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Saturday, September 5, 2020

Duke Henri I of Brabant & Duchess Maud of Flanders

 47277606. Duke Henri I of Brabant & 47277607. Duchess Maud of Flanders

~1165, Henri born in Brabant, s/o 94555212. Duke Godfrey III of Lueven & 94555213. Margaret of Limbourg.

~1168, Maud born in Flanders, d/o 94555214. Matthew of Alsace & 94555215. Marie of Boulogne.

1172, Henri’s mother died [Margaret buried in Louvain, ├ęglise coll├ęgiale de Saint Pierre]. (S) FMG.

1173, Matthew, comte of Boulogne, granted lands on the church of St. Judoc, “with the consent of the Countess Mary his wife, and his daughters.” (S) Lives of the Princesses of England, V1, Green, 1850, P210.

[–––Henri & Maud–––]

1179, Henri married to Maud.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

4/1184, Henry and his father present with the Archbishop of Cologne at a great gathering [estimated 40,000-70,000 knights] of nobles of Germany, Italy, and Burgundy in Mainz held by Emperor Frederic Barbarossa. (S) Medieval Popes, Emperors, Kings, …, Busk, 1854, P160.

11/1184, Philip, archbishop of Cologne, Duke Godfrey of Brabant [a vassal of the archbishop], the Duke’s son Henry of Brabant, and the Count of Flanders attacked the county of Hainault, besieging the castle of Binche. Baldwin, count of Hainault, held out and a peace treaty was made.

1185, Henri became Duke of Brabant when his father ceded control to retire because of illness.

9/1185 at Liege, Henri, duke of Brabant, met with Philip, archbishop of Cologne, and Henry (VI), count of Flanders in order to get King Philip to supply the archbishop with military assistance.

9/1185, ‘Godefridus dux Lotharingie’ returned property to Aachen St Maria, in the presence of ‘filiis meis Heinrico milite, Alberto clerico.’

1185, Archbishop Philip, the Count of Flanders, and Duke Henri of Brabant forced the count of Namur to take back his wife Agnes, d/o Count Henry of Guelders, whom he had put aside.

1188, Henry, duke of Brabant, present at the diedication of the church at Herliamont. (S) Crusade Charters, Slack, 2001, P176.

10/1189, Archbishop Philip and Philip, count of Flanders, held a 3-day meeting near Brussels to make a peace agreement between Duke Henry of Brabant and Count Baldwin of Hainault.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1190, Henri succeeded as Duke of Lower Lotharingia on the death of his father.

1191, By treaty at the end of a long war, Hendrik, duke of Limburg, became a vassal of Henry, duke of Brabant. (S) Secretum Scriptorum, Prevenier, 1999, P71.

11/24/1191, Henry’s brother Albert, elected to the open post of Bishop of Liege, was murdered by German knights in Liege. (S) Richard and John, McLynn, 2008, P228. [Albert’s election was contested by the pope.] (S) A New Dictionary of Saints, Walsh, 2007, 20.

12/21/1192, King Richard of England, returning from crusade, was captured near Vienna [the most likely story] by Leopold V, Duke of Austria.

1/1193, Henry was joined by many barons in a revolt against the selection of the bishop of Liege, planning to de-throne Emperor Henry IV.

2/2/1194 at Mainz, Duke Henri a supporter for the release of King Richard of England from captivity.

2/1194, After King Richard’s release, at a feast in Antwerp hosted by Henri, Henri was given the rent from the manor of Brampton in Huntingdon.

1195, Henri supported William, brother of the Count of Holland, against his brother the count. The count’s forces won the battle of Alkmaar, but Henri was able to escape.

1196, Henry had a wood cleared and built a castle in an area of forest that harbored robbers and theives [it became the Dutch town of ‘S Hertogenbosch, called Bois-le-Duc by the French.] (S) The Spell of Holland, Stevenson, 1911, P362.

1197, Duke Henry of Brabant arrived on crusade at Acre, having travelled by sea via Portugal.

9/1197, Henry II, count of Champagne, died in Jerusalem. Duke Henri of Brabant became the leader of the crusader army and laid claim to the throne of Jerusalem. Henri was not elected. [Henri was the married to Matilda, ggd/o Eustace III of Boulogne, elder brother of Godfrey of Bouillon and Baldwin of Edessa, the first two Latin rulers in Jerusalem after the capture of the city in the 1st crusade.]

11/26/1197–2/2/1198, Henry unsuccessfully laid siege to Tibnin. (S) L – Z, Pringle, 1998, P367.

3/29/1198, Otto IV became King of Germany. [Rival of Philip of Swabia – supported by Henry; Otto deposed in 1215.]

