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Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Lord Nicholas de Moels & Hawyse de Newmarch

 60842578. Lord Nicholas de Moels & 60842579. Hawyse de Newmarch

~1205, Nicholas born in England, s/o §§Rogerus de Moels.

Bef. 1215, Hawise born in England, coheir & d/o 121685158. James de Newmarch & 9994917. Matilda de Say.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

Bef. 1218, The marriages of Hawyse and her older sister Isabel granted to John Russell of Kingston Russel. John married Isabel to his heir Ralph. John Russel sold the marriage of Hawise to John de Botreaux.


By 1218, Hawise 1st married to John de Botreaux; the Bottrell family being granted wardship of her paternal lands including Cadbury.

8/1226, Nicholas sent to the king’s brother in Poitou.

3/1227, Nicholas in Gascony.

1228, Nicholas appointed sheriff of Hampshire and given custody of Winchester castle.

3/5/1229, The king has pardoned to John de Botreaux 6m. of the 18m. which are exacted from him by summons of the Exchequer for James de NeufmarchĂ©, one of whose daughters John took to wife. (S) FRsHIII.

1229-30, John de Botreaux died.


1230, The marriage of Hawise granted to Roger de Clifford.

4/30/1230, Nicholas sailed from Portsmouth with, King Henry, and the king’s brother brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall. With the help of Mauclerc, Count of Brittany, they invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.

10/1230, Henry abandoned his invasion and returned to England.

[––Nicholas & Hawyse––]

11/1230, Nicholas married 2nd Hawise, acquiring the manor of Cadbury, Somerset.

1230, Nicholas de Molens’ given respite for 18 marks owed for the scutage of the fees of James de Newmarch.

1234, Nicholas sheriff of Hampshire and in custody of the Channel islands. (S) DNB.

5/1234, Nicholas appointed sheriff of Devon [held until 4/1236].

1235-36, Nicholas holding more than 8 fees with the daughter of James de Newmarch. (S) Transactions of Bristol and Gloucestershire, V13, 1888-89. [Her sister Isabel’s husband held the same number of fees of their father.]

1/19/1236 at Westminster, Eleanor crowned Queen of England. Sir Richard Siward and Sir Nicholas de Molis carried the 2 royal sceptres before the king. (S) National and Domestic History of England, V1, Aubrey, 1867, P371.

7/23/1236, Writ de intendo to the knights, free men and all others sworn to arms in the counry of Berks in favour of Amaury de Sancto Amando, the king’s steward, and Nicholas de Molis, whom the king is sent to those parts to expedite his business, … (S) CPRs.

1238, Nicholas de Molis held Diptford manor with the advowson by the king’s gift. (S) Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre, Summerson, 1985. [Nicholas was unable to produce the charter, so this must have been a plea decision.]

3/1239-3/1242, Nicholas, sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) Chartulary of the Cistercian Abbey of St. Mary of Sallay, V87.

1241-2, “The King to Nicholas de Moles, keeper of the lands which were John’s, formerly earl of Lincoln, …” (S) Lancashire Inquests, Extents, …, Farrer, 1903, P157.

1242, John de Tudenham held half a fee in Stanton Tudenham, in Churchstanton parish and Hemyock hundred from Nicholas de Molis.

5/20/1242, Nicholas in the service of King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

7/22/1242 at Saintes, the 2 armies met with the superior sized French force winning.

8/8/1242 at Blaye, France, Charter to Giles de Cancellis, knight of R. count of Poitou and Cornwall, the king’s brother, …  Witnesses:- R. count of Poitou and Cornwall; S. de Monteforti, earl of Leicester; John fitz Geoffrey; Hugh de Vivona; Nicholas de Molis; …

9/15/1242, Power to William Lungespeye, Hugh de Vivona, Nicholas de Molis … to retain … 60 knights to make the raid which they have prepared for … (S) CPRs.

9/27/1242, King Henry, returned to England, leaving a retinue under several earls. [There is an image attributed to Matthew Paris showing the King and Queen on a large boat on their way to England, being addressed by Nicholas in a smaller boat. (S) Cat. of Illuminated Manuscripts, British Library, Royal 14 C VII  f. 134v.]

6/17/1243, Nicholas appointed to the post of seneshcal of Gascony, with an annual salary of 1000 marks, and 500 marks for expenses. (S) CPRs. [Letters were sent to Oleron, Dax, Bayonne, La Reole, St. Macaire, Lagnun and Bazas.]

8/1243, Nicholas de Molis, seneschal of King Henry III of England, besieged Grammont and captured it from the King of Navarre (23638796).

8/12/1244, To Nicholas de Molis, seneschal of Gascony. Whereas the king [H.III of England] promised Th. count of Flanders and Hainault that in the amending of the agressions  and damages committed upon Thibaut, king of Navarre, by the king and his men of Bayonne, … (S) CPRs.

11/15/1244, Acceptance of a prest of 1000 marks which the good men of Bayonne have made to Nicholas de Molis, seneschal of Gascony, to maintain the war against the king of Navarre, … (S) CPRs.

7/1245, Nicholas gave up his office of seneschal of Gascony.

