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Saturday, September 5, 2020

Comte Robert II de Dreux & Comtesse Yolande de Coucy

 47277614. Comte Robert II de Dreux & 47277615. Comtesse Yolande de Coucy

1154, Robert born in France, s/o 94555228. Robert I of Dreux & 94555229. Agnes de Baudemont.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1164, Yolande born in Braine, France, d/o 94555230. Seigneur Raoul I de Coucy & 94555231. Agnes de Hainaut.

1173, Yolande’s mother died.


1177, Robert married 1st Mahaut de Bourgogne. [her 4th husband - no children.]

1178, ‘Robertus … comes Drocarum et Brane et … et uxor mea Agnes comitissa Brane’ donated revenue from property to the Paris Hôtel-Dieu, with the consent of ‘Roberti filii nostri.’ (S) FMG.

11/1179, Robert, a banneret, participated in the retinue of Young King Henry [s/o Henry II of England] at the great tournament at Lagney-sur-Marne. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P76.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France. [Robert’s cousin.]

1181, Robert repudiated Mahaut on the grounds of consanguinity.

1184, ‘Robertus (94555228) comes frater … regis Francorum Ludovici et … uxor mea Agnes (94555229) comitissa Brenensis et filii nostri Robertus (47277614) dominus Drocarum, Willelmus et Iohannes" donated property to Sainte Geneviève. (S) FMG.

[––Robert & Yolande––]

1184, Robert, given the county of Dreux by his father, married 2nd Yolande.

1185, Robert, count of Dreux, witnessed a charter associated with the settlement of the dowery of Marguerite, former Queen of England [married to Henry, the young King, sister to King Philip of France]. (S) Government of Philip Augustus, Baldwin, 1991, P35.

1185, Morhier d’Illiers witnessed multiple documents of Robert, count of Dreux, including Robert’s founding of the priory of Fermaincourt.

1187, Robert, count of Dreux, founded the collegiate church of Saint Thomas-du-Louvre in Paris. (S) History of Paris, V1, 1825, P340.

1/1188, At the elm where the Kings of England and France met between Gisors and Trie, during a discussion of peace between the kings, Robert took the crusaders’ cross. (S) A Short History Course, Chempmell, 1857, P192.

1188, King Henry II of England launched and assault on Dreux, destroying the castle of Muzy.

10/11/1188, Robert succeeded his father as count of Braine.

1189, Robert left for the 3rd crusade [before King Philip departed]. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P475.

8/24/1189, Robert [and his brother Philip, bishop of Beauvais] arrived at Acre, and joined the accumulating forces at Mount Toron. (S) The Crusade of Richard I, Archer, 1888, P156.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England. [Who soon after joined the crusaders in the Holy Land.]

5/1190, A major assault on Acre failed; but the crusaders were able to repel a week-long assault by Saladin’s forces.

6/1190, Henry of Champagne arrived with a large contingent of French forces.

5/20/1191, King Philip arrived at the holy lands. Philip took his forces to Acre to support the siege already in progress.

7/1191, Robert at the capture of Acre. (S) Joscelyn III, Nicholson, 1973, P184.

7/31/1191, Due to the death of Count of Flanders, Philip of Alsace and King Philip’s own illness, Philip left his 10,000 men under the control of Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy, and left for France.

9/6/1191, Robert, count of Dreux, at the battle of Arsuf, the crusaders’ defeat of Saladin’s forces. (S) The Crusade of Richard I, Archer, 1888, P160.

11/1191, Yolande’s father died at Acre in the Holy Land.

Aft. 9/1192, Most of the crusaders returned home.

By 7/1194, Robert, supporting King Philip who was at war with the King of England, captured Nonancourt.

7/1196, King Richard of England recaptured Nonancourt; which was soon after recaptured and returned to Robert.

4/1198, Robert, count of Dreux, at the court of King Philip held at Melun. (S) Power and Border Lordship, Thompson, 2002, P134.

4/6/1199, King John succeeded Richard I as King of England. [Richard made his brother John his heir, but previously had named Arthur of Brittany, who was next in line.]

1200, King John of England granted Robert, count of Dreux, a fief of 400 marks in return for service of himself and 3 knights [with hereditary rights]. (S) From Fief to Indenture, Lyon, 1957, P202.

11/1200 at Paris, Peter, son of Robert, count of Dreux, bound himself to hold to an agreement between King Philip and Guy of Thouars, count of Brittany. (S) The Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 1961, P212.

1202, Yolande issued a document with her seal showing her on a pony. (S) The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women, McCash, 1996, P132.