4/1198, Duke Henri of Brabant obtained legal claim to the Honor of Eye in Suffolk in right of his wife.

1198, Henry of Brabant, Henry of the Rhine, and Hermann of Thuringia all present when the Teutonic Order was recognized as a military order.

5/27/1199, Henry attended the coronation of King John of England. (S) Eye Priory Cartulary, Pt2, Brown, 1992, P38.

11/3/1200, Treaty between William, count of Holland and Duke Henry I of Brabant. (S) Secretum Scriptorum, Prevenier, 1999, P73.

1201, Henry founded the abbey of La Camrre of Bernardine nuns. (S) Coghlan’s Illustrated Guide to the Rhine, 1863, P79.

1202, Theodore, count of Holland, captured by Henri, duke of Brabant. Theodore was ransomed for 2000 silver marks and land concessions; including the homage for Dordrecht, the ancient capital of the county.

12/1203, Pope Innocent III wrote to Henry to urge him to support Otto of Brunswick [bethrothed to Henry’s daughter Maria.]

1204, Henry changed his mind and wanted to marry his daughter Maria to Frederick of Hohenstaufen. The Pope forbid the marriage as Maria was already pledged to Otto.

2/1205 in Paris, Henri, duke of Brabant, performed homage to King Philip Augustus of France, and received a payment of 200 marks.

1205, The lands of Henry, duke of Brabant, put under interdict by Pope Innocent III for his opposition to the Pope’s removal of the archbishop of Mainz. (S) The Interdict, Krehbiel, 1909, P95.

2/9/1207, Between King Philip of Germany and Henry, duke of Brabant: “Et fi contingat filiam domini regis mori, antequam fiat carnalis conjuctio inter earn et ipfum filium ducis Brabantiae; …” [a marriage agreement]. (S) Enquiry into the Foundation and History of the Law of Nations, V2, Ward, 1795, P249.

8/1208, After the assination of Philip of Swabia [on June 21st], King Philip Augustus of France proposed Henri, duke of Brabant, as as successor [instead of Otto IV], provided Henri with a loan of 3000 marks, which Henri could retain if elected King of Germany. (S) Government of Philip Augustus, Baldwin, 1991, P205.

11/11/1208, Otto IV elected Holy Roman Emperor.

1209, Henri built the town, surrounded by walls and ditches, of Herenthals [Belgium.] (S) Gazetteer of the World, V3, 1856, P8.

1210, Henry, duke of Brabant, granted the new abbey of La Cambre the right to fish in a pond located near its walls. (S) Beyond the Catch, Sicking, 2009, P288.

10/16/1210, Maud died.


1211, Henri built the town of Hoog’straten, 24 miles west of Bois-le-Duc.

1212, Waleran of Limburg, s/o Duke Hendrik III, supported his cousin, Henri I, duke of Brabant, in a war with Guelders.

5/3/1212, Henry, supported by the troops of Walram of Limbourg, attacked and captured Liege.

5/8/1212, Henry unsuccessfully laid siege to Moha; leaving after 2 days.

12/5/1212, Federick II Hohenstaufen became King of Germany [opposed by Otto IV.]

4/22/1213, Henri married 2nd Princess Marie, d/o King Philip II of France [at Laon by an excommunicated priest because Henry was under 3 interdicts of the pope.]

5/1213, The Pope ordered the 3 interdicts of Henry lifted as soon as Henry disavowed all allegiance to Otto IV.

1213, King John of England paid Henri to support his French claims.

10/13/1213, Henri defeated by the forces of the Hugh, bishop of Liege, and Ferdinand of Portugal, at the battle of Montenaken near Steppes. (S) The Art of Warfare, Verbruggen, 2002, P157.

2/1214, Henry finally made peace with the Bishop of Liege and received absolution from his interdicts.

7/27/1214, Henri, at the battle of Bouvines on the losing side, retreated before the final assault; Otto IV wounded in the battle.

By 1215, Henri had allied himself with King Philip and King Henry of England deprived Henri of the Honor of Eye because of this support.

1215, Duke Henri began donations to Postel monastery on a lavish scale. (S) Do ut Des, Jifsterveld, 2007, P113.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/19/1218, Otto IV died.

1218, Henri granted liberty to all cultivators of the soil, and afftanchised them on the right of mortmain, and that they should be judged by their own magistrates. (S) History of the Revolutions in Europe, Koch, 1841, P129.

1220, Henry demolished the ancient temple at St. Gudele to build a new structure. (S) Bradshaw’s Illustrated Handbook for Travellers in Belgium, 1896, P36.

5/1223, An agreement between Henry, duke of Brabant, and the lord of Breda. Secretum Scriptorum, Prevenier, 1999, P91.

