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Thursday, September 3, 2020

Baron Robert de Ros & Lady Isabel d’Aubigny

 47282976. Baron Robert de Ros & 47282977. Lady Isabel d’Aubigny

~1205, Robert de Roos born in England, younger s/o 9994952. Robert de Roos & 9994953. Isabel of Scotland.

2/13/1207, Robert was a hostage in the king’s hands.

~1210, Isabel born in England, hier & d/o §§William d’Aubigny. (S) The Judges of England, V1, Foss, 1848, P96; (S) See 10/14/1248.

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.

7/8/1222, Robert and his father Robert witnessed the founding of a burgh at Dumbarton by King Alexander II. (S) POMS.

6/22/1224, Robert and his father Robert witnessed a grant of King Alexander II  of salt to Manuel priory. (S) POMS. [Alexander is half brother of Robert’s mother Isabel.]

3/21/1225, Robert and his father Robert witnessed King Alexander II making Malcom, son of Earl Duncan, Earl of Fife. (S) POMS.

1225, Robert’s father settled Wark, Northumberland on him and his heirs by a lawful wife.

7/22/1226, Robert, son of Robert de Roos, witnessed a confirmation by King Alexander II of a grant by John de Normaville to Melros abbey. (S) POMS.

Bef. 12/23/1226, Robert’s father died; his older brother William the hier.

[––Robert & Isabel––]

~1227, Robert married Isabel.

8/15/1227, King Henry confirmed the settlement of Wark on Robert. (S) CChRs.

2/9/1227, The Master of the Knights of the Temple gives £10 for having the king’s confirmation of the vill of Ribston that he has of the gift of Robert de Ros. (S) FRsHIII.

12/20/1227, Robert de Ros granted a market and fair at Wark, Northumberland. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

3/20/1228, William de Ros and Robert, his brother, sons of Robert de Ros , have quitclaimed to the abbot and monks of Rievaulx the debt that they exacted from them in the name of their father for 250 m. (S) FRsHIII.

4/30/1230, Order to the barons of the Exchequer to place in respite the demand of 5 m. that they make from Robert de Ros for as long as Robert will be with the king in parts overseas. (S) FRsHIII.

4/30/1230, from Portsmouth, King Henry invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle. [Returning in October.]

3/30/1231, Robert de Roos witnessed a quit-claim of Patrick, son of Patrick, earl of Dunbar. (S) POMS.

8/11/1234, Justices appointed in the following counties … co. Lincoln, co. York, co. Northumberland. { Robert de Ros. (S) CPRs.

7/6/1234, Robert appointed a justice of the King’s Bench by writ.

11/27/1236, Appointment of Robert, during pleasure, as chief Justice of the Forests of Nottinghamshire, Derby, York, Lancaster, Northumberland and Cumberland. (S) CPRs.

1237, Robert appointed chief justice of the forests in the northern counties.

1237, Robertus de Ros with King Alexander II of Scotland at York where he witnessed a treaty with King Henry II.

7/12/1237, Mandate to Richard de Munfichet and Robert de Ros, by letters close, to cause all these things [orders to justices and serjeants] to be observed. (S) CPRs.

9/28/1237, To the bishop of Carlisle. The king has granted to Robert de Ros that on his presentation the bishop shall admit for this turn William de Notingham to the church of Sowreby. (S) CPRs.

10/27/1237, Mandate to Robert de Ros to cause envoys to have seisin of three manors of Soureby, Karlaton and Hobriteby, which were in his hands. (S) Patent Rolls of Henry III.

7/18/1238, Mandat to the sheriff of Cumberland to let Robert de Ros have all the crops … manors of Karlaton, Obricteby, and Soreby, held by him de baillio regis; … (S) CPRs.

1240, Robert de Ros held Butliston in Wark of his brother William. (S) History of Northumberland, 1899, P220.

3/13/1241, Mandate to Robert de Ros, justice of the forest, to sell … the whole of the underwood … He is also to forbid all the king’s bailiffs of his demesne manors near the forest to permit beasts to enter … (S) CPRs.

6/1242, Robert de Ros summoned before the council at London and instructed to bring his heir.

9/24/1242, Robert, chief justice of the forests in the northern counties.

1244, Robert supported sending the peace treaty between the kings of Scotland and England to Pope Innocent IV for confirmation.

2/25/1248, The king has given respite to Robert de Ros and Isabella, his wife, until 1 month after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, from the debts which the king exacts from them in which William d’Aubigny, whose heir the same Isabella is, was bound to the king. (S) FRsHIII.

4/14/1248, Robert de Roos witnessed a grant of Patrick, earl of Dunbar, to Melrose abbey. (S) POMS.

