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Monday, September 7, 2020

Baron Nicholas de Stuteville & Lady Gunnora de Aubeney & Baron Robert de Gaunt

 39979236. Baron Nicholas de Stuteville & 39979237. Lady Gunnora de Aubeney & 189112084. Baron Robert de Gaunt

~1130, Robert of Gaunt born in Bridlington, Yorkshire, England, 2nd s/o 378224168. Walter de Gaunt & 378224169. Maud de Bretagne.

[––Robert & Alice––]

By 1152, Robert 1st married to Alice Paynel, d/o William Paynell, and widow of Richard de Courcy.

Bef. 8/10/1152, To … abbot of Fountains … Robert de Gaunt, greetings. Be it known … William Paynell gave the church of Swinestead to God and St. Nicholas of Drax … before I possed the territory with the daughter of William Paynell. … At the request of Eustace, son of King Stephen, I granted …” [The date of the death of Eustace, s/o King Stephen.]

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

Bef. 1156, Robert present when his brother Gilbert de Gaunt, earl of Lincoln, gave the vill of Burton Fleming to the priory of St. Mary of Bridlington.

1156, Robert’s older brother Gilbert de Gant, earl of Lincoln, died. [Robert’s son Gilbert the eventual heir to the earldom.]

Aft. 1156, “Robert de Gaunt, son of Walter de Gaunt, … confirmed to the church of St. Mary of Bridlington … all the concessions and donations, which Walter de Gaunt my father and Gilbert de Gaunt earl of Lincoln, my brother, made to them … Witnesses … Henry of Gaunt, my steward …

By 1158, “Robert of Gaunt to all the sons of the Holy Mother Church … have granted and given to God and the church of St. Nicholas of Drax … the advowson of the church of Saltby … And I have granted this for the soul of William Paynell my father … ”

By 1158, “Alice Paynell to all the sons of the Holy Mother Church … have granted and given to God and the church of St. Nicholas of Drax … the church of Saltby … ” [Alice would have to be at least 14 by this date.]

~1160, Nicholas born in Kimberley, Norfolk, England, s/o 79958472. Robert de Stuteville & 79958473. Helewise ?.

~1160, Gunnora born in Yorkshire, England, d/o 79958474. Ralph de Aubeney & 79958475. Sibilla de Valognes.

1161, “Be it known that this is the feoffment of Robert of Gaunt”: 12 knight’s fiefs and a half. [Names of holders are also listed in this record.] (S) Proceedings, P45.

1161, Robert de Gaunt rendered 30 marks in Yorkshire.

1167, £10 owed by Robert to the crown remitted by the king’s brief.

1/26/1168, “To … bishop of Lincoln, Robert de Gaunt and Alice his wife, greetings. … we have given to God and Sr. Oswald of Bardney … for our souls and those of our predecessors … Witnesses Hugh de Gaunt, Geoffrey Luveth.

1168, Robert rendered £11 6s 8d to aid the marriage of the king’s daughter.

1168, Robert again named his feoffees and their knight holdings. Robert himself held 2.5 knights of the old feofment, noting that the barony was of the acquisition of Ralph Paynell [The whole barony of William Paynell had been forfeited during the reign of Henry II.]

[––Robert & Gunnora––]

~1177, Robert de Gaunt married Gunnora.

4/22/1177, Nicholas’ father died; his brother William the heir.

1184, Simon de St. Liz died without heirs. Robert’s niece Alice (d.bef.1206) retained the title of Countess of Lincoln.

9/29/1185, Robert de Gaunt owes £633 6s 8d fine for his land, and the lands which he should recover, that Earl Simon had given away and might be in the hands of the king. Payment of 100 marks yearly in Folkingham, Edenham, Heckington, and Barton-upon-humbar in Lincolnshire.

Aft. 9/21/1186, The new Bishop of Lincoln confirmed the gift of Robert de Gaunt to the abbot and monks of Bardney of the church of Irnham with its lands and tythes. [These gifts later confirmed by Robert’s son Gilbert.]

[Undated] “Robert de Gaunt, son of Walter de Gaunt, to all sons of Holy church greeting. … confirmed to the church of St. Mary of Bridlington … all the pasture and all the herbage in Swaledale … saving my wild beasts and my trees. … also granted … to make hay … timber to make houses and the folds of 2 cow-houses … at the aforesaid cow-folds 4 dogs … free at night … In case the beasts of the canons should stray … Witnesses, Henry of Gauny, my steward, … [The pasture in the parish of Grinton, of which the church had been given to the priory of Bridlington by Matilda, the mother of Robert de Gaunt.]

[Temp. R.I] Robert de Gaunt gave to his vassal Henry fitz-Hervey properties in Fremington, parish of Grinton. [Confirmed by King John, 2/21/1201.]

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

9/7/1189, King Richard confirmed the gift of Robert de Gaunt and Gunnora his wife of 1 bovate in territory of Edenham to the abbey of St. Mary of Vaudey, Lincoln. [‘Roberti de Gant et Gundred√¶ uxoris eius’. (S) FMG]

1189, Robert died, buried in the abbey of Vandey, Lincoln. [His son Gilbert would be named Earl of Linconl in 1216 by Prince Louis of France.]

[––Nicholas & Gunnora––]

12/1189, Nicholas married Gunnora, receiving the manors of Bedingham and Kimberley, Norfolk, from her father. [Leciester. The bishop of London gives … 20 marks … if Nicholas de Stuteville and Gunnora his wife have had entrance into the vill of Saltby … which is in dower of the same Gunnora of the gift of Robert de Gaunt, late her husband. (S) Memoirs Illustrative … County and City of York, Vs1-2, 1847, P61.