7/14/1223, Louis VIII succeeded as king of France.

5/1224, Archbishop Deitrich II of Trier attached his seal to a covenant between the bishop of Metz and Henry, duke of Brabant, against the count of Leiningen-Daschburg. (S) German Episcopacy, V1215, Pixton, 1995, P337.

Bef. 1/2/1225, The Honor of Eye in Suffolk was restored by King Henry III of England to Henri for his service.

1225, Henri began work on the Gothic Cathedrale Sts Michel et Gudule.

1226, Grant by Henry Duke of Lothier to his nephew Matthew de Lovaine (47277990) of the bailiwick of the honour of Eye. “H. Dei gratia dux Lotaringiae marchio imperii Romani … Sciatis me ratum fecisse et confirmasse praesenti carta mea Mathaeo de Lovain nepoti me … fratri meo Godefrido de Lovain patri suo … custodiam totius terrae meai in Anglia scilicet honoris Eye.” (S) Brief Hist. of the Bishoprick of Somerset, Camden Society, V8, 1839, P.64.

10/23/1226, Order to the sheriff of Suffolk to place in respite the demand he makes from Henry, duke of Louvain, for the scutage of Poitou. (S) FRsHIII.

11/8/1226, Louis IX succeeded as King of France.

9/3/1227, Order to the sheriff of Suffolk to place in respite the demand he makes from H. duke of Louvain by summons of the Exchequer for the scutage of Poitou until 3 weeks from Michaelmas. (S) FRsHIII.

11/15/1228, Henri arrived at Joppa, on crusade with Frederick II.

2/1229, Henri, duke of Brabant, wrote to the court of King Henry III in England about the treaty which guaranteed a peaceful reoccupation of Jerusalem. (S) Peter Des Roches, Vincent, 2002, P251.

1229, “I Henry, by the grace of God, Duke of Brabant, and I Henry, his eldest son, … these statutes have established in Brussels …” (S) Dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon Language, 1838, P48.

12/1229, Henry and his son Henry granted protection to travel to England. (S) Henry III of England and the Staufen Empire, Weiler, 2006, P43.

2/1230, Duke Henry granted a trading privilege to English merchants.

2/1231, Richard, brother of  King Henry of England, granted all the English lands of Duke Henry.

1231, King Louis of France made a treaty with Duke Henry concerning money from the salvage of ships that landed on his coastline. (S) Sailor’s Magazine, Vs61-62, 1889, P244.

5/27/1234, Henry, duke of Brabant, with the counts of Oldenburg, Cleve, and Holland, led 40,000 crusaders against the Stedingers, East Friciscians in the provence of Stade; killing 8000 of their 11000. The battle took place at Altenesch near Bremen. (S) History of Germany, V1, Menzel, 1848, P527.

2/23/1235, The dukes of Brabant and Limburg, and the archbishop of Cologne, were assigned to be the escorts to bring Isabella, sister of King Henry III of England from London to her wedding in Worms. [Subsequent letters indicate only the name Henri, duke of Brabant.]

3/7/1235, Safe-conduct, until Midsummer, for H. duke of Brabant, and his son, and their men, coming to England to speak with the king. (S) CPRs.

5/6/1235, Henri escorted Isabella, d/o King John, from London.

5/7/1235, King Henry of England promised Henry, duke of Bratant, that if he or his son should return to England, they would be returned the honor of Eye.

5/24/1235, Henri and Isabella arrived in Cologne.

6/23/1235, Grant [by King Henry III of England] at the instance of the king’s dearest fried H. duke of Brabant and count of Lorraine, to Henry de Rumelham, clerk of the duke, … (S) CPRs.

7/20/1235 at Worms, Henri attended the wedding of Emperor Frederick II with Isabella, d/o King John of England.

9/5/1235, Henri died in Cologne, Germany; buried in St. Peters at Leuven.

(S) Love, War, and the Grail, Nicholson, 2001. (S) Social Politics of Medieval Diplomacy, Huggman, 2000.

Children of Henry and Maud:

i. Maria of Brabant, born bef. 1206 in Brabant.

5/19/1214, Maria betrothed to Otto of Brunswick [his 2nd], King of the Holy Roman Empire [s/o Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, & Matilda Plantagenet, d/o 47277568.  King Henry II & 47277569. Eleanor of Aquitaine.]

5/19/1218, Otto died at Harzburg castle. [No children by Marie.]

7/1220, Marie married 2nd William I, count of Holland.

2/4/1222, William died. [No children by Marie.]

6/1260, Marie died.

ii. Henri II of Brabant (47279574), born 1207 in Brabant.

iii. Mathilde of Brabant (23638803), born 1210 in Brabant.

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