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Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Lord John de Brewes & Margaret of Wales & Lord Walter de Clifford

 60842576. Lord John de Brewes & 60842577. Margaret of Wales & 23640214. Lord Walter de Clifford

~1193, Walter born in England, heir & s/o 19989632. Walter de Clifford & 19989633. Agnes de Condet.

1197, John born in England, heir & s/o 121685152. William de Brewes & 121685153. Maud de Clare.

~1207, Margaret born in Wales, d/o 19989730. Prince Llywelyn ap Iorwert & 19989623. Joan of Wales.


1208, John and his brother Giles became hostages of King John for his father’s loyality.

1210, John’s father and paternal grandmother starved to death by King John.

1/1214, Custody of John and Giles, hostages, transferred.

1/1218, John and his brothers released as hostages after intercession by their uncle, Gilbert de Clare.

1219, Reginald de Braose [John’s uncle] and John de Braose in a curia regis suit with King John who claimed that Reginald’s father had been seised of the lands and had performed homage for them. John initiated proceedings against his uncle over hereditary rights.


5/23/1208, King John sent Walter Clifford from Winchester to certify his father that his successor as sheriff of Herefordshire had been appointed. (S) FMG.

2/1210, King John sent letters from the Tower to Walter de Clifford juvenis.

By 1213, … the field of 'Benethege' which Walter de Clifford, Agnes, his wife, and Walter, his son, gave the priory.

1214, Walter and his brother Roger accompanied King John on his invasion of Poitou, France; during which time they received loans from the king. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P285.

8/14/1215, Walter a knight of the royal household [of 102], given custody of the county and castle of Hereford. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P281.

1215-6, Walter de Clifford, junior (19989632) to King John: names of those in Herefordshire who have served against the king; threatened Welsh attack. (S) UKNA.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

8/15/1216, Walter granted the manor of Dimmock, Gloucester to keep Walter in royal service. [See 10/12/1219.]

9/28/1216, Walter witnessed a royal charter of King John.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

10/28/1217, Dimmack, which had been siezed by the crown as a royal demesne, restored to Walter de Clifford.

[–––John & Margaret–––]

1219, John, age 22, married Margaret.

10/12/1219, Order to permit the king’s beloved and faithful Walter of Clifford junior to hold the woodland pertaining to the manor of Dymock in peace, for Walter has given surety to the king before the council that he will make neither waste nor destruction of that woodland.

1220, John given possession of the lordship of Gower, and repaired the castle of Swansea, under the leave of his father-in-law. John recovered the barony of Branber, Sussex, and half the barony of Totnes, Devon from his relatives.

1221, John de Brewes sued his brother-in-law Henry de Tracy in a plea of land. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, Richardson, P30.

1221, John de Broase rebuilt the castle of Caerphilly [destroyed in 1219 by Rhys Vychan.] (S) Cheshire Notes and Queries, V7, 1887, P56.

2/22/1230, The king has committed the vacant bishopric of Llandaff to the archdeacon of Llandaff and Ivor, canon of Llandaff, to keep for as long as it pleases the king. Order to W. earl Marshal, G. earl of Gloucester and John de Braose to cause them to have full seisin without delay. (S) FRsHIII.

4/30/1230, John leaving from Portsmouth with King Henry.

4/30/1230, from Portsmouth, King Henry invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle. [Returning in October.]

Bef. 7/16/1232, John, Lord of Gower, died at Bramber, Sussex when he was thrown from his horse.


6/7/1233, Grant to Margaret late the wife of John de Brausa that she shall not be distrained to marray so long as she will live without a husband, on condition that if she will marry, she will not do so without licence. (S) CPRs.


Bef. 1221, Walterus de Clifford filius Walteri de Clifford et filius Agnetis de Cundi donated ‘locum de Nanteglas’ to Dore abbey, Herefordshire by charter, witnessed by Willielmo de Breosa et Willielmo filio suo, magistro Simone, Roberto de Clifford, canonicis de Herefordia.

1/17/1221, Walter’s father died; Walter the heir.

1/22/1221, Walter of Clifford junior owes the king £100 of his relief for the land formerly of Walter of Clifford senior in Wiltshire and Shropshire, for which he has given the king surety.

1221, Walter de Clifford at the siege of Bytham.

1221, King Henry’s forces besieged Bytham castle, Lincolnshire; which was defended by William de Forz, earl of Albemarle and William d’Aubigny.

6/15/1221, Order to place in respite, …, the demand for scutage … from Walter de Lacy for 51 knights’ fees … and the demand they make from Walter of Clifford for 100m. for pledging ….