[Undated] “Gunnora de Gaunt to her friends and vallals, greetings. Know ye that I have granted to Stephen de Gaunt, my son, all the land, which belongs to me, of the inheritance which had been that of Ralph de Aubene, my brother, namely a fourth part of a fief of 15 knights in Binbrook and Awburn [Lincolnshire], … witnesses, Gilbert de Gaunt, my son, Geoffrey and Reginal, his brothers, … [Likely after the birth of her 1st son by Nicholas.]

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

9/1199, Nicholas de Stuteville and Gunnora his wife offered themselves against Maurice son of Robert the younger [and his wife Avice, d/o Robert (189112084) & Alice Paynel.]. (S) Memoirs Illustrative …, Royal Arch. Inst., 1848, P61.

1201, King John visited William, sheriff of Yorkshire, and Nicholas at their seat of Baynard castle.

1201, Nicholas de Stuteville offered 100 marks and 3 palfreys for respite against claims of Maurice de Gant. (S) Magna Carta, Holt, 1992, P151.

1202, Nicholas held the market at Edenham, Lincolnshire.

1203, Nicholas paid 2.5 marks of a 5 marks owed on his market at Edenham.

1203, Nicholas’ brother William died; his son Robert, a minor, succeeding.

By 1205, Nicholas’ nephew Robert died.

8/5/1205, Nicholas de Stuteville fined 10,000 marks to have livery of the lands of his brother William; the king holding the castle of Knaresborough and Boroughbridge until the sum was paid. [King John wanted control of Knaresborough as one of the most important castles in the north. It was put under the control of Brian de Lisle who began improving the fortifications.]

2/1206, King John visited Nicholas at Knaresborough. (S) King John, Morris, 2015, P96.

1206, Eustace de Vescy proferred 5 m. for a writ against Nicholas de Stuteville concerning 1000 acres in Cottingham. (S) Magna Carta, Holt, 1992, P142.

5/20/1206, Nicholas Joined King John’s expedition to Poitou, mustering at Portsmouth.

6/8/1206, King John landed at La Rochelle, then recaptured Angiers after it was taken over by his brother-in-law Alfonso VIII, married to his sister Eleanor.

10/26/1206, King John made a truce with King Philip, allowing the English forces to return to England.

1207, Nicholas de Stuteville, nephew of Hugh de Gournay, son of Hugh de Gournay.

1208, Thurstan de Montfort proferred 50 m. for 2 writs against Nicholas de Stuteville an Eustace de Vescy. (S) Magna Carta, Holt, 1992, P142.

1209, King John ordered the exchequer to collect the debts of William de Mowbray from his vassals; the largest sum coming from Nicholas de Stutville. (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P257.

1210, Nicholas de Stuteville versus Maurice fitz Robert of a plea of land, … summoned to cross the channel. (S) Memoirs Illustrative … County and City of York, Vs1-2, 1847, P65.

1214, Sibyl de Valognes, widow and heir of Robert de Stuteville, demanded against Nicholas de Stuteville, her father-in-law, a third of the honour of Liddel, Cumberland.

2/9/1214, King John and 12 of his barons [including Nicholas de Stuteville] sailed for Poitou. King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands. (S) The Brus Family in England and Scotland, Blakely, 2005, P54.

1214, King Philip and King John agreed to a 6-year truce at Chinon.

10/1214, King John returned to England.

1215, Nicholas and his son Nicholas joined the baron’s revolt against King John, claiming to have been unjustly deprived of castles, lands, rights and liberties.

5/5/1215, Revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to King John and invited the King of France to invade England. [The barons in revolt together held more castles and knights fees than John did as King. Intervention by the King of France prevented by the Pope.]

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

9/30/1215, Robert de Vere, earl of Oxford, witnessed writs associated with restoring Nicholas de Stuteville the castle of Knaresborough. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P334.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/20/1217, Nicholas and the rebel barons, being greatly outnumbered, were besieged and defeated at the battle of Lincoln by the troops of King Henry III; their estates forfeited. Nicholas, one of 300 knights captured, but considered the greatest prize, was imprisoned by the regent, William Marshall.

8/24/1217, King Louis’ relief forces sailing to Dover were intercepted by English naval forces in the battle of Sandwich. A naval battle off the Kentish coast. [9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown.]

Bef. 9/1217, Nicholas died.

(S) The Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V8, 1884, P287. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V7, 1952. (S) The Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990. (S) The Topographer and Genealogist, The Earldom of Lincoln, P301ff. (S) Proceedings, Royal Arch. Inst., 1848, P45ff.

Child of Robert and Alice:

i. Avice de Ghent, born ~1166 in England.

By 1182, Robert Fitz Robert Fitz Harding [younger s/o 79959330. Lord Robert Fitz Harding] bought the wardship of Avice, heiress of her mother Alice Paynel.

1192, Alice died, her son: Maurice de Gaunt (d.1230) took the name of his mother as her heir. [Alice’s husband paid 33 marks annually for her lands, held of the inheritance of their son.]

Children of Robert and Gunnora:

i. Gilbert de Gant (94556042), born ~1178 in England.

Children of Nichols and Gunnora:

i. Nicholas de Stuteville (19989618), born ~1192 in England.

ii. Robert de Stuteville, born ? in England.

By 1214, Robert died.

1214, Sibyl de Valognes, widow of Robert de Stuteville, demanded against Nicholas de Stuteville, her father-in-law, a third of the honour of Liddel, Cumberland.

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