8/1245, Nicholas, Constable of Cardigan and Caermarthen castles. (S) History of Law Series, I26, 1972, P19.

1246, The king granted the manor and hundred of Knowlton, Dorset, to Nicholas de Molis. (S) Liberties & Communities in Medieval England, Cam, 1963, P66.

1246, Nicholas de Molis commanded forces that forced marched from Ceredigion across upland north Wales to Aberconwy. (S) The Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P266.

5/1248, Rhys Fychan expressed willingness to receive justice ‘in curia regis coram Nicholao de Molis in comitatu regis de Kaermerdyn.’ (S) Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, V21, 1966, P152.

2/6/1249, The king [Henry III of England] has understood the form of the compromise between his kinsman Thibaut, king of Navarre, county palatine of Champagne and Brie, and the king’s brother in law S. de Monteforti, earl of Leicester, to the following effect … arbritration … these 4 shall pronounce the award before Midsummer, 1249 … king will ratify … on condition that Nicholas de Molis be joined on the king’s side, … (S) CPRs.

1/18/1250, Exemption of Walter de Bibbeworth … so long as he is in the service of Nicholas de Molis and Nicholas is in the king’s serice in the parts of Gascony. (S) CPRs.

1251, Nicholas again served in Gascony.

1252, The king sent Nicholas de Molis, knight, and Droto de Barentin to Gascony make inquiry of accusations against Simon, earl of Leicester. (S) Simon de Montfort, Hutton, 1907, P14.

6/1252 in Gascony, Nicholas de Moels appointed a conservator of the truce along with Rocelin de Fos. (S) DNB.

3/17/1253, Grant to Nicholas de Molis that if he die before Roger de Molis his son and heir reaches his majority, the said Nicholas may freely dispose of the wardship of his lands. (S) CPRs.

3/18/1253, Grant to Nicholas de Molis that when a competent marriage falls to the king to the use of Maud and Agnes, daughters of the said Nicholas, that the king will marry them. (S) CPRs.

1253, Nicholas de Meules, keeper of Oxford castle, and baron of North Cadbury, Somersetshire, granted a mansion in Stokewell stree to the Carmelite Fryers. (S) History and Antiquities of the Univ. of Oxford, Wood, 1792, P248.

7/18/1253, Despatch of Richard de Grey, Nicholas de Molis, and Drew de Barentino to Gascony … touching attacks and trespasses done … against the king. (S) CPRs. [Nicholas’ son-in-law, Peter de Malo Lacu, also on the expedition. Nicholas having wardship of Peter’s lands.]

8/6/1253, King Henry left for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships to deal with a rebellion.

10/23/1253, Henry’s army in camp at Benauge, then Bazas, then Meilhan, France.

9/1/1254 at Bordeaux, France, Writ of aid directed to the good men of La Reole in favour of Richard de Grey, John de Grey, Nicholas de Molis, Drew de Barentyn … whom the king is sending … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Orleans, France.

12/10/1254, at Paris, France, Charter … Witnesses : Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John de Plessitis, earl of Warwick, … Nicholas de Molis … (S) CPRs.

1/1255, King Henry returned to England.

2/19/1255 at Westminster, Nicholas de Molis a witness to a royal charter to Edward, the king’s son. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, 2001, P94.

11/18/1256 at Winchester, Nicholas de Molis a witness to a royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, 2001, P102.

1257, Nicolas served in Wales.

9/4/1257, Power to Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, and Nicholas de Molis to admit into the king’s peace, Mereduk son of Res. (S) CPRs.

1/6/1258, Nicholas appointed by writ Constable of Dover castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

1259, Walter de Bergsted handed over custody of Kent and the charge of the castles of Rochester and Canterbury to Nicholas de Moels. (S) History of the Castle, Town, and Port of Dover, Statham, 1899, P345.

3/28/1261, Royal charter given at the Tower of London to Thomas Corbet, witnesses: Hugh Despenser, justiciar of England, Nicholas de Molis, John Mansel, treasurer of York, … (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, 2001, P133.

1263, Nicholas given custody of Corfe castle.

5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes by Simon de Montfort.

7/4/1264, Mandate to Nicholas de Molis, to whom the king lately committed the castle of Wyndsore, to deliver the castle to John fitz John. (S) CPRs.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham, ending the barons revolt.

By 1267, Nicholas of Cadebury and Saperton, Somerset, died.

(S) The History of the Castle, Town, and Port of Dover, Statham, 1899, P340. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, P101. (S) English Rule in Gascony, Marsh, 1912.

Family notes:

·         Rogerus de Moels, s/o §§Joellus de Moels, s/o Nicholaus de Molis, s/o Roger de Molis of the Domesday survey. (S) Index to Burkes’s Dictionary, Burke, 1853, P238.

Children of Nicholas and ?:

i. Nicholaa de Molis, (243382541), born ~1229 in England.

Children of Nicholas and Hawise:

i. Matilda de Moels, (121682073), born 1231 in England.

ii. James de Moels, born ~1238 in England.

1243, James was a childhood companion of Edward, the king’s son. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988, P5.

James died young.

iii. Roger de Moels (60844696), born ~1242 in England.

iv. Agnes de Moels (30421289), born ~1250 in England.

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