11/6/1222, It has been attested before the king’s council that Walter of Clifford junior does not hold of the king in chief in the counties of Wiltshire and Shropshire, save for a knight’s fee, for which he owes 100s. for his relief.

2/11/1223, The king has pardoned £93 6s. 8d. of the fine of £100 that his beloved and faithful Walter of Clifford junior made with him for the barony formerly of Walter of Clifford, his father, which he holds of the king in chief, for his good and faithful service.

1223, Walter left a gold ring in his mother’s will.

1225, Walter de Clifford was one of the sureties for the payment of Walter de Lacy's fine of 3000 marks. (S) Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 1921, P301.

8/7/1225, It is clear to the king by the inquisition that he ordered to be taken that Walter of Clifford held of the king in chief by knights’ fees, and not by barony. [There were additional knights’ fees for holding a barony.]

9/2/1226, Walter de Clifford, John fitz Alan, John le Strange and William de Cantilupe [and others] to attend a meeting on October 25th at Oswestry with Lewellyn, Prince of Wales, and report the result.

4/20/1228, Order to the sheriff of Shropshire to place in respite, …, the demand of 100m. that he makes by summons of the Exchequer from Walter of Clifford for pledging Thomas of Erdington.

1229, Liberate to Walter de Clifford, 50 marks, in part payment of 100 marks that he receives for the custody of the castles of Caermerdin and Cardigan. (S) Calendar of the Liberate Rolls, V1, 1916, P149.

4/24/1230, The king has given respite to his beloved and faithful Walter of Clifford from the £24 … for a prest made to him in Ireland in the time of King John, … from the 10 m. which he owes the king for his relief, until the king returns from overseas parts, towards which he has set out.

12/16/1231, Walter of Clifford has made fine with the king by £100 for having the custody of the land and heirs of Roger of Clifford, his brother, until the legal age of the same heirs, with their marriage.

1232, Fine between Imbert prior of Wenlock and Walter de Clifford. (S) History of Shrewsbury, V2, 1825, P112.

4/4/1233, … demand of 100 m. … from Walter of Clifford for the fine made with the king for the manor of Slaughter.

8/1233, Walter sided against the king with Richard Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and the rebel barons. His lands were ordered confiscated.

9/16/1233, Safe conduct for Walter de Clifford, coming to the king to treat for peace.

11/5/1233, Order to the sheriff of Kent to place in respite the demand he makes from Walter of Clifford , who is in the king’s service.

3/17/1234, Clifford castle restored to Walter by the king.

5/25/1234, Notification … restore to Ralph son and heir of Savary de Malo Leone … the king has caused these letters patent to be made, sealed with his seal ; and for the greater security … the seals of E. archbishop of Canterbury, … R. earl of Cornwall and Poitou, the king’s brother, W. earl of Warwick, H. earl of Hereford, Walter de Clifford, Philip de Albiniaco and William de Ferariis, son and heir of W. earl of Ferrars … (S) CPRs.

[–––Walter & Margaret–––]

Bef. 11/2/1234, Margaret married 2nd Sir Walter de Clifford.

1235, Walter presented to the rectory of Caenby; an inheritance of his mother.

11/3/1235, Walter of Clifford has made fine with the king by 400 m. for having the custody of the land and heirs of Henry le Fleming until the lawful age of the heirs, together with their marriage.

1/30/1236 at Westminster, Walter one of the carriers of the canopy at the coronation of Eleanor of Provence, wife of King Henry III.

4/1236, Walter assessed in Shropshire for the aid of the king’s sister in marriage.

1236, Walter conveyed all his lands in Great Milton, Oxfordshire to Walter de Kirkeham for 13 years.

11/1236, Richard, prior of Little Malvern, plaintiff, and Walter de Clifford, deforciant.

5/29/1237, Walter de Clifford to give safe conduct to David son of L. prince of Aberfraw who was coming to the king. (S) CPRs.

3/8/1238, The king commands him to provide for the sufficient defence of the march, so that the lands of the king or of himself may not by his default suffer danger, and if necessary he may resist Llywelyn the Great at an opportune season: written to Walter de Clifford (23640214), … Thomas Corbet, … John Lestrange (121697006), H. earl of Hereford, Henry de Aldithele (94567456), John de Monemue (23634242), Ralph de Mortuo Mari (9994864), … William de Stutevill (47281514), John son of Alan (94559104). (S) CPRs.

1238, The king to Walter de Clifford [and others in separate writs]. The truce entered into between us and Lewelin, Prince of Abberfray, being about to terminate, … command you to come to Us at Oxford to consult upon this and certain other affairs. (S) Picards of Pychards, 1878, P19.

1240, Walter’s Shropshire lands created as a barony.