10/14/1248, The king has granted to Robert de Ros and Isabella, his wife, daughter and heiress of William d’Aubigny, that they are to render 200m. to him per annum for a debt of £3285 14s 4½d and 1 palfrey which the aforesaid William owed to the king. (S) FRsHIII.

12/16/1251 at York, Robert de Ros and John de Baliol, regents of Scotland, given custody of newly married Alexander III of Scotland and Margaret, d/o King Henry III, both minors. They were instructed to take the couple to Edinburgh castle. (S) Dawn of the Constitution, Ramsay, 1908, P131.

12/28/1251, Robert given a grant of free warren in Wark, …

4/8/1252, Exemption, for 6 years, … By K. at the petition of Robert de Ros. (S) CPRs.

12/17/1253, Roberto de Ros witnessed a statement of recognition that Smeaton belonged to Dunfermline Abbey, in the presence of King Alexander III. (S) POMS.

1255, Robert and John Balliol appointed guardian of Margaret, Queen of Scotland. [Robert would be accused of abuse of Margaret as her guardian at Edinburgh castle – but would later be found innocent of all charges.]

8/28/1255, Robert lent the castle of Werk to the King because of his “present business in the March of Scotland.” The castle was entrusted to Robert de Neville with a promise of return at the end of the war. (S) The Medieval Castle in England and Wales, Pounds, 1993, P143. (S) CPRs.

9/20/1255, Announcement of change in Scottish council by King Alexander III to King Henry III; … Witnessed: … [4 bishops, 4 abbots] … [8 earls] … Alan Durward … Roger de Mowbray … John de Vaux … Alexander Comyn, earl of Buchan, … Robert of Roos, … Nicholas Soulis, … Margaret, daughter of Henry III, queen of Scots.

5/12/1256, Restition … Robert de Ros, the elder, … of the castle of Werk, which he lent to the king on his journey to Scotland, … mandate to ... to deliver it to him. (S) CPRs.

6/1256, Robert restored the castle of Wark, and declared innocent of the charges of abusing the king’s daughter I Scotland.

3/30/1258, Whereas the king requested Robert de Roos that in the instant war and disturbance in Scotland, he should commit to Robert de Nevyle, sheriff of Northumberland, his castle of Werk, … commands the sheriff, immediately after the conclusion of the war, to deliver the said castle … (S) CPRs. [The war was in support of King Alexander III of Scotland.]

1258, King Henry ordered Robert de Ros to provide for Walter de Moravia, lord of Petty, who sought refuge from Scotland, at his castle of Werk. (S) Transactions, Gaelic Society of Inverness, 1907, P11.

8/4/1258, Mandate … to enquire touching excesses, trespasses … 4 knights of each county … Robert de Ros } Hereford. (S) CPRs.

11/7/1259, Robert pardoned, the king renouncing all claims on the castle of Wark.

1262, Grant by Robert de Ros, lord of Beauvier, to Sir Philip Basset, for 40 marcs, of the wardship and marriage of John, son of William de Goldingham. (S) UKNA.

3/4/1263, Robert and others promised to observe any truce granted by dominus Edwardus. [The king’s son Edward.]

6/29/1263, The Manor of Isleworth hosted a gathering of Simon de Montfort’s rebellious noblemen who held a conference with the King that sowed the seeds for England’s first true Parliament.

12/13/1263, Robert one of the barons agreeing to submit to arbitration by King Louis of France in their dispute with King Henry.

3/1264, Robert sided with Simon de Montfort in the baron’s revolt against King Henry III.

4/6/1264, King Henry and Lord Edward attacked Northampton, the garrison surrendering the next day. Robert defended the castle against the royal forces.

5/14/1264, Robert at the Battle of Lewes commanded a large rebel force. mi

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary. [After the battle Robert was given custody of captured Lord Edward [I] at Hereford castle.]

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Robert was the guardian of Lord Edward when he escaped from Hereford castle. [Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race. Since Robert is later pardoned by Lord Edward, he may have played a role in the escape.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

8/14/1266, Whereas Edward the king’s son, lately at the surrender of the castle of Gloucester, granted to Robert de Ros that he would keep him and his men harmless … on condition … they should keep themselves in peace … the king … pardoned them all … (S) CPRs.

1266, Robert conveyed the reversion of Wark castle to his younger son Robert.

Bef. 11/1269, “Robert de Ros of Werk (Wark) [on Tweed]: Westmoreland, Cumberland” and Samquhar in Nithsdale, Scotland, died. (S) UKNA.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P642. (S) DNB, V49, 1897, P218. (S) Northumberland Families, V1, 1968.

Child of Robert and ?: [2 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Robert de Roos (23641488), born ~1230 in England.

6/1242, Robert de Ros summoned before the council at London and instructed to bring his heir.

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