4/1206 at Provens, “I, Robert, count an lord of Dreux and Braine, … agreement between me and my dearest lady Blance, countess of Champagne, … house of Torcy … may not make it higher or encircle it until the countess’s son Thibaut reaches his majority. The countess has allowed me to build a fortress on my allodial land at Fere, …”

1206, Robert, count of Dreux, built a 6-sided fortress with 7 towers at Fere-en-Tardenois. (S) A History of the Early Medieval Siege, Purton, 2009, P330.

1207, Yolande was issuing documents with a second seal showing her standing. (S) Antiquaries Jounal, V67, Pt2, 1987, P378.

1208, ‘Robertus comes, dominus Drocarum et Braye, et Yolendis comitissa uxor mea’ donated property to Notre-Dame, Paris, with the consent of ‘Roberti filii nostri.’ (S) FMG.

1209, The nominations of canons to Saint-Thomas-du-Louvre was given to the bishop of Beauvais, Philip of Dreux [Robert’s uncle], until his death; and then was to alternate between the Bishop of Paris and Robert, count of Dreux. (S) Social France, Luchaire, 1912, P125.

1211, Robert on the Albigensian crusade. (S) The Crusade of Richard the Lion-Heart, 1941, P140.

1212, King Philip granted Robert, count of Dreux, 400 livers parisis annually. (S) Government of Philip Augustus, Baldwin, 1991, P276.

1212, A disputer between Robert, count of Dreux, and the chapter of Chartres was heard in the court of the archbishop of Sens.

7/1212, ‘R comes dominus Droc et Bran’ donated property to Notre-Dame de la Trappe. (S) FMG.

7/27/1214, Robert, commander of the left wing of the army of King Philip Augustus at the battle of Bouvines [Robert’s son Robert captured before the battle].

7/27/1214, William (19989838), earl of Salisbury, leader of the English forces supporting Otto IV of Germany against France, at the Battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders. The French King’s forces of 10,000 defeated an alliance of England, the Holy Roman Empire and rebellious French principalities, numbering 15,000 in 3 hours. The French captured 130 knights and Ferdinand of Flanders. Robert was given custody of William, English Earl of Salisbury, who had been captured at the battle. [William the half brother of King John.]

9/8/1215, King John wrote a letter several Bishops asking about the possible exchange of William, earl of Salisbury, for Robert, son of Robert, Comte de Dreux; identifying Robert as a cousin of the King of France. (S) Description of the Patent Rolls in the Tower, Hardy, 1835, P76ff.

2/10/1216, A letter was sent to Robert [the father] directing him to come to Whitsand on the Saturday after Ash Wednesday so that a treaty for the exchange of prisoners could be made.

5/20/1216, Prince Louis of France crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops.

6/2/1216, Prince Louis proclaimed King in London. (S) A Primary History of Britain, Smith, 1873, P66.

6/14/1216, Prince Louis captured Winchester, and controlled half of England.

10/18/1216, King John of England died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/20/1217, Prince Louis’ forces, combined with loyal English barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

10/1217, Robert, count of Dreux, brother of the Duke of Brittany, granted Shrivenham in Berkshire by King Henry III to sustain him in the King’s service. (S) Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990, P92.

10/31/1217, William Marshal, regent of England, witnessed a grant to Robert of 100 marks payable in 2 half yearly installments. [This may have been a part of the peace agreement.]

12/28/1218, Robert died; buried at the Abbey of Saint-Yved, Braine. [The same week as the marriage of his daughter Philippa.] (S) FMG.


3/18/1222, Yolande died; buried with Robert. (S) Royalty for Commoners, Stuart, 1995, P17.

(S) The Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1845, P84. (S) Norman Frontier, Power, 2004.

Family notes:

·         Yolande patronized the translation of several books from Latin to French. (S) Old French Johannes Translation of the Pseudo-Turpin Chronicle, V2, 1976, P53.

·         Robert a member of the Capet royal families of France. King Philip of France, before 1190, stated that he judged “with the advice of his barons.” When names are given, Robert is one of 3 frequently identified.

Children of Robert and Yolande:

i. Robert III de Dreux (189125342), born 1185 in France.

ii. Pierre Mauclerc de Dreux (19989754), born ~1186 in France.

iii. Henry de Dreux, born ? in France.

1227, Henry became the archbishop of Reims.

1240, Henry died.

iv. Philippa de Dreux (23638807), born 1192 in France.

v. Alix de Dreux, born 1194 in France.

1196, Alix [aka Adelaide] married Gaucher IV de Vienne, lord of Salins and Bracon [his 2nd].

1219, Gaucher died [no children].

Alix married Renard II de Choiseul. [3 sons, 2 daughters.]

1239, Renard died; Alix became regent for her son.

1258-9, Alix died; buried at Morimond.

vi. Agnes de Dreux, born 1195 in France.

Bef. 1212, Agnes married Etienne III Comte d'Auxonne [His 2nd].

9/19/1258, Agnes died.

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