburn and Juliana, his wife, £1000. (S) CCRs. [William and Juliana jointly enfeoffed of the manors of Eleham, Gare, and Langele, co. Kent.]

10/11/1306, Pardon to William de Leyburn, in consideration of his services in Scotland and elsewhere, of all depts to the king. (S) CPRs.

2/11/1307, Grant to William de Leyburn … weekly market … at his manor of Preston by Wengham, co. Kent … (S) CChRs.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

1/8/1308, William sent overseas on the King’s business.

2/25/1308 at Westminster Abbey, William and Juliane at the coronation of King Edward II and Queen Isabella. [Juliane’s elderly uncle Ralph de Sandwich also attended as Mayor of London.]

5/9/1308, William granted the marriage of his minor granddaughter Juliana de Leyburne.

1308, Juliane heir to her uncle Ralph de Sandwico, Mayor of London.

1310, William de Leyburn of Kent died.


3/12/1310, IPM of William de Leyburne. Kent: La Gore. The manor … jointly with Juliana his wife … Juliana, daughter of Thomas de Leyburne his son, aged 6 and more, is his next heir. [manors] Esture, Dane in Tanet, Elham, Preston, Overlond, Elmerston, Asshetesford, [capital messuages] Godewynston, Bickenore by Sydingburn … (S) CIsPM.

5/11/1310, IPM of William de Leyburne. Juliana late the wife of said William was jointly enfeoffed with him by Fulk Payforer of the manors of Eleham, Gare, and Langele, … (S) CIsPM.

1313-14, Geoffrey de Say, and Juliana, widow of William de Leyburn … The manor of Edelmeton. This agreement was made by command of the King. (S) Feet of Fines, Middlesex, V1, 1892, no.104.

9/23/1313, To the justices in eyre in the county of Kent. Order to respite until the quinzaine of Michaelmas all matters touching Juliana de Leyburn, Henry de Leyburn, Geoffrey de Say, … (S) CCRs.

1315-6, Fulk Payfrer and Juliana, late the wife of William de Leyburne, to retain land in Elmley acquired by them from John le Savage. (S) UKNA.

6/22/1318, Commission … to deliver the gaol of the castle of Canterbury of Juliana de Leyburn, Geoffrey de Say, Nicholas de Criel, … prisoners … (S) CPRs.

4/3/1319, … Juliana, late the wife of William de Leyburn, … her manors of Elham, … grants, … to the said John de Hastynges a licence to surrender the same to the said Juliana. (S) CPRs.

4/1321, Fines between Martin Erchebaud plt. and Juliana who was the wife of William de Leyburn, deft. … Wykham Brewose, … Right of Martin who,  for the admission, grants to Juliana for her life, with remainder after her death to John de Hastynges and Juliana [granddaughter by son Thomas] his wife, … (S) Archaeologia Cantiana, V14, 1882, P270.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

9/12/1327, Lady Juliane de Leyburne presented to the church of Ridley, Kent.

10/26/1327, Juliane involved in a lawsuit.

1328, Juliane died; holding the manor of Winchfield, Hampshire.

1/16/1328, Writ for IPM of Juliana de Leyburn. Kent: Eltham. The manor held, jointly with Henry de Leybourne, her son … Langele, Eselynng, Elmerston  Gare, Godwyneston [manors, multiple other properties] … Juliana, daughter of Thomas de Leybourn, son of the said Juliana de Leybourn, aged 24 years and more, and married to Thomas le Blount, knight, is kinswoman and next heir. … Southampton: Wynchesfeld. The manor, held by the said Juliana of her own inheritance … (S) CIsPM.

 (S) Memories of Malling, Fielding, 1893. (S) The Archaeological Journal, V21, 1864, P29ff.

Children of William and Juliane:

i. Thomas de Leyburne, born ? in England.

Thomas married Alice de Toeni, d/o Ralph.

5/1307, Thomas died.

Child: Juliana de Leyburne, born 1304 in England. Bef. 1320, Juliana married 1st Lord John de Hastings (d.bef.7/1325). Juliana married 2nd Sir Thomas Blount (d.8/17/1328). Juliana married 3rd 3803074. Earl William de Clinton. [No children.]

ii. Idoine de Leybourne (30422789), born ~1280 in England.

iii. Henry de Leyburn, born ? in England.

iv. Katherine de Leyburn, born ? in England.

Bef. 8/27/1311 in London, Katherine d/o William de Leyburne, deceased, confrmed a grant in fee of all the lands at Sainte Croix-du-Monte in Gascony, granted to Roger de Leyburne her grandfather … was bequeathed to her by her father. (S) CPRs, 8/27/1311.

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