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Saturday, September 5, 2020

Comte William I of Holland & Comtesse Adelheid of Guelders

 47277604. Comte William I of Holland & 47277605. Comtesse Adelheid of Guelders

~1163, William born in Holland, younger s/o 94555208. Floris III, Count of Holland & 94555209. Ada of Huntingdon.

1170s, William raised in Scotland.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

By 1185, Adelheid born in Guelders, d/o 94555210. Count Otto I Graf van Gelre & 94555211. Richardis of Bavaria.

1189, Floris and his son William joined Frederick I [Barbarossa] for the 3rd crusade. Otto, father of Adelheid was also on the crusade.

1190, The crusaders spent the winter in Greece

5/18/1990, The crusaders conquered Iconium [Turkey] by siege.

6/10/1190, The leader, Frederick I, died in Turkey.

3/1191, The crusaders at Hellespont.

1191, Floris III died at Antioch of pestilence. William’s older brother Theodore succeeded their father as Count of Holland. William remained in the Holy Land for a long time after his father’s death.

1195, William, residing in West Friezland, revolted against his brother Dirk VII [Theodore], who had invaded, with the help of the Duke of Brabant and the support of Hollanders. Theodore’s forces won the battle of Alkmaar, but William escaped capture.

1195, Ada, mother of William and Theodore, reconciled the brothers; Theodore granting William 300 Flemish pounds yearly payable from the tolls of Geervliet, and his possessions in Friezland, to be held as a fief of Holland.

[––William & Adelheid––]

1197, In Bavaria, William married Adelheid. [Adelheid would likely have been at least 12.]

1198, ‘comitis Florentii et Ade comitisse filius’ donated property at Poeldijk bij Naaldwijk to the church of St Maria, Utrecht, in the presence of ‘Ada mater mea, Willelmus frater meus comes Frisie, Margareta soror mea, Florentius frater meus.’

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

11/3/1200, Treaty between William, count of Holland and Duke Henry I of Brabant. (S) Secretum Scriptorum, Prevenier, 1999, P73.

By 1201, William came into conflict of the new Bishop of Utrecht over taxes in Friezland. Theodore supported William and laid siege to the city of Utrecht.

1202, William’s brother count Dirk VII captured by the Duke of Brabant. Theodore was ransomed for 2000 silver marks and land concessions; including the homage for Dordrecht, the ancient capital of the county.

11/4/1203, Theodore died leaving a 17-year-old daughter Ada. Ada’s mother arranged her marriage to Count Louis of Loon, and a struggle for power ensued.

1204, William was brought in disguise by Philip van Wassenaar into Zealand where he found allies and was declared lawful governor; and soon after supported in Kemmerland. Ada’s mother fled and Countess Ada was captured and sent to the court of King John in England [returned to her husband Louis in 1207]. William succeeded his brother; but was stilled opposed by Ada’s husband Louis van Loon. Louis allied many powerful barons through offers of money and the abolishment of tolls at Geervliet, causing William to flee to Zealand; and from there he escaped in a fishing boat to an island.

1205, William them re-established contacts with Philip van Wassenaar and others and rebuilt an army of Kemmerlanders. William marched on Ryswick and surprised the Duke of Limburg; who fled from the field.

1206, By treaty with the Count of Loon, William became undisputed Count of Holland.

1207, Adelheid’s father died.

1208, With the death of Philip of Suabia, William allied himself with Otho, King of the Germans; who acknowledged William as count of Holland and Zealand.

1213, William granted rights to the citizens of Geertruidenberg.

1213, King John of England made a treaty with William to assist the King with 25 lances [10 horsemen with associated footment] as needed; after an initial payment of 400 marks silver.

1213, The Earl of Salisbury was sent by King John with William and the Count of Boulogne and a fleet of 500 ships and attacked the harbor at Damme. While they were not successful in taking the town, they did capture or destroy 400 of King Philip’s ships that he had planned to use to invade England. (S) DN, V12, 1909, P115.

1214, William on the Flemish losing side, in support of King John, at the battle of Bovines where he was taken prisoner by the King of France.

7/27/1214, William, earl of Salisbury, leader of the English forces supporting Otto IV of Germany against France, at the Battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders. The French King’s forces of 10,000 defeated an alliance of England, the Holy Roman Empire and rebellious French principalities, numbering 15,000.

1214, Philip and King John agreed to a 6-year truce at Chinon. William was freed by the truce.

By 1215, William had allied himself with King Philip of France.

1216, William supported Louis, eldest s/o King Philip Augustus, in his expedition against King John of England with 36 of his barons.

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

10/18/1216, King John died.

5/1/1217, King Louis sent the Count of Perche with 20,000 men to break the siege of Mount Sorrel.

5/20/1217, Louis’ forces lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall. Louis by treaty returned to France.

1217, William went on crusade. William set sail from Maas with 12 large ships and a number of smaller vessels; arriving at the port of Lisbon, Portugal.

1217, After a request for help, the Hollanders under William besieged and captured Alcacer-do-Sal in Portugal.

2/12/1218, Adelheid died while William was on crusade.


By 5/1218, William arrived with his forces at Acre.

11/1218, William distinguished himself at the capture of Damietta.

9/1219, William returned to Holland. (S) Anatomy of a Crusade, Powell, 1986, P117.

1220, William granted rights to the citizens of Dordrecht.

7/1220, William married 2nd Marie, d/o Duke Henry I of Brabant. [Widow of Emeror Otto IV of Germany, no children.]

4/4/1222, William died.

(S) The Encyclopedia Britannica. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Historians’ History of the World, 1904, P291. (S) History of Hoilland and the Dutch Nation, Davies, 1851.

Child of William and Adelheid:

i. Floris IV of Holland (23638802), born 6/24/1210 in Le Hague, Netherlands.

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