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Monday, September 7, 2020

Earl Richard de Clare & Countess Amicia of Gloucester

 39979056. Earl Richard de Clare & 39979057. Countess Amicia of Gloucester

~1153, Richard born in Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England, s/o 79958112. Roger de Clare & 79958113. Maud de St. Hillary.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1160, Amicia born in Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England; coheir & 2nd d/o 79958114. William Fitz Robert & 79958115. Hawise de Beaumont.

1172, Young King Henry rebelled against his father; Richard sided with King Henry II.

1173, Richard’s father died: Rogerius comes de Clara, succeeded by, Ricardus filius eius. (S) FMG.

7/26/1174 at Northampton, William, earl of Gloucester, and Richard, earl of Hertford, gave assurances to the king of their loyalty. (S) Scholar’s History of England, Ramasay, 1903, P181.

1/15/1177, at Northampton, Richard, earl of Clare, witnessed a royal charter to Thomas, son of Robert fitz Noel.

[––Richard & Amacia––]

~1177, Richard married Amicia; her maritagium included the town of Sudbury, Suffolk.

3/1183, at Westminster, Ricardo, Comite de Clare, witnessed a royal charter to the Canons of Butley.

1185, Richard of Clare, earl of Hertford, a witness of the confirmation of lands of the canons of Butley. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P105.

1188, Richard and Earl Roger le Bigod disputed the honor of carrying the banner of St. Edmund in battle.

9/3/1189, Richard attended the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster.

1191, Richard one of 7 appointed by the Chancellor to treat with Prince John the questions between King Richard and the Prince.

1191, King Richard restored and confirmed to Richard de Clare (39979056, gggs/o Rohais), earl of Hertford, and William le Mareschal (94559174) and Isabella [(94559175), gggd/o Rohais] his wife, all lands of Walter Giffard, sometime earl of Buckingham, through his wife, in England and in Normandy. (S) Magni Rotula Scaccarii, Stapleton, P88. [Also see (S) The Ancestor, Vs1-12, 1905, P193. ‘Earldom of Buckingham’.]

1193, Richard accompanied the Chancellor to Germany to ransom King Richard.

1196, Richard, earl of Hertford, paid £1000 for livery of his share of his mother’s inheritance, and his proportion of those lands sometime belonging to his ancestor Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham. (S) Cambridge Portfolio, V1, 1840, P166.

1198, Richard excused himself from a personal attendance on the King at Hereford.

By 1198, Richard divorced Amicia on grounds of consanguinity through the mother of William the Conqueror.

4/6/1199, King Richard died at Chalus-Chabrol in France, where Prince John was in attendance.

1199, at Northampton, William Marshall, having returned to England, assembled barons to address their grievances, including Richard de Clare, earl of Hertford. [Those assembled held over 850 knights’ fees.] (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P35.

5/27/1199, Richard attended the coronation of King John.

4/20/1200, King John confirmed the settlement made between Richard de Clare, earl of Hertford, and William le Mareschal, in 1991.

1200, Trial as to whether Amice, formerly wife of the Earl Richard de Clare, unjustly disseised Richard son of William de Sudbury of a free tenement.

1201, Richard disputed the ownership of Saham, Norfolk with Roger de Tony.

1202, Countess Amice held her court at Sudbury.

1/26/1204, Richard, earl of Gloucestershire, granted a fair at Rothwell, Northamtonshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

1206, Amice, Countess of Clare, made a claim associated with the advowson of St. Gregory, Sudbury, against the prioress of Eton, who claimed that it had been granted by her father William, earl of Gloucester, to the nuns.

1210, Richard, earl of Hertford, a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse. (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P242.

1210, Amicia, Ctss of Gloucester, after the death of her nephew Amaury de Montfort, Comte d’Evreux. (S) FMG.

1211, Amicia held 6 knt.’s fees in Kent of Richard.

7/28/1213, After the starvation of Richard’s step-son, William de Brewes by King John in 1210, his wife, Richard’s daughter Maud, was restored to Richard.

2/9/1214, King John set sail for Poitou. Richard de Clare, earl of Hertford, was one of the disaffected vassals that did not attend the king on his expedition. [The following July, King John sent letters to England promising forgiveness for any baron who would cross over and join him.]

1215, The town of Buckingham, originally part of the maritagium of Richard’s daughter Maud, was restored to Richard.

5/1215, Richard joined the confederacy of barons against King John. [44 principal barons were specifically identified.]

6/1/1215 at Runnymead, King John forced to sign the Magna Carta.

11/9/1215, at Bury St. Edmunds, Richard, 1 of only 25 Barons selected by the rest, to enforce the Magna Carta. [Gilbert, his son, was also selected.] (S) An Historical Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, Thompson, 1829, PP301–3.

12/16/1215, Richard and his son Gilbert were excommunicated by the Pope.

3/4/1216, Richard’s lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

1217, On the death of her sister Isabel, Amice became the sole heir to her father.

10/5/1217, Richard’s fealty and lands returned.

11/1217, Richard, Earl of Hertford and Clare died; buried at Teweksbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.


By 1223, Grant by Amicia countess of Hertford to Silverster the chaplain of one messuage in Sudbury, Suffolk. (S) Women of the English Nobility and Gentry, Ward, 1995, P95.

1/1/1224, Amicia died.

(S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.  (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P192. (S) Manors of Suffolk, Copinger, 1905, P232.

Children of Richard and Amicia: [4 sons, 3 daughters]

i. Maud de Clare (121685153), born ~1178 in England.

ii. Joan de Clare, born ~1180 in England.

1219, Joan married Rhys Gryg [his 2nd.]

i. Gilbert de Clare (19989528), born 1182 in England.

ii. Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

5/4/1228, Richard murdered in London.

iii. Roger de Clare, born ? in England.

Roger married Alice de Dammartin.

iv. Henry de Clare, born ? in England.

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