1241, Walter came to an agreement with Abbot and convent of Dore over lands in Gwenddwr and Nanteglos, Breconshire.

3/18/1242, Power to J. de Munemuth and Walter de Clifford to do justice to David son of Llewelin and Isabel his wife touching her portion of the inheritance of William de Breusa, her father. (S) CPRs.

1243, Roger fitz Roger, of Duddelby, was a Manucaptor for Walter de Clifford.

4/30/1244, The king proposes a marriage contract between Matilda de Clifford, daughter of Walter, and one of the sons of William Longespee.

1244, Walter presented to the rectory of Caenby.

10/28/1246 at Guildford, Walter de Clifford witnessed a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, V292, 2001, P16.

7/27/1247 at Woodstock, Walter de Clifford witnessed a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, V292, 2001, P24.

1249, Walter de Clifford confirmed Framton manor to Hugh de Clifford.

1/1250, Walter charged with mistreating a King’s messenger [forced the messenger to eat the writ]; was fined £1000. (S) Reign of Henry III, Carpenter, 1996, P97.

5/2/1252, The king has granted to Walter of Clifford that his lands may be extended by order of the king for the debts he owes him.

8/25/1253, Because Walter de Clifford’ is attending by the king’s order to the keeping of the king’s peace in the parts of the March, the king has given him respite …

1255, Sir Walter de Clifford held the manor of Corfham by service of 1 knight.

2/26/1256, Walter of Clifford and Margaret his wife give the king one mark for having a pone [to remove a plea] to the Bench.

11/7/1256, Walter de Clifford’ and Margaret his wife give the king 40s. for an assize of novel disseisin.

11/15/1256, Walter de Clifford has made fine with the king by 3 marks of gold for having a charter for warren, a market and fair …

5/10/1257, Mandate to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, Humphrey de Bohun his son, Reynold son of Peter, Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Walter de Clifford, … Thomas Corbet, John Lestrange, John son of Alan, Fulk son of Warin, Griffin son of Maddoc and Ralph le Botiller, to be of counsel and aid to John de Grey, appointed by Edward the king’s son to keep the march of Wales … and to be captain of his army … (S) CPRs.

6/10/1258, At the instance of his valet John de Brews’, the king has pardoned to Walter of Clifford 1 mark of gold of the fine of 3m. of gold … (S) FRsHIII.

1259, Margaret gave up claim to some of her dower lands for £40 yearly.

10/1259, Writ of novel disseizin by Warin de Grendon against Walter de Clifford, tenement in Syneton.

1260, Margareta quondam uxor domini Walteri de Clifford elected burial at Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by charter dated “tertia die dominica proxima ante festum sancti Thomæ apostoli”, witnessed by … Henrico de Clifford. (S) FMG.

6/1260, Prince Llywelyn of Wales invaded the Marches of Wales.

8/1/1260, Walter de Clifford one of the vassals to the crown summoned to muster at Shrewsbury with horses and arms against Lewellyn ap Griffith. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7-8, 1858, P26.

5/22/1261, Walter granted a market and fair at Clifford, Herefordshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

8/10/1262, Walter de Clifford concedes to the prioress and nuns of Acornbury in his lordship of Corfham that they should be free of suit at his court and hundred of Corfham.

5/19/1263, Letters patent to Walter de Clifford that the King will look to Matilda de Longespee, his daughter, for payment of his debts due to the crown.

1263, Walter died; his nephew Roger, son of his younger brother Roger, the male heir.


12/23/1263, Margaret, widow, bequesthed her heart to be buried at Acornbury.

1/16/1264, Margaret, who was the wife of Walter of Clifford, gives 20s. for a writ ad terminum.

4/22/1266, Margaret de Clifford’ gives half a mark for an assize to be taken before Walter de Merton’.

1268, Margaret made another settlement of her property.

Margaret died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P135. (S) FRsHIII. (S) King John, the Braoses, and the Celtic Fringe, Holden. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton [Various years].

Children of John and Margaret: [4 sons]

i. William de Brewes (30421288), born ~1225 in England.

Child of Walter and Margaret:

i. Maud de Clifford (11820107), born ~1233 in England.

4/30/1244, The king proposes a marriage contract between Matilda de Clifford, daughter of Walter, and one of the sons of William Longespee. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, Eyton, 1857, P159.

3/10/1271, A patent by the King legalized the marriage of John Giffard (11820106) and Maud after a fine of 300 marks.

10/2/1284, Order to the same to cause enrolment to be made pursuant to the king's grant to John Giffard that he recover the terms before granted to him and Maud de Lungespeye, sometime his wife, deceased, for payment of the debts of Walter de Clifford, her father.

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