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Thursday, September 3, 2020

Lord Robert de Tregoz

 47281868. Lord Robert de Tregoz

~1207, Robert de Tregosz born in England, s/o 94563736. Robert de Tregoz & 9994817. Sibyl de Ewyas.

1215, Robert succeeded his father [with lands in Herefordshire and Wiltshire.]

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.

1226, Robert awarded £20 annually for service to the king. (S) Complete Peerage. [Military retainer.]

7/1/1236, The king has taken the homage of Robert de Tresgoz, son and heir of Sibyl of Ewyas [“his mother” in another writ of the same date], for all lands that Sibyl held of the king in chief. Order to the sheriff of Herefordshire that, having accepted security from Robert for rendering £100 to the king for his relief, he is to cause him to have full seisin of all lands formerly of the same Sibyl in his bailiwick on the day she died which fall to him by hereditary right. (S) FRsHIII.

1240, Liberate to Robert de Tregoz, £20 for Michaelmas term of his yearly fee. (S) Calendar of the Liberate Rolls, V1, P500.

11/2/1241, Robert de Tregoz received a chancery writ for receipt of payment. (S) Receipt and Issue Rolls, 1992.

1/8/1242, Robert Tregoz was in Bordeaux, France with King Henry III.

5/20/1242, Hugh X de Lusignan and King Henry III with his brother Richard arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles with Hugh as their leader against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

7/22/1242 at Saintes, the 2 armies met with the superior sized French force winning. [King Henry left for England, but left 3 earls with supporting forces in France.]

11/2/1242 at La Suave Majeure, France, Grant to Robert de Tregoz … acquit him of whole debt due to the heirs of … bound to him for his mother until the feast of All Saints this year. (S) CPRs.

12/12/1242 at Bordeaux, France, Charter, granting to William de Insula, … Witnesses:- William Longespee, Jon son of Geoffrey, Hugh de Vivona, John de Grey, Robert Tresgoz, John de Plesseto, Paulinus Peyvre, … (S) CPRs.

4/1243, At Bordeaux, France, Henry arranged a 5-year truce with the French king.

1243, Robert Tregoz held 4 fees in Wiltshire. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V63, 1974, P111.

1243, Concerning defaults … Robert Tregoz, John Tregoz [in the service of the king] … did not come on the first day. Therefore [they are] in mercy. (S) Somersetshire Pleas, V11, 1897, P250.

1245, A gift of deer was made to the unnamed wife of Robert de Tregoz. (S) CCRs.

[––Robert & Juliana––]

Aft. 1246, Robert married 2nd Juliana de Cantilupe, d/o 10000972. Baron William de Cantilupe & 10000973. Millicent de Gournay.

5/30/1253, Protection for the following going with the king to Gascony, … Robert Tregoz. (S) CPRs. [King Henry was going to put down a rebellion.]

8/6/1253, King Henry finally left for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships.

10/23/1253, Henry’s army in camp at Benauge, France [east of Bordeaux].

12/28/1253, Henry’s army in camp at Bazas, France [southeast of Bordeaux].

3/19/1254, Henry’s army in camp at Meilhan, France [south of Bordeaux, near the Spanish border].

4/15/1254 at Meilhan, France, Bond to Richard le Rus, king’s clerk, in 20 marks to be paid as son as the treasure comes from England for a horse he sold to the king at the request of Robert Tregoz. (S) CPRs.

8/12/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Bordeaux, France.

10/8/1254 at Bordeaux, France, Exemption … of Roger de la Chambre … at the instance of Robert Tregoz. (S) CPRs.

11/20/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Orleans, France.

1/1255, King Henry returned to England.

6/10/1256, Respite from knighthood, for a fine, for 3 years … Robert Tregoz. (S) CPRs. [Given the date, this may not be this Robert, or because of his continuous service he was never knighted.]

9/15/1257, Of those who stay at Chester and on the March of Wales on the king’s service and have protection with clause … Robert Tregoz [serving under the earl of Hereford]. (S) CPRs.

1259, Robert summoned against the Welsh.

1259, Lord Edward (I) led King Henry III’s campaign against Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.

1260, Robert de Tregoz, with consent of the Bishop, transferred the priory of Steepholm to Studleigh priory in Warwickshire. (S) Proceedings, Somersetshire, 1917, P33.

1260, Prince Llywelyn of Wales invaded the Marches of Wales.

8/1/1260, Robert Tregoz summoned to march against Llewellyn ap Griffith in Wales. (S) General History of Hampshire, 1861, P227.

10/1261, Robert de Tregoz summoned to London by the King about opposition of Simon de Montfort.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, returned to England to lead a rebellion of barons.

5/14/1264, King Henry and his son lord Edward were captured at the battle of Lewes.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race.

8/4/1265, Robert, a standard-bearer, killed at the battle of Evesham. (S) The Baron’s War, Blaauw, 1871, P279.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

[––Post Mortem––]

10/19/1268, John de Tregoz, son and heir of Sir Robert de Tregoz, to the lady Juliana, late the wife of Sir Robert, of manors to hold in her dower. Witness: John le Strange.

(S) A Gen. and Heraldic Dic., Burke, 1831, P521.

Family notes:

·         5/15/1265, Grant to Robert Tregoz, and his heirs, of free warren in all the demesne lands of Tolleshunt and Blunteshall, co. Essex, and of Billingford, co. Norfolk, and of Billesthorp, co. Nottingham. (S) CChRs. [This is Robert, of age in 1256, s/o Geoffrey, succeeded by his brother Nicholas.]

Children of Robert and ?:

i. John de Tregoz (23640934), born 1240 in England.

ii. Henry de Tregoz, born ? in England.

Henry married Margaret, d/o John Goring.

Bef. 1293, Henry died.

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